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ing the great pain I was in, I began sions, one after the other, making a to hope it was possible still to great report, but not attended with live, till new terrors employed my mischief. About this time a poor thoughts. For the people, all full of Irish beggarwoman, who seemed to the notion that it was the day of be half mad, putting her trust in judgment, and willing therefore to be some saint with a strange name, employed in good works, had loaded went through the fire in the Rua themselves with crucifixes and saints; Nova to Mr Houston's cellar, and and men and women equally the brought from thence a bottle of wine same, during the intervals between to Mr Graves, from whom she the shocks, were either singing li- . would receive no gratuity at such a tanies or cruelly tormenting the dy time as that. Of this Mrs Adford ing with religious ceremonies; and gave me some. whenever the earth trembled, all on On Sunday morning, about five their knees roaring out Misericordia! o'clock, the wind changing, it blew in the most dismal voice imaginable. very fresh, and drove the fire with The fear, then, that my presence the utmost rapidity down the hill might excite their fanaticism at such from the Cathedral to our side of a time when all government was at an the square, which obliged us immeend (and it was impossible to guess diately to move; and their blacks, what turn their furious zeal might carrying me opposite to the Customtake against that worst of criminals, House, left me there till they had a heretic), made me dread the ap- conveyed their master's bundles to proach of every person. Add to this, the other side. But so quick was that the Caista Pedra (or stony quay), the progress of the flames, that they adjoining to this square, had already presently seized upon the Customsunk, and the least rising of the House, bursting out all at once water would overtlow us all. In with a violent heat. I attempted to such reflections there passed about get away, but was unable; so retwo hours, during which time Mr mained scorching there till Mr Jorg Jorg and his family were come to the removed me; and the blacks came square to Mr Graves's family. The fire and conveyed me again to Mrs was now almost opposite, and under Graves's family, laying me, as before, the shed, which had at first been on their bundles.

We were now quite crowded, there was nobody left very near the Palace, the roof of but myself; when I heard a cry of which had already tumbled in, and “Beat down the cabaras” (stalls), the fires were so much decreased some of which, it seems, had taken that there seemed to be but little fire; and, telling all that were under left to burn, and we apprehended no them to get out, they began immed- danger except from the falling of the iately to knock down that where I walls, almost all of which were still lay. With the greatest difficulty I standing. got myself out before it tumbled About nine o'clock, the sun shindown; and, meeting with Mr Jorging very bright, some boats came to and another person, they carried me the shore, and carried off a number to Mr Graves's family, and laid me on of persons. A young man, son to our their bundles.

housekeeper, finding me out, told Mrs Graves I found to be of the me he was endeavouring to hire a common opinion that it was the last boat to carry his mother (also much day; and, attempting to persuade hurt, and then in the square) on her to the contrary, she told me it board ship, and asked me to go with was but of little consequence to us, them. To this I hardly answered in as the fire was just approaching to the affirmative, supposing all the the gunpowder-shops opposite, and danger from the fire to be over, and she expected they would blow up therefore unwilling to leave my only every moinent. This new terror friend, Mr Jorg, behind me. stopped my further speaking, and We were now again in a crowd of we silently waited the event, which people with their bundles, all endeaproved, however, most favourable ; vouring to procure boats. Ainongst for there were only three explo- them I saw Mr George Barclay lying on a mattress, who had (as I whither the wind did not blow the learned afterwards) one of his feet flames, and run the risk of the fallsmashed by a stone; but I saw no ing of the walls, than to remain more either of him or the house- there for the certainty of the fire ; keeper's son. Mr Jorg, returning but Mrs Graves, whose spirits were

. from the water-side, desired us all to quite exhausted, replied that it was remove thither, or else it would be impossible to go anywhere to avoid impossible to procure a boat, for the it; that having already removed moment they reached the shore they several times to no purpose, she were filled with people. This was would stir no farther. directly complied with, and I found . Mr Jorg, however, told me that, if the cool air from the water very re

