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Disease, or disappointment, or calamity, has taught him the necessity of building the house of his comforts firmer and higher. What we evidently need, my Christian brethren, is a world that will last—a heritage which is something more than the dew on the grass, or the cloud of the morning. And of such a heritage need I say, there are no traces or records but in the testimonies of God? Change and decay are stamped on every thing else around us. Every other happiness withers, like the gourd of Jonah, in a night. Every other possession abandons us, or we abandon it. Like the proud monarch of Babylon, the man a king to-day, may be an idiot or an outcast to-morrow. Like Herod, the idol of the multitude at one moment, may in another be food for worms. Of God alone, as a Friend and Saviour can it be said, "The everlasting God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary ;" and of his kingdom alone," It is an everlasting kingdom," "a dominion that endureth through all generations." Oh, would to God that every man among us might rise from his place this day convinced that his own anxious pursuit of any thing, in this world, is like the feverish longing of the patient in that disorder in which the mariner fancies that he discovers beneath the waves enamelled meads and living fountains, and plunges into the devouring waters, and is seen no more. Pp. 309-311.
The last Sermon is on the Christian's final Triumph, from Rev. iii. 12, and an admirable discourse it is. We have only room, however, for one extract, and must then reluctantly take our leave of the author, though with the cheering hope that we shall shortly meet again.
2. But, finally, I would address myself to
those who, after long and serious inquiry,
venture to hope that the glorious promises
of the text are made to themselves.
And let me begin by reminding such persons to whom the glory of their escape altogether belongs. May your hearts be filled with gratitude, and your lips with praise! Let your language be, "Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us; but unto thy name be the praise."
Let me next beg you to remember, as one of the strongest motives to vigilance and prayer, that the happiness of heaven will be measured by a capacity for that happiness-that (I speak it with reverence) the Great Father of the universe is therefore the happiest of all beings, because he is the holiest and that, consequently, a low state of religious attainment constitutes in itself a bar of exclusion from the enjoy ments of the kingdom of God,
And, finally, I would entreat you to calf to mind, what, as the expectants of this bright reversion, and inheritors of these glorious promises, may be expected of you. Is such a "mansion," with all its seats of joy and triumph, prepared for you? Then why these looks and accents of disquietude amidst the petty cares and distractions of life? why this feverish thirst for worldly distinctions? why this covetous grasp after worldly interests? why this cowardly and shamefaced profession of the religion of the Cross? All this "savours not of God," but of man-not of "the city which hath foundations," but of this poor, fugitive, sordid, fallen world. You lay claim to the promises of God: let us see that they are not wasted or dishonoured in your hands. You proclaim yourselves children of God: let it be felt that you are "crucified to the world, and the world unto you." Oppose to the seductions of sense, to the follies of life, to those withering chaplets which alone the world can bind around your brows, the present delights of faith, and hope, and communion with God, and holy obedience to his will, and the future glories and triumphs of the assembly of the redeemed. Already are many "pillars" erected in the "temple of our God." Already does it resound with the Hallelujahs of the blest. Remember your high and solemn vocation. "If you are risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth at the right hand of God: " "Let your conversation be in heaven, from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ."-Pp. 431
III. Mr. Morison's publication is a small neat well-written volume of Lectures, on domestic, ecclesiastical, patriotic, and mercantile Duties; in which, after an introductory lecture, he treats of marriage; of conjugal duties; parental obligations; filial obligations; obligations of masters, servants, pastors, people, kings, and subjects; mercantile relations, and the influence of improved and misimThe author intiproved talents. mates that, in many instances, a liberal use has been made of the sentiments of other writers; and it must be sufficiently obvious that, on such topics, little really original can be said. Mr. M. is a Dissenter, and, in the ecclesiastical part of his publication, has advanced some positions to which we cannot assent. He manifests, however, a liberal
spirit, and, with this one caution, we feel justified in cordially recommending the volume. At the same time we deem it our duty to remark, that lectures on reciprocal obligations ought invariably to be accompanied with evangelical application; it is important not only to convince of sin and to stimulate to duty, but also to point out the way of pardon and the source of spiritual grace and strength. Such intimations ought not to be postponed to a future time, because the impression already produced may be previously effaced, or a future opportunity may not be afforded.
We recommend the following extract to the attention of all who have at any time been insolvent.
