Page images
PDF
EPUB

cause through his intercession he had mission to return to Rome. Whatever been cured of a violent head-ache. subject Ovid wrote on, he exhausted; he The same St. Gerard relates seven other painted nature with a masterly hand, and miracles by St. Adalard of the same nature. his genius imparted elegance to vulgarity; Butler says, his relics are still at Corbie, but he defiled the sweetness of his numin a rich shrine, and two smaller cases, bers by impurity, and though he ranks except a small portion given to the abbey among the splendid ornaments of ancient of Chelles.

literature, he sullied his fame by the

grossest immorality in some of his finest The first Monday after new year's day

productions. is called Handsel Monday in some parts on the same day and in the same year with

Livy, the Roman historian, died at Padua of Scotland, and is observed by merry; Ovid. His history of the Roman Empire making. In sir J. Sinclair's “ Statistical Account,” it is related of one William was in one hundred and forty books, of Hunter, a collier, that he was cured in which only thirty-five are extant. Five of the year 1758 of an inveterate rheuma- and some fragments are said to have been

these were discovered at Worms in 1431, tism or gout, by drinking freely of new ale, full of barm or yeast

. The poor particulars of his life are known, but bis

lately discovered at Herculanæum. Few man had been confined to his bed for a year and a half , having almost entirely his history has rendered him immortal.

fame was great even while he lived, and lost the use of his limbs. On the evening He wrote some philosophical treatises of Handsel Monday, as it is called, some and dialogues, with a letter to his son on of his neighbours came to make merry the merit of authors, which Dr. Lemwith him. Though he could not rise, yet he always took his share of the ale, as it priere says, ought to be read by young

men. passed round the company; and, in the end, became much intoxicated. The consequence was, that he had the use of his limbs the next morning, and was abie to

In the Literary Pocket Book there are walk about. He lived more than twenty some seasonable facts which may be years after this, and never had the smallest transplanted with advantage to the reader, return of his old complaint." This is a and, it is hoped, without disadvantage to fact worth remembering, as connected the writer of the articles. He says that with chronical complaints.

a man is infinitely mistaken, who thinks there is nothing worth seeing in winter

time out of doors, because the sun is not CHRONOLOGY.

warin, and the streets are muddy. “Let On the 2d of January, A. D. 17, Ovid him get, by dint of good exercise, out of the celebrated Roman poet died; he was the streets, and he shall find enough. In born at Sulmo on the 20th of March, the warm neighbourhood of towns he may forty-three years before the Christian era. still watch the field-fares, thrushes, and His father designed him for the bar, and blackbirds; the titmouse seeking its food he became eminently eloquent, but every through the straw-thatch; the red-wings, thing he wrote was expressed in poetical field-fares, sky-larks, and tit-larks, upon numbers; and though reminded by his the same errand, over wet meadows; the father, that even Homer lived and died sparrows and yellow-hammers, and chafin poverty, he preferred the pleasures of finches, still beautiful though mute, gleanimagination to forensic disputation Heing from the straw and chaff in farmgained great admiration from the learned. yards; and the ring-dove, always poetical, Virgil, Horace, Tibullus, and Propertius, coming for her meal to the ivy-berries. were his friends, and Augustus became About rapid streams he may see the vahis liberal patron, till be banished him for rious habits and movements of herons, some unknown cause. In his exile he wood-cocks, wild-ducks, and other waterwas cowardly, and prostituted his pen to fowl, who are obliged in quit the frozen Latter baseness; and though he desired marshes to seek their food there. The the death of the emperor, he fawned upon red-breast comes to the windows, and him in his writings to meanness. He died often into the house itself, to be rewarded at Tomos on the Euxine sea, the place of for its song, and for its far-famed 'painhis banishment, under the reign of Tibe. ful' obsequies to the Children in the rius, who had succerded Augustus, and Wood." was deaf to the poet's entreaties for per

January 3.

they found there. They did so till two

swineherds came by, one of whom said Bt. Genevieve. St. Anterus, Pope. St. to the other, “I went yesterday after one Gordius. St. Peter Balsam.

