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"Or Avarice, a fiend more fierce than they?
"Flee to the fhade of Academus' grove;
"Where cares moleft not, difcord melts away
"In harmony, and the pure paffions prove

"How sweet the words of truth breath'd from the lips of Love. "What cannot Art and Industry perform,

"When Science plans the progrefs of their toil! "They smile at penury, difeafe, and storm; "And oceans from their mighty mounds recoil. "When tyrants fcourge, or demagogues embroil "A land, or when the rabble's headlong rage "Order transforms to anarchy and spoil, "Deep-verfed in man the philofophic Sage "Prepares with-lenient hand their phrenzy to affwage. ""Tis he alone, whofe comprehenfive mind, "From fituation, temper, foil, and clime "Explored, a nation's various powers can bind "And various orders, in one Form fublime "Of polity, that, midst the wrecks of time, "Secure fhall lift its head on high, nor fear "Th' affault of foreign or domestic crime, "While public faith, and public love fincere, "And Industry and Law maintain their sway severe." There is a very beautiful line in this poem,

'The yellow moonlight slept upon the hills.'

But we are doubtful of its originality, as we think there is a paffage in Shakespeare expreffing moonlight fleeping:' if we are mistaken, the ingenious Author will excufe us.

ART. V. A Supplement to Dr. Burn's Justice of the Peace; continuing that Work down to the prefent Period. Containing the Subftance of the feveral Acts of Parliament paffed fince the Publication of Dr. Burn's last Edition, which are effentially neceffary to be confulted by thofe Gentlemen who are in the Commiffion of the Peace. Together with a Variety of adjudged Cafes, particularly relating to the Office and Duty of thofe Magiftrates, which are wholly omitted by Dr. Burn. By William Robinson, Efq; of Hackney, Middlefex, one of his Majefty's Juftices of the Peace. 8vo. 3s. 6d. Newbery. 1774.

HE laws of England are fo unlike thofe of the Medes


and Perfians, that no fummary of them can prove of lasting ufe, without being accommodated, from time to time, to the alterations they continually undergo: thus the ingenious and accurate Dr. Burn, having fupplied his brethren in the commiffion of the peace with a valuable Directory, not a year paffes without rendering fome parts of it obfolete. Every edition therefore calls for emendations; and no one, it is imagined, will wish for an abler Editor than the original Author, while he


can perform it himself. Another Gentleman has, however, from motives best known to himself, intruded fomewhat abruptly into this office, on the plea that the work requires correction fafter than new editions come out; and undoubtedly this is a lucky thought for entailing annual fupplements on it, that may ftick like fucking fifh to the belly of a whale. Nevertheless, in a public view, the notion of a fupplement where the growing errata are fo fcattered, and when the ufeless matter muft ftill remain in the primitive work to mislead the inattentive, is rather aukward, and may prove forely puzzling to fuch worshipful readers, with fear and trembling be it fuggefted, who are more adroit in fhuffling over the Juits of cards, than cafes in law.

The acts specified by the Author in his preface, as fubfequent to the latt edition of Burn's Juftice, are eighteen in number: but we must obferve, that there are feveral other recent ftatutes, that will occafionally fall under the notice of a Juftice of the Peace, of which he has not given the leaft intimation, and which we shall specify as a fupplement to this fupplement.

12 G. 3. c. 20. repealing the whole law relating to perfons ftanding mute; which runs through and affects feveral titles in Burn's Juftice.

12 G. 3. c. 24. concerning the fetting on fire or deftroying of his Majesty's fhips, dock-yards, naval, military, or victualling flores.


12 G. 3. c. 57. containing additional regulations concerning the plague.

12 G. 3. c. 48. refpecting the counterfeiting the flamps on vellum, parchment, and paper.

12 G. 3. c. 49. containing divers regulations concerning backney coaches.

12 G. 3. c. 60. making confiderable alterations in the Excise duties on coffee and tea.

13 G. 3. c. 44. making other additional regulations concerning the duties on tea.

13 G. 3. c. 38. relating to the glass manufacture; many of the penalties whereof are recoverable before Justices of the Peace.

