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Note 94, page 58, col. 1.

Note 105, page 58, col. 2.
Came out into the meadows.

Down by the City of Hermits.
Once, on a bright November-morning, I set out and Il Sagro Eremo.
traced them, as I conceived, step by step ; beginning and

Note 106, page 58, col. 2. ending in the Church of Santa Maria Novella. It was a

Hands, clad in gloves of steel, held up imploring. walk delightful in itself, and in its associations.

It was in this manner that the first Sforza went down, Note 95, page 58, col. 1.

when he perished in the Pescàra. Round the bill they went.

Note 107, page 58, col. 2. I have here followed Baldelli. It has been said that

Oft, as that great Artist saw. Boccaccio drew from his imagination. But is it likely,

What follows is a description of the Cartoon of Pisa. when he and his readers were living within a mile or two of the spot? Truth or fiction, it furnishes a plea

Note 108, page 59, col. 1. sant picture of the manners and amusements of the

And lo, an atom on that dangerous sea. Florentines in that day.

Petrarch, as we learn from himself, was on his way

to Incisa; whither his mother was retiring. He was Note 96, page 58, col. 1.

seven months old at the time. The morning-banquet by the fountain-side. Three hours after sun-rise.

Note 109, page 59, col. 1.

Reclined beside thee.
Note 97, page 58, col. 1.

O ego qnantus eram, gelidi cum stratas ad Arni
The Friar pour'd out his catalogue of treasures.

Murmura, etc.

Epitaphium Damonis. See the Decameron, vi. 10.

Note 110, page 59, col. 1.
Note 98, page 58, col. 1.

---bis lowly roof and scanty farm.

There were the « Nobili di Torre, and the Nobili di Now belonging by inheritance to the Rangoni, a Mo- Loggia.» denese family.

Note 111, page 59, col. 2.

At the bridge-foot.
Note 99, page 58, col. 1.

Giovanni Buondelmonte was on the point of marrying 'Tis bis own sketch-be drew it from himself.

an Amidei, when a widow of the Donati family made See a very interesting letter from Machiavel to Fran- him break his engagement in the manner here decesco Vettori, dated the Toth of December, 1513.

scribed. Note 100, page 58, col. 2.

The Amidei washed away the affront with his blood,

attacking him, says Villani, at the foot of the Ponte msung of old For its green wine

Vecchio; and hence the wars of the Guelplis and the La Verdea. It is celebrated by Rinuccini, Redi, and

Ghibellines. most of the Tuscan Poets.

O Buondelmonte, quanto mal fuggisti

Le nozze sue, per gli altrui conforti! DANTE.
Note 101, page 58, col. 2.

Note 112, page 59, col. 2.
Seven years a prisoner at the city-gate.

It had been well, badst thoa slept on, Imelda.
Galileo came to Arcetri at the close of the year 1633;
and remained there, while he lived, by an order of the

The story is Bolognese, and is told by Cherubino GhiInquisition. It is without the walls, near the Porta Ro- Guelphic party, her brothers of the Ghibelline; and no

radacci in his history of Bologna. Her lover was of the

sooner was this act of violence made known than an He was buried with all honour in the church of the

enmity, hitherto but half-suppressed, broke out into Santa Croce

open war. The Great Place was a scene of battle and Note 102, page 58, col. 2.

bloodshed for forty successive days; nor was a reconHis cottage (justly was it called The Jewel).

ciliation accomplished till six years afterwards, when Il Giojello.

the families and their adherents met there once again, Note 103, page 58, col. 2.

and exchanged the kiss of peace before the Cardinal

Legate; as the rival families of Florence had already Thore, unseen.

done in the Place of S. Maria Novella. Every house on Milton went to Italy in 1638. There it was,» says the occasion was hung with tapestry and garlands of he, « that I found and visited the famous Galileo, grown flowers. old, a prisoner to the Inquisition., 0 an blind,

Note 113, page 59, col. 2. he might have said. Galileo, by his own account, be

from the wound came blind in December, 1637. Milton, as we learn

Sucking the poison. from the date of Sir Henry Wotton's letter to him, had

The Saracens had introduced among them the not left England on the 18th of April following.–See tice of poisoning their daggers.

pracTIRABOSCHI, and Worron's Remains.

