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BOOK IV

PERPLEX'D and troubled at his bed success The tempier stood, nor had what to reply, Discover'd in his frand, thrown from his hope So oft, and the persuasive rhetoric That sleek’d his tongue, and won so much on Eve; So little here, nay lost: but Eve was Eve, This far his over-match, who self-deceived And rash, before-hand had no better weigh'd The strength he was to cope with, or his own: But as a man who had been matchless held In canning, over-reach'd where least he thcughty To salve his credit, and for very s, 'to, Still will be tempting him who foils him stil, And never cease, though to his shame the mores Or as a swarm of flies in vintage time, About the wine-press where sweet must is pour'd, Beat off, returns as oft with humming sound; Or surging waves against a solid rock, Though all to shivers dash'd, the assault renew, Vain batt'ry, ar.. in froth or bubbles end; Bo Satan, whom pulse upon repulse Met ever, and tr shameful silence brought, Yet gives not o'er, though desperate of success, And his vain importunity pursues. He brought our Saviour to the western side Of that high mountain, whence he might behold Another plain,' long, but in breadth not wide, Wash'd by the southern sea, and on the north To equal length back'd with a ridge of hills, That screen'd the fruits of the earth and seats ot' meu

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i Italy, washed by the Mediterranean

? The Apennine

From cold Septentrion blasts, thence in the midst
Divided by a river, of whose banks
On each side an imperial city stood,
With towers and temples proudly elevate
On seven small hills, with palaces adorn'd,
Porches, and theatres, bathy, aqueducts,
Statues, and trophies, and triumphal arcs,
Gardens, and groves presented to his eyes,
Above the highth of mountains interposed:
By what strange parallax or optic skill
Of vision, multiplied through air, or glass
Of telescope, were curious to enquire :
And now the tempter thus his silence broke.

The city which thou seest no other deem
Than great and glorious Rome, queen of the earth
So far renown'd, and with the spoils enrich'd
Of nations; th="e the Capitol thou seest
Above the rest lifting his stately head
On the Tarpeian rock, her citadel
Impregnable, and there mount Palatine,
Th' imperial palace, compass huge, and high
The structure, skill of noblest architects,
With gilded battlements conspicuous far,
Turrets, and terraces, and glittering spires.
Many a fair edifice besides, more like
Houses of gods, so well I have disposed
My aery microscope, thou mayet behold
Outside and inside both, pillars and roofs,
Carved work, the hand of famed artificers
In cedar, marble, ivory, or gold.
Thence to the gates cast round thine eye, and see
What conflux issuing forth, or ent'ring in,
Prætors, proconsuls to their provinces
Hasting, or on return, in robes of state;
Lictors and rods, the ensigns of their power,
Legions and cohorts, turms of horse and wings;
Or embassies from regions far remote
In various habits on the Appian road,

1 Troops of horse, a word coined from the Latin turma. “Equitum turma". VIBG. A. V. 360.--NEWTON.

Or on th' Emilian,' some from farthest south
Syene,” and where the shadow both way falls,
Meroe, Nilotic isle, and more to west,
The realm of Bocchus' to the Black-moor sea;
From the Asian kings and Parthian, among these,
From India and the golden Chersonese,
And utmost Indian isle Taprobane,
Dusk faces with white silken turbans wreath'd:
From Gallia, Gades," and the British west,
Germans, and Scythians, and Sarmatians north
Beyond Danubius to the Tauric pool.
All nations now to Rome obedience pay,
To Rome's great emperor, whose wide domain
In ample territory, wealth, and power,
Civility of manners, arts, and arms,
And long renown, thou justly may'st prefer
Before the Parthian; these two thrones except,
The rest are barbarons, and scarce worth the sight,
Shared

among petty kings too far removed.
These having shown thee, I have shown thee all
The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory.
This emperor hath no son, and now is old,
Old and lascivious, and from Rome retired
To Capreæ, an island small but strong
On the Campanian shore, with purpose there
His horrid lusts in private to enjoy,
Committing to a wicked favourite?
All public cares, and yet of him suspicious,
Hated of all and hating: with what ease,
Indved with regal virtues as thou art,
Appearing and beginning noble deeds,
Might'st thou expel this monster from his throne,
Now made a sty, and, in his place ascending,
A victor people free from servile yoke?
And with my help thon may'st; to me the power

1 The Appian road led towards the south of Italy, and the Emilian towards the north,

2 Put for the farthest point of the Roman Empire

* Mauritania

• Cadis, in Spain, the extremo west ou the Roman Empire.

