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fordshire, “ at the approach of evening val of Christmas used in this part of the on the vigil of the twelfth day, the farm- country to hold for twenty days, and some ers, with their friends and servants, meet persons extended it to Candlemas.) The together, and about six o'clock walk out to ingredients put into the bowl, viz. ale, a field where wheat is growing. In the sugar, nutmeg, and roasted apples, were highest part of the ground, twelve small usually called lambs'-wool, and the night tires and one large one are lighted up. The on which it is used to be drunk (generally attendants, headed by the master of the fa- on the twelfth eve) was commonly called mily, pledge the company in old cider, which Wassil eve." The glossary to the Excirculates freely on these occasions. A more dialect has “Watsail-a drinking circle is formed round the large fire, when song on twelfth-day eve, throwing toast a general shout and hallooing takes place, to the apple-trees, in order to have a which you hear answered from all the ad- fruitful year, which seems to be a relic of jacent villages and fields. Sometimes the heathen sacrifice to Pomona." fifty or sixty of these fires may be all seen Brand found it observed in the ancient at once. This being finished, the com- calendar of the Romish church, that on pany return home, where the good house, the fifth day of January, the eve or vigil wife and her maids are preparing a good of the Epiphany, there were “ kings supper. A large cake is always provided, created or elected by beans;" that the with a hole in the middle. After supper, sixth of the month is called “The Festithe company all attend the bailiff (or val of Kings;" and “that this ceremony head of the oxen) to the wain-house, of electing kings was continued with where the following particulars are ob- feasting for many days." served. The master, at the head of his Twelfth-night eve or the vigil of the friends, fills the cup, (generally of strong Epiphany is no way observed in London. ale,) and stands opposite the first or finest There Twelfth-day itself comes with little of the oxen. He then pledges him in a of the pleasure that it offered to our forecurious toast : the company follow his ex- fathers. Such observances have rapidly ample with all the other oxen, addressing disappeared, and the few that remain are each by his name. This being finished, still more rapidly declining. To those who the large cake is produced, and, with much are unacquainted with their origin they ceremony, put on the horn of the first ox, afford no associations to connect the prethrough the hole above-mentioned. The sent with former ages; and without such ox is then tickled, to make him toss his feelings, the few occasions which enable head: if be throw the cake behind, then us to show a hospitable disposition, or it is the mistress's perquisite; if before, from whence we can obtain unconstrained (in what is termed the boosy,) the bailiff cheerfulness, will pass away, and be rehimself claims the prize. The company membered only as having been. then return to the house, the doors of which they find locked, nor will they be opened till some joynus songs are sung,

January 6. On their gaining admittance, a scene of mirth and jollity ensues, and which lasts


Close holiday at all public offices the greatest part of the night.”

except Stamp, Customs, and Excise. Mr. Beckwith relates in the Gentle- St. Melanius. St. Peter. St. Vilam man's Magazine, 1784, that “near Leeds, mon. in Yorkshire, when he was a boy, it was St. Peter was a disciple of Gregory customary for many families, on the the Great, the first abbot of St. Augustwelfth eve of Christmas, to invite their tine's monastery at Canterbury, and relations, friends, and neighbours, to their drowned in 608 while proceeding on a houses, to play at cards, and to partake voyage to France. According to Cressy, of a supper, of which minced pies were the inhabitants buried his body without an indispensable ingredient; and after knowing any thing about him, till “ a supper was brought in, the wassail cup or heavenly light appeared every night over wassail bowl, of which every one partook, his sepulture," when they held an inquest, by taking with a spoon, out of the ale, á and a count Fumert buried him in the roasted apple, and eating it, and then church of Boulogne. From a quotation drinking the healths of the company out in Patrick, it appears that a weasel who of the bowl, wishing them a merry Christ- gnawed his robe was found dead upon it

food a happy new year. (Thic festi- for his sauciness.