Note 114, page 59, col. 2.
Note 104, page 58, col. 2.

Yet, when Slavery came,
So near the yellow Tiber's-

Worse follow'd.
They rise within thirteen miles of each other.

It is remarkable that the noblest works of human


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genius have been produced in times of tumult; when the morning; and at supper was gay beyond measure. every man was his own master, and all things were When he retired, he sent for her into his apartment; open to all. Homer, Dante, and Milton appeared in and, pressing her tenderly to his bosom, slipped a cord such times; and we may add Virgil..

round her neck.

Eleonora appears to have had a presentiment of her Note 115, page 59, col. 2.

fate. She went when required; but, before she sel out, In every Palace was The Laboratory.

took leave of lier son, then a child; weeping long and As in those of Cosmo I, and his son Francis.-Sis- bitterly over him. MONDI, Xvi, 205.

Note 122, page 60, col, 1.
Note 116, page 59, col. 2.

But lo, tbe Sun is setting.
Cruel Tophana.

I have here endeavoured to describe an Italian sun-
A Sicilian, the inventress of many poisons; the most set as I have often seen it. The conclusion is borrowed
celebrated of which, from its transparency, was called from that celebrated passage in Dante,
Acquetta, or Acqua Tophana.

Era già l'ora, etc.
Note 127, page 6o, col. 1.

Note 123, page 6o, col. 2.
Gave signs infallible of coming ill,

---wben armies met. The Cardinal, Ferdinand de' Medici, is said to have The Roman, and the Carthaginian. Such was the been preserved in this manner by a ring which he wore animosity, says Livy, that an earthquake, which turned on his finger; as also Andrea, the husband of Giovanna, the course of rivers and overthrew cities and mountains, Queen of Naples.

was felt by none of the combatants.—xxii, 5.
Note 118, page 6o, col. 1.

Note 124, page 6o, col. 2.
One in the floor-now left, alas, unbolted.

And by a brook.
Il Trabocchetto.-See Vocab. degli Accadem. della

It has been called, from time immemorial, Il SanguiCrusca. See also Dict. de l'Académie Française. Art.

netto. Oubliettes.

Note 125, page 61, col. 2.
Note 119, page 60, col. 1.

Such the dominion of thy mighty voice.
There, at Caiano.

An allusion to the Cascata delle Marmore, a celebratPoggio-Caiano, the favourite villa of Lorenzo; where ed fall of the Velino near Terni. he often took the diversion of hawking. Pulci some

Note 126, page 61, col. 2. times went out with him; though, it seems, with little

---no bush or green or dry. ardour. See La Caccia col Falcone, where he is described as missing; and as gone into a wood, to rhyme

A sign in our country as old as Shakspeare, and still used in Italy.

Une branche d'arbre, attachée à une thiere.

maison rustique, nous annonce les moyens de nous raNote 120, page 6o, col. 1.

fraîchir. Nous y trouvons du lait et des æufs frais; nous With his wild lay

voilà contens. » - Mém. de GOLDONI. The Morgante Maggiore. He used to recite it at the

There is, or was very lately, in Florence a small winetable of Lorenzo, in the manner of the ancient Rliap- house with this inscription over the door, Al buon vino sodists.

non bisogna frasca. Good wine needs no bush. It was Note 121, page 6o, col 1.

much frequented by Salvator Piosa, who drew a portrait Of that old den far up among the hills.

of his hostess. Caffaggiolo, the favourite retreat of Cosmo, « the fa


127, page 61, col. 2. ther of his country.» Eleonora di Toledo was stabbed

A narrow glade unfolded, such as Spring. there on the uth of July, 1576, by her husband Pietro

This upper region, a country of dews and dewy lights, de' Medici; and on the 16th of the same month, Isa

as described by Virgil and Pliny, and still, I believe, bella de' Medici was strangled by hers, Paolo Giordano called La Rosa, is full of beautiful scenery. Who does Orsini, at his villa of Cerreto. They were at Florence, not wish to follow the footsteps of Cicero there, to visit when they were sent for, each in her turn, Isabella the heatine Tempe and the Seven Waters ? under the pretext of a hunting-party; and each in her turn went to die.