I desired it, he would carry me there, freshing ; but it did not long con- and accordingly did so with the help tinue so ; for in a little time it of the blacks, and placing me upon a grew excessively hot, and we soon small bundle of a Portuguese, they perceived that the fire, which we returned. ,Soon after I heard several imagined we had left so far behind Portuguese men and women encouragus, had crept along through the low ing each other to attempt an escape buildings by the water-side, and was through the ruins of the Palace, and just breaking out in a pént-house soon, mounting over the rubbish, close by us. This obliged our imme- they disappeared. Just then part diate return into the square ; soon of an arch, through which they were after which the fire, by means of a supposed to pass, fell in, causing large quantity of timber which lay a kind of compassionate cry amongst upon the shore, gained the end of the the people ; but as none of them Palace next to the water, and there, returned, I conclude they were sucto our great surprise, blazed out cessful. About an hour after, the fresh again, though it had seemed fire still gaining ground, I attracted before to be almost extinguished; the attention of a Portuguese woman, and presently we found ourselves who began her prayers in a melanevery way surrounded by a prodi- choly tone, holding a crucifix over gious fire, attended with such a my head, and the people on their shower of ashes from the timber by knees, forming a circle round us, the water-side, that, to keep them joined with her. off, I was forced (notwithstanding As this was what I had all along the violent heat) to close my quilt much feared would happen, I waited quite over my face. About this the event with the utmost horror, time, two chaise machos (or mules), and had determined to feign inwith all their furniture on, were run- sensibility, when she abruptly stop

, ning about loose. The harness of ped, and immediately the dismal one of them caught fire, and, blazing roar of Misericordia ! always attenall over its back, made the mule dant on the earthquakes (of which gallop with the greatest violence there had been several uncounted backwards and forwards over the by me, as the fire had become the people, the other following; whilst more threatening danger), made me I, unable to get out of their way, expect another shock ; but perlay listening to the screams of ceiving no motion, I was surprised, the people to guess the distance they and, venturing to open my quilt, I might be from me, till I heard some- saw all kneeling down, and that the body cry out, “You are on fire!” great square was fuil of flames; for and feeling my quilt snatched away, the people from the adjoining streets saw it thrown on the ground, where, had filled it with bundles, which they the fire being stamped out with their had left there when the increase of feet, the quilt was returned to me the fire had driven themselves away. again. I then told Mrs Graves if These bundles were now all in a blaze, she did not remove we should be on except just in our corner, and under fire again ; that it was better to go the Palace walls, whither Mr Graves's into the corner of the square (where family had retired ; but as the the entrance to the Palace had been), wind blew very fresh, and drove the the only place free from bundles, and fames in sheets of fire close slanting

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over our heads, expecting them every swer, especially as the boats on that minute to seize upon us, I lost all my river are so large, I asked if his black spirits, and, again abandoning myself servants were reckoned part of his to despair, thought it was still impos- family, or, if not, whether he would sible, after so many escapes, to avoid permit me to employ one of them to the sort of deatb I most dreaded. try to hire a boat for me? To which

