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that penetrates beyond the outside of things, and goes right to the core of life!

And yet he is all that in matters where his CHRISTIAN SKINFLINTS. individuality is not concerned. But about MESSRS. EDITORS: There are curious his own social standing, he is as fierce and amalgams in human nature; and the way narrow and implacable as he is broad and in which love and selfishness, pride and loose in speculation and impersonal opinion. jealousy, conceit and timidity, are mixed Where does he stand? What is he, but a together in the same character, more than composite, like that kind-hearted, fierceshakes one's belief in the accuracy of those tempered friend over the way?-a creature philosophers who divide men into distinct not to be classed as one thing only, but to parcels, labeling each tersely: "affection- be parceled out as many, and to be underate," "generous,'''energetic," "confiding,” stood only by the clearest and most subtle and the like. The utmost we can get, with analysis. Then, again, where do we rank truth, is a preponderance of one ingredient; that ardent Christian who would go to the as when we say that a stew is too salt, or a stake, if need be, to demonstrate his devopudding too sweet. But sometimes quite the tion to the faith-to whom the Bible is the opposite qualities seem to us so evenly bal- all-in all of life, but who is also at the same anced, that we scarcely know where to time a sordid skin-flint, who scrapes the niche our composite friend. There is that last bit of flesh from the bone, and even warm-hearted woman who bullies her then grudges the marrow for gift meat? children and makes her husband's life a Where can he be niched? how catalogued! burden to him, yet who is overflowing with The very soul of Christianity is charity in the milk of human kindness-granted, a more forms than one, truly; but in the form little curable--substantially self-sacrificing of generous giving among others. in all essentials, but cursed with a hasty And at the first blush of things one would passion of temper she has never thought fit be inclined to say that no man could be a to curb; where would you place her? Christian, in any real sense, who was not

She does the kindest things in the world, generous in judgment, open-handed to his but she also causes the greatest amount of poorer brethren, and with a profound abunhappiness. You cannot say she is a ten- horrence of close bargaining. Yet, holding der-hearted woman, though she will sit up for our own part to the obligation of charall night with her sick neighbors, take itable judgment as a part of the sine qua non charge of their children when their absence of a Christian, how can we deny the merit is required from home; relieve the wants of of his creed to a man whose faith is so ferthe poor, and give warm sympathy to the vent, whose convictions are so deep-rooted! suffering; but how can she be tender- His rendering of Christianity may be difhearted, when she blazes out like a fury at ferent from ours, and his exemplification the merest trifle, and scolds through her of his own life not such as we think best; housebold like a whirlwind passing from but we cannot shut him out from the body; room to room? She can be judged of only and he remains one of the brotherhood, for as a composite.

all that he is a sordid and suspicious skinThere is that rational, philosophical man, flint, who cannot be brought to believe in who has reduced human history to a resid- the honesty of his neighbors, or accept the uum of averages, and all mysteries of life doctrine of their rights. and death to a mere question of forces, Most men are curiously illogical in their making it a matter of profound indifference character, but the Christian skin-flint is the what men believomall things being equally oddest contradiction of all. right and equally wrong-but who cannot It sounds something ilke cold fire and be brought to forgive his son's indiscreet stony water. As a Christian he must have marriage, because it has offended his fam- his charities; but to give, is to the skin-flint, ily pride and wounded his sentiment of so- torture; and to the political economist, imcial caste. How can you call him upre- morality. And these opposing principles judiced, far-seeing, and with a judgment have to be reconciled. One lady does fancy

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work, which she sells at prices quite as fan- nying that dualism is impossible; and in
ciful as ber labors; the proceeds of which maintaining that every person must be cat-
mild extortion, after deducting the full cost alogued under one head only, and no modi-
of the material rather over than under, she fications allowed for. ; This very dualism
dedicates to charitable purposes, and so we have been speaking of-this Christianity
kills more than the traditionary couple of and skin-flintism-is a contradiction in
birds with one stone. For she amuses her- terms, but not in fact; consequently, it ex-
self according to her taste, without cost; ists as a composite characteristic among
she makes a brilliant reputation among her men and women, who are good according
friends for her dexterity and cleverness of to their lights and sense. They are sincere
fingers; and she is really quite heroic in her believers in the Bible, and most of them
subscription. She could afford all that she read it assiduously, and hang their walls
gives in this way out of her private mon- with texts, all preaching the same thing-
eys, if she liked, but she could never bring obedience to God and love to men. They are
her heart up to that measure. Another desirous of saving their souls, and they hold
gives charity out of her savings, and her by the obligations of charity as one of the
savings come from her bargains. She goes means among others. They and such as
to market herself, and does her own shop- they, however, ought to make us careful
ping; when she has been clever enough to how we catalogue humanity; and espe-
mulct the tradesman of a few cents or a cially lead us to doubt on concrete classifi-
dollar, she puts the parings she has gained, cation and lumping together in a whole
neither honestly nor nobly, into the pocket characteristics which ought to be carefully
of her charities, and robs Peter that she analyzed and sifted; and even then credit
may pay Paul. She thinks it no wrong if, given for unknown influences.
all in the way of business, she cheats a poor

