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War terrify them inexpert, and fear
Save when they journey, and at length they como
Here Adam interposed. O sent from heav'n,
To whom thus Michael. Doubt not but that sin Will reign among them, as of thee begot: And therefore was law given them to evince Their natural pravity, by stirring up Sin against law to fight; that when they see Law can discover sin, but not remove, Save by those shadowy expiations weak, The blood of bulls and goats, they may concinde Some blood more precious must be paid for man, Just for unjust, that in such righteousness To them by faith imputed they may find Justification towards God, and peace Of conscience, which the law by ceremonies
Cannot appease, nor man the moral part Perform, and not performing cannot live. So law appears imperfect, and but giv'n With purpose to resign them in full time Up to a better covenant, disciplined From shadowy types to truth, from flesh to spirity From imposition of strict laws to free Acceptance of large grace, from servile fear To filial, works of law to works of faith. And therefore shall not Moses, though of God Highly beloved, being but the minister Of law, his people into Canaan led; But Joshua, whom the Gentiles Jesus call, His name and office bearing, who shall quell The adversary serpent, and bring back Through the world's wilderness long wander'd man Safe to eternal paradise of rest. Meanwhile they in their earthly Canaan placed Long time shall dwell and prosper, but when sins National interrapt their public peace, Provoking God to raise them enemies, From whom as oft He saves th-m penitent, By judges first, then under kir.gs; of whom The second, both for piety renown'd And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive Irrevocable, that his regal tlirone For ever shall endure; the like shall sing All prophesy, that of the royal stock Of David, so I name this king, shall rise A son, the woman's seed to thee foretold, Foretold to Abraham, as in whom shall trust All nations, and to kings foretold, of kings The last, for of his reign shall be no end. But first a long succession must ensue, And his next son, for wealth and wisdom famed, The clouded ark of God, till then in tents Wand'ring, shall in a glorious temple enshrine. Such follow him, as shall be register'd Part good, part bad, of bad the longer scroll; Whose foul idolatries, and other faults
Heap'd to the popular sum, will so incense
I The murder of Jesus, or Joshua, in the Temple by his brother John, the high priest, is perhaps alluded to here. Bagoas, the general of Artaxerxes's army, had promised to procure Jesus the high priesthood. In confidence of the Persian's support, Jesus insulted his brother in the Temple, and so provoked him that the latter slew him. Thus the Tomple was polluted by fratricide, comInitted by the high priest himself The old commentators suppose, however,
that the passage all'ides to the quarrela between Jason and Menelaus for the high priesthood, which led to the profanation of the Temple by Antiohus Epiphanes.
? Aristohulus, a Maccabee, or Asmo nean, erected the theocratic republic of the Jews into a kingdom 481 years after the return from the Babylonian cap tivity.
3 Herod, an Idunean ur blomita
The throne hereditary, and bound his reign
He ceased, discerning Adam with such joy Surcharged, as had like grief been dew'd in tears, Without the vent of words, which these he breathed.
O prophet of glad tidings, finisher Of utmost hope ! now clear I understand What oft my steadiest thoughts have search'd in vain, Why our great expectation should be call’d The seed of woman: Virgin Mother, hail, High in the love of heav'n, yet from my loins Thou shalt proceed, and from thy womb the Son Of God most high; so God with man unites. Needs must the serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain : say where and when Their fight, what stroke shall bruise the victor's heel.
To whom thus Michael. Dream not of their fighty As of a duel, or the local wounds Of head or heel: not therefore joins the Son Manhood to Godhead, with more strength to foil Thy enemy; nor so is overcome Satan, whose fall from heav'n, a deadlier bruise, Disabled not to give thee thy death's wound; Which He, who comes thy Saviour, shall recurs, Not by destroying Satan, but his works In thee and in thy seed: nor can this be, But by fulfilling that which thou didst want, Obedience to the law of God, imposed On penalty of death, and suffering death, The penalty to thy transgression due, And due to theirs which out of thine will grows So only can high justice rest appaid. The law of God exact He shall fulfil, Bcth by obedience and by love, though lovo Alone fulfil the law; thy punishment He shall endure by coming in the flesh To a reproachful life and cursèd death, Proclaiming life to all who shall believe
Psalm il. 8. Isaiah ix. 7. Zecb ix. l.