of my sows and found a bed of lime;" St. Genevieve, Patroness of Paris. the other replied that he had also found Alban Butler affirms that she was one under the root of a tree that the born in 422, at Nanterre, four miles from wind had blown down. St. Genevieve's Paris, near the present Calvary there, priests of course inquired where these and that she died a virgin on this day discoveries were made, and bearing the in 312, and was buried in 545, near the tidings to Genevieve the church of St. steps of the high altar in a magnificent Denis was began. During its progress church, dedicated to St. Peter and St. the workmen wanted drink, whereupon Paul, began by Clovis, where he also was Genevieve called for a vessel, prayed over interred. Her relics were afterwards it, signed it with the cross, and the taken up and put into a costly shrine vessel was immediately filled; "so," says about 630. Of course they worked mira- the Legend, “the workmen drank their cles. Her shrine of gold and silver, belly full," and the vessel continued to covered with precious stones, the presents be supplied in the same way with "drink" of kings and queens, and with a cluster for the workmen till the church was of diamonds on the top, presented by the finished. At another time a woman stole intriguing Mary de Medicis, is, on cala- St. Genevieve's shoes, but as soon as she mitous occasions, carried about Paris in got home lost her sight for the theft, and procession, accompanied by shrines remained blind, till, having restored the equally miraculous, and by the canons shoes, St. Genevieve restored the woman's of St. Genevieve walking bare-foot. sight. Desiring the liberation of certain

The miracles of St. Genevieve, as re- prisoners condemned to death at Paris, lated in the Golden Legend, were equally she went thither and found the city gates numerous and equally credible. It relates were shut against her, but they opened that when she was a child, St. Germaine without any other key than her own presaid to her mother, “Know ye for certain sence. She prayed over twelve men in that on the day of Genevieve's nativity that city possessed with devils, till the the angels sung with joy and gladness, men were suspended in the air, and the and looking on the ground he saw a devils were expelled. A child of four penny signed with the cross, which came years old fell in a pit and was killed ; there by the will of God; he took it up, St. Genevieve only covered her with and gave it to Genevieve, requiring her her mantle and prayed over her, and the to bear in mind that she was the spouse child came to life and was baptized at of Christ. She promised him accordingly, Easter. On a voyage to Spain she arand often went to the minster, that she rived at a port"where, as of custom, ships might be worthy of her espousals. “Then,” were wont to perish.” Her own vessel says the Legend," the mother was angry, was likely to strike on a tree in the water, and smote her on the cheek-God avenged which seems to have caused the wrecks; the child, so that the mother became blind," she commanded the tree to be cut down, and so remained for one and twenty months, and began to pray; when lo, just as the when Genevieve fetched her some holy tree began to fall, “two wild heads, water, signed her with the sign of the grey and horrible, issued thereout, which cross, washed her eyes, and she recovered stank so sore, that the people that were her sight. It further relates, that by the there were envenomed by the space of Holy Ghost she showed many people their two hours, and never after perished ship secret thoughts, and that from fifteen there; thanks be to God and this holy years to fifty she fasted every day except saint." Sunday and Thursday, when she ate At Meaux, a master not forgiving his beans, and barley-bread of three weeks servant his faults though St. Genevieve old. Desiring to build a church, and prayed him, she prayed against him. He dedicate it to St. Denis and other martyrs, was immediately seized with a hot ague ; she required materials of the priests for “on the morrow he came to the holy that purpose. “Dame," answered the virgin, running with open mouth like a priests, " we would ; but we can get no German bear, his tongue hanging out chalk nor lime." She desired them to go like a boar, and requiring pardon,' She to the bridge of Paris, and bring what then blessed him, lhe fever left him, and

No. %.

con.

the ser 2114 was pardoned. A girl going which diffused light over the whole church; by with a bottle, St. Genevieve called to this she presented to the bishop; he, her, and asked what she carried, she blessing it with the sign of the cross, sel answered oil, which she had bought; it in the urn of water; when drops or but St. Genevieve seeing the devil sitting wax plentifully fell down into the vessel. on the bottle, blew upon it, and the The diseased drank of it, all were cured, bottle broke, but the saint blessed the the contagion ceased, and the candle to oil, and caused her to bear it home safely this day preserved with great veneration, notwithstanding. The Golden Legend spends itself, yet loses nothing; and says, that the people who saw this, mar- therefore remains still of the same length velled that the saint could see the devil, and greatness it did 500 years ago. A and were greatly edified.

vast quantity of wax, made up of the It was to be expected that a saint on many drops which fall into the water such miraculous powers in her lifetime upon those festival days, when the candle should possess them after her death, and burns, may be justly called a standing, accordingly the reputation of her relics indeficient miracle." is very high.

