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APPENDIX A.

EARLY EXTRACTS ON RALEIGH'S POETRY

AND LIFE.

1. THE CRITICS.

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1. OR ditty and amorous ode, I find Sir Walter

Raleigh's vein most lofty, insolent, and passionate.” - Puttenham's “ Art of English Poesy,1589, p. 51.

2. Francis Meres mentions Sir Walter Ra. leigh as one of “ the most passionate among us to bewail and bemoan the perplexities of love.” .6 Palladis Tamia," 1598, p. 154, repr.

3. Edmund Bolton speaks of his prose works, “ Guiana, and bis prefatory epistle before his mighty undertaking in the History of the World,” as “full of proper, clear, and courtly graces of speech ;” and couples his English poems with those of Donne, Holland, and Lord Brooke as not easily to be mended.”—“Hypercritica,” circ. 1610, pp. 249, 251, repr.

4. Gabriel Harvey is said, in some MS. notes on Chaucer, to have called Raleigh's “ Cynthia” a fine and sweet invention.”—Malone's "Shakespeare," by Boswell, ii. 579.

5. “He who writeth the Art of English Poesy praiseth much Raleigh and Dyer ; but their works are so few that are come to my hands, I cannot well say anything of them.” — Drummond of Hawthornden, “Works,” i711, p. 226.

6. “ Sir Walter Raleigh, a person both sufficiently known in history, and by his ‘History of the World,' seems also by the character given him by the author of the 'Art of English Poetry'[Puttenham, as above), to have expressed

bimself more a poet than the little we have extant of his poetry seems to inport.”—Edward Phillips,

« Theatrum Poetarum," 1675, ii. 233.

EDMUND SPENSER. 1. “ Considering she beareth two persons, the one of a most royal Queen or Empress, the other of a most virtuous and beautiful Lady, this latter part in some places I do express in Belphæbe, fashioning her name according to your own excellent conceit of Cynthia, Phoebe and Cynthia being both names of Diana.”—Letter of the Author's (of the “Faery Queen") to Sir Walter Raleigh, 1590; Spenser's “Works,” by Collier, i. 149.

2. “ To thee, that art the summer's nightingale,

Thy sovereign Goddess's most dear delight, Why do I send this rustic madrigal,

That may thy tuneful ear unseason quite ?

Thou only fit this argument to write,
In whose high thoughts pleasure hath built her bower,

And dainty love learned sweetly to indite.
My rhymes I know unsavoury and sour,
To taste the streams that, like a golden shower,

Flow from thy fruitful head, of thy love's praise ;
Fitter, perhaps, to thunder martial stower,

When so thee list thy lofty Muse to raise : Yet, till that thou thy poem wilt make known, Let thy fair Cynthia's praises be thus rudely shewn.” (Sonnet to Sir Walter Raleigh, printed with the first three books of the Faery Queen," in 1590; ib. i. 164.)

3. “But if in living colours and right hue

Thyself thou covet to see pictured, Who can it do more lively or more true

Than that sweet verse, with nectar sprinkled,

In which a gracious servant pictured
His Cynthia, his heaven's fairest light?

That with his melting sweetness ravished,
And with the wonder of her beams bright,
My senses lulled are in slumber of delight.
" But let that same delicious poet lend

A little leave unto a rustic Muse

To sing his mistress' praise; and let him mend,

If ought amiss her liking may abuse:

Ne let his fairest Cynthia refuse
In mirrors more than one herself to see;

But either Gloriana let her choose,
Or in Belphebe fashioned to be;
In th' one her rule, in th' other her rare chastity.”

(Introduction to the third book of the

Faery Queen,” ib. ii. 336.)

