« PreviousContinue »
As si dů i ty
ac a dein ic al con ti gu ity
af fa bil i ty con ti nu i ty al pha bet ic al con sti tu tion al
an a lyt ic al con tra ri e ty
ar gu men ta tive dic ta to ri al
mon o syl la ble ep 1 cu re an i
plau si bil i ty im por tu ni ty
pol y syl la ble no to ri e ty
el e ment a ry op por tu ni ty em blem at ic al per pe tu i ty ep i dem ic al per spi cu i ty
e van gel ic al pres by te ri an un de sign ed ly con san guin ity
fal li bil i ty
mag na ni me
il le git
' im ate im per cep ti ble in tel lec tu al in tro duc to ry in tre pid i ty
i ir re sist i
ty met a phys ic al in fi del i ty in ex pres si bly in sin cer i ty in ei pid i ty
i mul ti pli ci ty sen si bil i ty vis i bil i ty
an a tôm' ic al an i mos i ty ap os tol ic al ar is toc ra cy as tro nom ic al dem o crat ic al em blem at ic al hyp o chon dri ac lib er al i ty prin ci pal i ty re ci proc i ty sim i lar i ty phil o sophic al phys i og no my phys i ol o gy
BREAD Bread is made of flour, water, yeast, and a little salt; when these substances are first mixed, the dough takes up a small space; in a short time it begins to swell, or rise, and in a few hours it is fit to bake. Flour and water without yeast, is called paste.
SHOES Look at the shoes on your feet. They are made of leather.
Leather is the skin of dead animals, with the hair taken off. There are two parts to your shoe; and two kinds of leather in it. The upper leather which covers the top of your foot, is of one kind, and the sole or bottom of the shoe is another.
The upper leather of shoes is made of calf skin, or sheep skin, or seal skin.
The sole leather is made of the skin of the cow, or ox. After the butcher has killed the animal, he strips off the skin, and sends it to the currier.
The currier puts some lime upon it, which loosens the hair; afterwards he lays the skin on a log, and scrapes it quite clean; then he washes it, and dries it; when it is dry, he colours or makes it black; and then it is fit for the shoemaker.
The thick leatherof which the sole is made, is the skin of the ox or cow. When the hair is taken off, the skin is tanned. Tanning is the trade of the tanner. Tanning is done with the bark of a tree, ground fine.
The skin is put into water, and this ground bark is spread over it; the leather is left in the bark and water, till it grows stiffand thick.
Almost all children have put alum into their mouths; they know that the alum draws the skin of the mouth, and makes it feel stiffjust so, the bark draws the skin, orsole leather.
METALS. Gold, Silver, Copper, Iron, Lead, Tin and Quicksilver are metals.
Ear rings are made of gold. Thimbles and spoons of silver. Cents are made of copper. 'I'he horses' shoes are made of iron. Shot and bullets are made of lead. Candlesticks, pans, and watering pots are made of tin. The back of the looking-glass is covered with quicksilver.
These are all metals. Metals come out of the ground. People dig into the earth and find metals.
The place where metals can be found, is called a mine. The metal is found in the mine, mixed with dirt, stones, and some other substances; when the metal is found mixed in this manner, it is called an ore.
Gold is the heaviest of all metals; it weighs more than nineteen times as much as water weighs. That is, a cup full of gold would be
, more heavy than nineteen cups, filled with water.
Silver is eleven times heavier than water.
Copper is nearly nine times heavier than water.
Iron is eight times heavier than water.
Quicksilver is fifteen times heavier than water.
Steel, of which scissors, knives, and many other things are made, is prepared from iron, just such black iron as the stove it is made so smooth, bright, and sharp, by a particular manner of working it.
Brass, of which knockers, bell handles, little thimbles, and a great many other little things, are made, is itself made of copper, and another whitish substance, called zinc. The copper and zinc are melted together, and become brass,
Metals and glass are brilliant; that is, they shine when they are in the light. The light passes through the glass; it is transparent. Light does not pass through the metal; it is opaque.
Metals are the heaviest substances which are known in the world. Take a piece of paper just as big as a dollar, in one hand, and a dollar in the other--which is the heaviest? Metals are heavy.
70 fåte, får,fåll, fåt, wåd-mė, mėt-pine, pin.
Takea hammer, and a little piece of brickstrike the brick with the hammer-the brick flies into a thousand little particles. Take a piece of lead, beat it with the hammer, it spreads largerand larger, the longer it is beaten. This property of spreading under the hammer is malleability. A substance which spreads, when it is beaten, is malleable. The brick is not malleable, it is brittle. Lead is malleable. All metals are malleable. One name for a hammer, is mallet.
Metals can be drawn out into wire. Iron and brass, and gold wire, are used for many purposes. When a lump of any substance can be drawn out into a string, it is ductile. Molasses, when it is boiled, becomes harda lump of it can be pulled out very long, and can be twisted, without breaking. In the same manner, a lump of gold, iron, or brass, can be drawn into wire. Gold can be drawn to a wire as fine as a hair.
na tion no tion por tion
ten sion ra tion func tion
unc tion sta tion man sion
åuc tion ác con men tion
pas'sion pen sion sanc tion