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contemplate. Cast thy bread upon the waters, for thou shalt find it after many days. Whatsoever thy hand findeth to

do, do it with thy might; for there is no
work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor
wisdom in the grave, whither thou goest."

CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. We are happy to state, that the Rev. William Jowett, in the course of the last month, together with his family, set out to resume his station in the Mediterranean. He travels through France, and purposes staying a few days at Paris, to consult the libraries and make other arrangements conducive to his great work. From Paris he proceeds to Marseilles, whence he will embark by the earliest conveyance for Malta. His health has been much benefited by the residence in England, though not restored to its former degree of vigour.

A special Meeting of the Church Missionary Society was convened a few days previous to his departure, when the in

REV. WILLIAM JOWETT. structions of the Committee were addressed by the Secretary to Mr. Jowett, and the Rev. Mr. Sawyer, and Messrs. Maisch and Reichard, two German missionaries, who, together with Mr. and Mrs. Sawyer, will proceed at the earliest opportunity to the East Indies. Mr. Jowett, Mr. Sawyer, and Mr. Maisch on behalf of himself and his colleague, severally replied, as the respective parts of the instructions were concluded. They then were addressed in a most admirable and appropriate manner by the Rev. W. Dealtry, Rector of Clapham, and were solemnly commended to God in prayer, by the Assistant Secretary.

LONDON SOCIETY FOR EDUCATING NATIVE IRISH IN THEIR OWN

TONGUE.

A MEETING was beld at Freemasons' Hall, March 25, to form an Auxiliary Society in London, in aid of that established in Ireland, for the above purpose. The Hon. and Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Gloucester was called to the Chair; when the Bishop of Norwich, the Lords Lifford, Gosford, and Calthorpe, Sir Thos. Baring, Sir Claudius Stephen Hunter, William Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. Joseph Butterworth, Esq. M. P. the Hon. C. Shore, R. H. Trant, Esq. Lieut. Gordon, the Rev. Messrs. Sirr, Woodd, Webster, &c. respectively addressed the Meeting.

It appears from the statements made on this occasion, that above two millions of the Irish nation are ignorant of the English language; that very few of the Protestant Clergy can speak Irish; and that, therefore, all these poor people are necessarily left to the instruction of the very lowest Catholic priests; that the Irish people are, generally

speaking, very desirous of instruction,
though their hostility to every thing English
renders them unwilling to learn that lan-
guage; that many Roman Catholics are
highly favourable to these schools, though
almost the only books in the Irish tongue
are the Bible and Prayer-Book; that,
though several of these schools are situated
in disturbed districts, no one has been in
the least interrupted; that the Society
usually require persons learning in their
schools to engage that they will in return
teach others also, an engagement which
appears to be faithfully fulfilled; and that
this Institution does in fact embrace at once
the character of a Bible, missionary, tract,
and school society, and is therefore every
way deserving of and entitled to public
support.

Subscriptions are received by Messrs.
Drummonds, Charing Cross; the Rev. G.
Mutter, Vincent Square, Westminster, &c.

ANNIVERSARIES OF RELIGIOUS SOCIETIES.

The ANNUAL SERMON will be preached before the CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY, on MONDAY Evening, the 29th of APRIL, at St. Bride's Church, by the Rev. Marmaduke Thompson, of Madras. The General MeetinG will be held at Freemasons' Hall, on the following Day.

On WEDNESDAY, the 1st of May, THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY will hold their ANNUAL MEETING at Freemasons' Hall.

The ANNIVERSARY SERMON of the PRAYER-BOOK AND HOMILY SOCIETY will be preached on the same Evening, at Christ Church, Newgate Street, by the Rev. Edward Burn, M. A. Minister of St. Mary's, Birmingham. The ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING -will be held at Stationers' Hall, on the following Day, Thursday, the 2d of May.

The ANNIVERSARY MEETING of the LONDON SOCIETY for the Conversion of the Jews is announced for FRIDAY, the 3d of MAY. But the ANNUAL SERMON will be preached on the 18th of April, at the Church of St. Paul, Covent Garden, by the Rev. G. S. Faber, B. D. Rector of Lóng Newton, Durham; and Author of Dissertations on the Prophecies.

