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it will not strain, cause it to be skimmed, self hath revealed it to proceed, and doth and perhaps despised, or hated. Such a distil like the dew falling upseen, and rest thing as a free and unlimited reception of upon every one who longeth after it, any all the parts of Scripture into the mind, is who believes that our backward state a thing most rare to be met with, and when cometh not of any darkness in the Word, met with, will be found the result of many or abstinence in the spirit of God, but a sore submission of Nature's opinions, as of our own withdrawing from the light well as of Nature's likings.-pp, 21—24. and fighting against the truth-who giv

eth to Gal thankfulness and praise, taking The exordium of the second ora- to himself all the blame-then, with such tion, which is on the manner of con- a one, we are happy, we can freely dis

course, and, by God's blessing, we hope sulting the oracles of God, is in these

to help him onward in the way everlastwords :


Yet, for the sake of disabusing the othGod, being ever willing and ever ready

ers who stand looking for a dawning they to second and succeed his Word, and hay

know not whence nor when, let me intering a most longing anxiety for the recove

rogate any Christian, how he won his way ry of all men; when his Word fails of con- from former darkness to present light? verting the soul (as it doth too often,) that

Not by knowledge alone of what the Word failure cannot be due to any omission up- contains. True. By wbat then by earon his part, but to some omission or trans

nest prayer. But what taught him, what gression upon ours. If any one, however, encouraged him to pray? Was it not cerincline to refer the failure to a want of

tain revelations in the Word ? Not by conwillingness, or a withholding of power, fidence in his knowledge or his strength, upon the part of God, whereof it is not

but by distrust of both. True. But what given upto man to discover or remove the

taught him to distrust himself? Was it cause-- then in this his opinion, such a

not certain revelations in the Word? Not one must needs remain beyond the reaeh

by bold and urgent endeavours of his own, of help. If he thinks that, notwithstand

but by humble endeavours rested upon ing of revelation, we are yet in the dark

hope of heavenly aid. True. But what as to the putting forth of divine power- taught him to bridle his impetuosity and that in a sinner's conversion there is an

expect superior aid ?

Was it not certain element still undisclosed that the infor.

revelations in the Word? And, to sum up mation delivered in the scriptures is not all, how doth that Christian know, save by enough, and the means there prescribed the image of righteousness revealed in not allequate, and the divine blessing there

the Word, that he is not yet in the bondpromised not to be surely calculated on; age of his sins, but standeth sure in the but that over and beyond all, there is liberty of Christ? Why then, in the name something to be tarried for-tben, for one

of plain and honest dealing, will you hesso opinioned, there is nothing but to tarry. itate to acknowledge and asseverate for For, except by what is revealed how are

the behoof of lingering and mistrustful the councils of the Eternal known ? and if

men, that in God's revelations, rightly revelation do not discover the way in

used. there is a reservoir of knowledge and which Gou may assuredly be found, what direction, ample enough to feed the fam. mortal or immortal can?and if there be

ished spirit of the world, whence every a gap between our present habitations

sinner may derive to himself a satisfying and the Holiest of all, who can fill it up?

stream to refresh his present faintness, and and ii one possessed of all God's revela

to follow his footsteps through the tedious tions do still hold himself unaccomplished wilderness of life.-pp. 29, 30. for the finding of God, who in heaven or earth can help him?--and, in short, if In the following quotation, Mr. Iremploying God's revelation as God him.

ving sets the duty of consulting the sell directs it to be employed, and in the

oracles of God in a new and most in, spirit proper to each taking every meastire therein appointed, we may nevertheless teresting point of view. be remote from success, and nothing sure of our aim, then, what less shall we say, Against these two methods of commubut that this book, the light and hope of a ning with the word of God, whereof the fallen world, is an idle meteor which one springs from the religious timidity of mocks pursuit, and may be left to seek its the world, the other from the religious tiway back into the hiding place of the Al. midity of Christians; the one a penance, mighty's couocil, from which it hath come the other a weakness; we have little fear forth to man in vain!

