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ignorant of those useless subjects which are generally valued'; but it is a courage necessary to men who either love the truth, or who aspire to establish a permanent reputation !" A recent but very sound writer also observes, that “those literary epicures who touch nothing but dainties, and pick all books for the amusing, wil never enjoy a sound intellectual constitution, but will acquire an unnatural appetite, no longer a criterion of their ability to digest. Once form a habit of humouring yourself with reading solely and exclusively what pleases at the moment -once blunt the natural sense of satisfaction, which, to the sound mind, results from doing things thoroughly, and from that moment you have bartered the literary resources of a life for the excitement of an hour!"
I cannot but believe that sentiments like these are all-important at the present day--I cannot but believe that if they were duly impressed, both on parents and teachers of youth, they would be productive of permanent and highly beneficial results; and therefore it is, that I say-inure youth to habits of patient inquiry. Train them in habits of extreme intellectual accuracy ; suffer them not to be led away by dazzling experiments, the full import of which they do not, and cannot possibly understand. Allow them not to imagine that they are chiefs in science or leaders in literature, when, in fact, they may not understand the very alphabet of science, or rudiments of the real characteristics of letters! Remember, at all times, that the spirit and the craft of science are widely different! That the appearance, and the reality of the knowledge of letters are essentially distinct.- From a Lecture on English Grammar, as a portion of English scholastic education. By James Snape. Printed for private circulation.
COLLEGE RULES AT CAMBRIDGE.
The following Rules for Students, adopted in one of the Colleges at Cambridge (for which we are indebted to the Cambridge Advertiser), may probably be of service to some of our readers.
1. FEES.-None but those paid at admission to the tutor are authorized, or allowed to be given.
If any be asked, they should be refused ; and the demand reported to the tutor. 2. THE BUTTERY supplies bread, butter, and cheese.
The prices of the three former are fixed by the college. The charge for common bread is 14d. for the quarter of the half-quartern loaf: fancy bread 11d. for the same quantity. Butter in pieces, ld. or d. each. Ale, 5d. a quart, or 2}d. a pint: table-beer, 2£d. a quart, or 11d. a pint.
3. Coals are supplied by the college. A written order, signed by the person requiring the supply, must be sent to the coal-cellar keeper by the bed-maker or lodging-house keeper, before delivery is made. The order may be for two sacks, or better for one, when the consumption is not great.
The supply of coals, and of articles from the buttery and kitchen, is to be according to the want and order of the person requiring the same. No custom is allowed to regulate the quantity.
4. SERVANTS.—The bed-maker receives through the tutor £1 Is. 6d. each quarter, except the Michaelmas quarter, and in that £1; also 3d. each week of residence.
Additional attendance (if required) of one of the college servants, to brush clothes, &c., is paid for at the rate of one guinea a quarter. Such servant is enjoined to present his bill to the student employing him, each quarter-day, or as soon after as the student may have returned to college.
Perquisites, e. g., remnant of dessert, &c. are not authorized: but they are to be regulated by the option of the individual.
The shoe-cleaner receives 7s. a quarter, through the tutor.
for posting letters; but the student is recommended to spare the trouble of this account by the use of stamps or stamped envelopes.
The porter receives quarterly for lighting staircase candles, 1s., or 1s. 6d., acé cording as the rooms occupied are on the ground or other floor. * 5. BILLS.–The tradesmen, authorized by the College, will send their bills,
desired, to the tutor, at the end of each quarter; and then they are pledged to send in the whole amount of each quarter's dealings.
In this case a copy of the bill sent in by each tradesman is forwarded to the student, with the college quarterly account.
Persons who call at students' rooms, and offer goods for sale, or solicit custom, should not be attended to, unless they bring a written permission, signed by one of the tutors; and, if they cannot show this, the students would do well to call the porter’s notice to the applicant.
Persons applying for charity are subject to the same rule, and they ought to be able to show the vice-chancellor's permission to ask relief.
The bills of the butler and cook directed to be sent to each student weekly.
It is desired that any instance of disregard to these directions on the part of the tradesmen or servants, or other matter of complaint, may be mentioned without delay to the tutor.
Persons in statu pupillari, whose accounts for one quarter are not discharged before the end of the next succeeding quarter, are, according to the university statutes, not permitted to reside in college.
The laundress's contract authorized is £1 16s. a quarter ; and no extra charges are to be made, except for washing room, furniture, counterpanes, and summertrousers. But other agreement is allowed to be made.
6. Rooms are assigned at first, in general, according to the order of admission.
The furniture in rooms may be taken, if it be approved, at a valuation, which is presented previous to occupation..
Nails must not be driven into the panels of rooms; nor are brackets or bookshelves to be fixed against the walls.
No alteration in the rooms is to be made without the tutor's sanction.