After some time passed in these Mr Waubbes (to whom one of the dreadful apprehensions, the wind sud- blacks, it seemed, belonged) directly denly abated, and the fire, burning answered I was welcome to his serupwards, made no farther progress. vant to go wherever I pleased. Mr This again restored hope to us, and Graves also said I might if I liked hunger obliged those that had pro- it, but that it was impossible to get visions to think of eating, when an a boat, even if I was to offer a hunIrish Roman Catholic gentlewoman dred mocdas for one. Knowing that sitting near me asked if my name I could not be in a worse situation, was not Chase, and said she knew I accepted their offers directly, and my father many years, and gave me desired one of the blacks to go a large piece of water-melon and immediately to the water-side, to some bread and water. Mr Jorg wait there, and to endeavour to also soon after brought me some procure me a place in a boat, tellbread, and, carrying me on his backing him I would give him a thirty, to Mr Graves's family, left me there; six-shilling piece to get me conveyed and presently after, going himself up the river to the convent of Madre with his uncle and the old lady to de Dios, and to carry me thence to the water-side (to which there was Mr Hake's house, just by it, upon now a passage, the pent-houses be- his back ;-to make the best bargain ing burnt down), and not returning he could, and the remainder to be soon, I began to imagine they were for himself. After which, if I regone, till it was confirmed to me by member well, Mr Graves, having reMr Waubbes (who was the gentle- moved us more into the square, man that assisted in bringing me to nearer to the water-side, placed the square), saying that "he was his own family in a great glass surprised Mr Jorg had left me at coach which stood at a little dislast.” But, for my own part, I had tance, leaving only the maid-servant more reason to be surprised he had with her bundles, upon which I was not done it before, and to think my- laid. There came to her then a poor self very happy that, after saving my boy, who seemed to have a crust life so many times, he had not de- over his face, begging earnestly serted me till the most threatening for some water. There being but dangers were almost over. There- little left, he was refused. He laid fore, far from making any complaints, himself down, and, shrieking in the I only wished him the utmost hap- most dreadful agonies, prevailed with piness, excited thereto by the warm- her to give him all that there was. est gratitude for my preservation. Soon after, seeing the two women However, as he had been almost the who had given me the melon going only person that had showed me any with a man towards the waterattention, I could not but be very side, I desired Mr Graves's maid to uneasy at my present situation; and, apply to them, to ask them if they determining to exert myself as much had any room in their boat, but she as possible, now I had nobody left to was answered in the negative. I depend upon for assistance, I applied begged of her also to call to the immediately to Mr Graves to beg a watermen, who began now to appear. place in the boat he was endeavour- At last one of them came. I offered ing to procure for his family; to him half a moidore, which he refused, which he replied, “that his own saying they were sent only for the family was sufficient to fill any boat. servants of the Palace—however, he was likely to get; that it was no that he would go and consult with time for ceremony; therefore he his companions upon it.

About could not pretend to offer any such three o'clock, as I suppose, we began thing." Surprised at such an an- to hear a dreadful rumbling noise



underground. It seemed to proceed We were once more put to great from under the ruins of the Palace- distress by the fire ; and Mr Houston as if the earth had opened there, and in the confusion endeavouring to the river was rushing in, forcing great save their bundles, lost his own pieces stones along with it. The cause of it of holland; however, the next day I could not tell, but it continued till they all got away safe. my departure.

But to return to myself: another Mr Houston, a coffeehouse-man, black boy offered to attend me. I with whom I had not the least made no objection, and between the acquaintance, seeing the miserable two was conveyed into a large boat condition I lay in, came and offered almost full of people, and there laid me any assistance in his power. I upon a board along the middle of it. asked him directly if he was attempt- A priest that came in afterwards ing to quit the square before night? treading upon my lame leg, the in-to which he answered he was not; crease of pain almost overcame me; because he wanted to carry away however, the coolness of the water, with him some pieces of holland he which was very smooth and pleasant, had saved, and for which he supposed and the evening fine, soon brought he should hardly be able to procure me to myself. Going a little way a conveyance before the next day. up the river, just beyond the fire, I desired him to bring them and sit the boat stopped at the Ribeira, down by me, which he complied or fish-market-a large place, from with, to my very great satisfaction; which there was an open way along for I almost despaired of receiving the river-side into the country. The any further assistance from Mr people were all put on shore; and to Graves's family ; and as the night my great surprise, they were going was coming on, I knew not what to put me there likewise. Vexed to would become of me without some the last degree at my disappointfriendly help. Some time afterwards, ment, I exerted all the spirits I had when I had given up all hopes of left, and told them that they might their return, came the two watermen, see in my condition it was to no purand offered to carry me, provided pose to set me on shore there : if they were paid beforehand.