Palus Mæotis, or Black Sau
• Tiberius.
? Sejanus.

Is given, and by that right I give it thee.
Ain therefore at no less than all the world,
Aim at the highest, without the highest attain'd
Will be for thee no sitting, or not long,
On David's throne, be prophesied what will.

To whom the Son of God unmoved replied.
Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show
Of luxury, though call'd magnificence,
More than of arms before, allure mine eye,
Much less my mind; though thou should'st add to tell
Their sumptuous gluttonies and gorgeous

feasts
On citron tables' or Atlantic stone,
For I have also heard, perhaps have read,
Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne,?
Chios, and Crete, and how they quaff in gold,
Crystal and myrrhine cups emboss'd with gems
And studs of pearl, to me should'st tell who thirst
And hunger still. Then embassies thou show'st
From nations far and nigh. What honour that,
But tedious waste of time to sit and hear
So many hollow compliments and lies,
Outlandish flatteries ? then proceed'st to talk
Of the emperor, how easily subdued,
How gloriously; I shall, thou say'st, expel
A brutish monster: what if I withal
Expel a devil who first made him such P
Let his tormenter conscience find him out;
For him I was not sent, nor yet to free
That people, victor once, now vile and base,
Deservedly made vassal, who, once just,
Frugal, and mild, and temperate, conquer'd well,
But govern ill the nations under yoke,
Peeling their provinces, exhausted all
Bat lust and rapine ; first ambitious grown
Of triumph, that insulting vanity;
Then cruel, by their sports to blood inured

1 Tables of citron-wood were very bighly valued by the Romans. It grew on Mount Atlas Atlantic stone was probably marble from Numidia. Pliny, in his Hist. Nat. lib. v. c. i., says that

the woods of Atlas were explored for citron-wood.

2 These were famous Campanian wines. Falerian was the best wine they possessed.

* Greek wines,

Of fighting beasts, and men to beasts exposed,
Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier stiil,
And from the daily scene effeminate.
What wise and valiant man would seek to free
These thus degenerate, by themselves enslaved,
Or could of inward slaves make outward free!
Know therefore, when my season comes to sit
On David's throne, it shall be like a tree
Spreading and overshadowing all the earth,
Or as a stone that shall to pieces dash
All monarchies besides throughout the world,
And of my kingdom there shall be no end.
Means there shall be to this, but what the means,
Is not for thee to know, nor me to tell.

To whom the tempter impudent replied.
I see all offers made by me how slight
Thou valu'st, because offer’d, and reject'st;
Nothing will please the difficult and nice,
Or nothing more than still to contradict.
On the other side know also thou, that I
On what I offer set as high esteem,
Nor what I part with mean to give for nought;
All these which in a moment thou behold'st,
The kingdoms of the world to thee I give;
For, giv'n to me, I give to whom I please,
No trifle; yet with this reserre, not else,
On this condition, if thou wilt fall down,
And worship me as thy superior lord,
Easily done, and hold them all of me:
For what can less so great a gift deserve ?

Whom thus our Saviour answer'd with disdain.
I never liked thy talk, thy offers less,
Now both abhor, since thou hast dared to utter
The abominable terms, impious condition;
But I endure the time, till which expired,
Thou hast permission on me. It is written
The first of all commandments, Thou shalt worship
The Lord thy God, and only him shalt serve;
And dar’st thou to the Son of God propound
To worship thee accurst, now more accurst

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