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Note 94, page 58, col. 1.

Note 105, page 58, col. 2.
Came out into the meadows.

Down by the City of Hermits.
Once, on a bright November morning, I set out Il Sagro Eremo.
and traced them, as I conceived, step by step; be-

Note 106, page 58, col. 2. ginning and ending in the Church of Santa Maria

Hands, clad in gloves of steel, held up imploring. Norella It was a walk delightful in itself, and in

It was in this manner that the first Sforza went its associations.

down, when he perished in the Pescàra.
Note 95, page 58, col. 1.
Round the bill they went.

Note 107, page 58, col. 2.
I have here followed Baldelli. It has been said

Ont, as that great Artist saw. thai Boccaccio drew from his imagination. But is it What follows is a description of the Cartoon of Pisa. likely, when he and his readers were living within a mile or two of the spot? Truth or fiction, it fur

Note 108, page 59, col. 1. nishes a pleasant picture of the manners and amuse

And lo, an atom on that dangerous sea. ments of the Florentines in that day.

Petrarch, as we learn from himself, was on his

way to Incisa; whither his mother was retiring. He Note 96, page 58, col. 1.

was seven months old at the time. The morning-bangaet by the fountain-sido Three hours after sun-rise.

Note 109, page 59, col. 1.

Reclined beside thee.
Note 97, page 58, col. 1.

O ego quantus eram, gelidi com stratus ad Arni

Murmura, etc. The Friar pour'd out his catalogue of treasures.

Epitaphium Damonis. See the Decameron, vi. 10.

Note 110, page 59, col. 1.

Note 98, page 58, col. 1.

There were the Nobili di Torre" and the “No -his lowly roof and scanty farm.

bili di Loggia.” Now belonging by inheritance to the Rangoni, a Modenese family.

Note 111, page 59, col 2.

At the bridge-foot.
Note 99, page 58, col. 1.

Giovanni Buondelmonte was on the point of mar.
Tis his own sketch—he drew it from himself.
See a very interesting letter from Machiavel to rying an Amidei, when a widow of the Donati family
Francesco Vettori, dated the 10th of December, 1513. made him break his engagement in the manner here

described. Note 100, page 58, col. 2.

The Amidei washed away the affront with his

blood, attacking him, says Villani, at the foot of the For its green wine

Ponte Vecchio; and hence the wars of the Guelphs La Verdea. It is celebrated by Rinuccini, Redi, and the Ghibellines.

O Buondelmonte, quanto mal fuggisti and most of the Tuscan Poets.

Le nozze sue, per gli altrui conforti! Danta.
Note 101, page 58, col. 2.

Note 112, page 59, col. 2.
Seven years a prisoner at the city-gate.

It had been well, hadst thou slept on, Imelda.
Galileo came to Arcetri at the close of the year

The story is Bolognese, and is told by Cherubino 1633; and remained there, while he lived, by an Ghiradacci in his history of Bologna. Her lover was order of the Inquisition. It is without the walls, near of the Guelphic party, her brothers of the Ghibelline; the Porta Romana

and no sooner was this act of violence made known, He was buried, with all honor, in the church of than an enmity, hitherto but half-suppressed, broke the Santa Croce.

out into open war. The Great Place was a scene of Note 102, page 58, col. 2.

batile and bloodshed for forty successive days ; nor

was a reconciliation accomplished till six years after. His cottage (justly was it calrd The Jewel).

wards, when the families and their adherents met Il Giojello.

there once again, and exchanged the kiss of peace Note 103, page 58, col. 2.

before the Cardinal Legate; as the rival families of There, unseen.

Florence had already done in the Place of S. Maria Milton went to Italy in 1638. “ There it was," Novella. Every house on the occasion was hung with says he, “ that I found and visited the famous Galileo, tapestry and garlands of flowers. grown old, a prisoner to the Inquisition.” “Old and

Note 113, page 59, col. 2. blind,” he might have said. Galileo, by his own ac

from the wound count, became blind in December, 1637. Milton, as

Bucking the poison. we learn from the date of Sir Henry Wotton's letter The Saracens had introduced among them the to him, had not left England on the 18th of April practice of poisoning their daggers. following.See TIRABOSCHI, and Wotton's Remains.