Yours, &c.,
trader out of his lawful margin of profit,

OLD RELIABLE. provided she throws the proceeds of her theft into the treasury of the Lord. She REYNOLDSVILLE, PA., Dec. 13, 1877. has no idea of the Lord not quite liking MESSRS. EDITORS: In looking over the such addition to His treasury; of a widow's list of expelled members in the December mite honestly gotten and generously given JOURNAL, it occurred to me that there must ranking far above dollars of gold of such be something wrong somewhere to cause questionable mintage. A third, of the same all this neglect in paying their dues; the order, pares her very charities. She gives conclusion I have come to is that we have away both food and clothing on occasions; too many drone bees in the hive, and bebut the is the poorest and the clothing cause the working members did not kill the meanest she can find. Again, there are them off sooner, but let them alone, they people who are really charitable in their have hung themselves; now, why are they giving--generous, sufficient, almost lavish. hanging themselves and what is the real If a thing is to be a gift, they will spend | cause, is what we want to know. Now my their money royally, so far as the recipient opinion is this: when Mr. Gowen sent his is concerned; but they too will bargain to contemptible notice to engineers to surthe last cent.

render their claims on the Brotherhood and They cannot be convinced that the laborer become his slaves, the cry from all the enis worthy of his hire. They want the laborer gineers in the country was “never submit but object to the hire. These are the peo- to such unjust demands; we will stick by ple who are praised for their generosity, all of you.” Some said they would give ten or abused for their niggardliness, as the dollars some said fifteen, and twenty, while speaker has chanced to see them. They are others said they would give one-half their like the famous shield, the on-lookers of pay if the men would come out and stick like which at either side were both right and men for their manhood and honor. This both wrong

sounded well as talk, but what was the reThe mistake lies in not recognizing that sult? When our Reading Brothers surrenthere are two sides, and the pedantry in de- 'dered their positions like true men, prefer

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ring liberty to bondage, as all true men

endowed with the sense of right and wrong

If we should meet-God grant we may-
would and should do; now, I ask, what was If we should meet again,
the result? It was this; and be it said with As flow'rets kissed by summer ray
shame to many of the men whose names ap-

Are sweeter after rain,

This pain shall inake our joy more sweet,
pear on the list as expelled, that when the

If we should meet-when shall we meet ?
Reading men did just as we had asked of
them and our turn came to show our loy-

The wind blows chill; and time flies fast

As in bright days of yore;
alty by helping them according to agree- Oh! would the weary hours past,
ment, three columns are filled with the dis-

Until we meet once more.
honored names in the expulsion columns of

On, Time! haste on with swift-winged feet, the JOURNAL; and why are they expelled?

Till we shall meet, till we shall meet. Just because they had not the manhood to But should the by-gone years have made come before the Division and there state

Your heart or mine, more cold;

If from our memory e'er could fade their reasons for refusing to pay, but rather

The blessed days of old ;
kept away from the Division and allowed

If Love's young pulse should cease to beat,
their dues to remain unpaid until the offi- God grant that we may never meet !
cers of their respective Divisions were com- Rather be this our last embrace,
pelled to expel them. This is my opinion;

Better forever apart,
and from close observation, I think it is

Than meet together face to face,

And not meet heart to heart; nearly correct. But it is not to be consid

Nay, rather die, than think, my sweet, ered any great loss to the order, as it is fire

That thus we two could ever meet! that separates the pure metal from the

By MRS. ELLA CLARK, dross, and we can't tell what we are com

Wife of S. W. CLARK, L. E. posed of until we are tried, and when trials come is the time to see who is worthy of the LIFE IS NOT WHAT IT SEEMS name of Brother and who is not. I am of MESSRS. Editors: Often, while looking the candid opinion that to-day, all members upon the changing scenes of this world, we of the B. of L. E. in good standing are an are led to exclaim, almost involuntarily, honor to good society, also to whatever “This is all a mockery, life is not what it road they may be employed on; and that seems. This world is made up of a singuthe officers of the roads where they are lar combination of lights and shades. We working will find them men that can be behold darkness and sunlight, happiness trusted.

