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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1853, by

CHARLES D. CLEVELAND,

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Eastern District of

Pennsylvania.

STEREOTYPED BY L. JOHNSON AND CO.
PHILADELPHIA.

COLLINS, PRINTER.

PREFACE.

ENCOURAGED by the favorable manner in which the first edition of the "English Literature of the Nineteenth Century" was received, I felt it to be no less a duty than a pleasure to do all I could to improve it when it should be published in a permanent form. Accordingly, since the first appearance of the work, I have given not only the chief portion of my own time, aside from my schoolduties, to further reading and investigations in relation to the subject, but have been much benefited by the counsels of a few literary friends, whose kindness I would hereby gratefully acknowledge. If they see that I have not in all cases adopted their suggestions, I am sure they will be quite ready to concede to me that independence of thought and action which they would claim for themselves. I have also courteously received from many of the living authors directions where I could obtain fuller information concerning their own lives and publications, and thus have corrected a few errors in the first edition.

Twenty-seven new authors will be found in the present edition; namely, Thomas Haynes Bayly, Thomas Carlyle, Hartley Coleridge, George Croly, Allan Cunningham, Sir Humphry Davy, Thomas De Quincey, Thomas Dick, Maria Edgeworth, Augustus Hare, Charles Julius Hare, James Hogg, Leigh Hunt, John Keble, Walter Savage Landor, Charles Mackay, Richard Monckton Milnes, David Macbeth Moir, John Moultrie, Mungo Park, Bryan Waller

3

Proctor, James Smith, Caroline Anne Southey, Jane Taylor, Alfred Tennyson, Alaric Watts, John Wolcot.

As in the former, so in this edition, some may not find a favorite author noticed, nor favorite pieces of many whose names do appear; but they who can best estimate the nature of such a labor, and the embarrassment which must have been constantly felt from the very richness and variety of the materials, will be the most ready to make all allowance for any errors of omission or of commission. But one thing I can truly say, I have endeavored to represent the views and feelings of every author inserted, fairly and honestly; and where any one has shown that his heart was particularly and deeply interested in any one great subject, I have felt it my duty, without fear or favor, to let his views on that subject appear.

In conclusion, I have only to say that I can wish no greater favor shown to this work than the "Compendium" has received; and having taken every pains to make it as perfect as I could,not to please any clique or sect, or to favor any particular latitude or special market, but to promote the cause of sound learning and education in harmony with pure Christian morals, the best interests of humanity, and the cause of universal truth, I now commit it to the judgment of an intelligent public.

CHARLES D. CLEVELAND.

PHILADELPHIA, July 4, 1853.

NOTE. In this second impression from the stereotype plates I have corrected three or four errors detected in the first, and made some additions to the biographical sketches of Herbert Knowles, Lætitia E. Maclean, (L. E. L.,) Lant Carpenter, Amelia Opie, John Keble, and Caroline Anne Southey.

March, 1854.

C. D. C.

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF AUTHORS.

PAGE

ALISON, ARCHIBALD..

356 CROLY, GEORGE.......

386 CUMBERLAND, RICHARD......... 90

ARNOLD, THOMAS................................... BAILLIE, JOANNA................. 545 CUNNINGHAM, ALLAN............ 399 BARBAULD, ANNA LETITIA.... 166 DAVY, SIR HUMPHRY............. 201 BARTON, BERNARD............... 494 DE QUINCEY, THOMAS................................ 748 BAYLY, THOMAS HAYNES....... 367 DICK, THOMAS...................... .......... 575 BEATTIE, JAMES.......... 40 DRAKE, NATHAN.............................................. 338 BLAIR, HUGH.......... 29 DYMOND, JONATHAN.............. 195 BLOOMFIELD, ROBERT............ 137 EDGEWORTH, MARIA............. 486 BOWLES, WILLIAM LISLE....... 527 ELLIOTT, EBENEZER.............. 502 BROUGHAM, HENRY (LORD).... 769 ERSKINE, THOMAS.............. 143 BROWN, THOMAS...... 115 FOSTER, JOHN......... .... 419 BROWNING, ELIZABETH BAR- GRAHAME, JAMES................. 96 670 GURNEY, JOSEPH JOHN.......... 470 BRYDGES, SIR EGERTON......... 345 HALL, ROBERT........ 212 BUTLER, CHARLES................ 245 HARE, AUGUSTUS................. 706 BYRON, GEORGE GORDON........ 155 HARE, CHARLES JULIUS......... 706 CAMPBELL, THOMAS...................................... 424 Hazlitt, WILLIAM......................................... 205 CARLYLE, THOMAS................ 661 HEBER, REGINALD............... 180 CARPENTER, LANT................ 379 HEMANS, FELICIA............................................... 326 CARTER, ELIZABETH.............. 57 HOGG, JAMES......................... CHALMERS, THOMAS.............. 464 HOOD, THOMAS..... CHAPONE, HESTER................................ 35 HOWITT, MARY...... .......... 753 COLERIDGE, HARTLEY............ 683 HOWITT, WILLIAM............... 760 COLERIDGE, SAMUEL TAYLOR... 292 HUNT, LEIGH.................... 727

RETT............

321

440

COOK, ELIZA:....... 691 HUNTER, ANNE................... ........ 123 CRABBE, GEORGE........... ..... 252 IRELAND, JOHN.................... 383

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PAGE

632

TON............

PAGE

IRVING, EDWARD...

306 PARK, MUNGO........

736 POLLOK, ROBERT.................. 188
PROCTOR, BRYAN W.............. 743

JAMESON, MRS................................................
JEFFREY, FRANCIS................ 509
Keble, John................................................................ 711 ROGERS, SAMUEL.................. 583
KNOWLES, HERBERT.................................... 108 SCOTT, WALTER................................................. 228
KNOX, VICESIMUS................ 125 SEWARD, ANNA...................................................... 78
LAMB, CHARLES.....
311 SHARP, GRANVILLE............... 101
SMITH, CHARLOTTE............... 80
SMITH, HORACE.......................
SMITH, JAMES.......
373
SMITH, SYDNEY..................................................... 448
SOUTHEY, CAROLINE ANNE...... 765
SOUTHEY, ROBERT..................... ..... 404
TAYLOR, JANE.......................................... 149
MANT, RICHARD................................................. 478 TENNYSON, ALFRED............... 649

LANDOR, WALTER S.............. 620
MACAULAY, THOMAS BABING-

480

637
MACKAY, CHARLES............... 701
MACKENZIE, HENRY.......... 220
MACKINTOSH, JAMES............. 263
MACLEAN, LETITIA ELIZABETH 360

MILMAN, HENRY HART......... 627 TIGHE, MARY..............
86
MILNES, RICHARD M........... 724 TUPPER, MARTIN F.................................. 715
MITCHELL, THOMAS............... 436 WARREN, SAMUEL................ 697
MOIR, DAVID M............... 552 WARTON, JOSEPH................. 17
MONTAGU, ELIZABETH........... 24 WATTS, ALARIC............................
732
MONTGOMERY, JAMES.......... 593 WHATELY, RICHARD............. 674
MOORE, THOMAS...... ......... 564 WHITE, HENRY KIRKE.......... 70
MORE, HANNAH....................................................... 271 WILBERFORCE, WILLIAM................ 286
MOULTRIE, JOHN.................. 688 WILSON, JOHN.........
NORTON, CAROLINE ELIZABETH 656 WOLCOT, JOHN.........
OPIE, AMELIA......

606

110

614 WOLFE, CHARLES.................. 131 50 WORDSWORTH, WILLIAM........ 532

PALEY, WILLIAM...

PAGE

64

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