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times not one-third of the membership of this means of protection, we may leave the Brotherhood were members of the them destitute, Insurance Association, and to our personal There is another matter our attention knowledge hundreds of them have squan- has been called to. The idea seems to predered twice the amount that it would have vail among the heirs of the insured that cost them to have been insured, gratifying they are to receive three thousand dollars, foolish desires.

regardless of the number of members. To An eminent writer on insurance has said correct that idea and remove all doubt upon of it: “In our civilization life insurance the subject, we ask you to read the followis the necessary complement of mechanic-ing Article XXVII of By-Laws: al improvement. Before steam engines,

If the members of the Insurance Association cotton and woolen factories, iron roads, shall fall short of a sufficient number to make the horse-mowing machines, and other mod amount of collections equal to $3,000 on each claim, ern victories of mind over matter, the arts only the amount collected shall be paid, less the of livelihood were very differently distrib-cost of collection; but should the number of uted. Nearly all were then more or less members exceed three thousand then the surplus

over $3,000 shall go to make good the deficiency on producers. But before this generation was

claims where less than $3,000 shall have been paid, born the distaff and the shuttle dropped commencing with the first claim paid less than from millions of hands, the cards played that amount. with underwent a change, and almost every

It will be seen by the foregoing that the man's home became a sort of palace of fine amount received, when below three thouarts; producing much very good for home sand dollars, depends wholly upon the numconsumption, but having no marketable ber of paying members. It must be apparvalue abroad. The consequence is, that in ent to all that the only way to keep our every family there is, as the average fact, insurance up to three thousand dollars is a division of labor and only one life is de- for each one to retain their membership. voted to the arts that produce simply happi- We are mutually dependent upon each ness at first hand. The revenue or material

other, Were it possible for our members resourses of every family are vastly in- to obtain a better or more reliable life increased from the old primitive order of surance than we offer, we would gladly say things; but as the whole depends, especially to them, embrace the opportunity, but we in the outset of the family career, on one know it is utterly impossible to do so; hence life rather than all, the failure of that one

our anxiety to have them participate in the life brings a calamity unknown before. It benefits of ours. At no time has it cost our a proportionate revenue cannot be main members over one and a half per cent. for tained after this life, it had almost been an insurance of $3,000, which is cheaper better that none had ever existed. Life than you can get insured in any reliable insurance comes in as a financial inven

company. Besides, it is some satisfaction tion by which capital, in the shape of a

to know that the money we have paid went productive life--a life directing and con- to relieve the wants of our Brothers' famtrolling some branch of the wealth-beget- ilies. Demagogues may blind men to their ting or wealth-distributing machinery of true interests for a time, but the awakenthe age-can perpetuate itself, or convert a ing is sure to come, and with it will come part of its productive energy into a contin- full punishment for the deceivers. gent fund that will be immediately availa

There never yet has been a good cause ble in case of death."

promulgated by the decrees of the AlThese views, so ably presented, should mighty, or by the wisdom of good men, command the attention of every Brother that has not been met by persistent persethat loves his family. They show forth cution from those who seek to build themstrong reasons for such an association as selves up on the ruins of others. Let each

With a small outlay, distributed member resolve, come what may, “I will through each year, we can secure to our do my duty," and our Insurance will be a loved ones a competence, but by neglecting success.


(From the Omaha Bee.]

capitalists, who, by a change of stock from road THE COMMUNISTIC BUGBEAR.

to road as elections of directors take place, put

their friends in control. It is thus within the The cry of communism, as at present indulged power of this dozen capitalists to regulate the in by a large portion of the press, is, judging by price of labor and thereby their pet profits at any the frequency of its application, simply a term, moment by a simple combination. A trifle of a like many others, applied to define an indefinite reduction on each employe results in millions to idea. It seems to be a handy word to explain those nabobe. No one for a moment cries Cæsarevery kind of disaffection and disagreement, and ism when these men join hands to satiate their saves time in making an investigation into causes greed at the expense of the prosperity of the to explain certain effects. It is in this respect a whole country, yet if a labor organization, which strong reminder of the words spiritualisni and is but the outgrowth of capital organization, atelectricity, as often applied by modern professed tempts to thwart the schemes so profitable to wiseacres. If any phenomenon occurs that they these leaders and so detrimental to themselves, its are not intelligent enough to comprehend, they members are at once decried as enemies of order immediately say that it is the work of spirits, or and public peace.