Note 114, page 59, col. 2.
Note 104, page 58, col. 2.

-Yet, when Slavery came,
So near the yellow Tiber's

Worge follow'd.
They rise within thirteen miles of each other. It is remarkable that the publest works of human

-sung of old

genius have been produced in times of tumult; when their speed in the morning; and at supper was gay every man was his own master, and all things were beyond measure. When he retired, he sent for her open to all. Homer, Dante, and Milton appeared in into his apartment; and, pressing her tenderly to his such times; and we may add Virgil.'

bosom, slipped a cord round her neck.

Eleonora appears to have had a presentiment of Note 115, page 59, col. 2.

her fate. She went when required; but, before she In every Palace was The Laboratory.

set out, took leave of her son, then a child; weeping As in those of Cosmo I. and his son Francis.-Sis- long and bitterly over him. MONDI, Xvi, 205.

Note 122, page 60, col. 1.
Note 116, page 59, col. 2.

But lo, the Sun is setting.
Cruel Tophana

I have here endeavored to describe an Italian sunA Sicilian, the inventress of many poisons; the set as I have often seen it. The conclusion is bor. most celebrated of which, from its transparency, was rowed from that celebrated passage in Dante called Acquetta, or Acqua Tophana.

Era già l'ora, etc.
Note 117, page 60, col. I.

Note 123, page 60, col. 2.
Gava signs infallible of coming ill.

when armies met. The Cardinal, Ferdinand de' Medici, is said to The Poman and the Carthaginian. Such was the have been preserved in this manner by a ring which animosity, says Livy, that an earthquake, which he wore on his finger; as also Andrea, the husband turned the course of rivers and overthrew cities and of Giovanna, Queen of Naples.

mountains, was felt by none of the combatants. xxii, 5. Note 118, page 60, col. 1.

Note 124, page 60, col. 2.
One in the floor-now left, alas, unbolted.

And by a brook.
n Trabocchetto.-See Vocab. degli Accadem. della It has been called, from time immemorial, Il San-
Crusca. See also Dict. de l'Académie Française. Art. guinetto.

Note 125, page 61, col. 2.
Note 119, page 60, col. 1.

Such the dominion of thy mighty voice.
There, at Caïano.

An allusion to the Cascata delle Marmore, a cele

brated fall of the Velino near Terni. Poggio-Caïano, the favorite villa of Lorenzo; where he often took the diversion of hawking. Pulci some

Note 126, page 61, col. 2. times went out with him; though, it seems, with

-no bush or green or dry. little ardor. See La Caccia col Falcone, where he is described as missing ; and as gone into a wood, to still used in Italy. “ Une branche d'arbre, attachée à

A sign in our country as old as Shakspeare, and rhyme there.

une maison rustique, nous annonce les moyens de Note 120, page 60, col. 1.

nous rafraîchir. Nous y trouvons du lait et des eufs With his wild lay

frais ; nous voilà contens." - Mém. de GOLDONI. The Morgante Maggiore. He used to recite it at

There is, or was very lately, in Florence a small the table of Lorenzo, in the manner of the ancient wine-house with this inscription over the door, AI Rhapsodists.

buon vino non bisogna frasca. Good wine needs no

bush. It was much frequented by Salvator Rosa, who Note 121, page 60, col. 1.

drew a portrait of his hostess. or that old den far up among the hills. Caffaggiòlo, the favorite retreat of Cosmo, “ the fa

Note 127, page 61, col. 2. ther of his country." Eleonora di Toledo was stabbed

A narrow glade unfolded, such as Spring. there on the 11th of July, 1576, by her husband, This upper region, a country of dews and dewy Pietro de' Mediei ; and on the 16th of the same lights, as described by Virgil and Pliny, and still, I month, Isabella de' Medici was strangled by hers, believe, called La Rosa, is full of beautiful scenery. Paolo Giordano Orsini, at his villa of Cerreto. They Who does not wish to follow the footsteps of Cicero were at Florence, when they were sent for, each in there, to visit the Reatine Tempe and the Seven her turn, Isabella under the pretext of a hunting. Waters? party; and each in her turn went to die.

