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Art. 69. An Arrangement of Provincial Coins, Tokens, and Medalets,
issued in Great Britain, Ireland, and the Colonies, within the last twenty Years, from the Farthing to the Penny Size. By James Condes. 8vo. PP. 330. 75. 6d. Boards. Cadell jun. and Davies. 1799
Mr. Addison has observed that “it is certain that medals give a great light to history.” They undoubtedly assist in the confirmation of events and facts, and contribute to their elucidation. Some reada ers will have their doubts concerning such collections as that here before us, whether, though they may
be of use, they may not at the same time occasion perplexity and mistake. We agree, however, with Mr. Conder in remarking that, the man who exerts himself to increase the stock of useful information, or who endeavours to advance, vary, or multiply the innocent amusements or enjoyments of life, has a claim to the patronage and support of the publica Great attention has been employed by the author to render this work acceptable. The order in which the several subjects are disposed is clear and pleasant, and a suitable Index is added.
Among the coins not local, are several of white metal; one of silver, value three pence, we observe at Armagh in Ireland ; the rest are principally, or wholly, pennies, half-pennies, and farthings; or, as the last class is ludicrously termed in the reverse of one of them, youngest sons of foriune.
In a sensible Preface, written by the late James Wright, Esq; of Dundee, which introduces the work, it is observed that, if from the two thousand varieties which are here described, we make a large deduction for those that are contemptible in design, rude in workman. ship, trifling, absurd, and' merely formed to obtain a paltry profit from a few collectors, there will still remain perhaps one third worthy the notice of the medallist of judginent. These be devides into six descriptions; views of remarkable buildings ; represeаtations of great commercial and public works ; striking embleins of the industrious genius of the country; portraits of illastrious men; historical events, and characteristics of political parties ; representations of animals, landscapes, &c.' This gentleman appears to have written com amore; and with the fervour of an enamorato he produces apposite and weighty arguments in favour of his subject; but some readers may be inclined to smile, when, after having mentioned a general view of the state of architecture in Great Britain as exhibited by coins, he adds ; "the preservation of which, at the distant future period when three or four thousand years shall have elapsed, (should The world last as long, the pieces may,) must be of extreme utilicy and value to posterity.'-Among other proofs of his zeal, he sug, gests the formation of a society in London, under the designation of Tie NIedállic Society of Britain. To this he see no objection, unless it should be the gloomy aspect of the times; which, as it does not prevent several more useless expences, will not, he trusts, forbid an attention to the proposal. By this mode, he observes, they might indulge some of the worthiest feelings of human nature, in the patronage of poor and meritorious artists; and they may instruct and de..
Tight future ages, and render permanent the most important characteristics of the present.
Relative to the expence of these coins, Mr. W. tells us that, taking an average of different statements made by various intelligent persons in correspondence with him, not less than a capital of 300,ocol. has been expended by companies and individuals, on the whole mass of private coinage, of which specimens are described by Mr. Conder.' Three small plates only illustrate this work.
Hi, Art. 70. The Fallacy of French Freedom, and dangerous Tendency of
Sterne's Writings. Or an Essay shewing that Irreligion and Immorality pave the way for Tyranny and Anarchy; and that Sterne's Writings are both irreligious and immoral: concluding with some Observations on the present State of France. By D. Whyte, M. D. late Surgeon to English Prisoners in France. 8vo.
Hatchard. Two subjects are here umted which bear no relation to cach other, and cannot with success be blended in one discussion. The obscenity, of Sterne's writings is universally owned and generally lamented: but the vicious tendency of his works has nothing to do with French principles of practices; of both which Dr. W., from having lived in France, has a complete abhorrence. Speaking of the fair sex in France, ' Adieu (says he) to English morals; adieu to English liberty; and adieu to every thing that is sacred in religion, or decorous in common life, should the fair ones of Albion ever stoop to form themselves on such abominable models.'
