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proud Rajpoot, whose family had for 10th Bombay Native Infantry, unages been of high consideration, accompanied by a European officer, chafed at this subjection to a low- to carry them out. Our camp, he born Mahratta, and took advantage said, was so infested by spies, that of the general confusion in 1857 to the departure of a European officer rebel against him. With the British with ever so small a detachment, he always declared he had no quar- would be noticed and watched. rel. Sindiah, however, was our ally, Tantia Topee had recovered from and our columns attacked his rebel- his fatigues, and retired to rest one lious vassal when they came across night in April, intending the followhim, without putting themselves ing day to rejoin his friend the Rao much out of the way to hunt him Sahib. He had set no guard, and up.

The latter never retaliated. awoke at midnight to find himself Two officers travelling along the bound hand and foot by the sepoys. grand trunk road in October, en- During his short imprisonment Tancamped at one end of a village, tia behaved with dignity, showing while Maun Singh was at the other, neither fear nor sullenness, and anand he sent to beg they would not swering any questions which were disturb themselves. Having never asked. He was hanged at sepree, committed himself by any of the The Rao Sahib has not been beard murderous acts which disgraced other of for long. Feroze Shah still haunts leaders, and seeing the hopelessness the wild country in Bundlecund and of a struggle against Sindiah backed the banks of the Soane, in spite of by us, Maun Singh resolved to make all the efforts of our police and his peace by betraying Tantia Topee, irregulars to dislodge him. It is with the secret of whose haunts he more agreeable to get rid of such was well acquainted, and for whom, wretches by British steel than by as a Mahratta Brahmin, he had small British gold, but if another Maun sympathy. He came to Brigadier Singh can be found to deliver them Smith's camp with his proposals, to justice, we shall not shed tears and asked for twenty sepoys of the over their fate.

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[Part of a letter written by Mr Chase to his sister, giving her an account of the Great Earthquake which happened at Lisbon in the year 1755.)

ABOUT three-quarters after nine the floor, but suppose I did not; for o'clock in the morning, on Saturday I immediately felt myself falling, and the 1st of November 1755, I was then, after I know not how long, alone in my bed-chamber, four stories just as if waking from a dream, with from the ground, opening a bureau, confused ideas, I found my mouth when a shaking or trembling of the stuffed full of something that with earth (which I knew immediately to my left hand I strove to get out; and be an earthquake), gentle at first, but not being able to breathe freely, gradually becoming violent, much struggled till my head was quite alarmed me. Turning round to look disengaged from the rubbish. In at the window, the glass seemed to doing this I came to myself, and, be falling out. Surprised at the con- recollecting what had happened, sup; tinuati of the motion, and calling posed the earthquake to be over; and to mind the miserable fate of Callao, from what I had so lately seen, exin the Spanish West Indies, I dreaded pected to find the whole city fallen a like catastrophe; and, remembering to the ground, and myself at the top of that our house was so old and weak the ruins. When attempting to look that any heavy carriage passing made about me, I saw four high walls near it shake throughout, I ran directly fifty feet above me (the place where into the Arada, to see if the neigh- I lay was about ten feet in length bouring houses were agitated with and scarcely two feet wide), without the same violence. This place was either door or window in any of a single room at the top of the house, them. Astonished to the last degree with windows all round the roof, sup- at my situation, I remembered that ported by stone pillars. It was only there was such a place between the one story higher than my chamber, houses; and, having seen the upper but commanded a prospect of some parts of both fall, concluded that part of the river, and of all the lower either the inhabitants must be all part of the city, from the King's destroyed, or at least that there was Palace up to the Castle. I was no no probability of their looking down sooner up the stairs than the most there again time enough for my prehorrid prospect that imagination can servation ; so that, struck with horfigure appeared before my eyes! The ror at the shocking thought of being house began to heave to that degree, starved to death, immured in that that, to prevent being thrown down, I manner, I remained stupefied, till the was obliged to put my arm out of a win- still falling tiles and rubbish made dow and support myself by the wall. me seek for sbelter under a small Every stone in the wall separating arch in the narrow wall opposite my and grinding against each other (as head as I lay, at the bottom of which did the walls of the other houses, there appeared to be a little hole with variety of different motions), quite through it. Upon approaching causing the most dreadful jumbling the aperture, with difficulty dragging noise ears ever heard. The adjoining myself out of the rubbish, I found it wall of Mr Goddard's room feil first; much larger than I had imagined ; then followed all the upper part of and, first getting in my head and arm, his house, and of every other as far by degrees I pulled all my body after, as I could see towards the Castle, and fell about two feet into a small when, turning my eyes quick to the dark place, arched over at the top, front of the room (for I thought the which I supposed to be only a supwhole city was sinking into the port for the two walls; till, feeling earth), I s saw the tops of two of the about, I found on one side a narrow pillars meet, and saw no more. I passage, that led me round a place had resolved to throw myself upon like an oven, into a little room, where