Note 128, page 61, col. 2. Isabella was one of the most beautiful and accom

-a sumpter-mule. plished women of the age. In the Latin, French, and

Many of these circumstances are introduced into a Spanish languages, she spoke not only with Muency, landscape of Annibal Carracci, now in the Louvre but elegance; and in her own she excelled as an Improvisatrice, accompanying herself on the lute.

Note 129, page 62, col. 1. On her arrival at dusk, Paolo presented her with two

Filling the land with splendorbeautiful greyhounds, that she might make a trial of Perhaps the most beautiful villa of that day was

the Villa Madama. It is now a ruin ; but enough re. 1 The Augustan Age, as it is called, what was it but a dying mains of the plan and the grotesque-work to justify Blaze of the Commonwealth ? When Augustus began to reign, Vasari's account of it. Cicero and Lucretius were dead, Catullus had written his sat

The Pastor Fido, if not the Aminta, used to be ires against Cæsar, and Horace and Virgil were no longer in often represented there; and a theatre, such as is their first youth. Horace had served under Brutus; and Vigil here described, was to be seen in the gardens very wd beer pronounced to be Magnæ spes altera Romio. lately.

Note 130, page 62, col. 1.

Note 141, page 64, col. 2. fair forms appear'd, murmuring melodious verse.

Have none appear'd as tillers of the ground. A fashion for ever reviving in such a climate. In

The Author of the Leller to Julia has written ad. the year 1783, the Nina of Paesiello was performed mirably on this subject. in a small wood near Caserta.

All sad, all silent! O'er the ear

No sound of cheerful toil is swelling.
Note 131, page 62, col. 1.

Earth has no quickening spirit here,
-the Appian.

Nature no charm, and Man no dwelling! The street of the tombs in Pompeii may serve to

Not less admirably kas he described a Roman give us some idea of the Via Appia, that Regina Beauty; such as “ weaves her spells beyond the

Tiber." Viarum, in its splendor. It is perhaps the most striking

Methinks the Faries with their snakes, vestige of Antiquity that remains to us.

Or Venus with her zone, might gird her;

Of fiend and goddess she partakes,
Note 132, page 62, col. 2.

And looks at once both Love and Murder.
Horace himself

Note 142, page 64, col. 2.
And Augustus in his litter, coming at a still slower

From this Seat. rate. He was borne along by slaves; and the gentle motion allowed him to read, write, and employ him

Mons Albanus, now called Monte Cavo. On the self as in his cabinet. Though Tivoli is only sixteen summit stood for many centuries the temple of Jupimiles from the City, he was always two nights on ter Latiaris. "Tuque ex tuo edilo monte Latjaris, the roadSUETONIUS.

sancte Jupiter," etc.-CrCERO.

Note 143, page 65, col. 1.
Note 133, page 62, col. 2.

Two were so soon to wander and be slain.
Where his voice falter'd.

Nisus and Eurialus. “La scène des six derniers At the words “Tu Marcellus eris.” The story is livres de Virgile ne comprend, qu'une lieue de ter so beautiful, that every reader must wish it to be rain.” — BONSTETTEN. true. Note 134, page 62, col. 2.

Note 144, page 65, col. 1. the centre of their Universe.

How many realms, pastoral and warlike, lay. From the golden pillar in the Forum the ways ran

Forty-seven, according to Dionys. Halicar. Liv. to the gates, and from the gates to the extremities of

Note 145, page 65, col. 1. the Empire.