There can be but one result it is an electrical phenomenon. It is that every ultimately of this kind of gambling with public mob of tramps, whiskey-bummers, gumblers and prosperity and peace, and that is, the government, other loafers is at once transformed into a regular instead of arming its citizens to keep themselves organization or band of communists. So addicted down, will have to regulate railway company to this style of explanation of affairs have some rates, which are now the gauge of all other labor writers become that, when an organization of rates. If all roads were regulated as to rates of respectable mechanics meets to consult upon the freight per mile, and according to the gradients, most trivial subject, and they hear of it, they then, in place of the cut-throat competition which are pointed out as a most dangerous element of the workingmen must pay for with depleted socialists,

wages, the patronage of railway companies would We need but look at this matter from an Omaha be lependent upon their treatment of customers stand-point to show that this red spectre of com- and their relative facilities for making the trapmunism is to a great extent a mere phantom. In eler convenient. Omaha the great mass of workingmen are me

This problem is one that will have to be met chanics; they are men, to a great extent, of fami-sooner or later. It will not be a question how to lies; they have children, for whose future they keep labor organizations down, but rather how to cherish as high hopes as the wealthiest of our prevent the unjust combinations which breed the citizens do for their own, and they are saving and discontent. accumulating means gradually for the future. Does it look reasonable that these men tolerate

In these days, when there seems to be a any sentiments looking to an equal division of settled determination on the part of the property with loafing vagabonds who infest gambling dens, or loaf around whiskey shops, wait- press and those in authority to charge all ing for a customer to invite them to the bar? the ills that the country has been subjected Does any sensible person suppose that they believe in destroying property only to bring to to labor organizations, it is refreshing to increased taxation to themselves? It would be find a paper that has the manliness to acabourd to suppose such a case. But it will be urged in evidence, that last year's strike in Pennsylva- | knowledge the right of laboring men to comnia proved such to be the case. Now, while it is bine for their own maintenance and proserious aggravations, and in the midst of great'ex- tection, and to point out the real cause of citement, it will be found, after careful investiga- the trouble which all have felt in a greater tion, that the cause of that difficulty was as much attributable to those who injudiciously attempted or less degree and have groaned under. to use force indiscriminately, as to those who sub- There may be a possibility of so joining sequently gave vent to their rage in the general movement that followed. If the same amount of hands as to crush out any existing labor orenergy, brain-work and money were expended in ganization, but it is not within the power as is devoted to arguments for raising standing ar- of all the combined wealth of the country mies, and spent in buying arms, ammunition and to prevent others from springing into existwould, perhaps, be less cause for disa ffection. ence, and the more bitter the persecution What often gives rise to unfortunate results is the more determination will there be to orthat thieves, cut-throats and gamblers who are allowed to loaf about to a great extent in every ganize to meet it, and the surest, and in fact community take advantage of the excitement the only way to effect a lasting peace is to terror for which the workingmen are afterwards recognize their right to exist and direct held responsible. Another irritant that gives rise their actions by kind treatment. We have to bad blood is the publication of unjust and illfounded rumors reflecting upon organizations as

no sympathy with communism, nor do we revolutionary bodies when no such thoughts are believe that there is ground for the alarm entertained.

As affairs are at present, the bulk of lahor in this that seems to fill the minds of those who country is derived from railway companies. Care: are always ready to accept any charge fully compiled statistics show that the amount of made against those who depend upon their capital invested in railways in the United States in 1875 aggregated a trifle over four hundred and labor to provide the necessaries of life, howsixty thousand million dollars. under existing state of things is subject to the ever absurd it may be; for were such a control at any moment of a half a dozen leading movement to occur it would, in the end,


affect their own class more than any other, 4th. An unwarrantable reduction of wages, that and they are not so blind that they cannot took effect Feb 1, 1878, in direct violation of the

contract Indiscriminately cutting the wages of see it. It is to be hoped other papers will the men by a well worded schedule, so written take the common sense view that the Bee constructions could be placed upon each statedoes, for it would go a long way toward ment, at figures far below those of other roads. bringing about a better state of feeling than compelling men to do hours of extra work, "run

long divisions," "doubling them exists at present.

around," "unloading material," "iron," "ties,".
and "stone," "repairing track," "loading stock,"
for which nothing was allowed the men.