7. LODGINGS.—No lodgings can be occupied by a student unless he has first obtained the written assent of the tutor, according to a form, copies of which may be had of the porter.
This certificate of permission must be renewed each term.
The outer door is shut at ten o'clock at night; and a student is not to go out or receive visitors after that hour.
not to regulate the supply of coals or other articles wanted by the student.
8. The Gates of college close at ten,
Every student coming in after gates (close), and before midnight, pays a fine of 2d. ; if later, 6d., in addition to being subject to be called on for account.
No student can go out after the gates close, or in the morning before they are open, without written leave from one of the tutors or deans.
Students of another college are not allowed to enter in after the hour of gates' closing: or only in special cases, and then not without the same permission.
Record is preserved of the hours a student keeps. 9. HALL.—The hour of dinner is four o'clock.
The students of each year have their proper table: the senior of the year is considered as the one to overlook the order of the table.
Sizings (i. e., extras) may be had from the buttery, or from the kitchen, according to a bill sent to the tables by the cook.
All the students are expected to dine in hall every day,
It is permitted to the students to leave the table before the after-grace is said, though it were better to be in at the first, and to wait for the second grace.
A record of the attendance in hall is kept.
10. LECTURES.—Every student is expected to attend the lectures of his year constantly ; or, in case of omission, to send to the lecturer account thereof.
If the cause should be known beforehand, leave of absence should be asked.
In all cases of omission of duty, whatever the cause may have been, it is better to state it immediately, than to wait to be called upon to give account of the omission.
The order of lectures is posted on a board at the staircase entrance to the hall, where all information of college or university proceedings is published.
There are no lectures on holy days at the hour of sermon in St. Mary's Church.
The lecturers will answer any questions put to them on particular points in the subject, or on the course of study.
A record is preserved of the attendance at lectures of each student. 11. EXAMINATIONS, Prizes, and SCHOLARSHIPS. See the University Calendar.
12. CHAPEL.—There is service morning and evening in term, and for the most part in vacation, on ordinary days at half-past seven in the morning, and at six in the evening; on Sunday mornings at half-past nine, immediately preceding the University Sermon at St. Mary's Church. On college commemorations, or feast days (which are mentioned in their order in the University Calendar), the hour of divine worship in chapel is half-past three. Surplices are worn at chapel on Sundays, Saturday evenings, the mornings and evenings and eves of holy days, on commemorations, and on the morning of the twenty-ninth of May, the twentieth of June, and the fifth of November.
The rule of attendance for all students, now in practice, is at the least, eight times each week, viz., at one service each day, and at both services on the Sunday: this is the reason and purpose of the rule, and the best way of fulfilling it. The responses should be made in an audible voice, in accordance with directions given in the book of Common Prayer.
The bell rings for five minutes before the hour: other five minutes is allowed for assembling : after which time none are allowed to come in.
For every absence a fine is paid, i. e., 1d. for absence on ordinary times, and 2d. on surplice times.
The ices of those in lodgings are kept in the chapel.
The sacrament is administered on Christmas-day, Easter-day, and WhitSunday; also, on the Sunday after division of term in the Michaelmas and Lent terms, the second Sunday in the Easter term, and the second Sunday in August. The attendance of each student in residence is expected, but is not compulsory. Those who do not take the sacrament retire from the chapel after the sermon.
Record is kept of attendance at the chapel service and the communion.
13. LIBRARY.—Every student, at coming into residence, pays a contribution of 15s. to the library fund.
Students are allowed to have books from the college library on application to the librarian or any of the fellows, or through the sub-librarian.
14. ExEATS.—Every student is required to procure from the tutor an exeat (written leave) before he goes away from the college for a whole day. And, as soon after he comes back as may be done, he is expected to call on the tutor to report his return (rediit).
Every member of a college, being in Cambridge a part of a day, is considered in residence that day, unless passing through Cambridge on a journey.
Absence is not allowed during term, except on special occasions of expedience or need. But to remain during vacation in the university, in general, requires permission. Vacation does not imply relaxation of rules, or any alteration of practice, except the cessation of lectures.
15. Dress.—It is expected that students will, as a general rule, wear the academical dress at all times, whether in or out of the college: but especially before the hour of twelve in the day, and after sunset.
Omission of this practice subjects the individual to a certain fine, at the discretion of the university or college authorities.
16. TESTIMONIALS are required by the bishop from the college before ordination ; and they are applied for on other occasions, for various purposes. They are drawn up according to the student's observance of his duties, and the regulations of the college and of the directions of its officers. Reference is made for this object to the records of attendance at the chapel services and the communion, at hall and lectures : and of the hours of coming into college at night. The student should, therefore, bear in mind that each instance of these practices of duty, though some of them may appear singly unimportant at the time, has a bearing upon his character, and may affect his future success.