Note 128, page 61, col. 2. Isabella was one of the most beautiful and accom

---a sumpter-mule. plished women of the Age. In the Latin, French, and Many of these circumstances are introduced into a Spanish languages she spoke not only with fluency, but landscape of Annibal Carracci, now in the Louvre. clegance; and in her own she excelled as an Improvisa

Note 129, page 62, col. 1. trice, accompanying herself on the Yute. On her arrival

Filling the land with splendourat dusk, Paolo presented her with two beautiful greyhounds, that she might make a trial of their speed in

Perhaps the most beautiful villa of that day was the

Villa Madama. It is now a ruin; but enough remains The Augustan Age, as it is called, what was it but a dying blaze of the plan and the grotesque-work to justify Vasari's of the Commonwealih! Wben Augustus began to reign, Cicero and

account of it. Lucretius were dead, Catullos had written his satires against Casar, and Horace and Virgil were no longer in their first youth. Horace The Pastor Fido, if not the Aminta, used to be often had served under Brutus; and Virgil had been pronounced to be represented there; and a theatre, such as is here describMagnæ spes altera Romæ.

ed, was to be seen in the gardens very lately.

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Note 130, page 62, col. 1.

Note 141, page 64, col. 2.
Fair forms appear'd, marmuring melodious verse.

Have none appear'd as tillers of the ground. A fashion for ever reviving in such a climate. In the The Author of the Letter to Julia has written admiyear 1783, the Nina of Paesiello was performed in a rably on this subject. small wood near Caserta.

All sad, all silent! O'er the ear

No sound of cheerful toil is swelling.
Note 131, page 62, col. 1.

Earth has no quickening spirit here,
--the Appian.

Nature no charm, and Man ao dwelling! The street of the tombs in Pompeii may serve to give Not less admirably has he described a Roman Beauty; us some idea of the Via Appia, that Regina Viarum, in such as “ weaves her spells beyond the Tiber. » its splendour. It is perhaps the most striking vestige of

Methinks the Furies with their snakes, Antiquity that remains lo us.

Or Venus with ber zoue might gird her;

Of fiend aud goddess she partakes.
Note 132, page 62, col. 2.

And looks at once both Love and Murder.
Horace himself-

Note 142, page 64, col. 2.
And Augustus in his litter, coming at a still slower

From this Seat. rate. He was borne along by slaves; and the gentle mo

Mons Albanus, now called Monte Cavo. On the sumtion allowed him to read, write, and employ himself as in his cabinet. Though Tivoli is only sixteen miles from

mit stood for many centuries the temple of Jupiter La

tiaris. - Tuque ex tuo edito monte Latiaris, sancte Juthe City, he was always iwo nights on the road. - SUE

piter, etc.-Cicero.
Note 133, page 62, col. 2.

Note 143, page 65, col. 1.
Where his voice falter'd,

Two were so soon to wander and be slain.
At the words « Tu Marcellus eris. The story is so

Nisus and Eurialus. « La scène des six derniers livres beautiful, that every reader must wish it to be true. de Virgile ne comprend qu'une licue de terrain.•_Bon

Note 134, page 62, col. 2.

Note 144, page 65. col. 1.
the centre of their Universe.

llow many realms, pastoral and warlike, lay. From the golden pillar in the Forum the ways ran to

Forty-seven, according to Dionys. Halicar. I. iv, the gates, and from the gates to the extremities of the Empire.

