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SECOND BOOK

FOR

READING AND SPELLING.

BY SAMUEL WORCESTER.

NEW EDITION.

BOSTON:
JENKS, PALMER & CO.

891

WORCESTER'S READING BOOKS, PUBLIEHED BY JENKS, PALMER & co. ; FOR SALE BY THE

BOOKSELLERS GENERALLY.

W924

S

WORCESTER'S FIRST BOOK, or Primer.
WORCESTER'S SECOND BOOK for Reading and Spelling.
WORCESTER'S INTRODUCTION TO THIRD BOOK,-with Rulan

and Instructions for avoiding common errors.
WORCESTER'S THIRD BOOK for Reading and Spelling, with Rules

and Instructions for avoiding common errors. WORCESTER'S FOURTH BOOK for Reading, with Rules and

Instructions. Enlarged and Improved Editions.

The above form a complete series of Reading Books which are not surpassed by any other works for this purpose now before the public, The Rules which are inserted in the third and fourth books have been found by instructors very useful in correcting the young reader. while they give great assistance to the teacher.

George B. EMERSON, Esq., an eminent teacher of Boston, remarks in a letter to the Publishers, dated October, 1841,

“Ever since I first became acquainted with Mr. Worcester's books they have seemed to me better adapted, than any other series that has come to my knowledge, to the capacities and wants both of learners and teachers of the Elementary Schools. They are noi, like most others intended for this purpose, a mere compilation : to a great extent they are original.

"The remarks to Teachers, the notices of errors to be avoided, and the questions to aid the understanding of the learner are all of great value ; but what is of far greater, is ihe elevated moral tone which pervades these lessons, fitting them not only to exercise the mind and communicate the art of reading, but to do much for that better and usually neglected part of education, the formation of the moral character, and the education of the moral affections."

And in regard to the Introduction to the Third Book, just published, Mr. Emerson adds, “I welcome this as an addition to an invaluable series."

These Reading Books, (except the Primer,) have been enlarged and improved kv the addition of a.coarse of Exercises on Enunciation, Articulacion and, Pronunciation; wih Rules and Examples by Wm. Russell — making these Keaders as perfect as any series now-before the public.. DISTRICT OF MISSACHUSETTS, to wili. District Clerk's Office.

Be it remembered, Thai on the eighth day of November, A. D. 1830, in the Afty-fifth year of the Independence of the United States of America, Richardson, Lord, and Holbrook, of the said District, have deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words following, to wit:

"A Book for Reading and Spelling. By Samuel Worcester. Net Edition."

In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, "An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned ;'' and also to an act, entitled, "An Act supplementary to an act, entitled, An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, quring the times therein mentioned; and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and etching historical and other prints.'"

JNO. W. DAVIS, Clerk u the District of Massachusetts.

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This Book is designed by the author to be used next after his PRIMER, or any other First Book for Reading and Spelling.

The columns for spelling consist of words taķen from the Read. ing Lessons. While studying his lesson for reading, the scholar will frequently meet with words which can be more easily pronounced by referring to the Spelling Lesson, where they are divided, and the silent letters are italicised. It is expected that, in this way, the Reading and Spelling Lessons will be learned at the same time. The teacher is requested to explain the meaning of Italic letters.

Several derivatives from a word are sometimes given, where they do not all occur in the Reading Lesson.

Though the Spelling Lessons in the first part of the Book may be so difficult, that the scholar will need some assistance from his teacher, yet, as he advances, he will find them to grow easier, as he will already have become familiar with many of the words which they contain.

In some cases, the teacher will probably find it best to require the scholar to spell only a part of the columns, when he first reads the Lessons. After going over a few of them in this way, he may go back, read the Lessons again, and spell all the words.

The words for spelling are so arranged, that it will be best to learn, in the first place, the four short columns in the upper row, and then the next four.

The author has been able to select but few Lessons, which appeared to him well adapted to so young scholars as those for whom this Book is designed. A little assistance has been derived from an English work by Mr. Hornsey, and from Stories translated from the French, and lately published in New York.

Two lessons, entitled Foolish Fears and Joseph's School Room, were principally extracted from an English work of Mrs. Fenwick.

248181

STOPS USED IN READING AND WRITING.

Comma, marked thus , Period, marked thus Semicolon

. ; Note of Interrogation 1 Colon

: Note of Admiration ! A comma (,) requires a pause about as long as it takes to count one.

A semicolon (;) requires a pause about a long as it takes to count one, two.

A colon (:) requires a pause about as long as it takes to count one, two, three.

A period (.) requires a pause about as long as it takes to count one, two, three, four. The voice should stop at a period, to denote tha the sense of the sentence is completed.

A note of interrogation (?) is used at the en of a question. It requires about as long a paus as a period.

A note of admiration or exclamation (!) is used after words that express something wonderful or affecting. It requires about as long & pause as a period.

ELEMENTARY EXERCISES

IN

ENUNCIATION.*

The Course of Elementary Lessons in Enunciation has been prepared for this work by the author of Russell's Elocutionist ; it assists the Teacher thoroughly to impart, and every Pupil to acquire, the all-important habit of accurate Articulation in Reading.

The other Books of this series are also furnished with appropri. ate similar lessons, so as to perfect the pupil in a course of correct and elegant Reading.

Note to Teachers.-The following exercises embrace all the elementary sounds of the English language, with the most important among those that occur in combinations which are liable to mispronunciation. A correct and careful articulation of them, if practised with due frequency and continued for a length of time sufficient to render accuracy habitual, will secure a distinct and appropriate enunciation in all exercises of reading and speaking. To attain this result, the following points require particular attention, on the part both of the pupil and the teacher:

1st. That the exercises be always performed with great force and clearness of articulation, so as to become a useful form of discipline to the organs. The aim of the learner should be, in every case, to give the utmost articulate force of which his voice is capable.

2d. The sound of each element should be perfectly at command, before the pupils are allowed to proceed to the enunciation of the words in which they are exemplified.

3d. Great care must be taken to avoid a formal and fastidious prominence of sound on unaccented syllables : every word, though puttered with the utmost energy, must retain the proportions of accented and unaccented syllables in their natural and appropriate pronunciation.

*This Edition with the Lessons in Enunciation may be used with the former Editions of the work, there not having been any alteration made in the Lessons and Paragraphs in the book. The paging only has been made to conform to this Edition. The Lessons may be at once referred to by consulting the Contents at the end.

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