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159

REGISTER OF EVENTS.

HOME.

THE proceedings of Parliament have been far less animated, and much less important in their bearings, this Session, than for several preceding ones. We cannot regret this, when we remember the lamentable nature of several of the subjects which have formerly occupied their attention.

But the subject which most deserves, and which indeed most demands their consideration, is, the state of the Agriculturists. It does not, however, appear, that in the multitude of counsellors there is found sufficient wisdom to effect that, which probably time only can effect-the restoration of something like an equilibrium between the various great interests of the country.

Parliament can neither raise the price of corn on the one hand, nor yet exempt us, on the other, from the payment of the stipulated interest for the immense sums borrowed during, the war for the defence of the country. The prices of produce are now lower than in 1792. But while thirty-two millions are annually demanded for the defrayment of the interest on the national debt, five millions more for the reduction of that debt, and several millions further for the half-pay and pensions of our retired and wounded warriors -how is it possible for the taxes to be brought down to the scale of 1792?

The

And in the civil deimmediate saving of Part of this sum is,

Falliation, therefore, and some measures of relief, seem to be all that is possible. Reduction of every unnecessary expense, and diminution even of needful ones, economy in every method and shape, is demanded, and is also, we trust, endeavoured. lessened expense of the army and navy we last month referred to. partments a new plan of superannuation is proposed, by which an 200,000. and a future one of 170,000l. more will be effected. however, the gift of our Sovereign to his people. Out of 300,000l. appropriated to the support of the personal splendour of the office, a tenth, or thirty thousand pounds, is voluntarily resigned by His Majesty.

The House of Commons, although apparently satisfied with the attempts that have been made, yet do not fail to urge the work of economy even further. A majority of forty-five has determined on the dismissal of two of the Lords of the Admiralty.

The plan for the reduction of the interest on the Five per Cent. Stock has fully succeeded; and 1,400,000/. has thereby been taken from the national expenditure.

The subject of the state of IRELAND, in which outrages and murders have now become too deplorably common to excite much attention, will be brought before Parliament very shortly. The Corporation of Waterford have lately petitioned for a revision of the system of the collection of tithes; and offered to sacrifice their interest in thirteen parishes, to forward the adoption of whatever plan might appear expedient. The Duke of Devonshire, in presenting their petition, added the like offer relative to the tithes of twenty parishes of which he is patron.

FOREIGN,

FRANCE appears to have been considerably disturbed during the last month. Tumults at Paris, and trifling plots and insurrections in the provinces, have caused some alarm. From the price, however, which the national funded securities continue to obtain, it is evident that little danger is apprehended by those best acquainted with the real circumstances of the nation.

The SPANISH Certes have appointed Gen. Riego, one of the chiefs of the revolution, their President. Their proceedings, however, appear to be of a temperate character. The new Ministry consists of some of the most moderate of their number.

Alternate reports of peace and war between RUSSIA and TURKEY continue to be propagated. The public have become so accustomed to them, that they now excite little interest. It seems, however, certain that the rebellious ALI has been decapitated, and that his reduction has strengthened the arms of the Sultan by the release of the forces employed against him.

1

Notices and Acknowledgments.

The second part of the Life of Huss; Whisper from the Grave; Aliquis; W.; are received, and will be inserted.

We shall be happy to insert some parts of the Obituary of Miss R.; the whole would occupy too much room.

We have received poetical communications of various merit from F.-EleanorH. E. E.-O.-C. H. &c. As a general rule, we must request correspondents of this description to abridge their productions as much as possible. Short poems can often be inserted, when longer ones, though of equal merit, are necessarily laid aside. \ Thoughts on Eternity-J. N. Y.-Anna-A. Z.-H.-and Shill, are under consideration.

Litoreus arrived too late for insertion this month; we shall be happy to hear from him at his leisure.

We regret the circumstance to which HUMILIS alludes; the difficulties of effecting any thing on such points are much greater than he seems to apprehend: if any thing can be done, it must be by private application, not by public discussion.