13 G. 3. c. 65. explaining the late ftamp duties on newspapers and pamphlets.

As to the adjudged cafes, which the Author fays are wholly omitted by Dr. Burn, there feems to have been the like fupinenefs and inattention in this fupplement. For instance, the first five cafes, under the word Apprentices, are all to be found in Burn's Juftice, where he treats of the fettlement of apprentices and others. Many of the other cafes are fuch as Dr. Burn has probably omitted out of choice, having evidently no connection

nection with the office of a Juftice of the Peace. Thus the very next set of cafes (nine in number) under the word Bail, are all upon points with which Juftices of the Peace have no


We fhall only obferve farther, that in the article of bread, the Author tells us (p. 24.) that the ftandard wheaten half peck loaf fhall weigh eight pounds eleven ounces and one half of an ounce; whereas the act fays it fhall only weigh eight pounds and eleven ounces: and he gives no weight of the quartern loaf, which the act fixes at four pounds five ounces and an half. Such kind of inaccuracies, in matters of fo much importance, ought to be strictly guarded againft; and appear with rather an ill grace from the hand of a profeffed corrector.

Of 30 fettlement cafes published by the learned Mafter of the Crown Office, in his 3d vol. of Settlement Cafes, the Author of the Supplement hath omitted nine and twenty.

From fo many deficiencies in Mr. Robinson's publication, the Reader may probably infer, that this Compiler might have fpared the exclamatory query thrown out in his preface, viz.

To what were the Magiftrates of this kingdom to have had recourse for information, had I not, from the conviction of its utility, engaged in the following work?'

ART. VI. The Works of Benjamin Hoadly, D. D. fucceffively Bishop of Bangor, Hereford, Salisbury, and Published by his Son John Hoadly, LL D. Chancellor of the Diocese of Winchester. Folio. 3 Vols. With an Index to the Whole, and an introductory Account of the Author. 41. 10 s. bound. Horsfield. 1773.


7E are obliged to a worthy Correfpondent, who reminds us of this edition of the valuable works of the learned and truly pious Bifhop Hoadly; and we entirely acquiefce in his obfervation, that "Honourable mention of the collected writings of fo diftinguifhed a friend to our iiberties, civil and religious, ought to be made, as a tribute due to fuch exalted merit, in a most especial manner, from the Monthly Reviewers, whom the Public have long regarded as the difciples of that Great Man."-We efteem this hint, as a compliment of the moft fubftantial kind: we do, indeed, look up to the venerable name of HOADLY, as to that of our mafter: we are proud to range under his banners, and to own ourselves his followers; and if our humble but fincere endeavours fhould in the leaft contribute to promote the good cause in which he was so eminently and ardently engaged, we may be happy in the reflection that our labours have not been totally useless to fociety. The character of this Prelate was truly illuftrious and amiable. By his feizing every proper opportunity to defend the cause of truth, virtue, and religion in general, and of our

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happy conftitution in particular, in whatever quarter attacked; by his afferting and vindicating on the moft interesting occafions, and against the greatest names (and that at once with the temper of a Chriftian, and the good manners of a Gentleman) the rights of the throne and thofe of Englishmen, he added to the name of Scholar those far fuperior, of a good Man, a good Subject, and a true Lover of his Country."-This is the pious and becoming teftimony of the Editor, whofe name, and relation to the Author, are expreffed as above, in our tranfcript of the title-page. The paffage is quoted from the Dedication to his prefent Majefty; who is thus farther, very properly, addreffed on the occafion :

"Thus, as a champion for truth, religion, and liberty, he hath laid the greateft obligations on his countrymen, as Men, Chriftians, and Britons; and particularly on the royal Proteftant boufe, of which your Majefty is the fupport and ornament: whofe foundations are established on the folid principles he defends, and on them only; on fuch arguments as, if properly understood and pursued, must make the King of Great Britain at the fame time the happieft and the greatest of monarchs; convincing him, as well of the true nature of government, and the felicity of exercising it over rational and free men; as that, no other principles can confiftently render them good citizens and good fubjects."