and grief, laughter and weeping, hope and Another thing is needed in our Order, fear, love and hatred, and so on through namely: that all members of the Brother-the whole buondless list of events incident hood subscribe for the JOURNAL; and let it to the brief life of man, combined in one be the duty of the officers of every sub-divi- universal chaos. How exceedingly liable sion to insist on all members taking it; and we are to be deluded by the glittering show by so doing you will see less members ex- of this world's wealth, or by the outward pelled, as they will then be better posted in appearance of the man, while all is vile general affairs of the order; if this is tried within. Shall we ever realize that all is not I have no doubt but that good results will gold that glitters, or that happiness is not follow.

found in the gilded palace alone, or in the I would also call the attention of all costly luxuries of this world ? It often lies members to the address of our G. C. E., as secreted in the abode of poverty, even it is well worthy of a careful perusal; it where few would ever dream of finding it. does honor to him and the body of men he A king may sit enthroned in all the pride represents. Now let us commence with the of regal power and be surrounded by all the New Year and all take a special interest, beauty, magnificence and splendor that his and by this time next year if the Lord high station will command. His willing spares us we will see good results.

subjects bend the knee in his presence, or Ex ENGINEER, Div. 80. where he moves salute him with a cordial


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welcome. Music may lavish her soothing wherever we may search for happiness;
charms upon his delighted ear; wealth, however hard we may strive to drown all
honor and power may be his; all the pleas- sorrow, still we shall be forced to confess
ures of this world may be at his command, that “ life is not what it seems." G. D. F.
his very wish a law, and obedient slaves be
ever ready to execute his slightest request.
Who would not say, surely he is a happy

DANVILLE, ILL., Dec. 5, 1877.
But let us follow him into his lonely

MESSRS. EDITORS : I notice in the JOURretreat and behold him as he is. Upon his NAL many pages, by different friends and brow rests a cloud of care and upon his Brothers, commenting on intemperance, features are lines of sadness. Sleep is a and as your Journal has taken such an stranger to his couch; frightful dreams and active part in the great work, you will painful visions of the future attend him please find space for a short article. I have through the long and weary hours of the been an engineer, though not a member of night, and earnestly does he watch for the your Order, but fully in sympathy with it, first ray of light to dispel the fearful dark- and also with the temperance cause. Inness. Peace with him is but a name and temperance not only destroys the health, true happiness but a wished-for guest. but inflicts ruin upon the innocent and While gazing upon this fancy, so cosily en- helpless; for it invades the social circle, veloped in sunny smiles, who could but ex- and spreads woe and sorrow all around. claim: “Life is not what it seems."

It cuts down youth in all its vigor, manI now see before me one of poverty's bood in its strength, and age its weakdeeply stricken children, almost unknown ness. It breaks the father's heart, and in the wide world. His miserable hut bereaves the mother, extinguishes natural scarce affords him a shelter from the howl- affection, erases conjugal love, blots out ing blasts of winter, or even the gentle filial attachments, blights parental hope, showers of summer. The absence of the and brings down mourning age in sorrow comforts of life is exhibited by the tat

to the grave.

It produces weakness, not tered dress, and the hollow cheek and the strength; sickness, not health; death, not sunken eye speaking of want and suffer- life. It makes wives widows, children oring. Severe is his daily task to provide his phans, fathers friendless, and all at last begscanty meal, and hard the couch that is to gars. It covers the land with idleness and receive his weary limbs. Who can but poverty, disease and crime. It fills our say that hard is the lot of this unfortunate jails and alms-houses, and furnishes submortal ? But ah! behold him returning jects for the asylum. It engenders controfrom his task with the reward of his toil! | versy, fosters quarrels, and cherishes riots. A blissful smile is imprinted upon his brow It condemns law and spurns order. It as his little ones welcome him at the door crowds the penitentiaries, and furnishes of his lowly home with a shout of joy. An victims for the scaffold. It is the life-blood air of comfort reigns within, and as they of the gambler, the food of the countergather around the humble board, they raise feiter, and the prop of the highwayman. their grateful hearts to Him who is the It countenances the liar, respects the thief, author of all good. Short is the repose he and esteems the blasphemer. It violates enjoys, but contentment brightens all his obligation, reverences fraud, and honors dreams. Peace and innocence ever sinile infamy. It defames benevolence, hates upon him, and amid all he is happy. love, scorns virtue, and slanders innocence.