This candle story, though gravely related

by a catholic writer, as “not doubted of Several stories of St. Genevieve's mi- by any," and as therefore not to be raculous faculties, represent them as very doubted, miraculously failed in convenient in vexatious cases of ordinary vincing the protestant Stilling fleet, that occurrence; one of these will serve as a “miracles wrought in the Roinan catholic specimen. On a dark wet night she church," ought to be believed. was going to church with her maidens, with a candle borne before her, which

CHRONOLOGY. the wind and rain put out; the saint 1639. A manuscript entitled “Com, merely called for the candle, and as soon mentaries of the Civil Wars, from 1638 as she took it in her hand it was lighted to 1648," written by Sir Henry Slingsby, again, “ without any fire of this world." bart. a royalist, intimates the struggle,

Other stories of her lighting candles then approaching, between Charles I. in this way, call to mind a candle, greatly and the nation. He says, “The 3d of venerated by E. Worsley in a “ Discourse January, 1639, I went to Bramham-bouse, of Miracles wrought in the Roman Ca- out of curiosity, to see the training of the tholic Church, or, a full Refutation of Dr. light-horse, for which service I had sent Stillingfieet's unjust Exceptions against two horses, by commandment of the lieuMiracles," octavo, 1676. 'At p. 64, he tenant and sir Joseph Ashley,who is lately says, “ that the miraculous wax candle, come down, with special commission yet seen at Arras, the chief city of Artois, from the king to train and exercise may give the reader entertainment, being them. These are strange spectacles in most certain, and never doubted of by this nation in this age, that has äved any. In 1105, that is, much above 569 thus long peaceably, without noise of years ago, (of so great antiquity the can- drum or of 'shot, and after we have stood dle is,) a merciless plague reigned in neuter, and in peace, when all the world Arras. The whole city, evei devout to besides bath heen in arms.” The “trainthe Mother of God, experienced her, in ing" was preparatory to the war with this their necessity, to be a true mother the Scots, the resistance of the commons of mercy: the manner was thus. The in parliament, and its levies of troops Virgin Mary appeared to two men, and to oppose the royal will. enjoined them to tell the bishop of Arras, "The armourers that on the next Saturday towards morn- With busy bammers closing rivets up, ing she would appear in the great church, Gave dreadful note of preparation; and put into his hands a wax candle the conflict ended in the death of Charles burning; from whence drops of wax on the scaffold, the interregnum, the should fall into a vessel of water pre- restoration, and the final expulsion of pared by the bishop. She said, more- the Stuart race. over, that all the diseased that drank of this water, should forthwith be cured.

January 4. This truly promised, truly happened. Our St. Titus, disciple of St. Paul. St. Gre blessed Lady appeared all beautiful, har. gory, bishop of Langres. St Rigobert ng in her hands' a wax candle burning, or Robert. St. Rumor.

St. Rumor.

pressed Ascham with its importance, Alban Butler informs us, from William that he says, he “ thought to prepare of Malmsbury, that he was a bishop, some little treatise for a new-year's gift though of what nation or see is unknown, that Christmas,” but it grew beneath and that his name is in the English his hands and became his “Scholemartyrology. Cressy says, that his body master, showing a plain and perfect way was buried at Tavistock, where, about of teaching the learned languages." 960, Ordgar, count of Devonshire, father The best edition of this work, which 6 Elfrida, the second wife of king Ascham did not live to publish, is that Edgar, huilt a monastery“ very agreeable edited by the Rev. James Upton, 1743, and pleasant, by reason of the great Octavo. The book was first printed by variety of woods, pastures, and rivers Ascham's widow, whom with her child abounding with fish.” Si. Kumon con- dren he left in distress. It was emisecrated the church. About thirty years nently serviceable to the advancement of afterwards, the monastery was destroyed teachers and pupils, at a period when it and burnt by the Danes. It is memora- was the fashion to flog. Its most remarkble, that Edulf, a son of Ordgar, buried able feature is the frowning down of this in that monastery, was a man of gigantic brutal practice, which, to the disgrace of stature, and of such wonderful strength, our own times, is still heard of in certain that going to Exeter, and finding the seminaries, both public and private. The gates shut and barred, he broke the good old man says, “ Beat a child if he outer iron bars with his hands, burst dance not well, and cherish him though open the gates with his foot, tore the be learn not well

, ye shall have him unlocks and bolts asunder, and broke down willing to go to dance, and glad to go to part of the wall.

his book : knock him always when he

draweth his shaft ill, and favour him CHRONOLOGY.

again though he fault at his book, ye 1568. On the 4th of January Roger shall have him very loth to be in the Ascham died, and was buried at St. field, and very willing to go to school.” Sepulchre's church, London. He was He observes, “ If ever the nature of man born in Yorkshire about 1515, and is be given at any time, more than another, celebrated for his learning, for having to receive goodness, it is in innocency of been tutor and Latin secretary to queen young years before that experience of Elizabeth, and for having written “ the evil have taken root in him. For the Scholemaster.” This work originated pure, clean wit of a sweet young babe, from mention having been made at din- is like the newest wax, most able to reDer that some Eton scholars “ had run ceive the best and fairest printing; and away from school for fear of beating.” like a new bright silver dish never occuAscham expressed his opinion that pied, to receive and keep clean any good