There is one case more, which I would notice here, which deserves, I think, peculiar attention. It not unfrequently hap
pens that an individual, who has been the means, either through direct misfortune, or imprudence, or injustice, of injuring the property of another, is again, by a train of favourable circumstances, restored to his former standing in society, and that he is
raised even to the possession of ease and
wealth. What is such a man's duty with regard to those who have suffered through his medium? The law, perhaps, says that they have no claim on him; but what says the injured spirit of Christianity? What says the law of God? What says enlightened conscience? I hesitate not a moment in affirming, that their imperious demand is restitution to the utmost farthing. Though the debt has ceased legally, that is, by the laws of our country, it has not ceased really;
-it is still a debt-a debt binding in the
sight of God. O! how I revere that man,
and such a man I have often seen, who, in a case like this, rises superior to all the sordid calculations of a worldly policy, and who, trampling on all low and selfish considerations, acts up to the entire and unbroken demands of the word of God, pays that sacred regard to the dictates of conscience which absorbs every minor and subordinate feeling, and, like Zaccheus of old, is ready to exclaim" If I have taken any thing from any man, I restore him fourfold *."-Pp. 309, 310.
IV. and V. The volumes of Dr. Raffles will not bear a comparison with that of Mr. Morison. They contain much that is solid, much that is excellent, and they may be read with great advantage; but
Luke, xix. 8.
they are far more calculated to inform the judgment than affect the heart. The style is florid, and there is too much of display, especially in the Lectures on practical Religion. The Lectures on some important Doctrines of the Gospel are indeed freer from these defects, and contain many clear statements and much close reasoning. Some important topics, however, are confined to very narrow limits. The eighth lecture, for instance, treats of regeneration, sanctification, and the final perseverance of the saints. Sanctification occupies two pages, and final perseverance about as much. We are perfectly at a loss to conceive how the Doctor could ever think of confining two such important topics to so scanty a space. His popularity indeed will increase in proportion as he dwells on mere dọctrinal subjects, but his usefulness will be very much diminished. In a day of great profession, florid harangues, nay, argumentative discourses, will be cheerfully heard, while serious appeals to the heart and conscience, careful discrimination of differing characters, and faithful reproofs of besetting and prevailing sins, will often excite opposition. We trust, however, that Dr. R. will not be deterred from making full proof of his ministry by any considerations of this nature, and are disposed to attribute the defects of these volumes to haste and inadvertence rather than design.
VI. Of Mr. Davy's Sermons we are happy to speak with high approbation; the subjects are equally important and the style equally plain with those of the preceding volume, noticed in our review for April; and at the same time the defect, which we there adverted to, is in great measure avoided in We trust the volume before us. these Cottage Sermons will have an extended circulation, and that Mr. D. will be encouraged to add to their number.
"I have sent, by Mr., two copies of the late Mr. Ellerton's Dialogues, with a request that one set may be forwarded to you. I would have sent more, but we have now very few remaining. Mr. Corrie is about having another edition printed. They are used in all the native schools; and though many of the natives will not read our Scriptures as the Bible and New Testament, yet they do not object to the Dialogues!
"When I wrote to Mr. I was fearful of being too presuming, or would have communicated some missionary intelligence, which would probably have been gratifying to him, and which you can now forward if you think proper. Miss C. whose coming Mr. interested himself about, is arrived with pure missionary zeal to instruct the female natives of this country, and is likely to prosper abundantly in her design. The strong prejudices of the natives seem to disappear as she advances, and she is likely to need assistance shortly. She has now two schools; in one there are seventeen girls, and in the other thirteen ; and a few days ago she received a petition from twenty-two. The schools are in the outskirts of the town, and she has the use of Mr. C.'s carriage to attend them daily but so soon as a house can be built, she purposes to reside in the midst of them. She has already learnt to read Bengalee with tolerable ease, but cannot speak it so readily. I accompanied her twice lately, and the women and children appear highly delighted. The last time I went, we were invited into the houses of two of the women, and had much converse with them, as I can speak the language with more ease than I can read it; for I never learnt to read it till I went to G.; and having neglected the study of it since I lost my sweet teacher, I find some difficulty in taking it up again. I shall, however, now try to resume it, that I may render Miss C. some assistance in her pious work: she is a truly godly woman, with every requisite for the work she has engaged in. She possesses, with a strong mind, fine abilities, a sweet temper, and excellent health, all which are desirable in a missionary.
"I had the honour of uniting with Mrs. Thomason and some other ladies in the formation of an European Orphan Female Asylum, which was instituted in 1815. It
has prospered wonderfully, and beyond our expectations; we have now fifty-nine orphans. Last Committee, it was proposed that six of the oldest girls should be taught Bengalee, with the view that they may hereafter become assistants to Miss Cooke. The Marchioness patronizes the Asylum; and we have for the mistress Mrs. Schmid, whose husband, the Rev. D. Schmid, officiates as chaplain. They came out in the same ship with Mr. and Mrs. Corrie as missionaries; and while Mr. S. goes on with the study and translation of the native languages, his good wife is no less active in bringing up the young in the nurture and
admonition of the Lord.