To thefe juft encomiums may be added that of William Glanville, Efq; as expreffed in his last will; where he affigns his reafons for leaving a legacy to the Bishop:

"As to the legacy I have given to the Lord Bifhop of Bangor, I declare the fame to be in teftimony of the refpect I bear him, in defending the liberty of his country; and for his love to mankind; and for his endeavouring to free religion from fuperftition and tyranny (which worldly intereft and ambition have blended with it) and to reffore it to that fimplicity and usefulness which was the design of its bleffed Author: for which his labour of love, he has justly merited the esteem and regard of all good men, &c. &c."

Although feveral of the pieces contained in thefe volumes are fomewhat temporary, the greatest part of them are general, as the truths which they inculcate are eternal: and all of them will continue to be acceptable to every candid inquirer into the natural, political, and religious rights of Englishmen and Proteftants, as long as the language in which they are written fhall be understood. It is with pleasure, therefore, that we fee fo handsome, and fo complete an edition of the works of this excellent Prelate. The Tracts inferted in the first volume are prefaced by, I. The Life of the Author, reprinted from the Supplement to the Biographia Britannica, with additions. This


article was originally prepared by the prefent Editor; whose prudence and delicacy led him then to conclude that a life written under fuch circumftances as that which is now under confideration, ought to confift of mere facts; with as little perfonal partiality toward the Bishop, as a fon could be fuppofed to exprefs; -and now, imagining himfelf, in the character of the profeffed Editor of his father's works, in great measure bound to the like delicacy, he hath rather preferred reprinting the fame Article here (with what little alterations have fince occurred) than to take upon him the invidious and Tufpected task of compofing The Life of a Father.'-

II. In a great measure, however, to fupply any deficiency of juft and well-merited encomium, the Reader will not (as our Editor himself obferves)" be difpleased to fee, in an Appendix, fome detached parts of his Lordship's correfpondence with the prudent and amiable Lady Sundon (more known by the name of Mrs. Clayton, bed-chamber woman, and friend, of the late Queen Caroline) as they discover more of his private character than can be feen in his works, or than becomes the Editor to difplay in words: particularly his moft intimate fenfibility of real friendship; and the unreferved intercourfe of minds truly virtuous, and confident of each other."

Placed before thefe letters, the Reader will find, reprinted, two Dedications to the Bishop; which may alfo be confidered as properly fupplemental to the article reprinted from the Biographia: the more properly as they only contain, what we do not ufually look for in dedications, the truth. The firft of thefe pieces, is the honest Epistle Dedicatory of Mr. Coade's celebrated "Letter to a Clergyman, relating to his 30th of January Sermon ; being a complete Anfwer to all the Sermons that ever have been, or ever fhall be, preached, in the like Strain, on that Anniverfary." This dedication confifts, as our Editor obferves, of hiftorical falls,-the voice of the Diffenters, in gratitude for the Bishop's defence of our common religious and civil liberties though he had been a firenuous defender of the Church of England, in every quarter where he thought it defenfible, The other dedication, above referred to, is that prefixed to a collection of Tracts, moral, theological, &c. By John Balguy, M. A. Vicar of Northallerton, and Prebendary of Sarum*. This piece confifts of " well-deferved panegyric,"-the voice of " an obliged friend, fpeaking the honeft dictates of his heart, to his patron; which he alone thought too high an encomium."

That part of the appendix to the article of the Life of Hoadly, in the Biographia, may be regarded as a very curious addition. They contain the Bishop's private fentiments on a variety of

* Printed in 1734.



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