Note 145, page 65, col. 1.
Note 135, page 62, col. 2.

Here is the sacred field of the Horatii.
To the twelve tables.

• Horatiorum quà viret sacer campus.»-Mart. The laws of the twelve tables were inscribed on pillars

Notc 146, page 65, col. 1. of brass, and placed in the most conspicuous part of the

There are the Quintian meadows,
Forum.-Dion. Hal.

Quæ prata Quintia vocantur.--Liyy.
Note 136, page 62, col. 2.

Note 147, page 65, col. 2.
And to the shepherd on the Alban mount.

Music and painting, sculpture, rhetoric.
Amplitudo tanta est, ut conspiciatur à Latiario Jove.

Music; and from the loftiest strain to the lowliest, -C. PLIN. xxxiv, 7.

from a Miserere in the Holy Week to the shepherd's Note 137, page 62, col. 2.

humble offering in Advent; the last, if we may judge A thousand torches, turning night to day.

from its effects, not the least subduing, perhaps the An allusion to Cæsar in his Gallic triumph. Adscen- most so. dit Capitolium ad lumina,» etc. Suetonius. According of a cloudless December morning, we observed a rustic

Once, as we were approaching Frescati in the sunshine to Dion, Cassius, he went up on his knees.

group by the road-side, before an image of the Virgin, Note 138, page 63, col. 1.

that claimed the devotions of the passenger from a On those so young, well-pleased with all they see. niche in a vineyard wall. Two young men from the In the triumph of Æmilius, nothing affected the Ro- mountains of the Abruzzi, in their long brown cloaks,

Their instruments man people like the children of Perseus. Many wept; were playing a Christmas-carol. nor could any thing else attract notice, till they were were a haulboy and a bagpipe; and the air, wild and gone by.--PLUTARCI.

simple as it was, was such as she might accept with

pleasure. The ingenuous and smiling countenances of Note 139, page 63, col. 1.

these rude minstrels, who seemed so sure that she heard and sbe who said,

hem, and the unaffected delight of their little audience, Taking the fatal cap between her hands.

all younger than themselves, all standing uncovered and The story of the marriage and the poison is well-moving their lips in prayer, would have arrested the reader.

most careless traveller.
Note 140, page 64, col. 1.

Note 148, page 65, col. 2.
His last great work.

And architectural pomp, such as none else ;
The Transfiguration; la quale opera, nel vedere il

And dazzling light, and darkness visible. corpo morto, e quella viva, faceva scoppiare l'anima di

Whoever has entered the Church of St Peter's or dolore à ogni uno, che quivi guardava, :— VASARI, the Pauline Chapel, during the Exposition of the Holy

known to every

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by it.


of respect.

Sacrament there, will not soon forget the blaze of the side of the rock, and hanging over that torrent, are altar, or the dark circle of worshippers kneeling in little ruins which they show you for Horace's house, a silence before it.

curious situation to observe the
Note 149, page 65, col. 2.

Præceps Apio, et Tiburni lucus, et uda
Mobilibus pomaria rivis.

GRAY's Letters.
Ere they came.
An allusion to the Prophecies concerning Antichrist.

Note 159, page 68, col. 2. See the Interpretations of Mede, Newton,

larke, etc.;

Like one awaking in a distant time. not to mention those of Dante and Petrarch.

The place here described is near Mola di Gaëta in the Note 150, page 66, col. 1.

kingdom of Naples. And from the latticed gallery came a chant

Note 160, page 68, col. 2. of psalms, most saint-like, most angelical.

When they that robb'd, were men of better faith. There was said to be in the choir, among others of

Alluding to Alfonso Piccolomini. · Stupiva ciascuno the Sisterhood, a daughter of Cimarosa.

che, mentre un bandito osservava rigorosamente la sua Note 151, page 66, col. 2.

parola, il Papa non avesse ribrezzo di mancare alla 'T was in ber utmost need ; nor, while she lives.

propria..--Galluzzi. ïi, 364. Her back was at that time turned to the people; but He was hanged at Florence, March 16, 1591. in his countenance might be read all that was passing.