Here is the sacred field of the Horatä
Note 135, page 62, col. 2.

“ Horatiorum quà viret sacer campus."- Mart. To the twelve tables. The laws of the twelve tables were inscribed on

Note 146, page 65, col. 1.

There are the Quintian Meadows. pillars of brass, and placed in the most conspicuous part of the Forum-Dron. Hal.

*Quæ prata Quintia vocantur."-Livy.

Note 147, page 65, col. 2.
Note 136, page 62, col. 2.
And to the shepherd on the Alban mount.

Music and painting, sculpture, rhetoric. Amplitudo tanta est, ut ceuspiciatur à Latiario Music; and from the loftiest strain to the lowliest Jove.-C. PLIN. xxxiv, 7.

from a Miserere in the Holy Week to the shepherd's

humble offering in Advent; the last, if we may judge Note 137, page 62, col. 2.

from its effects, not the least subduing, perhaps the A thousand torches, turning night to day. An allusion to Cæsar in his Gallic triumph. “Ad- Once, as we were approaching Frescati in the sun scendit Capitolium ad lumina," etc. SUETONIUS. AC-shine of a cloudless December morning, we observed cording to Dion. Cassius, he went up on his knees. a rustic group by the road-side, before an image of

the Virgin, that claimed the devotions of the passenNote 138, page 63, col. 1.

ger from a niche in a vineyard wall. Two young Do those so young, well-pleased with all they see.

men from the mountains of the Abruzzi, in their long In the triumph of Æmilius, nothing affected the brown cloaks, were playing a Christmas-carol. Their Roman people like the children of Perseus. Many instruments were a hautboy and a bagpipe; and the wept; nor could anything else attract notice, till air, wild and simple as it was, was such as she might they were gone by.-PLUTARCH.

accept with pleasure. The ingenuous and smiling

countenances of these rude minstrels, who seemed so Note 139, page 63, col. 1.

sure that she heard them, and the unaffected delight -and she who said, Taking the fatal cap between her hands.

of their little audience, all younger than themselves, The story of the marriage and the poison is well all standing uncovered, and moving their lips in known to every reader.

prayer, would have arrested the most careless trav

Note 140, page 64, col. 1.

Note 148, page 65, col. 2.
His last great work.

And architectural pomp, such as none else ; The transfiguration; “ la quale opera, nel vedere il And dazzling light, and darkness visible. corpo morto, e quella viva, faceva scoppiare l'anima Whoever has entered the Church of St. Peter's or di dolore à ogni uno, che quivi guardava."-Vasari. the Pauline Chapel, during the Exposition of the Ho.y

most so.

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Sacrament there, will not soon forget the blaze of the side of the rock, and hanging over that torrent, the altar, or the dark circle of worshippers kneeling are liule ruins which they show you for Horace's in silence before it.

house, a curious situation to observe the

Præcepy Anio, et Tiburni lucus, et uda
Note 149, page 65, col. 2.

Mobilibus pomaria rivis.

Gray's Letters. Ere they came.

Note 159, page 68, col. 2. An allusion to the Prophecies concerning Anti

Like one awaking in a distant time. christ. See the interpretations of Mede, Newton, Clarke, etc.; not to mention those of Dante and The place here described is near Mola di Gaëta, Petrarch.

in the kingdom of Naples.
Note 150, page 66, col 1.

Note 160, page 68, col. 2.
And from the latticed gallery came a chant

When they that robb'd, were men of better faith.
Of psalms, most saint-like, most angelical.

Alluding to Alfonso Piccolomini. Stupiva cias There was said to be in the choir, among others cuno che, mentre un bandito osservava rigorosamento of the Sisterhood, a daughter of Cimarosa.

la sua parola, il Papa non avesse ribrezzo di mancare Note 151, page 66, col. 2.

alla propria.”—Galluzzi. ii, 364.