N.B. If any occasion arise on which information or assistance may be requisite or useful to the student, it is requested that recourse may be had without hesitation to one of the tutors,
REDIIT (14.)- Every student having been absent from college is expected to call on the tutor as soon as may be after his return, that his Rediit may be registered.
If return is delayed beyond the commencement of the lecture course, account must be sent to the tutor.
· ÆGROTAT.-When illness befals a student, his physician or medical attendant, as soon as he has seen the case, writes a certificate called an ' Ægrotat,' signifying that his patient is unable to attend his college duties: this is sent to the dean and the tutor for signature, and then delivered at the kitchen. Should the illness contiuue, the grotat must be renewed, i.e., the certificate, must be sent again as before on the first day (Friday morning) of the college-week. This is requisite also to avoid the daily charge for hall commons.
Special certificates are required for particular cases, as absence from examinations.
CHAPEL (12.) In retiring after service all go out in order according to their standing : thus the freshmen and other undergraduates do not leave their seats until the bachelors of arts have passed and then they in their own order.
LIBRARY (13.)—The sub-librarian is one of the scholars. The student can also obtain books from the university library, as well as admission to the several museums, by application to the tutor of his college, or to such master of arts as he is at liberty to apply to.
LECTURES (9.)—The lectures in Hebrew are given at the end of Lent term, by the Hebrew lecturer. The catechist gives his lectures in moral philosophy to the junior sophs in the Easter term. Abercrombie's Moral Feelings is the text-book.
Hall (10.)-The senior of each year, or the senior at the table, on any occasion will communicate with the cook, if any want is found, or case for remark occur at the table. In other cases in like manner the senior will be looked to to represent his year. HE THAT DESPISETH SMALL THINGS SHALL FALL BY LITTLE AND LITTLE."
Paper sent on the admission of a Student. It is requested that written Answers to the following questions, fully and carefully e made, may be sent at admission, or delivered by the Student on coming into
residence. 1. Name of student or names, in full ? 2. Of what age?
With a certificate of baptism (if it may be obtained without difficulty). 3. Where born ? 4. What place or places of education ? 5. Where resident? 6. What the office, Christian name, profession, or occupation of the student's
Caution, or deposit......... 15 0 0 £
5 10 0 23 5 10
2 15 10 It is requested that with the payment made through bankers the name may be carefully specified. Notice of the subjects of lecture during the first year
and period of commencing, is printed in the preceding January; and a copy thereof sent to the student after admission.
of the course,
Paper to be signed previous to a Student entering Lodgings. I have engaged the lodging kept by
street, at by the week, from the day of for weeks in the
term, 18 N.B. The licence and rules are to be shown before the lodgings are engaged : and no person in statu pupillari belonging to college will be permitted to occupy any lodgings until this form, filled up, and signed by himself and the owner of the lodging, has been countersigned by one of the tutors.
Paper given to every Tradesman, who is permitted to send in bills to the Tutors. The students' bills with tradesmen are taken in by the tutors, upon the under
standing that the following conditions are faithfully and punctually fulfilled : 1. That the full amount of debt which every student of the college has con
tracted with the tradesmen in the quarter, be sent in to the tutor at the
end of each quarter, on a day appointed by him. 2. That in those cases where it is desired that the student's bill be paid through
the tutor, a complete and true bill of the articles supplied to each student
be also sent, with the amount. 3. That one such bill be entered in a book to be provided by the tradesman :
and a copy of the same be forwarded, either together with the book to the tutor (as at present done), or to the student at the beginning of the fol
lowing quarter. 4. In cases where the student means to pay a bill himself, the full amount of
his quarter's bill, to be entered, with the name of the student, in a separate column of the book; and a copy of the bill to be sent quarterly to the
student himself. 5. That all proper facility be afforded to a student wishing to pay his bills him
self within the quarter or year. 6. That in any case of doubt or difficulty about a dealing, the earliest reference
be made to the tutor. NOTE.— The tradesmen are requested to pay attention to the entry of the names in their books, adopting the order on the boards, as given in the University Calendar. The bills taken in by the tutors will be paid at the end of a year from the time at which the college accounts are sent out.
The tutors purposing to give all fair assistance to tradesmen in obtaining the settlement of their accounts with the students of the college, expect on the part of the tradesmen due attention to their business with the college, as to the reasonableness of prices, the quality of articles, and punctuality in their dealings; points which tend to establish the tradesman's character, and to promote mutual satisfaction.
Weekly Return Paper for Lodging House Kcepers.
This bill to be filled up and returned to the porter's lodge every Thursday
morning before ten o'clock. If a gentleman comes in without cap and gown, this mark X is to be affixed
to the name. If a gentleman, on any occasion, does leave the house after ten o'clock in the
night, the hour of his so going out, as well as of his return, is to be noted
in this bill. N.B. Every morning, before ten o'clock, a return, relative to the previous night,
must be sent to the porter's lodge.