Note 161, page 68, col. 2. The Cardinal, who officiated, was a venerable old man,

When along the shore. evidently unused to the ceremony and much affected

Tasso was returning from Naples to Rome, and had

arrived at Mola di Gaëta, when he received this tribute Note 152, page 66, col. 2.

The captain of the troop was Marco di The black pall, the requiem.

Sciarra, See Manso. Vita del Tasso. Ariosto had a simiAmong other ceremonies a pall was thrown over her, lar adventure with Filippo Pachione. See BARUFFALDI. and a requiem sung.

Note 162, page 69, col. 1.
Note 153, page 66, col. 2.

As by a spell they start op in array,
Unsbeatbs his wings.

• Cette race de bandits a ses racines dans la populaHe is of the beetle-tribe.

tion même du pays. La police ne sait ou les trouver.» Note 154, page 66, col. 2.

Blazing by fits as from excess of joy.

Note 163, page 69, col. 2.
For, in tbat upper clime, effulgence comes

Three days they lay in ambush at my gate.
of gladness.


This story was written in the year 1820, and is Note 155, page 67, col. 1.

founded on the many narratives which at that time were Singing the nursery-song he learnt so soon.

circulating in Rome and Naples. There is a song to the lucciola in every dialect of

Note 164, page 71, col. 2.
Italy; as for instance in the Genoese :

And in the track of him wbo went to die.
Cabela, regni a baso;

The Elder Pliny. See the letters in which his Nephew
Ti dajo un cage de lette.

relates to Tacitus the circumstances of his death. The Roman is in a higher strain :

Note 165, page 74, col. 1.
Bella regina, etc.

The fishing-town, Amalfi.
Note 156, page 67, col. 1.

Amalfi fell after three hundred years of prosperity;
And the young nymph, preparing for the dance.

but the poverty of one thousand fishermen is yet digniIo piglio, quando il di giunge al confine, Le lucciole ne prati ampj ridotte,

fied by the remains of an arsenal, a cathedral, and the E, come gemme, le comparto al crino;

palaces of royal merchants.»-Gibbon.
Poi fra l'ombre da' rai vivi interrotte
Mi presento ai Pastori, e ognun mi dice:

Note 166, page 74, col. 2.
Clori ba le stelle al crin come ha la Notte. VARANO.

A Hospital, that, night and day, received

The pilgrims of the west.
Note 157, page 67, col. 1.

It was dedicated to Saint John.
Those trees, religious once and always green.
Pliny mentions an extraordinary instance of lon-

Note 167, page 74, col. 2. gevity in the ilex. There is one,, says he, in the

-relics of ancient Greece. Vatican older than the City itself. An Etruscan in- Among other things the Pandects of Justinian were scription in letters of brass attests that even in those found there in 1137. By the Pisans they were taken days the tree was held sacred :, and it is remarkable from Amalfi, by the Florentines from Pisa; and they that there is at this time on the Vatican mount an are now preserved with religious care in the Laurentian ilex of great antiquity. It is in a grove just above the Library. palace-garden,

Note 168, page 74, col. 2.
Note 158, page 67, col. 1.

Grain from the golden vales of Sicily.
(So some aver, and who would not believe I)

There is at this day in Syracuse a street called, La «I did not tell


that just below the first fall, on the Strada degli Amalfitani.

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Note 169, page 74, col. 2.

third novel of Franco Sacchetty we read, that a stranger, Not thus did they return,

suddenly entering Giotto's study, threw down a shield The tyrant slain.

and departed, saying, Paint me my arms in that It was in the year 839. See Muratori. Art. Chronici shield;" and that Giotto, looking after him, exclaimed, Amalphitani Fragmenta,

Who is he? What is he? He says, Paint me my arms,

as if he was one of the Bardi ! What arms does he Note 170, page 74, col 2.

bear?, Serve for their monument.