"It cannot but prove a comfort to us, that the labours of our dear departed should be so highly honoured as they are in this heathen land. Although his strength seemed spent early, yet it was not spent for nought; his memory is blessed, and bis works they certainly follow him. Whilst he was fervent in spirit, he was also diligent in business, and employed those spare hours in his compositions which too many waste in mere self-indulgence. I was present at the grand examination of the great Hindoo schools, and was surprised to see the Dialogues admitted auiongst the highest classes of natives."
The Dialogues here alluded to are nine in number. They comprise the Book of Genesis, and are written in a manner peculiarly attractive to the native reader, combining entertainment and instruction together; the entertainment of touching and curious narrative, with a judicious intermixture of evangelical truth and practical improvement. The beneficial effects which they are calculated to produce, may well be conjectured from the following extract of a letter of the Rev. Mr. Thomason's, giving an account of the examination of the Burdwan schools.
"Nothing could be more gratifying of the kind, than the progress made by the first class of this school. I could have wished that those who are most forward in their objections to missionary labours, had been present on this occasion. After going over the usual ground (as detailed last year), I had the pleasure to examine them in the first two beautiful Dialogues of Mr. Ellerton, on the Creation and Fall of Man. Their answers were distinct and correct. In a class of about sixteen boys, scarcely one of the questions (for which they could not have been prepared, as we among ourselves had selected the questions the night before) was incorrectly answered This was the more remarkable, as they
had not been accustomed to repeat the questions and answers by heart, like a lesson; but had merely read the Dialogues through, as they would another book. affords, therefore, a striking and encouraging instance of their disposition to read, and of the interest which they feel in perusing what is instructive, however it may contradict their own professed tenets: the contents of those Dialogues are diametrically opposed to Hindoo principles; yet they manifestly read and give an account of them, with great interest and curiosity. Let this course be pursued; let truth be perseveringly and judiciously inculcated on the minds of the native youths; and may we not hope that it will ultimately prevail
over error? I can scarcely wish for a more encouraging spectacle to the Church Missionary Committee, than that they should all have been present, while the boys explained the condition by which Adam was bound in Eden-the malice of Satan-the beguiling of Eve-the denunciation of punishment after the transgression-and the promise of a Mediator. The examining Pundit heard with his own ears, that Jesus Christ was the promised seed of the woman, and applauded! I could not but feel thankful in the thought, that this is indeed the beginning of DIRECT MISSIONARY LABOUR. We have been hitherto preparing the soil now the sower is sowing the seed. May the Lord give the increase!"
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
NEW ZEALAND MISSION.
SOMEWHAT unfavourable reports of the state of this mission have lately arrived. Shunghee and Whykato, by exchanging the presents received in this country, and by supplying the South Sea whalers with provisions, spars, &c. have acquired a considerable quantity of muskets, ammunition, &c. and at the head of a formidable armament have assaulted some of the other tribes, and committed the most savage cruelties. They returned in triumph to Kiddeekiddee, bringing a number of prisoners; nineteen of whom were afterwards killed, roasted, and partly at least eaten; not so much, it would seem, to satisfy a depraved appetite, as to gratify their revenge and superstition. The missionaries have in consequence been grievously distressed and disappointed, and
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING
FROM the last Annual Report of this Society which has been recently circulated among its members, we learn that the amount of books issued last year is as fol- lows:
Bibles (exclusive of Bp. Mant's)
32,199 45,682 15,308 75,550
New Testaments and Psalters
Common Prayer Books
Other bound books
Tracts half bound.
Several fresh books have been added to the Society's publications. Tracts in Greek by St. Athanasius, Chrysostom, Basil, and Gregory Nazianzen, have been printed
treated with scorn and contempt. We do not, however, apprehend that they are in any personal danger. Shunghee has indeed told them, that they shall not stay at Kiddekiddee unless they will supply him with firearms; but he knows his own interest too well to consent willingly to their removal. And as it appears that the New Zealanders are likely to obtain arms in abundance from the South Sea whalers, Shunghee and the other chiefs will have less reason to disturb the peace of the settlement on this ground. Meanwhile the missionaries have great need of faith, and patience, and tender affection, and holy fear, and steady fortitude; and we earnestly hope, that on these grounds all the friends of the Institution will intercede with Almighty God in fervent prayer on their behalf. CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.
for distribution in the Ionian Isles. Supplies of books have been granted to the settlers in South Africa, to the Chatham Garrison, and the King's Bench Prison.
The Special Committee for counteracting blasphemous and infidel publications, have printed upwards of a million of tracts, of which about 900,000 have been circulated at an expense of 4000l., and the same course of operations has been kept up for another year.
The Society's receipts from April 1820 to April 1821, amounted to Expenses ditto..