ous instances can be quoted in proof of the above,

and such was the feeling among the men that none SETTING FORTH THE CAUSES THAT LED TO THE

had a lease of his situation beyond the trip, and TROUBLE ON THE A T. & S F. R. R., RE- every particle of interest the men bad in their SPECTFULLY SUBMITTED TO THE PRESIDENT AND work was lost. Attempts were inade to speak to DIRECTORS OF THE ROAD, BY THE UNDER- Messrs. Morse and Strong, in vain, and on the 4th SIGNED ENGINEERS, FIREMEN AND BRAKE- of April it culminated in an agreement to stop MEN WHO QUIT THE SERVICE OF THE Cox-work, And when the men at public meetings in

Topeka and Emporia presented their reasons for Gentlemen : As we were denied the privilege of their action the indignation of the people knew no stating to the officers of the company our griev- | bounds. The affair was not a Brotherhood affair, ances, we take this method of presenting to you the nor has the Brotherhood anything to do with it reasons which forced us to the only course left us. except some of the men who stopped work are Recognizing the fact that all men ought to liave members of the organization; on the contrary, it good reasons for any action, and knowing that you was an individual affair between the engineers have a right to know those reasons, we herewith and firemen on the one hand, and the officials of present them to you. For the past eight months the road on the other Despite the false statethe engineers and fi remen of this road have quietly ments made by these officials that the affair

was submitted to "unjust treatment," "ill usage, a Brotherhood affair," that “we had no griev"overtaxed strength" (in long hours and ruus), ances," that “we were desperate men to be shot "unjustifiable suspension and discharge," "unwar- down by the bired Governor and his hired milirantable reduction of wages," crowded upon them ția," that we had “assigned no cause," that we by the subordinate officials of this road, until it had" offered no committee;" the people know becamo unbearable and culminated in a large ma- the truth, and let the result be what it may, the jority of them stopping work on Thursday, April people and the men are satisfied that it was an act 4, 1878.

of self-defense and will so go upon the record. 1st. Ill Usage. –The engineers and tiremen of

ENGINEERS. this road made a contract with the Superintendent, Mr. Morse, liberal and fair in all its features, and

CHAS. FLETCHER, ED. SMITH, Mr. Morse had pledged his word that the contract

J. W. THATCHER, Jas. BARNETT, should be lived up to so long as he was on the


Wm. A. GUNN, road. The engineers and firemen carried out


H. FINLEY, their part of the contract to the letter; all know


J. K. PARE the result. "Faithful work," "interest mani

CHAS Evans,

J. H. BAILEY, fested everywhere," and "general prosperity." WM, McCULLOCH, F. CROCKER,

Cole MC ULLOCH, For a time all were contented, each trying to out

W. S. Ross, do the other in realizing the company's interest;

Twos. F. GLENNY,

0. A. LaRue, no accident occurring to mar the company's good


M. BOYD, name. Scarcely three months elapsed before ad- T. J. TARSNEY,


vantage was taken of the men by "lengthening
out divisions," "overburdeoing the trains," and S. M. McGAFFEY, GEO, A. SCOTT,


by adding to the already long hours of a day's ser-

The men labored on in silence. A system

J. P. SCOTT, of harrassing the men by goad and insult and es- John SCOTT,

H. WALKER. pionage, was then inaugurated by W. H. Pettihone,

FIREMEN. Div. Supt., H. V. Farries, M. M., Cook, Foreman


ED. LANGSTON, at Pueblo, and others. (The character of the first


CHAS. TOPHAN, and last named ofhcials will hardly bear investi


gation.) The occasional protests on the part of the
men to these men were met by threat and scorn,


or no notice paid whatever.
2d The men have pulled overburdened trains,

Chas. ALEX


FRANK SPARKS, making their day's work oftentimes eighteen to


F. B SHEPHERD, twenty hours in length, compelled to do extra work

JOHN KEMPTON, along the line of the road in switching," at "ter


ROBT. BOSHNELL, minal stations, " "construction work," (stopping


WM. HUGHS, regular trains for the purpose), and oftentimes A.J. SMITH,

CALVIN Rich, when exbausted by continuous running night and


Any accident however trivial (resulting

FRANK THATCHER, from want of sleep) would be met by threatened

In our last issue we submitted extracts discharge, suspension or abuse, (men having been on duty seventy-two continuous hours.)

from different papers published on the line 3d. Engineers and firemen discharged, one after another, without cause, without a hearing-and of the A. T. & 8. F. R. R., giving their incompetent men taking their places, the Division views upon the difficulty between the offplaces, neither earned by superiority or length of cers of the road and the employes. These service, purposely keepidg some from work, etc. extracts did not, of course, explain the

