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to use it myself; the very thought These two or three days are of a damp bed makes me tremble, types of most of those which followso put him into that.”
ed. Mr. Wadd saw his projects The next day was, as Mr. Wob- frustrated, his hopes of leisure and ble had sagely foretold it would be, retirement destroyed. He was selSunday, a day of all others dearest dom left alone, except when he to Rufus Wadd, who liked to have would have given one of his ears his time, as, indeed, he liked to for society-that was when it rained have everything else—to himself. a deluge, and he was constrained to But to him this “ Sabbath was no remain in-doors, and seek amuseday of rest.” The twelve o'clock ment in beating the devil's tattoo coach brought Mr. and Mrs. Wil- with his fingers on the plate-glass liam Wadd, who apologized for not windows of his front parlor, or getting down to breakfast, the dis- watching the little circles, made by tance being so short it was shame- the little rain-drops, in the little ful to lose the fine of the morning ; cistern wherein Cupid stood. but then the one o'clock coach His temper, his patience, his made ample amends to the amiable health, and perhaps his income, host, for it brought Mr. Parkins would not much longer have held (the currier) and his son, just in out against the daily importations time for luncheon. “The distance of visiters, consigned to him through is so convenient,” observed the lat- the medium of those moving lazarter, that one can calculate one's houses, the Turnham-Green stages, time to a moment.; and then the carrying only six inside ; and he luxury of being set down at the very began to think of stealing a mile or door !.” I'll set fire to the house, two lower down the road. One thought Rufus. The next convey- morning at breakfast, while Rufus ance introduced Peter Wadd. “I'm was reading the Morning Post, sorry your wife is not with you,” Mrs. Wadd and Jemima were said Rufus, putting the best face he alarmed at hearing a sort of rattling could on the matter, yet heartily sound in the good man's throat. glad at seeing him solus. “You The paper had fallen from his hand, know how it is, Rufus ; women are and a piece of toast was sticking in never ready ; but as the distance is his mouth : he was within an ace of positively not worth mentioning, I choking, but their attentions preleft them to come by themselves by sently revived him. He spoke not, the next stage.”—“ Them ! !"- but pointed to the paragraph which “0-ay—the two Miss Praters are had so fearfully atlected him. It staying with us, so we couldn't do ran as follows: “ We are happy to less than to invite them to come learn that four Omnibuses, each with us. As I said to Jane, where carrying sixteen inside, will run two can dine three can dine, and daily between the City and Turn
-besides, you can make an addi- ham Green." tion to your provision with so little
It is supposed that Mr. Rufus difficulty at this charming place— Wadd is gone with his family to reyou are at such a convenient dis- side at one of the most distant settance !"
tlements on the Swan River.
In treating of Consumption, Dr. chiefly to the causes and origin of James Clark, in his work on “ The that fatal disease, with the view of Influence of Climate," the second establishing rules for its prerention ; edition of which has just issued from for he is satisfied that it is only by a the press, has directed his inquiries knowledge of the causes which lead
to it, and by directing our efforts to the adaptation of certain climates to counteract them, that we shall be certain diseases. able to diminish the ravages of con- It is now clearly ascertained by sumption. He is convinced that by pathologists, that the immediate adopting such a system of manage- cause of pulmonary consumption, or ment, from early infancy, as he has that which constitutes its essential laid down, a great improvement character, is the existence in the might be effected in the general lungs of certain substances called health of many among the higher tubercles. Therefore, till we arrive and middle classes of society in this at a knowledge of the state of the country. The children of delicate, system which leads to the formation nay of diseased parents, might, by of these bodies, and of the circumproper care, be reared so as to over- stances which' induce that state, come, in a large proportion of cases, we cannot hope to establish rules their hereditary disposition to dis- for the prevention of consumption ease. And how many diseases, upon any sound principles. Now, when the history of families can be tubercles, when not very numerous, looked into, are found to be heredi- may exist in the lungs, without protary! Consumption is to many a ducing much inconvenience," for bright and blooming girl and boy, many years; and if the general an heritage, though it is not in the health is improved, and those causes
title-deeds of those estates which, which are known to excite irritain transitory succession, they for a tion or inflammation in the respirafew glimpses of sunshine enjoy. tory organs, are avoided, they may
Dr. Clark hopes,—and he is well not, for aught we know, shorten entitled to do so,—that from the mi- materially the life of the individual. nute manner in which he has de- But this is the most favorable, and scribed the characters of the differ- by much the rarer result of the case. ent climates frequented by invalids, Tubercles, in the vast majority of and the care with which he has in- instances, advance rapidly, destroy dicated the nature of the diseases that portion of the lungs in which benefited by them, that he has gone they are imbedded, and cause death. far to correct many of the erroneous Expectoration sometimes leads to a opinions which have hitherto existed cure of the disease, and, indeed, it on these subjects; and anticipates, is the opinion of some of the best at least, this good effect from his pathologists of the day, that this is labors, that, for the future, those the only way in which a cure of tupatients only will be sent abroad, berculous consumption is effected. whose cases afford a reasonable pro- That tubercles are ever absorbed, spect of benefit from such a measure, we have no proof. The next step and that the practice of hurrying in the research, therefore, leads us out of their own country a class of to inquire into the proximate cause invalids whose sufferings can only of tubercles. Morbid anatomy has be thereby increased, and their lives discovered that they may be formed shortened, will no longer be sanc- without even the slightest symptoms tioned ; but that such persons may of inflammation ; while, on the other be allowed, henceforth, to die in hand, inflammation, in all its depeace in the bosom of their own grees, is of frequent occurrence families.