He was hanged at Florence, March 16, 1591 'Twas in ber utmost need; nor, while she lives. Her back was at that time turned to the people ;

Note 161, page 68, col. 2 but in his countenance might be read all that was

When along the sbore. passing. The Cardinal, who officiated, was a vener- Tasso was returning from Naples to Rome, and able old man, evidently unused to the ceremony and had arrived at Mola di Gaëta, when he received this much affected by it.

tribute of respect. The captain of the troop was

Marco di Sciarra. See Manso. Vita del Tasso. Ariosto Note 152, page 66, col. 2.

had a similar adventure with Filippo Pachione See The black pall, the requiem.

BARUFFALDI. Among other ceremonies, a pall was thrown over her, and a requiem sung.

Note 162, page 69, col. 1.

As by a spell they start up in array.
Note 153, page 66, col. 2.

“Cette race de bandits a ses racines dans la popuUnsbeathes his wings.

lation même du pays. La police ne sait ou les trouver." He is of the beetle-tribe.

Note 154, page 66, col. 2.

Note 163, page 69, col. 2.
Blazing by fits as from excess of joy.

Three days they lay in ambush at my gate.
For, in that upper clime, offulgence comes

This story was written in the year 1820, and is of gladness.

Cary's Dante.

founded on the many narratives which at that time Note 155, page 67, col. 1.

were circulating in Rome and Naples. Singing the nursery-song he learnt so soon. There is a song to the lucciola in every dialect of

Note 164, page 71, col. 2.

And in the track of him who went to die.
Italy; as for instance in the Genoese :
Cabela, vegni a baso ;

The Elder Pliny. See the letters in which his
Ti dajo un cuge de lette.

nephew relates to Tacitus the circumstances of his The Roman is in a higher strain :


Note 165, page 74, col. 1.
Bella regina, etc.

The fishing-town, Amalfi.
Note 156, page 67, col. 1.

“ Amalfi fell, after three hundred years of progAnd the young nymph, preparing for the dance.

perity; but the poverty of one thousand fishermen is lo piglio, quando il di giunge al confine,

yet dignified by the remains of an arsenal, a catheLe lucciole ne' prati ampj ridotte, E, come gemme, le comparto al crine ;

dral, and the palaces of royal merchants."-GIBBON.
Poi fra l'ombre da' rai vivi interrotte
Mi presento ai Pastori, e ognun mi dice:

Note 166, page 74, col. 2.
Clori ba le stelle al crin come ha la Notte. Varano.

A Hospital, that, night and day, received

The pilgrims of the west.
Note 157, page 67, col. 1.

It was dedicated to Saint John.
Those trees, religious once and always green.
Pliny mentions an extraordinary instance of lon-

Note 167, page 74, col. 2. gevity in the ilex. “There is one," says he, “in the

-relics of ancient Greece. Vatican older than the City itself. An Etruscan in- Among other things the Pandects of Justinian were scription in letters of brass atiests that even in those found there in 1137. By the Pisans they were taken days the tree was held sacred;" and it is remarkable from Amalfi, by the Florentines from Pisa; and they that there is at this time on the Vatican mount an are now preserved with religious care in the Laurenilex of great antiquity. It is in a grove just above the tian Library. palace-garden.

Note 168, page 74, col. 2.
Note 158, page 67, col. 1.

Grain from the golden vales of Sicily.
(So some aver, and who would not believe ?)

There is at this day in Syracuse a street called I did not tell you that just below the first fall, on La Strada degli Amalfitani.


Note 169, page 74, col. 2.

third novel of Franco Sacchetty we read, that a Not thus did they return, stranger, suddenly entering Giotto's study, threw The tyrant slain.

down a shield and departed, saying, “Paint me my It was in the year 839. See Muratori. Art. Chronici arms in that shield ;” and that Giotto, looking after Amalphitani Fragmenta.

him, exclaimed, “Who is he? What is he? He says,

Paint me my arms, as if he was one of the Bardi !
Note 170, page 74, col. 2.