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causes that led to the extreme measures de- of their hands for the means to sustain termined upon by the men interested, and themselves and their families, but we have as they have prepared and submitted to the a right to, and do take exceptions, to an President and Directors of the road, a cir- utter departure from truth under any circular setting forth in detail the indignities cumstances. What we said in the card was and abuses that have been heaped upon that prior to Mr. Strong's assuming the them, we give it in full, that our readers management of the road, all was peace, and may see whether or not there was any harmony and good feeling prevailed, that cause of complaint. Any man, or body of we knew him to be an arbitrary, exacting men, have a right to expect and demand and unscrupulous man-and that by his illfair treatment, proper rest and a just com- treatment of the men while on the C. B. & pensation for labor performed, and if these 1. road an open rupture very nearly took are not accorded it is a privilege that can place. We further said that we knew nothneither be denied nor taken away, to make ing of the details of the trouble, but from a manly statement of the grievances, what our knowledge of Mr. Strong, we were not ever, they may be, and ask their redress, willing to concede that in this case the men without denying one of the great princi- were entirely at fault and the officers ples for which our fathers fought, and blameless. If this language can by any neither the public, the railroad companies, manipulation be construed into meaning or the men can afford to do it. The public that “the only excuse for striking is becannot afford it, because they are interest-cause the General Manager is not agreeaed in having a class of men in these respon- ble to the Brotherhood," then we must sible positions who understand their duties confess that we do not understand plain and responsibilities, and who have the self- English, for when it is remembered that we respect necessary to make them an honor stated distinctly that we knew nothing of to it and not a disgrace. The companies the affair beyond what we gathered from cannot afford it because you cannot de the daily papers, and that it was in no prive men of what they know to be theirs sense of the word a Brotherhood matter by all the rules of justice and equity, with (which statement the circular substantiates), out at the same time taking from them all it will be admitted that there was no necesinterest in the work performed beyond that sity for us to attempt to excuse it; but one which is actually necessary to avoid trans- thing is certain, as we have done heretofore gression of rules, and if there be no inter- we shall continue in the future, to contend est taken it matters not how vigilant the for any body of men who are illy treated, officers may be, it is impossible to get the whether it conduces to popularity or otherbusiness of the road done with a degree of wise. If others see fit to prostitute their economy which will follow fair usage and convictions of right and fair-dealing for a regard for the welfare of the men em. the sake of the favor it brings, they are at ployed. In speaking of the late trouble on liberty to do so. the A. T. & S. F. Road, the Railway Age says:

THE MACHINE SHOP OF THE NAMr. Arthur, Chief of the Engineers' Brother

TIONAL TUBE WORKS. hood, has written a card in regard to the late This establishment bas been recently placed strike on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Road, under the superintendence of Mr. Wm B. D'ack, in which his sole excuse for the strike is that the inventor of the Mack Injector ; and his son John General Manager of the road is not agreeable to is its foreman. It is in the rear of Sumper street, the Brotherhood. Mr. Arthur has done very much in the building reared by the late Otis Tufts. Reof late years to lead to the conviction that popu- cently the shop has been remodeled; new floors larity with the Brotherhood and good manage have been laid, new lathes and machinery introment cannot long exist together.

duced, and it is now as nearly perfect as any esIt is, perhaps, too much to expect that tablishment of the kind can be made. The fore

man, though quite young, not yet twenty-one we shall not be misrepresented if we find it years of age, is not only a thorough mechanic, but necessary to criticise the actions of those a man of yeaius in his line, ever ready to adopt

what is new or useful in his business. All his calwho show themselves to be the enemies of culations are made agreeably to the metric system, men who, by the force of circumstances, in general use. It is in this shop that the famous are compelled to depend upon the labor | injectors are manufactured, injectors that are

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superseding the use of pumps for supplying water Information is wanted ot R. A. Horrell, a fireman, to steam-boilers of every description. A few who, when last heard from, was at Fort Wayne, days since we noticed a large locomotive boiler, in- Ind. Any one knowing his whereabouts will confer tended for the Boston & Albany Railroad; two of these injectors and no pumps; and all the a favor by addressing this office. leading railroads and many steamers have them in active operation. Besides these, safety-valves and other fine work are manufactured in this shop, and

PRESENTATION. give unqualified satisfaction. On the premises the National Tube Works have Belleville Division No. 189, Brotherhood of Locomo.