of carrying your judgirents : but you wil But if, upon the other hand, any one be alarmed when we carry our censure believe that God's favour cometh not at against the common spirit, of dealing with random, por by a way unknown, but may it as a duty. Not but that it is a duty to be calculated on in the way that God him. peruse the word of God, but that it is

something infioitely higher. Duty means His voice as the sun and stars do in their a verdict of conscience in its behalf. Now courses, as the restrul element of earth conscience is not an independent power, doth in its settled habitation. His voice at the bidding of which the Word abides is our law, which it is sacrilege, worse to be opened, and al its forbidding to con- than rebellion, worse than parental rebelltinue sealed-but the Word, let con- ion, to disobey. He keeps the bands of science bid or forbid, stands forth dressed oar being, together. His voice is the char. in its own awful sanctions. "Believe and ter of our existence, which being disolive''. Believe not aod die.” If cor- beycd, we should run to annihilation, as science have added her voice also, that is our great father would have done, had - another sanction, but a sanction which not God in mercy given us a second was not needful to be superadded. When chance, by erecting the platform of our my Maker speaks, I am called to listen by being upon the new condition of probaa higher authority than the authority of tion, different from that of all known exmy own self, I should make sure that it istencies. Was it ever heard that the sun is my Maker who speaks-mand for this let stopped in his path, but it was God that every faculty of reason and feeling do its commanded ? Was it ever heard that the part; but being assured that it is no oth- sea forgot her instability, and stood apart er than his voice omnipotent, my whole in walled steadfastness, but it was God soul must burst forth to give him attend. that commanded? Or that fire forgot to ance. There must be po demur for any consume, but at the voice of God? Eren verdict of any inward principle. Out of so man should seek his Maker's word, as duty, out of love, out of adoration, out of he loveth his well-being, or, like the onjoy, out of fear, out of my whole consent- fallen creatures of God, as he loveth his ing soul, I must obey my Maker's call. very being—and labour in his obedience, Duty, whose cold and artificial verdict, without knowing or wishing to know the God of infinite love is served withal, aught beyond. is a sentiment which the lowest relation- Necessity, therefore, I say, strong and ships of life are not content with. Ser. eternal necessity is that, which joins the vant with master-child with teacher- link between the creature and the Crea. friend with friend-when it comes to the tor, and makes man incumbent to the sentiment of duty, it is near its dissolu. voice of God. To read the Word is no tion; and it never thrives or comes to ordinary duty, but the mother of all duty, good but when it rests upon well-tried enlightening the eyes and converting the trust and hearty regard ; upon a love to soul, and creating that very conscience to our persons, and a confidence in our which we would subject it. We take our worth. And in the ties of nature, to pa- meat not by duty-the boily must go down rents, to children, to brethren, lo husband to dust without it-therefore we persevere and wife, there to be listened to out of because we love to exist. So also the cold constraint of duty argues nature gone word of God is the bread of life, the root well nigh dead. There is a prompter of all spiritual action, without which the consent, a deep sympathy of love, an over- soul will go down, if not to instant annihistepping of all the limits of duty, a going lation, to the wretched abyes of spiritual even unto the death, which hardly satis- and eternal death. But while we ineist fies the soul of such affection. What then that the Scriptures should be perusell out shall we say of that closest of all relations of the sense, not of an incumbency, but of

-creature to Creator-which bath in it a strong necessity, as being the issued or. the germ of every other : the parental, for ders of Him who upholdeth all things he formed ug; the patronal, for he bath except against any idea of painfulness or upheld is; the friendly, for in all our force. We say necessity, to indicate the straits he hath befriended us; the loyal, strength of the obligation, not its disagreefor our safety is in his royal hand; and, ableness. But, in truth, there is no such which addeth the attachment to very sell, feeling, but the very opposite, attached to " for we are ourselves his workmanship!" every necessily of the Lord's appointing. To bind this tie, nothing will suflice but Light is pleasant to the eyes, though the strong and stubborn necessity. Duty, in necessary element of vision. Food is truth, is the very lowest consception of it pleasant to the body, though the staple -privilege is a higher--honour a higher, necessary of life. Air is refreshing to the happiness and delight a higher still. But frame, though the necessary element of duty may be suspended by more pressing the breathing spirit. What so refreshing duty-privilege may be foregone and hon- as the necessary of water to all animated our forgot, and the sense of happiness existence? Sleep is the very balm of life grow dull; but this of listening to His to all creatures under the sun. Motion is voice who plants the sense of duty, be- from insancy to feeblest age the most restows privilege, honour and happiness, creating of things, save rest after motion. and our every other faculty, is before all Every necessary instinct for preserving or these, and is equalled by nothing but the continuing our existence, hath in it a stubbornest necessity. We should bear pleasure, when indulged in moderation


and the pain which attends excess is the ties, and the oppressive weight of sleep, sentinel in the way of danger, and, like

the mind in her remoter chambers keeps. the sentinel's voice, u pon the brink of ruin up a fantastical disport of mimic life, as if should be considered as the pleasantest of loath for an instant to forego the pleasure all