4. « One day,' quoth he, “I sat, as was my trade,

Under the foot of Mole, that mountain hoar, Keeping my sheep amongst the coolly shade

Of the green alders by the Mulla's shore: There a strange shepherd chanced to find me out,

Whether allured with my pipe's delight, Whose pleasing sound yshrilled far about,

Or thither led by chance, I know not right: Whom when I asked from what place he came,

And how he hight, himself he did ycleepe The Shepherd of the Oceän by name,

And said he came far from the main-sea deep. He, sitting me beside in that same shade,

Provoked me to play some pleasant fit; And, when he heard the music which I made,

He found himself full greatly pleased at it:
Yet, æmuling my pipe, he took in hond

My pipe, before that æmuled of many,
And played thereon, for well that skill he conned,

Himself as skilful in that art as any.
He piped, I sung; and, when he sung, I piped ;

By change of turns each making other merry';
Neither envying other, nor envied,

So piped we, until we both were weary.”

His song was all a lamentable lay

Of great unkindness and of usage hard, Of Cynthia, the Lady of the Sea,

Which from her presence faultless him debarred. And ever and anon, with singulfs rife,

He cried out, to make his undersong, • Ah, my love's Queen, and Goddess of my life!

Who shall me pity, when thou dost me wrong?"

“And there that Shepherd of the Ocean is,

That spends his wit in love's consuming smart; Full sweetly tempered is that Muse of his,

That can empierce a prince's mighty heart." (“Colin Clout's come home again,” 1591; ib. v. 33, 37, 47.) III. SPECIMENS OF LAMPOONS ON RALEIGH.

1.
Water thy plants with grace divine,

And hope to live for aye;
Then to thy Saviour Christ incline;

In Him make steadfast stay ;
Raw is the reason that doth lie

Within an atheist's head,
Which saith the soul of man doth die,

When that the body's dead.
“Now may you see the sudden fall

Of him that thought to climb full high ;-
A man well known unto you all,
Whose state, you see, doth stand Rawly.

&c. &c. &c. (The first eight lines printed in four as Raleigh's own composition, in the Oxford edition of his works, viii. 732, with the title “ Moral Advice.” They were taken from MS. Ashm. 781, p. 163, where they are signed “Sr. Wa. Raleigh." Also printed with a continuation, of which the above specimen will be sufficient, among Mr. Halliwell's “ Poetical Miscellanies” from MSS. ; Percy Society, vol. xv. p. 14. The Oxford editors failed to observe the pun on Raleigh's name, to which James I. also condescended on a famous occasion.)

2.
“ Watt, I wot well thy overweening wit,
Led by ambitious humours, wrought thy fall,”

&c. &c. &c.
“ I pity that the summer's nightingale,'

Immortal Cynthia's sometime dear delight,
That used to sing so sweet a madrigal,

Should like an owl go wanderer in the night,

Quoted from Spenser's “Sonnet," above, p. xxii. The phrase was also adopted by Drayton; see Collier's “ Bibl. Cat.” i. 224-5; and note on Spenser.

Hated of all, but pitied of none,

Though swanlike now he makes his dying moan.” (Extracted from a long piece in Mr. Halliwell's “ Poetical Miscellanies," as above, pp. 15, 16. The last line is im. portant, as proving that Raleigh was believed to have written verses shortly before his death.)

3.
“ The Nightingale will scarce be tame,

No company keep he can;
He dare not show his face for shame;

He feareth the look of man:
But Robin like a man can look,

And doth shun no place;
He will sing in every nook,

And stare you in the face.” (Extracted from a piece published from Gough's MSS. in the “ Camden Society's Miscellany,” iii. 22; and interpreted of the quarrel between Raleigh and Essex in Collier's “ Life of Spenser,” p. lxix.)

4.
“ To whom shall cursed I my case complain,

To move some pity of my wretched state?
For though no other comfort doth remain

Yet pity would my grief extenuate :
For I towards God and man myself abused,
And therefore am of God and man refused.
“ To Heaven I dare not lift my wretched eyes,

Nor ask for pardon for my wretched deeds ;
For I His word and service did despise,

Esteeming them of no more worth than weeds:

[From] which most vile conceits these woes proceeds ; For now I find, and, finding, fear to rue,

There is a God who is both just and true,” &c. (From “ The despairing Complaint of wretched Raleigh for his treacheries wrought against the worthy Essex;" MS. Ashm. 36, p. 11. The piece contains forty-one stanzas, each of seven lines except the first.)

5.
“I speak to such, if any such there be,

Who are possessed, through their Prince's grace,

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