young children were sooner allured by thing that is put into it. Therefore, to love, than driven by beating, to attain love or to hate, to like or contemn, to good learning." He then retired up ply this way or that way, to good or to stairs “ to read with the queen's majesty: bad, ye shall have as ye use a child in we read then together that noble oration his youth.” He exemplifies this by a of Demosthenes against Æschines, for his delightful anecdote of the young, beautifalse dealing in his embassy to king ful, and accomplished lady Jane Grey, Philip of Macedon; sir Richard Sack who shortly afterwards perished by the ville came up soon after.” Sackville axe of the executioner. 'Ascham, before took Ascham aside,“ A fond (silly) school. he went into Germany, visited Broadmaster,” said sir Richard, “ before I was gate in Leicestershire, to take leave of fally fourteen years old, drove me so, her. “ Her parents, the duke and with fear of beating, from all love of duchess, with all the household, gentlelearning, as now, when I know what dif- men and gentlewomen, were hunting in ference it is to have learning, and to have the park. I found her," says Ascham, linie, or none at all, I feel it my greatest“ in her chamber, reading Phædo Platonis grief, and find it my greatest hurt, that in Greek, and that with as much delight, ever came to me, that it was so my ill as some gentlemen would read a merry ebance, to light upon so lewd (ignorant) tale in Boccace. After salutation, and a schoolmaster. The whole conversa- duty done, with some other talk, I asked loon was very interesting, and so im- her, why she would lose such pastime in the park? Smiling, she answered so without measure misordered, that I me :

think myself in hell, till time come that “I wist, all their sport in the park is I must go to Mr. Elmer ; who teacheth but a shadow to that pleasure that I find me so gently, so pleasantly, with such in Plato. Alas! good-folk, they never fair allurements to learning, that I think felt what true pleasure meant.'

all the time nothing, while I am with him: « • And how came you, madam,' quoth and when I am called from him, I fall on I,' to this deep knowledge of pleasure ? weeping, because whatsoever I do else, And what did chiefly allure you unto it, but learning, is full of grief, trouble, fear, seeing not many women, but very few and whole misliking unto me: and thus men, have attained thereunto ?

my book hath been so much my pleasure, “I will tell you,' quoth she,' and tell and bringeth daily to me more pleasure you a truth, which perchance you will and more, that in respect of it, all other marvel at. One of the greatest benefits pleasures in very deed, be but trifles and that ever God gave me, is, that he sent me troubles unto me.so sharp and severe parents, and so gentle Surely this innocent creature's confesa schoolmaster. For when I am in pre- sion, that she was won to the love of sence either of father or mother, whether learning and her teacher by his gentieI speak, keep silence, sit, stand, or go, ness, and the disclosure of her affliction eat, drink, be merry, or sad, be sewing, under the severe discipline of her parents, playing, dancing, or doing any thing else, are positive testimony to the fact, thaj I must do it, as it were, in such weight, our children are to be governed and measure, and number, even so perfectly, taught by the law of kindness : nor let as God made the world; or else I am so it detract from the force of the remark, sharply taunted, so cruelly threatened, that in connection with her artless feelyea presently sometimes with pinche!, ings and blameless deportment, if her nips, and bobs, and other ways (which I hard fate call forth a versified effusion will not name for the honour I bear them) INSCRIBED BENEATH A PORTRAIT OF LADY JANE GREY.

Originai.
Young, beautiful, and learned Jane, intent

On knowledge, found it peace ; her vast acquirement
Of goodness was her fall; she was content

With ducet pleasures, such as calm retirement
Yields to the wise alone ;-her only vice

Was virtue : in obedience to her sire
And lord she died, with them, a sacrifice

To their ambition : her own mild desire
Was rather to be happy than be great ;

For though at their request she claimed the crown,
That they, through her, might rise to rule the state,

Yet, the bright diadem, and gorgeous throne,
She view'd as cares, dimming the dignity

Of her unsullied mind, and pure benignity. 1815. On the 4th of January, died they were excluded from the throne of the Alexander Macdonald, Esq., who is no people, by the aristocracy and commonother way remarkable, than for a chival- alty of England in parliament assembled. sous devotion to the family of Stuart. He As evidence of the spirit that dictated raised a monument in the vale of Glen- such a memorial, and of the proper feel. finnyn, at the head of Lochshiel, in the ing which permits that spirit to be excounty of Inverness, with a Latin, Gaelic, pressed, in spite of its hostility to the and English inscription, to commemno- principles that deposited and continuer rate the last open efforts of that family, the diadem of the commonwealth in the for the recovery of a crown they had custody of the house of Hanover, the inforfeited by innumerable breaches of the scription on the monument is placed in laws, and whose aggressions on life and the next column. It stands in English in property being suffered, till

these words : "Nonsenstance could no further go."

« PreviousContinue »