transferred to Milan, and afterwards, in The Rev. Thomas Dudley Fosbroke, 1164, on Milan being taken by the emM. A. F. A. S., &c. whose “ Encyclopæ- peror Frederick, presented by him to the dia of Antiquities” has been already cited archbishop of Cologne, who put them in from, is the author of " British Monach- the principal church of that city, “ in ism, or, Manners and Customs of the which place,” says Cressy, “they are to Monks and Nuns of England,” 4to. 1817; this day celebrated with great veneration.” a most erudite work, wherein he gives an Patrick quotes a prayer to them from the account, from Du Cange, of the Feast of Romish service, beginning “ O, king Jasthe Star, or Office of the Three Kings, par, king Melchior, king Balthasar;" and a catholic service performed on this day, he says that the Salisbury Missal states “ Three priests, clothed as kings, with their offerings to have been disposed of their servants carrying offerings, met from in this way : “ Joseph kept of the gold different directions of the church before as much as him needed, to pay his trithe altar. The middle one, who came bute to the emperor, and also to keep our from the east, pointed with his staff to a lady with while she lay in childbed, and star : a dialogue then ensued; and after the rest he gave to the poor. The incense kissing each other, they began to sing, he burnt to take off the stench of the staLet us go and inquire;' after which the ble there as she lay in; and with the precentor began a responsory, “Let the myrrh, our lady anointed her child, to Magi come. A procession then com- keep him from worms and disease." menced, and as soon as it began to enter Patrick makes several observations on the the nave, a crown like a star, hanging be- service to these three kings of Cologne, fore the cross, was lighted up, and point- and as to the credibility of their story; and ed out to the Magi, with Behold the he inquires what good this prayer will do star in the east.' This being concluded, to Jaspar, Melchior, and Balthasar, when two priests, standing at each side of the another tradition says their names were altar, answered, meekly, “We are those Apellius, Amerus, and Damascus ; a whom you seek,' and drawing a curtain third, that they were Magalath, Galgashowed them a child, whom, falling down, lath, and Sarasin; and a fourth, Ator, they worshipped. Then the servants Sator, and Peratoras ? which last, Patrick made the offerings of gold, frankincense, says, he should choose in this uncertainty and myrrh, which were divided among to call them by, as having the more kingly the priests. The Magi in the mean while sound, if it had not been that Casaubon continued praying till they dropped represents these three, together with asleep; when a boy clothed in an alb, Misael, Achael, Cyriacus, and Stephanus, like an angel, addressed them with,' All (the names of the four shepherds that things which the prophets said are ful- came to visit our Lord in Bethlehem,) had filled. The festival concluded with been used (and he telis how) for a charm chanting services, &c."

to cure the biting of serpents and other Mr. Fosbroke adds, that at Soissons a venomous beasts.” Patrick gives other Tope was let down from the roof of the prayers to these three kings, one of them church, to which was annexed an iron from the “Hours of the Virgin,” and also cirele, having seven tapers, intended to quotes this miraculous anecdote ; that represent Lucifer, or the morning star. one John Aprilius, when he was hanged,

The three persons honoured by this implored the patronage of the three kings service, and called kings, were the three of Cologne; the consequence of which wise men who, in catholic works, are seems to have been, that after he had been usually denominated the Three Kings of hung three days and was cut down, he Cologne. Cressy tells us, that the em- was found alive ; whereupon he came to press Helena, who died about the year Cologne half naked, with his halter about 328, brought their bodies from the east to his neck, and returned thanks to his Constantinople; from whence they were deliverers.