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stood a Portuguese man covered with but the same sad prospect appeared
dust, who, the moment he saw me above! and in a street to the right I
coming in that way, starting back saw no other. I knew not what to
and crossing himself all over, cried do, my strength failed, and I fell
out, as their custom is when much prostrate just where the three streets
surprised, “Jesus, Mary, and Joseph! met. I then thought myself so much
who are you? where do you come past all assistance, that though Mr
from ?"- of which being informed, he Branfill, Mr Goddard, and their peo-
placed me in a chair. This done, ple came to the very spot where I
clasping his hands together, he lifted say, I spoke not to any of them, al-
them and his eyes towards the ceiling, though they stood close by me, till
in show of the utmost distress and Mr John Ernest Jorg, a German, and
concern. This made me examine merchant of the city of Hamburg,
myself, which before I had not leisure coming to his door, told them he saw
to do. My right arm bung down no way for their escaping out of the
before me motionless, like a dead city; therefore begged they would go
weight, the shoulder being out and the up into a garden he had by the top
bone broken; my stockings were cut of his house, which was the safest
to pieces, and my legs covered with place he knew of. This they com-
wounds; the right ankle was swelled plied with, and how long afterwards
to a prodigious size, with a fountain of I lay there I know not; but, recover-
blood spouting upwards from it; the ing a little strength, I raised myself
knee also was much bruised, and my up, and set my back against the wall
left side felt as if beatin, so that I could of this gentleman's house, who ap-
scarcely breathe ; all the left side of pearing again at his door, I heard
my face likewise swelled up—the skin him say, " What miserable wretch is
was beat off, and the blood streaming this ? He seems by his dress to be
from it; with a great wound above, a stranger,”—and coming down from
and a small one below the eye, and his door round to the other side of
several bruises on my back and head. my face, he cried out, “Dear Mr
Barely had I perceived myself to be Chase, what a shocking sight is this!
in this mangled condition, when an. Let me carry you up-stairs, and try
other shock, threatening as the first, what we can do for you.' My an-
came on. The Portuguese flew di- swer was, “Many thanks, but it is
rectly out of the door. The violence now too late." “Never think so,"
of the shock, and the falling of the said he;"I hope the worst is past,
houses, with the screams of the peo- and you shall have the very first as-
ple, made me again seek shelter below sistance that can be procured :" then
the arch I had entered in at; where calling some of his people, he had me
waiting till it had abated, I returned conveyed up-stairs, and put me in a
back again, and, nobody appearing, chair till he had got me something
went out at the same door I had seen to drink;, and a bed being, made
the man do, in hopes to find him ready, he laid me there, desiring me
again, or meet with some other per- to compose myself as much as pos-
son; but instead of a room as I ex- sible.
pected, it was only a narrow staircase, But he had not left me long, before
which with a few steps brought me, another shock made me lay my left
to my surprise, into the street, not arm over my eyes, expecting soon to
imagining myself to have been so be released from further misery, till
near it.

The people were all at all the plaster falling from the walls prayers, covered with dust, and the covered the bed, causing such a dust light appeared as of a dark cloudy that I was roused to exert all my day; when, flattering myself that my strength to open the door just at the legs might still support me to the bed's head, and get out. The noise water-side, I turned and saw the I made soon brought Mr Jorg out of street below (which was very nar- his garden, when, begging of him to row) filled with fallen houses as high lay me there with the other people, as the tops of the remaining ones. to abide the common chance, he said I then, in hopes to get into the coun- there was a room on one side of it, try, advanced a few steps up the hill, and he would order a hed to be



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made ready immediately He placed were so intent upon their own preme there accordingly, telling me he servation as not to be at leisure to had already sent for the English sur- assist others, that I suffered Mr geon, Mr Scrafton; but his house was Jorg's garden by degrees to grow down, and there was no knowing quite empty-and Mr Branfill, Mr what had become of him. Mr Jorg Goddard, and their people, after dinand Mrs Goddard came constantly ing and taking leave of me, to go between the shocks (now much less away without asking their assistance, violent and frequent), to offer me or even desiring them to send any their assistance; and during one of help to me, till finding Mr Jorg was the intervals Mr Jorg and his uncle left with only his old uncle, an old dressed my leg with some plasters lame lady of his acquaintance, whom that they happened to have in the he had sent his servants to fetch from house.

her house (where she was left alone, Mr Jorg's uncle would not go into and very probably would have pethe garden during the shocks, but rished had he not thought of her), remained in the house, declaring he and two or three of his people ; and had lived a long time, and if it so supposing he intended to quit his pleased Providence, he was as ready house, I begged of him to endeavour to die in that manner as in any other. to hire some people to carry me out Mrs Goddard also acquainted me of town. He said he feared it would with the deaths of several already be impossible—that all his servants known (whose fate I then thought but one had left him, and the city much happier than my own), and was quite deserted ; that if it was that three tires had broken out in the my request, he would try, but for his city, which did not then alarm me own part, he was determined to take much. One of the fires and a large the fate of his house, as he thought part of the city I could see from the venturing out of it would be only to bed as I lay, for I was now again at encounter greater danger; and in my the top of a high house, some part of condition he would advise me to do which had fallen, and the remainder the same. This assurance quite satiswas much shattered.