, though withdraw ing us from the fond. she hath in conscious being. Seeing, then, est pursuit. lo like manner attendance

not even the sleep-locked avenues of sepse, on God's law, though necessary to the

nor the worn-out powers of thought and soul as wine and milk to the body, will be action, nor slumber's soft embrace, can so found equally refreshing: though necessa

lull the soul that she should for a while ry as light to the eyes, will be found equal. forget her cogitations, and join herself to ly cheerful : though necessary as rest to

dark oblivion ; seeing that she keeps up weary limbs, will be found equally re

the livelong day a busy play of thought, freshing to our spiritual strength.

feeling, and action, and during the night A duty, which is at all times a duty, is keeps vigils in her mysterious chambers, a necessity, and this listening to the voice fighting with the powers of oblivion and of God can at no time be dispensed with, inertness a battle for existence-how and therefore is a stark necessity. The should she be able for any instant to do life of the soul can at no time proceed,

without the presence and operations of without the present sense and obedience of her Creator's laws—from which being at its Maker's government. His law must

any instant exempted, she is a god unto be present and keep concert with our most

herself, or the world is her gou? From ipward thoughts; from which, as we can

their authority to be detached, however never dissolve connection, so ought we

brief a season, is for that season to be unnever to dissolve connection with the reg.

der foreign control, and rebellious to the ulating voice of God. In all our rising Being of whom her faculties are hulden, emotions ; in all our purposes conceiving; and by whom her powers of life are upin all our thoughtsul debates, holden upon

held. --His laws should be present in our the propriety of things; in all the secret

inward parts, yea, hidden in our hearts, councils of the bosom-the law of God

that we offend him noi. 'They should be should be consentaneous with the law of familiar as the very consciousness of life. Nature, or rather should be umpire of the

Into the belief being received, they should council, seeing Valure and Nature's laws

pass into the memory, grow incorporate have receded from the will of God, and

with the hidden sources of nature; until become blinded to the best interests of our

the array of our purposes and actions spiritual state. The world is apt to look

learn to display itself under the banners only to the executive part of conduct-to

of the Supreme; until instinct, blind inthe outward actions, which come forth

stinct himself, have his eye opened and from behind the curtains of deliberative purged by the light of Heaven and come thought; and as these have stated seasons,

forth submissive to Heaven's voice !--pp.

33–36. and are not constantly recurring, it hath come to pass, that the Word of God is In the third oration upon obeying read and entertained, chiefly for the visible the oracles of God, this eloquent parts of life; being used as a sort of elbow monitor to guard our

conduct from offence, preacher meets and disposes of a rather than a universal law to impregnate current objection in the following efall the sources of thought and action. fectual manner :My brethren, doth the band ever forget its cunning, or the tongue its many forms

There prevails universally against diof speech, or the soul its various states of vine institutions not only a strong relucfeeling and passion? Is there an interval, tance, but also a delusive prejuilice that in the wakeful day, when the mind ceases

they are an invasion upon the liberty of to be in Auctuating motion, and is bound

man's estate. The question is conceived in rest like the frozen lake? I do not ask,

to be, whether we shall be at our own libis it always vexed like the troubled sea

erty, or at the disposal of God—a question but doth it ever rest from emotion, and

between freedom and compulsion. This remain steadlast like the solid land ? 'Doth prejudice we shall first expose, and bring not thought succeed thought, impression the fair statement of the question before impression, recollection recollection, in a

you. Then we shall account for the receaseless and endless round? And, be- luctance which we feel to the law of God fore this pleasant agitation of vital con

when we enter into its obedience. Then sciousness can compose itself to rest, the

set before you the fatal result of persisting eye must be sealed to light, and the ear

against it ; and close this oration by constopped to hearing, and the body become testing it with your demurs and opposidead to feeling, and the powers of thought

tions. and action, done out, surrender them.