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In London, with every pastrycook in illuminate countless cakes of all prices and the city, and at the wesi end of the dimensions, that stand in rows and piles town, it is “high change" on Twelfth-day. on the counters and sideboards, and in From the taking down of the shutters in the windows. The richest in flavour and the morning, he, and his men, with addi- heaviest in weight and price are placed tional assistants, male and female, are on large and massy salvers; one, enorfully occupied by attending to the dress- mously superior to the rest in size, is the

ing out of the window, executing orders chief object of curiosity; and all are de. of the day before, receiving fresh ones, or corated with all imaginable images of

supplying the wants of chance customers. things animate and inanimate. Stars, cas. Before dusk the important arrangement tles, kings, cottages, dragons, trees, fish, of the window is completed. Then the palaces, cats, dogs, churches, lions, milkgas is turned on, with supernumerary maids, knights, serpents, and innumeraargand-lamps and manifold wax-lights, to ble other forms in snow-white confection

ary, painted with variegated colours, glit- mering! and there's a man with a hataa ter by “excess of light” from mirrors mer! against the walls tèstooned with artificial 1st Boy. Who pinned that woman to * wonders of Flora." This “ paradise of the gentleman? Why there's a dozen dainty devices," is crowded by successive pinned together. and successful desirers of the seasonable Countryman. Constable ! constable ! delicacies, while alternate tapping of ham- 2d Boy. Here comes the constable. mers and peals of laughter, from the Hark at him! throng surrounding the house, excite Const. Clear away from the doors ! Let smiles from the inmates.

the customers go in! Make way! Let The cause of these sounds may be in- the cakes come out! Go back, boy! ferred from something like this passing 13th Boy. If you please, Mr. Constaoutside.

ble, I'm going to buy a cake! Constable. Make way, make way! Const. Go forward, then ! Clear the way! You boys stand aside ! Man with cakes. By your leave ! by

Countryman. What is all this; Is any your leave. body ill in the shop ?

Const. Clear the way! Ist Boy. Nobody, sir; it's only Twelfth All the Boys. Huzza! huzza! More day!

people pinned - and plenty nailed 2d Boy. This is a pastrycook's, up!. sir; look at the window! There they To explain, to those who may be ignostand! What cakes !

rant of the practice. On Twelfth3d Boy. What pretty ones these are ! night in London, boys assemble round the 4th Boy. Only see that !

inviting shops of the pastrycooks, and 5th Boy. Why it's as large as the hind. dexterously nail the coat-tails of spectawheel of a coach, and how thick !

tors, who venture near enough, to the 6th Boy. Ah! it's too big to come out bottoms of the window frames; or pin at the door, unless they roll it out. them together strongly by their clothes.

7th Boy. What elegant figures, and Sometimes eight or ten persons find them. what lots of sweetmeats!

selves thus connected. The dexterity and 8th Boy. See the flowers ; they look force of the nail driving is so quick and almost like real ones.

sure, that a single blow seldom fails of Countryman. What a crowd inside! doing the business effectually. With

9th Boy. How the people of the house drawal of the nail without a proper inere packing up all the good things! strument is out of the question; and, con

Countryman. What a beautiful lady sequently, the person nailed must either that is behind the counter !

leave part of his coat, as a cognizance of 10th Boy. Which?

his attachment, or quit the spot with a Countryman. Why the young one! hole in it. At every nailing and pinning

10th Boy. What her ? oh, she's the shouts of laughter arise from the perpepastrycook's daughter, and the other's trators and the spectators. Yet it often her mother.

happens to one who turns and smiles Countryman. No, no; not her; I at the duress of another, that he also finds mean her, there.

himself nailed. Efforts at extrication inloth Boy. Oh, her ; she's the shop- crease mirth, nor is the presence of a conwoman; all the pastrycooks always try stable, who is usually employed to attend to get handsome ladies to serve in the and preserve free "ingress, egress, and shop!

regress," sufficiently awful to deter the Ilth Boy. I say, I say! halloo! here's offenders. a piece of work! Look at this gentleman- Scarcely a shop in London that offers a eext to me-his coat-tail's nailed to the halfpenny plain bun to the purchase of a window! Look, look !

hungry boy, is without Twelfth-cakes and Countryman. Aye, what?

finery in the windows on Twelfth-day. All the boys. Ah! ah! ah ! Iluzza. The gingerbread-bakers--there are not

Countryman. Who nailed my coat-tail? many, compared with their number when Constable !