fied me, little imagining how much About two o'clock, the earth hav- more distress I had still to support. ing enjoyed some little respite, the All that afternoon I passed in cloud of dust was dissipated ; and most melancholy reflections, whilst the sun appearing, we began to hope the flames spread everywhere withthe worst was over; as indeed it was in my view with inexpressible with regard to earthquakes, but still swiftness, till about five o'clock every succeeding shock, though it did they seemed approaching close to little harm, was attended with the the window of the room where I same dread and terror as the fore- lay. Mr Jorg then came in, and going ones. However, this made the looking at me without speaking, people in the garden (consisting of which hitherto he had always done, English, Irish, Dutch, and Portu- retired, shutting the door close after guese) recover spirits enough to him. Full of suspicions, from what think of attempting to get out of the he had before said, that there was no ruinous city ; when Mr Jorg, wholly assistance to be had, I was struck intent on assisting everybody, desired by the stillness in the adjacent room, them only just to stay to eat some and with difficulty raising myself up, fish he had ordered to be got ready, listened a considerable time without and they would then be the better hearing anything stir, when I conenabled to bear any future fatigue. cluded that he had found himself To oblige his great care I ate a little, obliged to leave his house, and, lackwithout any inclination; imagining, ing courage to tell me the horrid fate from the painful condition I was I must submit to, he had quitted it in, a very few hours more would re- without speaking at all. lease me from further suffering ; nor In the utmost agony of body and did anybody hitherto flatter me with mind I determined to ascertain if other hopes. This was one reason, this were the case, and if so, to as well as knowing that all people endeavour if possible to reach the gallery on the east side of the win- and his servants to carry me to the dow, and, by throwing myself down square first, and return again to fetch the hill, put an end to all my ex- the lame lady. They carried me in one cessive miseries at once. By the of the room chairs, with the quilt over help of two chairs I just got with- me (which proved afterwards of great in reach of the door with the great- service), and another person went est pain, and was then so spent I before with a torch. I heard some was obliged to sit down, nor could poor wretches begging for help as I I have gone a step farther had the was carried through a narrow alley room been on_fire. Recovering a down a steep hill, which was the little strength, I opened the door, and only passage left free from ruins. found Mr Jorg, the old lady, and two Opposite to the bottom of the alley other persons, all silently sitting was a church belonging to a convent round the outer room. Surprised of friars, the door of which was open. to see me got so far, he asked me the There stood lighted candles upon the reason of it; to which I replied, that high altar, the friars seemed very as I was fully sensible both of the busy in their church dresses, and great distress we were reduced to, in the porch lay some dead bodies. and of his inability to assist me, Thence through a narrow street to I begged (with tears in my eyes) as the Church of St Mary Magdalene. the greatest favour, that before he I saw no houses fallen down into found himself obliged to quit his that street, but everywhere great house, he would either throw me over stones scattered about; and as I the gallery, or in any other way de- passed, looking up a street, could see spatch me, and not leave me in over the ruins the upper windows of agony, lingering a few hours, to our houses still standing. The Church die a dreadful death! He desired of St Mary Magdalene had not me not to talk in that manner, and fallen ; its doors were open, and some assured me most affectionately he lights and people in it

. I observed never had intended to leave me, and the fire had already taken possession if no other help came, he would him- of the street leading to the Cathedral self carry me upon his back, and we In the Silversmiths' Street there were should take our chance together, - no houses quite fallen, and some few that the fire had not yet surround- people seemed to be employed in ed us, and that there was still a throwing bundles out of the windows. passage free to the Terrio do Paco

As I passed the end of the Rua (a large square before the King's Nova I saw both sides of it were on Palace), and as soon as necessity fire, as well as the next street, which obliged us, he hoped we might all get runs parallel with it. At the square there very safe; therefore I had I found the King's Palace (which much better lie down again, and he made one side of it) and half of the would be careful to acquaint me in adjoining side on fire, burning slowly, time. But as I still suspected that the little wind driving it gently ononly his good-nature made him pro- wards. In the opposite part Mrs mise this, I desired to stay with them, Adford met me, and told me her siswhich he permitted me; going up ter Mrs Graves and her family were himself every half-hour to the top of there, sitting on some bundles of his house, to observe what progress clothes they had saved; but as it was the fire made; till about eleven in the open air, my conductors chose o'clock, when there came two ser- rather to place me in a stall, with vants of a German gentleman, who some others in my condition. I think was his nephew, at that time To find myself thus, so much bealso in the house. Mr Jorg then yond all expectation, suddenly redeclared he thought it time to re- lieved from the constant apprehension move ; and with great composure of falling houses, and dangers of the going for his hat and cloak, re- fire (as I thought, at least), when I turned with a cap and quilt for me, was in the greatest despair, and had telling me perhaps I might find it given up all hopes of assistance, cold when I was carried out; and raised my spirits to that degree, that then desired the German gentleman now for the first time, notwithstand

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