The number of members has increased to 14,530, and of Diocesan Committees at home and abroad, to 225.
LONDON SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIANITY AMONGST
PROCEEDINGS AT THE FOURTEENTH ANNIVERSARY-CONCLUDED FROM PAGE 238. SIR R. H. Inglis, Bart. had peculiar ted, of many converts having been made; pleasure in congratulating the Meeting yet a general spirit of inquiry had been exupon the progress which the Society had cited, and some had actually acknowledged made during the last year, and upon the Jesus for their Lord and Master who were satisfactory intelligence contained in the the earnest and first fruits of an abundant Report. They could not boast, he admit- harvest. Considering the prejudices which
were first of all to be overcome, it was a matter of surprise and gratitude that so much had been done. If appearances had been dark and discouraging, it was, notwithstanding, our duty to use the means with diligence and perseverance, and patiently to wait the disposal of the Almighty; but surely now, when the prospect was becoming brighter every day, they would be stimulated to fresh and increased exertions.
Lord Calthorpe expressed his gratification at the growing success of this truly Christian Institution. Never was there one which had more calls upon the kind regards and attentive consideration of all classes and denominations in the community than this, which was formed on behalf of that people who were the chosen of the Lord, and whose history was connected and closely linked with all our earliest and most pleasing associations. There were the strongest grounds to hope, that a period was fast approaching when the outcasts of Israel would acknowledge Jesus to be the Christ, and take shelter under the banners of the cross.
The Rev. Mr. Simeon was satisfied that no one could hear the joyful news brought by the Report without offering up praises and thanksgivings to Almighty God, for having bestowed his blessing upon the endeavours of the Society. His earnest desire was, that no improper feeling should influence either the Society or the public, in reference to the grand object which they had in view; that it should not yield to feelings of exultation, when its labours were crowned with a successful issue; nor to feelings of depression, when events seemed to run counter to its wishes. The hopes of this Society were not founded upon events, but on prophecies which must be accomplished. If we look around us at home, we shall find many reasons to be thankful for the establishment of this Society; while upon the Continent the Society is in full activity, the Jews readily receiving the books and tracts sent out to them, and their prejudices were fast giving way. Some of them thought that the Messiah had already come, and wished for more perfect instruction.
The Rev. Lewis Way observed, that whosoever believed the word of God must be aware, that salvation was of the Jews, and that the fulfilment of all our hopes was contingent upon their restoration. Many objections had been made against enthusiasm in this and other good causes; but for his part he was proud to acknowledge himself one of the warmest enthusiasts in this matter; and he must say, that he felt his enthusiasm increasing instead of decreasing. As he believed religion to be the best thing in this bad world, he consi
dered it the duty of every one to be an enthusiast in its advancement and diffusion. If the expression might be allowed, he was married to the cause for the promotion of which they had this day assembled. To it he had given his heart and his hand. He rejoiced to say, that enthusiasm in this good cause prevailed as well at the most eastern extremity of Europe as at the most western parts of Ireland. If any one desired to see genuine enthusiasm, let him go to Ireland; there he would see it in perfection.
Rev. John Brown, from Ireland, lamented that our fathers had not been engaged in this service earlier; but trusted, that since a happy commencement had been made, every exertion would be employed to redeem their time. It was a task of the utmost difficulty to remedy the evils occasioned by negligence even of a short duration; how much more difficult was it to heal those occasioned by the neglect of ages!
W. Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. was inclined to draw the most favourable auguries from the very difficulties with which the attempt to convert the Jews was surrounded. It should never be forgotten, that the greater the magnitude of an undertaking, so much greater is the glory of its accomplishment. There was something astonishing in what had been already done for the universal dissemination. of the Gospel; and this Society would have been entitled to the grateful acknowledgments of every reflecting Christian, if it had done nothing more than send the whole of the sacred volume amongst the scattered remnant of the house of Israel, in a language which was familiar to every Jew who had received the elements of education. From the Report, and from other sources of authentic information, the friends and supporters of this Society might derive encouragement to go on, and observe carefully the various openings which presented themselves for the introduction of Gospel light and Gospel truth. It was incumbent upon them neither to despond nor be too sanguine. The light was advancing, and not merely enlightening but warming the heart.
R. Grant, Esq. showed, that the seeking and saving of that which was lost, was a duty incumbent upon all-a duty grounded upon the sound and immovable basis of Christian principle and precept. It was an express and general order of the Saviour of mankind, that his disciples should go and teach all nations; and surely we were not permitted to dispense with this peremptory injunction in the case of the Jews alone. Good wishes were not sufficient. St. James had shown that efforts and individual exertions were necessary, as well as good will and good wishes. He (Mr. G.) thought