He tells us, also, that there the essence of justice and the forms of law, are equally laid aside. These are the author's words : but whether they may be taken literally, or cum grano salis, we pretend not to say. The reader must exercise his own judgment. Art. 71. A Tour of the River Wye and its Vicinity. Enriched with
Two Engravings. 12mo. 25. sewed. Sael. 1798.
This sermon does not rank in the class of ranting performances : the author is temperate in his censures ; and while he explodes the principles and conduct of the French, he also candidly leads us back to pre-disposing causes. Far indeed (he says) be the intention from this consecrated place, where the words of truth and so berness, in accents of love and charity, should alone be heard, to bring any malignant or railing accusation, even against our enemies. The Lord rebuke them and convert them.'-Of these our adversaries, however, he leaves no very favourable impression on the minds of his audi
We incline, with Mr. Williams, to retain the common version of the first part of his text, (Isaiah, viii. 12–14.) a confederacy, rather than admit the criticism, 'ingeniously, but diffidently, proposed by Dr. Lowth, or more properly by Dr. Secker; who, instead of this, would read, by some change of letters in the original word, it is holy, referring to the diviners or soothsayers who imposed their illusions under the appearance of sanctity: but, as conspiracy is often signified by the Hebrew term 707, confederacy also well accords with its primary signification; and the warning here implied seems very sea. sonably addressed by the prophet to his countrymen, who were anxi. ous to obtain foreign earthly connections and assistance, while they disregarded and neglected the protection and aid of Heaven. Hi. Art. 73. Preached in the Church of St. John Baptist, Wakefield,
By the Rev. Richard Munkhouse, D.D. Svo. 15. Riving
Dr. M.'s sermon glows with pious gratitude to the Giver of all victory, pointedly reprobates and condemns Jemocratic and seditious principles, and energetically exhorts us to order our conversation by the sound maxims of religion, loyalty, and virtue. Text, Ps. I. 23. Liturgy version.
FAST SERMON, Feb. 27, 1799.
Preached before the Hon. House of Commons. By the Rev. Thomas Hay, D. D, Canon of Christ Church, Oxford. 4to. Walter.
A respectable writer, in a periodical paper, lately expressed his astonishment at seeing “such a number of political sermons continually issuing from the British press:"--adding, that “it was, to him, a matter of wonder that many of them were so replete with bitter invective and violent declamation, that the mild and pacific maxims of the gospel seemed almost totally overlooked,--in a country which calls itself Christian!"
Without stopping to animadvert on this remark, we shall only note that, in the instance before us, the author is less liable to the charge implied in the above quotation. Indeed it could not be expected that, in a discourse intended to be delivered before one of the great branches of our legislature, the preacher should enlarge on the ravages of war, and the innumerable miseries which foliow it: for, whatever religion or humanity might dictate, the learned and eloquent orator could not, for a moment, forget that his auditory had sanc. tioned every ineasure of hostility which had taken place since the commencement of the war.
As a specimen of Dr. Hay's sermon, we shall extract a passage in which he expatiates on the uniform tenour of our national policy :
• The policy of this country (says he) has been uniform and decided : it still continues to assert the inestimable value of those blessinga derived from sound Religion, and also those derived from our frame of civil goveșnment, a regular subordination of ranks, an able and impartial administration of justice, flourishing manufactures, a commerce protected and extended beyond the example of former times;
a great and increased revenue, individual opulence, and national pro. sperity. Such are the unrivalled blessings which have long excited the envy and the inveterate hostility of the enemy: our wealth has been the object of their avarice ; our civil constitution, from its admirable wisdom, and the protection which it affonds, is the reproach of their anarchy, their licentiousness, and their tyranny; our religion the condemnation of their infidelity; our power the restraint of their aggrandizement. Hence an enmity eager to deprive us of these invaluable privileges, hence the reiterated menaces of the ruin and extinction of the British empire.