We are obliged to Gulielmus for his suggestions; but having the works at hand to which he refers, we need not trouble him to perform the service he has so kindly offered.

We shall be happy to receive the sequel of Diλaλnons' communication.

Messrs. Titus, Cephas, and Co. are perfectly welcome to address us through any other medium which they may think proper. We did not for one moment imagine that they would either approve of or benefit by our suggestions: the answer in our last, as well as the present, was written for the benefit of others rather than of them.

The information of Ignotus is either true or false. If true, we can only mourn over the occasion which is given to enemies to blaspheme; if false, we leave it to himself to determine the punishment which such a communication deserves. But whether true or false, the pages of the Christian Guardian must not be made a vehicle for proclaiming individual failings or even vices. If Christian principles were not sufficient to restrain us, common prudence would suggest that the publication of such details might expose us to the danger of a residence in the King's Bench or at Ilchester gaol, &c.; and we would advise Ignotus not to indulge in writing such epistles, lest the activity of the Post Office should one day drag him from his concealment, and place him in a disgraceful and dangerous situation.

The new and corrected Edition of the Rev. Thos. Scott's Commentary on the Bible is announced to appear on the 8th of this month.

The Rev. E. Bickersteth's Treatise on the Lord's Supper, designed as a Guide and Companion to the holy Communion, is just published in one Volume, Twelves. Also

The Life of the Rev. John William Fletcher, late Vicar of Madeley, Shropshire. By the Rev. R. Cox, of Bridgenorth. In one small Volume.

Sermons on the Nature and Effects of Repentance and Faith. By the Rev. Jas. Carlile.
The French Protestant, a Tale, by the Author of the Italian Convert.
The Life of Captain James Neil. By the Rev. George Barclay.

A new Edition of the Church Catechism illustrated, in a Series of Scriptural Illustrations of its various Doctrines. In a neat Pocket Volume, containing upwards of Four Thousand Texts of Scripture.

Mental Discipline; or Elements of Self-improvement. By the Rev. Thos. Finch.
A twelfth Edition of the Rev. Robert Hall's Sermon for the Princess Charlotte.

The following new Works are in the Press.

A Life of the late Rev. Thomas Scott, Rector of Aston Sandford. Including a Narrative drawn up by himself, and copious Extracts from his Correspondence. By John Scott, M. A. Vicar of North Ferriby, and Minister of St. Mary's, Hull.

Sermons, by the Rev. R. P. Buddicom, of Liverpool. In two Volumes, Twelves. A third Volume of the Remains of Henry Kirke White. Oriental Literature, a Sequel to "Oriental Customs." In two Vols. 8vo.

Edited by R. Southey, Esq. By the Rev. S. Burder, M.A.

Sermons on the Book of Genesis. By the Rev. W. Bassett, Curate of Brandon, Suffolk. In 2 Vols. 12mo.

The Life of the Viscountess Glenorchy. By Thos. Snell Jones, D. D. of Edinburgh. The Scripture Character of God; or, Discourses on the Divine Attributes. By H. F. Burder, M. A.

Sacred Lyrics. By James Edmeston. Vol. III.

Popery the Mystery of Babylon; or, the Abominations of the Church of Rome. By a beneficed Clergyman of the Church of England, and a Graduate of Cambridge. A second Volume of the Rev. Charles Davy's Cottage Sermons.

A Volume of Sermons by the Rev. J. W. Cunningham, Vicar of Harrow.
Two Volumes of Sermons by the Rev. J. Walton, of Halstead.

THE

CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN,

AND

Church of England Magazine.

MAY 1, 1822.

MEMOIRS OF THE REFORMERS.

JOHN HUSS, D. D. [Concluded from Page 129.] AN event now approached which was to form an important era in ecclesiastical history, and to prove to an admiring world, that the Rector of the university of Prague was ready to resist unto blood for the testimony of Jesus. This was none other than the assembling of the Council of Constance, in the month of November 1414.