The portion of truth which one can for selves to repose. Nay, even then, under himself examine is so mere a scantling of the death-like desertion of all her faculs what is needful for the service of his life Vol. VI.-No. 3. 21

and has in it such instability when not under the helm of authority, human or di

vine, that men have found it necessary to happiness and honor reside. For the wisest Jay up and patronize a store of common men being little acquainted with the secret truth, out of which each man may be for workings of their own heart, whose mystenished ready to hand when he comes to rious organization is deep seated beyond need it, without the trouble of discovering our observation, are still less able to comfor himself

. This common store consists prehend another's nature, so as to preof the customs established, the opinions scribe with infallible certainty for its govpopular, the laws instituted, the private ernment. The best they can do is to point duties expected, and the manners approv- out some palpable errors to be avoided, ed. These are a grand legacy transmit- some gross delinquencies to be shunned, ted from successive generations, the accu- some common rights to be revered, some mulated wealth of the wit and wisdom of noble actions to be honored, some base our fathers-in which to become conver- ones to be disgraced. They can buoy sant we are for nearly a third of our life some few of the shoals and rocks of life, regarded as under age, wards of our par

but the tides and currents which pervade ents, and incompeteni in great matters to it, are beyoud their management. They act for ourselves. If we set any of these can construct ports and havens for us to traditions aside, following our own inven- touch at, but the manning, and equipping, tions or giving scope to our personal free- and propelling the vessel, is with God alone. dom, we are eyed with suspicion or pun. He who gave the soul her powers,and to all ished as defaulters, and, in capital matters, his works their prop?rties,can alone sweetbanished from good society, from our na- ly accommodate them with ordinances.tive land, and from life itself. Thus it The best attempts of lawgivers are but fares with human kind; they are knit gen. bungling artifices for compassing coarse eration to generation. Our fathers bind designs, aiming at the security of some us, and we shall bind our children. No visible and external good, and that attainman is free. All men are constrained by ing not without great waste of private liban authority over which they have no erty and happiness ; whereas God, being control, and are in their turn controlling perfectly acquainted with our most inward others who have yet to be.

principles, and with all the shortest and Let no man, therefore, in the pride of safest ways to happiness, can, with no his heart, revolt from the traditions of God

more effort than is necessary, carry us as an imposition upon the freedom of his through all the departments and degrees estate. If the wisdom of God take no hand of excellence. He therefore is the only in the ordination of our life, then the fit lawgiver; His statutes the only liber. wisdom of our fathers will do it all. But ty; all other obedience being an acquiesfor us we shall be the same giverned and cence in that of whose perfect rectitude shackled creatures as before.

we are nothing sure, has in it a servility, change the place of our residence for a -but this is honor, this is exaltation to country where God's traditions are un.

fulfil all our powers for the purposes for known, and thereby change the degree which they were given, and after the rules or form of the bondage, but the necessity

of Him who gave them. of it for peace and enjoyment will still re- The question therefore, of a religious main. We may change our sphere in life or an irreligious lise, when thus opened to one where God's traditions are tram- up, no longer shows itself to be a question pled under foot, and find a momentary re

of liberty or of compulsion, but of one kind lease, but soon the babits of our new con

of authority against another. There are dition will become as peremptory as those

two competitors for our service, God and of the old.-In truth, there is no deliver. the world ; and the question is, which will ance. Society is beforehand with us; and

we obey. Will we yield to the sovereignalong with its beautiful fields and happy ty of the various laws and customs which, inventions and manifold conditions of upon coming to man's estate, we find escomfort, hands down to us as the price of tablished, time-serving what has in it no these a thousand laws and restraints upon

We may

wit but the wisdom of man, and no stabilthe freedom of our conduct.

ity but the power of man, and which we Such being the hereditary bondage of had no say whatever in constructing, and all ages and of all nations, those are the

which accommodates itself but ill to our happiest who have had the wisest and conditions ; or will we yield to the sovemost virtuous ancestors, to derive to them reignty of those institutes which have in only wholesome restraints upon the uncer

them no seed of change, softly framed to tainty of individual judgment and the sway the heart, and to insinuate into al waywardnoss of individual will ;-those its corners the harmony and peace of hea. being the most blessed of all who have ven, which supply the deficiencies of our been favored with laws and institutions wisdom ,and stay the swervings of our life, from the perfection of wisdom which is in and conduct us at length to the unchangeHim who knows the bounds of man's ca- able happiness and honor of the life to pacity, and the limits within which his