On Tuesday evening, April 16th, at a meeting of Fast stores of tubes of every description, which they send all over the country, from Massachu- tive Engineers, the members were the recipients of setts to California, to Mexico, South America and quite a number of visitors, headed by Mrs. J. Kain the Dominion Their tubes, as well as their in- and Mrs. S. McNeti, some well-alled baskets being jectors, have a national reputation. We under- with the party, and the following articles for prestand that they propose to build tubular railroad cars upon an improved principle, which will not

sentation : A bound copy of the Holy Bible, an eleonly be stronger, but lighter than any now in gen- gant Altar Cloth, a neatly framed Motto--“Love eral use, and their premises in East Boston will one Another,” and six official chairs. On entering probably be fitted up for their manufacture. Those the hall, Mrs. J. Kain addressed the Division as who take an interest in mechanism would do well

follows: to inspect this shop, and see how the famous injectors are made and tested.-- Boston Trareler. Oficers and Members of Belleville Dirision No. 189

Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers: We are pleased to note the prosperity of

We, your wives and friends, have assembled here the National Tube Works, for we know for the purpose of proving to you the interest we them to be among the most enterprising therefore, brought this token of our regard. Al and reliable of the manufacturing firms of blem of love and conndence we repose in you, our the country, and what they engage in they be sa noble work, and that our love and prayers for push forward to a successful termination. your safety are ever yours, but doubtless, to most

of Their tubes are all that is claimed for them, more we would say. If you would make home and as near perfection as it can be hoped to the precepte contained in this book (the Bible) to

Its surroundings happy, let each Brother strive by reach; and of the Mack Injector it is not stand by the beautiful mottoes you have chosen as a necessary to speak, their merits are so gen- Morallly." "Justice, Truth and Morality. By your erally known that they need no endorse- God has been liberal'in bestowing these virtues upon ment at our hands. Suffice it to say, briety! What shall we say of this pohle motto,

on however, that every road in New England which the three others so entirely depend? Let

every employe on any road, let his station be what is now using these injectors and the aver- It may, be guided by this motto. Remember not

only your domestic happiness, but the happiness age of the sales is constantly on the in- and the lives of thousands of your fellow.belnge, crease:

are daily being entrusted to your care. As you value your reputation as men, as you value your hope

of heaven, show to the world, to your familles, that All members of Pittsburgh Division No. on: take heed that the bonds that bind

you together

this motto, at least, shall be sacred to your keeping. 50, who desire to retain their membership, be not broken. Should you see an erring Brother, are hereby directed to communicate with 10 encourage him in his downward course, but

rather prove yourself a brother by a gentle reproof, this office.

by a word of warning, and then shall we say of them "Indeed, are they a band of Brothers!"


we. 88 mothers, sisters and wives, do all in our

power to encourage duty, even though it be at a Information is wanted of Richard Ely, who for.

sacrifice of personal enjoyment. Let us not neglect

our duty, nor indulge in any pleasure which might merly ran on the L. S. & M.S. R. R., between Toledo

cause contention between our Brothers and those and Cleveland. Any one knowing his whereabouts by whom they are employed. Though should cen. will confer a favor by addressing

sure regt upon any--we can feel that as each has

performed her part, so will God deal justly with us HARRY WAUF, and in the end will right surely triumph, and by so 1295 Luther st., Cleveland, O.

doing shall we merit the reward which awaits us in

heaven. If any one has any knowledge of Robert Campbell,

Brother H. Mayo, our C. E., replied in behalf of formerly an engineer on the Hudson River Road, it

the Division as follows: will be considered a favor if they will correspond

Lulies: It becomes my duty as Chief Engineer with this office.

of Division No. 189, B. of L, E., to accept these

beautiful and appropriate presents which you have Wanted information concerning Brother 0. H.

been pleased to present to us, and return you the Jackson, of Indianapolis Division No.11, who, when sincere and heartfelt thanks of our Division. This last heard from, was at Salamanca, N. Y. Address,

Bible is not only beautiful and appropriate, but it is

& useful and necessary present, for without its being Jos. Dory, 94 East Mich. Road, open and in its place, this Division could do no busiIndianapolis, Ind. ness. In this Holy Book we find the constitution

and by-laws of the Supreme Being, whose Division Also, any one knowing the whereabouts of Walter comprises the whole universe; and upon the preS. Phelps will confer a favor by corresponding with

cepts that this Book teacher we have the founda

tion of our Order, and our motto-also rule-"DO the above.

unto others as ye would others do unto you," and

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