Truly life is not what it seems. Thus it It incites the father to butcher innocent ever is, we see the eye sparkling with children, and helps the husband to kill his delight, and happiness beaming in the wife. It burns man, consumes woman, countenance, but were we permitted to detests life, curses God, and despises heaven. gaze within we might find a heart where It suborns witnesses, nurses perjury, defiles peace reigneth not, for underneath the the jury-box. It brings shame, not honor; sunniest smile may lurk the saddest heart. terror, not safety; despair, not hope; misThus it ever has been and ever will be, ery, not happiness; and then, with the

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malevolence of a fiend, it calmly surveys | vice! Go to yonder lonely burial-ground, its frightful desolation, and, insatiate with and ask who rests beneath its lowly surhavoc, it poisons felicity, kills peace, ruins face. The moldering remains of a drunkmorals, and laughs at the ruin it has in- ard-one who possessed a heart overflowing flicted upon the human race.

with the milk of human kindness-the days How many of us have seen a promising of whose boyliood were hallowed by high youth whose heart flowed a living fount aspirations--the hours of whose early manof pure and holy feelings, which spread hood were unclouded by care and unstained around and fertilized the soil of friendship, by crime-the setting orb of whose destiny while warm and generous hearts crowded was enshrouded in the mist of misery and about and enclosed him in a circle of pure degradation. He saw the smiles of joy and God-like happiness, the eye of woman sparkling in the social glass; he noted not brightened at his approach, and wealth | the demon of destruction lurking at the and honor smiled to woo him to their circle. bottom of the goblet. With eager hands

His day sped onward, and as a summer's he raised the poisoned glass to his lips-and brook sparkles all joyous on its gladsome he was ruined ! way, so sped he on, blithesome amid the It is liquor that mars the whole consistlight of woman's love and manhood's ency and blights the noble energies of the eulogy. He wooed and won a inaid of soul. It wrecks and withers forever the peerless charms--a being fair, delicate and bappiness of the domestic fireside. It clogs pure, bestowed the harvest of her heart's and dampens all the generous and affecyoung love upon him.

tionate avenues of the heart. It makes The car of time rolled on, and clouds man a drone in the busy hive of societyarose to dim the horizon of his wordly an incumbrance to himself and a source of happiness. The serpent of inebriation crept unhappiness to all around him. It deprives into the Eden of his heart-the pure and him of his natural energies, and makes him holy feelings which the God of Nature had disregardful of the wants of innocent implanted in his soul became polluted by beings who are nearest to him and dependthe influence of the miscalled social cup- ent upon him. It transforms gifted man the warm and generous aspirations of his into a brute, and causes him to forfeit the soul became frozen and callous within him; affections and break the heart of the innothe tears of the wretched, the agony of the cent and confiding being whom God made afflicted wife found no response within his inseparable from himself, and who should bosom. The pure and holy fount of uni- look up to him for comfort, protection and versal love within his heart, that once support. It causes him contemptuously to gushed forth at the moaning of misery disregard the kind admonitions of a merciand prompted the hand to administer to ful Saviour. the requirements of the wretched, sent Liquor-oh! how many happy homes forth no more its pure fountain of benevo- hast thou made desolate! how many starved lent offerings; its waters had become in- and naked orphans hast thou cast upon the termingled with poisoned ingredients of charity of an unfriendly world! how spirits, and the rank weed of intemperance many graves hast thou filled with confiding had sprung up and choked the fount from and broken-hearted wives ! What sad whence the stream flowed. The dark spirit wreck hast thou made of brilliant talent of poverty had flapped its wing over his and splendid genius! habitation, and the burning hand of dis- For my part, I would to God there was ease had seared the brightness of his eye, one universal temperance society, and all and palsied the elasticity of his frame. were members of it! The glorious cause of The friends who basked in the sunshine of the Churches would be advanced, and his prosperity fled when the wintry winds myriads of barefooted orphans and broken of adversity blew harshly around his hearted wives would chant praises to dwelling.

Heaven for the success of the temperance My dear friends, halt and consider before cause; the lost would be reclaimed, and you fall into the clutches of this terrible ' bleeding hearts healed. Oh! thou mighty

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