without giving rise to tubercles. Let us, in the first place, endea- Dr. Clark is of opinion that tubervor to state the sum and substance cles are not generally the result of Dr. Clark's inquiries into the of inflammation, though sometimes nature of consumption,-and in the they are ; and the question arises, second, to abridge some of the in- Whence is it that the same morbid forniation he has given us respecting action gives origin to tubercles in
one instance, and not in the other ? much color. Now, there is a geneIn a healthy subject, he believes ral paleness, with a sunk, faded apthey are never the result of inflam- pearance of the countenance—now, mation, and that, when they appear an irregular mixture of white and to be so, it will be found to be in- red. In place of the natural gradaflammation occurring in, and modi- tions in which these colors pass into fied by, a disordered state of the each other in health, they terminate system, of a peculiar kind. To that by distinct and abrupt lines, giving disordered state of the system, then, the face a blotched or spotted apit behoves the physician to direct pearance. Sallow complexions ashis chief attention,--for by correct- sume a peculiarly unhealthful aspect, ing it, he may prevent the formation exhibiting a dull, leaden hue, difof tubercles, or, in other words, of fused over a general pallid ground, consumption.
and there is paleness on the lips. The immediate process by which The eyes have generally a pearly, tubercles are produced, is involved glassy appearance, and the whole in much obscurity. It may be the countenance has commonly a sunk peculiar action of the extreme ves- and languid aspect. At first they. sels totally unconnected with inflam- are transitory,--but though, during mation, or even with increased ac- the progress of the disease, and on tion; nay, it is just as likely that to its close, variable, yet evident to they may be the result of a morbid the most cursory observer. The diminution of action.
persons, skin of the patient is either harsh however, strongly predisposed to and dry, or that state will be found tubercular disease, the frequent oc- to alternate with a moist, clammy, currence of catarrh, or pulmonary and relaxed one. The color, too, inflammation, may, by keeping up is often changed to a sallow, and, in a degree of congestion and irritation some cases, to a dirty yellowish hue; of the lungs, give rise to the forma- and except on the cheeks, there is tion of tubercles at an earlier period always a deficiency of red vessels. than would otherwise have happen- In some hereditary cases, particued, or even, in nicely balanced cases, larly in females of a fair and delidetermine their occurrence. Dr. cate complexion, the skin assumes Clark thinks with Dr. Todd, and a semi-transparent appearance, resome other pathologists, that the real sembling wax-work, and the veins cause of tubercles is a morbid con- may be seen distinctly through it. dition of the general system, heredi- Poets ought not to describe the tary in some, and, in others, induced hands of their imaginary mistresses by a series of functional derange- as transparent, except when they ments, ultimately affecting the whole are conducting them, not to their animal economy.
bridal beds, but to their graves. Having advanced thus far, Dr. 'Tis a bad sign of a young lady's Clark proceeds to point out some of health when you can see through the leading symptoms by which this her hand as easily as her heart ; state is characterised, -premising, and, instead of a parson, you should that it is more easily recognised call in a physician. than described ; for the affection Secondly, The digestive organs being a progressive one, its signs are very generally more or less deare more or less manifest according ranged. Look at the tongue, and to the degree in which it exists. it is furred towards the base, the
First, The countenance is gene- extremity and edges being pale and rally pater than natural, though at flabby. Or, with the base furred, different times, and without any ap- the point and margin are redder parent reason, it is, in this respect, than natural, and often studded with subject to striking changes. These papillæ (small eminences, resemare very remarkable where there is bling paps) of a still brighter hue.
The former state of the tongue is a day by day, in despondency and in more frequent accompaniment of despair ; nor can there be a more that form of disease which originates trying death to the most religious of chiefly in hereditary predisposition; God's creatures. the latter, of that which is princi- Under the general term, Conpally or entirely acquired, and in sumption, then, are comprehended which an irritated state of the sto- three different forms or stages of
ch attends the disorder from the disease : 1st, General disorder of beginning, and often precedes it. the health-2, Tubercular cachexy In a third class of cases, of much —3d, Consumption, properly so rarer occurrence, the tongue is called. These different stages may, clean and natural in its appearance, in general, be distinctly recognised; and the digestive organs pretty re- but it is only in proportion to the gularly perform their functions. This physician's powers and habits of happens chiefly, Dr. Clark thinks, minute and careful observation that in females in whom the disease has the symptoms of the first stage will been mainly owing to hereditary be remarked, or in other words, that predisposition. Such patients bear, he will be able to detect the apand even require, a fuller and proach of the first tubercular disstronger diet ; with the others it is ease.