• Under this trying conjuncture, let us calmly consider the conduct of our own nation : not with a view to advance exalted claims
a of presumptuous arrogance, highly unbecoming man's best exertions, but to enquire, whether we have endeavoured to satisfy those great public duties incumbent upon us in the course of the present war, with such a regard to our obvious obligations, in the support of the contest itself, as has manifested our sincere desire to fulll the distinguished and arduous part allotted to us with such an uprightness and integrity, as we may humbly hope, will recommend this part of our conduct to the merciful acceptance of a gracious God. Have we in any instance been unmindful of the solid establishment of the liberties of Europe, and of those objects inseparably involved in the event of this war?
On reading this passage, we could not help asking ourselves, with a heartfelt sigh, whether we were “mindful of the solid establishment of the liberties of Europe,' when we left the poor honest Poles to be enslaved by the hostile hands of Imperial and Regal power :-Alas! where was then the uniformity of our national policy?'
Ged..s. SINGLE SERMONS. Art. 75. Preached at the Assizes, at Carlisle, Aug. 12, 1798,
before the Hon. Sir Giles Rooke, Knight, one of the Justices of our Lord the King, &c. &c. By Jonathan Boucher, A. M. F. A. S. Vicar of Epsom, Surrey. Published at the Request of the Gentlemen of the Grand Jury. 4to.
Clarke. This assize sermon is of a political and patriotic cast : the senti- Hi. ments are laudable; and the language is good.
G. 5 Art. 76. Preached at Guildford, in Surrey, at the Assizes, July 8,
1798, before the Lord Chief Justice Kenyon, &c. By Jonathan Boucher, M. A. F.A.S. 4to. 1S.
Clarke. The character of this discourse is, in the main, similar to that of the foregoing Assize-sermon. It contains also some thoughts and observations which are not common : but which are not the less estimable on that account.-We entirely agree with the author, in his opinion that Mercy, improperly directed, may be productive of the greatest evil. The weakness of good men serving on juries, while it has favoured unfortunate individuals, has proved in its consequences, we fear, very detrimental to the public. * This author's sermons, preached in North-America, between
-, DO the years 1763 and 1778, on the causes and consequences of the Re
volution in that country, will be noticed in our next Review :- if we
Church of St. Paul, July 22, 1798, before the Temple-Bar and
IS. · Rivingtons.
"To the MONTHLY REVIEWERS. « GENTLEMEN,
Newbury, Berks, March 24, 1799. 1 N your review of a volume of letters said io have been written by Gen.
Washington about the commencement of the American war, (see M. Rev. vol. xxi. p. 475. N. S.) you seemed to express a belief that the whole of the letters were not authentic, but that some of them were notoriously and wilfully fabricated for base and unworthy purposes. This belief, the General himself has fully justified, in a letter which he purposely addressed, some time ago, to the Secretary of State of the United States, (and by the latter published in the Philadelphia Newspaper entitled “The United States Gazette,”) wherein de particularizes certain letters, and adds his solemn declaration of his ignorance of their contents, till he saw them in prini.. I have inclosed the leiter above seferred to; and I think that in justice to one of the greatest men the world has ever produced, and siill more for the propagation of truth and the eradication of error, you cannot deny it a place at the end of your valuable publication. I am, Gentlemen, Yours, &c.
“ Philadelphia, 3d March 1797. " AT the conclusion of my public employments, I have thought it expedient to notice the publication of certain forged letters, which first appeared in the year 1777, and were obtruded upon the public as mine. They are said by the editor to have been found in a small portmanteau that I had left in the care of my mulatto servant Billy, who, it is pre. tended, was taken prisoner at Fort Lee in 1776.
“ The period when these letters were first printed will be recollected, and what were the impressions they were intended to produce on the public mind. It was then supposed to be of some consequence to strike at the integrity of the Commander in Chief, and to paint his inclinations as at variance with his professions and his duty.- Another crisis in the affairs of America having occurred, the same weapon has been resorted to, to wound my character and deceive the people.
“ The letters in question have the dates, addresses, and signatures, here following:
“New York, June 12, 1776. To Mr. Lund Washington, at Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia." G. W.
“ To John Parke Curtis, Esq. at the Hon. Benedict Calvert's, Esq. Mount Airy, Maryland, June 18, 1776." Geo. Washington,