Note 178, page 77, col. 1. By degrees, says Giannone, they made themselves fa

Doria, Pisani. mous through the world. The Tarini Amalfitani were

Paganino Doria, Nicolo Pisani; those great seamen, a coin familiar to all nations; and their maritime code

who balanced for so many years the fortunes of Genoa regulated every where the commerce of the sea, Many

and Venice. churches in the East were by them built and endowed ; by them was first founded in Palestine that most re

Note 179, page 77, col. 1. nowned military Order of St John of Jerusalem; and

Ruffling with many an oar the crystalline sea. who does not know that the Mariner's compass was in- The Feluca is a large boat for rowing and sailing, vented by a citizen of Amalfi?

much used in the Mediterranean.
Note 171, page 75, col. 1.

Note 180, page 77, col. 1.
The air is sweet with violets, running wild.

How oft where now we rode.
The violets of Pæstum were as proverbial as the roses.
Martial mentions them with the honey of Hybla.

Every reader of Spanish Poetry is acquainted with

that affecting romance of Gongora,
Note 172, page 75, col. 1.

Amarrado al duro banco, etc,
Those thoughts so precious and so lately lost,

Lord Holland has translated it in his Life of Lope
The introduction to his treatise on Glory. Cic. ad
All. xvi, 6. For an account of the loss of that treatise,

Note 181, page 77, col. 2. see Petrarch, Epist. Rer.; SENILIUM, xv, i ; and BAYLE,

Here he lived. Dict. in Alcyonius.

The Piazza Doria, or, as it is now called, the Piazza di Note 173, page 75, col. 2.

San Matteo, insignificant as it may be thought, is to me and Posidonia rose.

the most interesting place in Genoa. It was there that Criginally a Greek City under that name, and after- Doria assembled the people, when he gave them their wards a Roman City, under the name of Pæstum. See liberty (Sigonii Vita Doriæ); and on one side of it is the Mitford's Hist. of Greece, chap. x, sect. 2. It was sur-church he lies buried in, on the other a house, origiprised and destroyed by the Saracens at the beginning nally of very small dimensions, with this inscription : of the tenth century.

S. C. Andreæ de Auria Patriæ Liberatori Munus Public Note 174, page 76, col. 1.

The streets of old Genoa, like those of Venice, were « Wbat bangs behind that curtain ?

constructed only for fool-passengers. This story, if a story it can be called, is fictitious; and I have done little more than give it as I received it. It

Note 182, page 77, col. 2. has already appeared in prose; but with

Held many a pleasant, mapy a grave discourse. tions and additional circumstances.

See his Life by Sigonio. The abbey of Monte Cassino is the most ancient and venerable house of the Benedictine Order. It is situated

Note 183, page 77, col. 2. within fifteen leagues of Naples on the inland road to

A house of trade. Rome; and no house is more hospitable. ;

When I saw it in 1822, a basket-maker lived on the

ground-floor, and over him a seller of chocolate.
Note 175, page 76, col. 1.
For life is surely there and visible change.

Note 184, page 78, col. 1.
There are many miraculous pictures in Italy; but

Before the ocean-wave iby wealth reflected. none, I believe, were ever before described as malignant Alluding to the Palace which he built afterwards, and in their influence.

in which he twice entertained the Emperor Charles the

Note 176, page 76, col. 2.

It is the most magnificent edifice on the bay of

Witbin a crazed and tattered vehicle.

Note 185, page 78, col. 1.
Then degraded, and belonging to a Vetturino.

The ambitious man, ibat in a perilous hour
Note 177, page 76, col. 2.

Fell from ibe plank.
A shield as splendid as the Bardi wear.

Fiesco. See Robertson's History of the Emperor A Florentine family of great antiquity. In the sixty- Charles the Fifth,


many altera

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