they would not comply with their Mr Houston said it was too much, agreement, I desired to be carried which would have been of little con- back to the place whence they had sideration to me at such a time, had brought me, where the fire had not the black boy returned also to almost spent itself, rather than be tell me he had agreed for a place placed here to meet with it again. for eighteen shillings, and that I One of them said he knew nothing must go directly. With the greatest of any such agreement — that his joy imaginable, I desired him to partner was wrong to make it, for take me on his back; nor do I know they belonged to a town on the other why I did not ask Mr Houston to go side of the river, and could not have with me, or why he did not himself time sufficient. I desired them to offer it. I took my leave of him and carry me as far as they could, and of Mr Graves's family, who were all they accordingly proceeded forward. just returned from the glass coach, I saw Mr Home going on shore in a and were in tears disputing amongst ship’s boat, but did not speak to themselves -(the cause I did not him. then know). Mr Jorg's partner, Mr When we came to the Horse-Guards, Brockleman, was with them, who at the end of the city, the watermen came ashore in a ship's boat on pur said the tide was turning-and, mutpose to carry them away; but, as I tering together, I heard them call learnt afterwards, they would not me a heretic, and the blacks devils; accept his offer, because his boat so that I was glad to be rid of them at was not large enough to carry all of any rate, and was but roughly put on them and their bundles together at shore; where, deeming it unsafe they once; therefore chose rather to re- should know I had more money about main in the square another night me than the thirty-six-shilling piece, than divide.

I chose rather to send the blacks


with one of the boatmen to get the standing, they either knew nothing change, and remained myself lying or did not mind me; whence conon the ground close to the water; cluding that the family had quitted during which a Galician porter came the place, most likely to go on board and offered to carry me anywhere I ship, I was quite in despair what to pleased for eighteen shillings; but as do with myself, when Mr Joseph the night was coming on, I had not Hake, who was at some distance, confidence sufficient to trust him. astonished to hear the voice of a Upon their return, which seemed to person he had been informed the me a long time at first, the boatman preceding day was either dead or asked me whether I did not think he dying, called out in the greatest surhad run away with my money ?- prise to tell his father and mother, then said it was not good, and talked and came running immediately to in an odd kind of manner, to which I made no reply. The black boys Mr Hake said that he had believed also showed no inclination to go any my case to be desperate, and therefarther, saying they could not get fore had wished most heartily to back to their masters in the night hear I was released from suffering. unless the watermen would wait, as They received me in the most affecby their agreement at first they had tionate manner possible, which filled promised to do. This the watermen me with so much joy to be taken so said they would still comply with, if much notice of, that I could not help they made haste back again ; upon telling Mr Hake that I sincerely which they set out, carrying me by thanked God for lengthening out my turns on their shoulders, often set- days to die under his protection, ting me down to rest themselves ; for They carried me to a tent made they were so weakly that I expected of carpets under a vine-walk where them every step to tumble. The dis- their beds were placed, and gave me tance, I think, cannot be above a some strong white wine and bread mile, but it seemed to us then a long and butter, at that time exquisite way indeed ; and it was with great and refreshing to me; but they difficulty I prevailed with them to feared to give me as much as I get on as far as Mr Hake's juinte or would have desired. The two black country house. The road was pretty boys I joyfully dismissed, equally full of people going silently along pleased with eighteen shillings each. with the most dejected countenances. Mr Hake sent for the King's At one of their resting-places, the farrier, who was also a famous boneblacks put me upon some stone steps setter, then in the garden with his leading up to à nobleman's house, family. This man, with the help of which brought the ladies to the a barber-surgeon, examined me imwindow. Imagining I was coming mediately, and declared there was to them, they told me that part of the nothing broke but the arm ; that all large house of retirement for widows the rest were only wounds and had just tumbled down. At last bruises, and, if fever could be kept they brought me, almost overcome off, I might do very well again. with the increase of pain, to the first They set my arm immediately, but gate of Mr Hake's garden, which did not perceive the dislocation of standing open, we went in, and found the shoulder, and my left side was the walk leading to the house full of at that time the most painful to me. people ; but as it was growing dark, Their opinion of me being more faI could not distinguish them. vourable than I could have expected

I asked, however, immediately, if from my outward appearance, I deMr Hake was living, and if he were termined by patience to make up for there? neither of which they knew. the deficiencies of all the conveniences Proceeding on a little farther, I which another time might have afheard a man speaking English, and, forded ; yet about the middle of the repeating the same questions to him, night, when the family had laid was only answered that he had lost themselves down to rest, my left side his wife and three fine children: grew so bad that it almost took away and even at the house, which was my breath, and at the same time a be


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