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return to Skipton. In this case, my lord would be take himself to his trussing bed, and his servants to the haymow *
Of the other out-door diversions, with the exception of a few intimations relative to hawking and fishing, there is no mention. In reference to the first it is stated, that in 1614, a leash of hawks cost sixteen pounds, and that sixty dozen of pigeons were killed at a time for hawksmeat; and with re. gard to the second, that Malham water and the fish-ponds at Skipton furnished the chief opportunities for its exercise. These latter were situate in a deep and very beautiful glen at the foot of the northern wall of Skipton Castle, which from its battlements to the torrent which washes its base measured not less than two hundred feet. They formed a part, indeed, of the pleasure-grounds of the Cliffords, to which this romantic dell, somewhat intruded upon perhaps by the topiary works of the days of Henry the Eighth, was exclusively appropriated.
The account which has now been given of the manners, habits, and domestic economy of the Cliffords of Craven will have presented us with many striking and interesting views of their magnificence and hospitality; features which did not perish with the male branches of the family, but, as we shall see in the following number, were maintained with even additional splendour and utility, by the celebrated heiress of their property.
* Whitaker's Hist. of Craven, p. 327, note.
The Ladye sought her lofty halls,
Where many a bold retainer lay :-
SIR WALTER Scott.
THE death of Henry, fifth earl of Cumberland, without male issue, terminated a series of family litigation which had, with all its customary effects of alienated affection and ill-will, existed for eightand-thirty years ; and at length, in her fifty-fourth year, the daughter and sole-surviving child of George earl of Cumberland succeeded to the estates of her forefathers, under the title of ANNE, BARONESS CLIFFORD, FOURTEENTH LORD
OF THE HONOUR OF SKIPTON. This accomplished, munificent, and virtuous heiress of the Cliffords was born at Skipton Castle on the 30th of January, 1589. Under the eye
her good and amiable mother, Margaret, countess of Cumberland, she enjoyed every advantage which precept and example could afford, and no daughter, perhaps, was ever more sensible of the obligations which she owed to maternal care. She never, indeed, throughout her long life spoke of this parent but in terms of enthusiastic veneration for her virtues and talents, and usually with the epithet of my blessed mother.
It appears that at the age of eleven years she was under the tutorage of Samuel Daniel, the celebrated poet and successor of Spenser in the laureatship; for, in an original book of accounts discovered by Dr. Whitaker among the Clifford papers at Skipton Castle, and filled with memoranda relative to her education from 1600 to 1602, occur, under the first of these dates, and in the hand-writing of the bard, four metrical lines, imploring for his pupil the years of Nestor, and happiness at her life's end, a prayer which, as we shall hereafter see, was almost literally fulfilled.
These two years were spent by lady Anne in London, under the immediate care of her governess, Mrs. Tayler, a woman of polished manners and high attainments; and here, whilst she imbibed a
love of literature, poetry, and history, from her able tutor, she acquired also a knowledge of French, and was taught the accomplishments of music and dancing.
We discover, likewise, from this interesting collection of memoranda, what is of yet greater importance, that, during her sojourn in the capital, she continued to cultivate those habits of benevolence and piety which she had learnt from her mother's example; for though her income, owing to the narrow circumstances in which lady Margaret had been placed by the neglect of her lord, was so small that she was frequently obliged to borrow, yet we find, notwithstanding, that nearly one-fourth of the numerous articles of expenditure contained in this account book was devoted to purposes of charity.
It is highly gratifying to be informed, from the same authority, that conduct such as this procured her many friends. Her aunt, lady Warwick, often sent her small sums of money packed up in little silver barrels, and, being greatly attached to her, had introduced her to queen Elizabeth, by whom she had been admired as a child of great promise. She visited also her and the countesses of Northum