What arms does he bear ?"
Serve for their monument.
By degrees, says Giannone, they made themselves

Note 178, page 77, col. 1. famous through the world. The Tarini Amalfitani

Doria, Pisani. were a coin familiar to all nations; and their mari- Paganino Doria, Nicolo Pisani ; those great seamen, time code regulated everywhere the commerce of the who balanced for so many years the fortunes of Genoa sea. Many churches in the East were by them built and Venice. and endowed: by them was first founded in Palestine that most renowned military Order of St. John of

Note 179, page 77, col. 1. Jerusalem; and who does not know that the Mari

Ruffling with many an oar the crystalline sea. ner's Compass was invented by a citizen of Amalfi? The Feluea is a large boat for rowing and sailing,

much used in the Mediterranean.
Note 171, page 75, col. 1.
The air is sweet with violets, running wild.

Note 180, page 77, col. 1.
The violets of Pæstum were as proverbial as the

How oft where now we rode. Martial mentions them with the honey of Every reader of Spanish poetry is acquainted with Hybla.

that affecting romance of Gongora,
Note 172, page 75, col. 1.

Amarrado al duro banco, etc.
Those thoughts so precious and so lately lost.

Lord Holland has translated it in his Life of Lopo
The introduction to his treatise on Glory. Cic. ad Vega.
Att xvi, 6. For an account of the loss of that treatise,

Note 181, page 77, col. 2. see Petrarch, Epist. Rer.; SENILIUM, xv,i; and BAYLE,

Here he lived. Dict. in Alcyonius.

The Piazza Doria, or, as it is now called, the Piazza Note 173, page 75, col. 2.

di San Matteo, insignificant as it may be thought, is —and Posidonia roke.

to me the most interesting place in Genoa. Originally a Greek City under that name, and after- there that Doria assembled the people, when he gave wards a Roman City, under the name of Pastum. them their liberty (Sigonii Vita Dorixe); and on one See Mitford's Hist. of Greece, chap. x, sec. 2. It was

side of it is the church he lies buried in, on the other surprised and destroyed by the Saracens at the be a house, originally of very small dimensions, with ginning of the tenth century.

this inscription: S. C. Andreæ de Auria Patriæ Liber

atori Munus Publicum. Note 174, page 76, col. 1.

The streets of old Genoa, like those of Venice, “What bangs behind that curtain ?"

were constructed only for foot-passengers. This story, if a story it can be called, is fictitious;

Note 182, page 77, col. 2. and I have done little more than give it as I received it. It has already appeared in prose; but with many

Held many a pleasant, many a grave discourse. alterations and additional circumstances.

See his Life by Sigonio. The abbey of Monte Cassino is the most ancient

Note 183, page 77, col. 2. and venerable house of the Benedictine Order. It is

A house of trade. situated within fifteen leagues of Naples, on the inland road to Rome; and no house is more hospitable. When I saw it in 1822, a basket-maker lived on

the ground-floor, and over him a seller of chocolate. Note 175, page 76, col. 1. For life is surely there, and visible change.

Note 184, page 78, col. 1. There are many miraculous pictures in Italy; but Before the ocean-wave thy wealth reflected. none, I believe, were ever before described as malig- Alluding to the Palace which he built afterwards nant in their influence.

and in which he twice entertained the Emperor

Charles the Fifth. It is the most magnificent edifice Note 176, page 76, col. 2.

on the bay of Genoa. Within a crazed and tatter'd vehicle. Then degraded, and belonging to a Vetturino.

Note 185, page 78, col. 1.

The ambitious man, that in a perilous hour
Note 177, page 76, col. 2.

Fell from the plank.
A shield as splendid as the Bardi wear.

Fiesco. See Robertson's History of the Emper, A Florentine family of great antiquity. In the sixty- Charles the Fifth.


It was

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