the writer was a consumer of their manu12th Boy. That's the boy that's got factured goods,--even the reduced ginthe hammer!

gerbread-bakers periwig a few plum-buns 2d Boy. What me? why that's the with sugar-frost io-day, and coaxingly inboy--ihere ; and there's another bor ham- terpolate them among their new made sixes, bath-cakes, parliament, and ladies' same size, and number each on the back; fingers. Their staple-ware has leaves of taking care to make the king No. 1, and untarnished dutch-gilt stuck on ; their up- the queen No. 2. Then prepare and right cylinder-shaped show-glasses, con number the gentlemen's characters. Cause taining peppermint-drops, elecampane, tea and coffee to be handed to your visit. sugar-sticks, hard-bake, brandy-balls, and ors as they drop in. When all are asbulls'-eyes, are carefully polished; their sembled and tea over, put as many ladies' lolly-pops are fresh encased, and look characters in a reticule as there are ladies as white as the stems of tobacco-pipes; present; next put the gentlemen's chaand their candlesticks are ornamented racters in a hat. Then call on a gentle with fillets and bosses of writing paper; man to carry the reticule to the ladies as or, if the candles rise from the bottom of they sit, from which each lady is to draw inverted glass cones, they shine more one ticket, and to preserve it nnopened. sparkling for the thorough cleaning of Select a lady to bear the hat to the gentheir receivers in the morning.

tlemen for the same purpose. There will How to eat Twelfth-cake requires no be one ticket left in the reticule, and anorecipe ; but how to provide it, and draw ther in the hat, which the lady and genthe characters, on the authority of Rachel tleman who carried each is to interchange, Revel's “ Winter Evening Pastimes," as having fallen to each. Next, arrange may be acceptable. First, buy your cake. your visitors according to their numbers; Then, before your visitors arrive, buy the king No.1, the queen No. 2, and so your characters, each of which should on. The king is then to recite the verse have a pleasant verse beneath. Next look on his ticket; then the queen the verse on at your invitation list, and count the num- hers; and so the characters are to proceed ber of ladies you expect; and afterwards in numerical order. This done, let the the number of gentlemen. Then, take as cake and refreshments go round, and hey! many female characters as you have in- for merriment ! vited ladies; fold them up, exactly of the

They come! they come ! each blue-eyed sport,
The Twelfth-night king ar. all his court-

"Tis Mirth fresh crown'd with mistletoe!
Music with her merry fiddles,

Joy “ on light fantastic toe,"
Wit with all his jests and riddles,

Singing and dancing as they go.
And Love, young Love, among the rest,

A welcome -- nor unbidden guest. Twelfth-day is now only commemorated nance of character is essential to the by the custom of choosing king and queen. drawing. Within the personal observa"I went,” says a correspondent in the tion of the writer of these sheets, character Universal Magazine for 1774,“ to a friend's has never been preserved. It must be house in the country to partake of some admitted, however, that the Twelfth-night of those innocent pleasures that constitute characters sold by the pastrycooks, are a merry Christmas. I did not return till either commonplace or gross--when genI had been present at drawing king and teel they are inane; when humorous, queen, and eaten a slice of the Twelfth- they are vulgar. cake, made by the fair hands of my good Young folks anticipate Twelfth-night friend's consort. After tea yesterday, a as a full source of innocent glee to their noble cake was produced, and two bowls, light little hearts. Where, and what is containing the fortunate chances for the he who would negative hopes of happidifferent sexes. Our host filled up the ness for a few short hours in the daytickets; the whole company, except the spring of life? A gentle spirit in the king and queen, were to be ministers of London Magazine beautifully sketches a state, maids of honour, or ladies of the scene of juvenile enjoyment this evening: bed-chamber. Our kind host and hostess, “I love to see an acre of cake spread out whether by design or accident, became the sweet frost covering the rich earth king and queen. According to Twelfth- below---studded all over with glittering day law, each party is to support their flowers, like ice-plants, and red and green character till midnight.” The mainte- knots of sweetmeat, and hollow yellow

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