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within all the breadth aforefaid throughout the maine lands from fea to fea, together alfo with all the firme lands, foyles, grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, fifhings, mines, and mineralls, as well royall mines of gould and filver, as other mines and mineralls, precious ftones, quarries, and all and fingular other commodities, jurisdictions, privileges, franchises and preheminences, both within the faid tract of land upon the maine, and Provisoc. alfo within the islands and feas adjoining. Provided always that the faid islands, or any the premiffes by the faid letters patent intended and meant to be granted were not then actually poffeffed or inhabited by any other christian prince, or state, nor within the bounds, limits, or territories of the fouthern colonies, then before granted by our faid deare father to be planted by divers of his loving fubjects in the fouthern parts. Habendum. To have, and to hold, poffefs, and enjoy all and fingular the aforefaid continent, lands, territories, islands, hereditaments, and precincts, feas, waters, fifhings, with all and all manner their commodities, royalties, liberties, preheminences, and profits that fhould from thenceforth arife from thence, with all and fingular their appurtenances, and every part and parcel thereof, unto the faid Councel, and their fucceffors and affignes for ever, to the fole and proper ufe, benefit, and behoof of them, the faid Councel, and their fucceffors and affignes, forever: To be houlden of our faid moft dear and royal Father, his heirs and fucceffors, as of his manor of Eaft-Greenwich in the county of Kent, in free and common foccage, and not in Capite nor by knights' service. Yielding and paying therefore to the said late King, his heirs and fucceffors, the fifth part of the oare of gould and filver, which should from time to time, and at all times thenafter happen to be found, gotten,

had,

Tenure.

had, and obtained, in, at, or within, any of the faid lands, limits, territories, and precincts, or in or within any part or parcel thereof, for, or in refpect of, all and all manner of duties, demands, and fervices whatfoever, to be done, made, or paid, to our faid dear Father the late King, his heirs and fucceffors; as in and by the faid letters patent (amongst fundry other claufes, powers, privileges, and grants therein contained) more at large appeareth.

a grant of

sachusets

part of the premisses

tioned,) by

And whereas the faid Councel established at Plymouth Recital of in the county of Devon, for the planting, ruling, order- the province ing and governing, of New-England in America, have, of the Masby their deed indented under their common feal, bearing bay, (being date the nineteenth day of March last past, in the third year of our reign, given, granted, bargained, fold, enfe- before menoffed, aliened and confirmed, to Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir the council of PlyJohn Young, knights, Thomas Southcott, John Hum- mouth, to Sir Henry frey, John Endicott and Symon Whetcomb, their heirs Rosewell and affociates forever, all that part of New-England in and others. March 19, America aforefaid which lieth and extendeth between a 3 Car. 1. great river there commonly called Monomack, alias Merrimack, and a certain other river there called Charles river, being the bottom of a certain bay there commonly called Maffachusetts, alias Mattachusetts, alias Maffatufetts, bay, and alfo all and fingular those lands and hereditaments whatsoever lying and being within the space of three English miles on the fouth part of the faid Charles river, or of any or every part thereof, and alfo all and fingular the lands and hereditaments whatfoever, lying and being within the fpace of three English miles to the southward of the fouthernmost part of the faid bay called Maffachusetts, alias Mattachusetts, alias Maffatusetts, bay, and also all thofe lands and hereditaments which lye and be within the space of

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three

three English miles to the northward of the faid river called Monomack, alias Merrimack, or to the northward of any and every part thereof, and all lands and hereditaments whatfoever, lying within the limits aforefaid, north and fouth, in latitude and breadth, and in length and longitude, of and within all the breadth aforefaid, throughout the main lands there, from the Atlantic and weftern fea and ocean on the eaft part to the fouth fea on the weft part, and all lands and grounds, place and places, foils, wood and wood grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, fifhings, and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the said bounds and limits, and every part and parcel thereof, and alfo all islands lying in America aforefaid in the said seas, or either of them, on the wefterne or eafterne coafts or parts of the faid tracts of lands by the faid indenture mentioned to be given, granted, bargained, fold, enfeoffed, aliened and confirmed, or any of them: And alfo all mines and mineralls, as well royall mines of gould and filver, as other mines and mineralls whatsoever, in the faid lands and premiffes or any part thereof: And all jurisdictions, rights, royalties, liberties, freedoms, immunities, priviledges, franchifes, preheminences, and commodities whatfoever, which they the faid Councel established at Plymouth in the county of Devon for the planting, ruling, ordering, and governing) of New-England in America, then had, or might ufe, exercise, ar enjoy, in and within the faid lands and premiffes by the faid indenture mentioned to be given, granted, bargained, fould, enfeoffed and confirmed, or in, or within, any part or Habendum. parcel thereof. To have and to hould the faid part of New-England in America which lyeth and extends and is abutted as aforefaid, and every part and parcel thereof; And all the faid iflands, rivers, ports, havens,

waters,

waters, fillings, mines and minerals, jurifdictions, franchises, royalties, liberties, priviledges, commodities, hereditaments and premiffes whatsoever, with the appurtenances, unto the faid Sir Henry Rofewell, Sir John Younge, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endicott and Symon Whetcomb, their heirs and affignes, and their affociates, to the only proper and abfolute use and behoof of the said Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott and Symon Whetcomb, their heires and affignes, and affociates forevermore. To be houlden Tenure. of us, our heirs and succeffors, as of our mannor of Eaft Greenwich in the county of Kent, in free and common foccage and not in Capite, nor by knights fervice; yielding and paying therefore unto us our Rent heirs and fucceffors, the fifth part of the oare of gould and filver which fhall from time to time and at all limes hereafter happen to be found, gotten, had and obtained, in any of the faid lands within the faid li mits, or in or within any part thereof, for and in fatisfaction of all manner of duties, demands and fervices whatsoever, to be done, made or paid to us, our heirs. or fucceffors, as in and by the faid recited indenture. more at large may appear.

Now know ye, that we at the humble fuite and petition of the faid Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott and Symon Whetcomb, and of others whom they have associated unto them, Have, for divers good caufes and con- Confirmafiderations us moving, granted and confirmed, and by said ast-rethese presents, of our especiall grace, certain knowledge, cited grant and meere motion, do grant and confirm, unto the faid Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott, and Simon Whet

tion of the

by the king.

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combe,

combe, and to their affociates hereafter named (videlicet) Sir Richard Saltonftall, Knt. Ifaac Johnfon, Samuel Alderfey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vaffall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Browne, Samuel Browne, Thomas Hutchins, William Vaffall, William Pinchon, and George Foxcroft, their heirs and affignes, all the faid part of New England in America, lyeing and extending betweene the bounds and limits in the faid recited indenture expreffed, and all lands and grounds, place and places, foyles, wood and wood grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, mines, mines, mineralls, jurisdictions, rights, royalties, liberties, freedoms, immunities, priviledges, franchifes, prcheminences, hereditaments and commodities, whatsoever, to them the faid Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott and Simon Whetcombe, their heirs and affignes, and to their affociates, by the faid recited indenture given, granted, bargained, fould, enfeoffed, aliened, and confirmed, or mentioned or intended thereby to be given, granted, bargainHabendum. ed, fould, enfcoffed, aliened, and confirmed. To have and to hould the faid part of New-England in America and the other premiffes hereby mentioned to be granted and confirmed, and every part or parccll thereof, with the appurtenances, unto the faid Sir Henry Rofewell, Sir John Younge, Sir Richard Saltonftall, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott, Symon Whetcombe, Ifaac Johnfon, Samuel Alderfey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increafe Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vaffall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Browne, Samuel

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