In the preceding year, Pope John XXIII. vexed at the pretensions of his two rivals, and alarmed at what he called the growth of heresy, treated with the Emperor Sigismond on the necessity and practicability of holding a general Council to settle the affairs of the church. He would have preferred Rome as the place of meeting, but found it expedient to abide by the nomination of the Emperor, who fixed on Constance, a considerable city in the province of Mentz, and a centrical situation for the different parties. Sigismond then issued an invitation to all persons concerned, pledging his imperial word for safe conduct in their passage, and freedom from molestation during their stay. John, on his part, was not without suspicion that it was intended to depose him as well as his antagonists, from the papal dignity; and before he quitted Bologna, the place of his usual résidence, he insisted on the maMAY 1822.

gistrates of Constance swearing that his authority should be reder no sort of restraint from the spected, and that he should be unmunicipal power. He then set out on his progress, travelling slowly and in great state, attended by nine cardinals, and was received at the gates of the city by the magistracy and clergy, and conducted to a palace prepared for his sojourn, the host being carried before him on a white little bell tinkling at its neck. Beponey, with a nedict and Gregory sent their deputies to the council, but declined a personal appearance. A long time was consumed in settling matters of ceremony between the numerous potentates, ambassadors, and ecclesiastics who attended on this celebrated occasion. The concourse was prodigious. There were present thirty cardinals, four patriarchs, twenty archbishops, one hundred and fifty bishops, one hundred abbots, one hundred and fifty heads of collegiate bodies, two hundred doctors, the Electors Palatine, and of Mentz, Saxony, and Brandenburg, nineteen dukes, eighty-three counts, and a multitude of distinguished but subordinate personages, amounting in the whole to upwards of forty thousand *.

The Emperor did not arrive till Christmas-day. The Duke of

*Bower, vol. vii. p. 151.

Saxony carried the sword of the empire before him; the Burgrave of Nuremburg bore the sceptre; the Earl of Cillei, his father-in-law, was charged with the golden globe. The Pope waited for him at the cathedral, where three thrones were erected, the central for Sigismond, and those on the right and left for the Pontiff and the Empress *.

Such was the august assemblage before whom Huss was summoned to appear. It was a trying call, and he could not but forebode the issue. After reflection and prayer, he deemed that he owed it to his own character, to the church at large, and to the cause of truth, to obey the summons. His conduct on the occasion was marked with fortitude, sincerity, and circumspection. He first attended a meeting of the Bohemian nobles in St. James's abbey, in Prague, and required the Inquisitor of Heresy to charge him with doctrinal error, or furnish him with testimonials of innocence. He then challenged any accuser before a provincial synod, but could not obtain an audience. A safe-conduct arriving from the Emperor, "commanding all his loving subjects to let him pass, stop, stay, and return freely without any hinderance whatsoever," he gave public notice of his intention to go to Constance; and caused papers to be affixed to the doors of the churches, inviting all who charged him with heresy to go there likewise, and be witnesses of his acquittal or conviction. Before his departure, he exhorted his friends to persevere steadily in the truth, to remain immoveable in the faith of Christ, and to continue in prayer for him, intimating his expectation of martyrdom. He addressed a letter to a friend, to be opened in case of his death, whose contents on inspection testified to

*Voltaire, Annales de l'Empire, sub anu. 1414.

From

his humility and holiness of heart. He also prepared some sermons, which he hoped to be allowed to preach before the council. their insertion in his works, it appears, that though his mind was illumined with Christian light, it was attended with much darkness. He held, indeed, the faith of God's elect, maintaining its divine original and practical exhibition. The love of a Redeemer ruled in his heart, and he delighted in devout exercises. The Spirit of glory and of grace rested upon him. But his sentiments on the doctrine of the real presence, his allowance of the intercession of the Virgin Mary and of other saints, and his notion of a sleeping church suffering in purgatory, were so nearly allied to the religious creed of his accusers, that had they permitted him to preach these discourses, and had they not on his trial drawn some invidious metaphysical distinctions with respect to his tenets, he could not with any shadow of justice have been condemned, even on their own principles. The chief of his ecclesiastical offences were, that he held the right of the laity to a participation of the cup in the Lord's supper; that priests in mortal sin might not administer the elements; that the power assumed by popes over other bishops was founded on a love of dominion and filthy lucre; and that priests once ordained were not to be prohibited from discharging their function as preach

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