But this is the time, by prothe reverse.
per applications, to prevent conThirdly, In consumptions the cir- sumption. If it be allowed to pass by, culation is subject to great variety ; as it is in many million
then in hereditary cases, the powers of “ The trot becomes a gallop soon, the heart, Dr. Clark thinks, are In spite of curb or rein." commonly under the ordinary stand- Having thus spoken of the sympard, while the frequency of the pulse toms, let us now speak of the causes, is generally above it, and palpitation of consumption-and, first, let us is not an unfrequent symptom. In- attend, with Dr. Clark, to the heredeed, he thinks that a small feeble ditary nature of the disease. heart is a strong predisposing cause By hereditary predisposition, a of consumption.
term in the application of which Fourthly, The nervous system there has been some confusion, Dr. partakes of the general derange- Clark understands a peculiar condiment. Sleep is unsound, being tion of the system, depending upon either disturbed, or unnaturally its original conformation and organheavy and unrefreshing. The mind, ization, and derived from the parents, sympathizing with the body, loses which renders the individual more its energy ; and the temper is often susceptible, or more liable to lapse remarkably changed. In the purer into certain diseases, than other perand less complicated cases of here- sons endowed originally with a ditary consumption, there is gene- more healthy organization. Now, rally great serenity of mind; the it does not follow, as necesspirits are often of surprising buoy- sary consequence, that a child born ancy, and hope brings its cheering with a predisposition to a disease, influence with the last sufferings of must be attacked by that disease; the patient. That beauty is the but it will be more easily induced, worst of all to be borne by the lov- unless the condition of the system ing spectator of the dying one. But which constitutes the hereditary such a state of mind is far seldomer predisposition be corrected by proan attendant on consumption than is per management in early life. In generally believed, especially in some families, the hereditary predisthose cases in which the disorder of position seems so strong, that, withthe digestive organs leads to the out any cognisable cause, the regumorbid condition of the system. lar actions of the economy become Then the poor patient is seen dying deranged, and the system lapses into
the morbid state, which terminates entire substitution of artificial food eventually in consumption. Indeed, for the natural and only proper nourin some rare instances, the infant at ishment of infants; and in the sebirth has been found to be laboring cond, by improper, and often overunder tubercular disease. On the stimulating, food ; and a hundred other hand, so weak is the hereditary other causes connected with early predisposition in many individuals, education. The education of girls that a complication of powerful is too often such—especially in causes long applied is necessary to boarding-schools—it is needless to induce the disease. Between these describe it here—as to comprehend two extremes there exists every va- all the causes of consumption ; or, riety of shade in the disposition to if any be wanting, they are soon supconsumption. A disposition to plied by a fashionable life. On this consumption and to scrofula is often part of the subject, Dr. Clark dwells transmitted from parents to children, with much feeling; but we have not by the deteriorating influence of room to follow him, and must now other diseases in the parents on the go on to consider a change to a physical condition of their offspring. milder climate as a remedy for that Thus, the children of dyspeptic, of deranged state of the health from gouty, and of cachectic parents, are which consumption springs. very liable to scrofula and consump- Before such a change is resorted tion ; and this, though a more re- to, the disordered functions of the mote, Dr Clark thinks is probably body-particularly the digestive orthe original source of scrofulous and gans—must be corrected; and that tuberculous diseases.
must be done, not by any violent But the predisposition to con- means, but by slow, gradual, and sumption is very often acquired cautious treatment of local congeswithout any hereditary taint ; no tion and irritation, often combined person, however healthful may have with general debility, a pathological been his original organization, can state which it requires great judgbe considered totally exempt from ment and sagacity to manage. This the liability to consumption. It is being done, then the sooner the pamet with in early infancy, and occa- tient removes to a milder climate the sionally proves fatal to the octoge- better ; for the great utility of such narian. All causes predispose to it a climate consists in no “hidden which lower the tone of bodily magic,” but in enabling the patient health — sedentary occupations — to pursue the restorative system abuse of strong spirituous or fer- through the whole year. mented liquors—unwholesome diet. The misfortune is, that the period In humid and cold situations, all of the functional disease is too often diseases which induce what is called permitted to pass,
any danger a bad habit of body.” Mental is feared ; and that relations are not depression accelerates the evil, and alarmed till symptoms of irritation, in constitutions laboring under tu- or impeded function in the lungs, bercular disease, its destructive in- appear, of tubercular disease estafluence is most conspicuous. blished there, and fast leading to
But the origin of the constitution- the third and last stage of consumpal disorder which Dr. Clark de- tion. Even then, removal to a mild scribes as tending ultimately to con- climate, especially if effected by sumption, is very often to be traced, means of a sea-voyage, under very he says, to the mismanagement of favorable circumstances, may still children. The seeds of disease, be useful—but merely as which are to ripen at a later period of improving the general health, and of life, are frequently sown during of preventing intiammatory affecinfancy and childhood—in the first tions of the lungs and bronchia. case by imperfect suckling, or the But when consumption is fully esta