And yet, though the question when thus long-suffering. But come at length it accurately stated stands beyond all rea- will, when Revenge shall array herself to sonable doubt, and leaves us without ex- go forth, and Anguish shall attend her, and cuse in preferring human authority to di- from the wheels of their chariot, ruin and rine, such is the antipathy and resistance dismay shall shoot far and wide among of human nature to God, that his statutes the enemies of the king, whose desolation which rejoice the heart are obstinately shall not larry, and whose distruction, as withstood, while to the ordinances and the wing of the whirlwind shall be swift customs of men we willingly yield our hopeless as the conclusion of elernity and necks. There be multitudes with whom the reversion of doom. Then around the the voice of the Lord of Hosts hath no fiery concave of the wasteful pit the clang sway against the voice of fashion ; and the of grief shall ring, and the finty heart saintly graces of the Spirit of God no which repelled tender mercy shall strike chance against the graces of accomplished its fangs into its proper bosom ; and the life. Multitudes with whom the calls of soft and gentle spirit which dissolved in low sensual instinct prevail against the voluptuous pleasures shall dissolve in calls of the Almighty to glory and honor. weeping sorrows and outbursting lamenAnd multitudes to whom life's commonest tations, and the gay glory of time shall drudgery is an enjoyment compared with depart; and sportful liberty shall be the obedience of a godly custom, or a bound for ever in the chain of obdurate christian precept.-Pp. 44 –46.

necessity. The green carth with all her

blooming beauty and bowers of peace We merely point out to the cen- shall depart. The morning and evening sure of his readers, without quoting salutations of kinsmen shall depart, anů from page 47, an example of Mr. Ir. the ever welcome voice of friendship and

the tender whispering of full-hearted afving's loose and exaggerated state- section shall depart, for the sad discord of menis, which, taken separately, weeping and wailing and gnashing of might very much endanger his char- teeth. And the tender names of children, acter for orthodoxy. He surely nev

and father and mother, and wife and hus

band, with the coinmunion of domestic er learned from his bible or catechism, love, and mutual affection and the inwaru that naturally our "enmity is as strong touches of natural instinct, which family to the world's institutions as to the compact, when upinvaded by discord, institutions of God:” indeed he does wraps thy live-long lay into one swell of not believe that "

tender emotion, making earth's lowly we grow christ.

scenes worthy of heaven itself-All, all ians as we grow men;" yet he states shall pass away; aad instead shall come the so abruptly what he only intends for level lake that burneth, and the solitary an illustration, that he would almost dungeon, and the desolate bosom, and the lead us to suppose that the chances throes, and tossings of horror and hopelesge

ness, and the worm that dieth not, and are equal, that any child shall turn the fire that is not quenched. out saint or sinner, according to the 'Tis written, 'tis written, 'tis sealed of discipline to which it is subjected. heaven, and a few years shall reveal it all. From this censure we pass gladly Be assured it is even go to happen to the

despisers of holy writ. With this in ara to recite some paragraphs towards

rear, what boots liberty, pleasure, enjoythe peroration, which are as forceful ment—all within the hourglass of time, or in their expression, as they are fear- the round earth's continent, all the sensiful in their pictures, and tremen- bilities of life, all the powers of man, all

the attractions of woman! dously momentous in their applica

Terror hath sitten enthroned on the tion.

brows of tyrants, and made the heart of

a pation quake; but upon this peaceful Obey the Scriptures or you perish. You volume there sits a terror to make the inay despise the honour done you by mute world stand aghast. Yet not the the Majesty above, you may spurn the terror of tyranng neither, but the terror of sovereignty of Almighty God, you may justice, which abides the scorners of the rerolt from creation's universal rule to most High God, and the revilers of his bow before its Creator, and stand in mo- most gracious Son. And is it not just, mentary rebellion against his ordinances; though territ that he who brooked not his overtures of mercy you may cast con- in heaven one moment's disaffection, but tempt on, and crucify afresh the royal per- launched the rebel host to hell and bound sonage who bears them; and you may ri- them evermore in chains of darkness, should ot in your licentious liberty for a while, also do his sovereign will upon the disasand make game of his indulgence and fected of this earth, whom he hath long

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