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F. That means that he possesses more intelligence than brutes.

C. Have brutes any language?

F. They have different cries, to express pleasure or pain; they are capable of sympathy. C. What is sympathy?

F. It is a feeling, caused by the feeling of


C. I do not understand you.

F. If you see a person grieved do you feel happy?

C. I feel sad.

F. If you see little boys very happy and gay how do you feel then?

C. I feel happy and gay too.

F. You feel sad because another is sad; and gay because another is gay. You feel sympathy with others.

C. Do brutes show any signs of this feeling? F. Yes. Horses, which have been fed together, or which have worked together, are glad to meet when they have been parted. As soon as they see each other they make a noise which expresses the pleasure they feel. Many other animals show sympathy. They love one another. This is affection.

C. If brutes have intelligence and affection, in what is man entirely different from them?

F. He has curiosity, or the love of knowledge; he can understand what is right, and what is wrong; he can tell his thoughts; he makes use of tools, or instruments; he uses fire; he laughs; he weeps; he believes in God, and hopes he shall live in another world. Brutes do none of these things.

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Brutes sometimes live in great numbers together; then they are called gregarious.

When men live in large numbers togetherthat is society.

When an individual lives alone he is said to be solitary.

A bird in a cage is solitary.


A flock of pigeons is gregarious. which live in large companies are gregarious. When a gregarious animal is taken away from the rest of its species it grows sad and inactive.

A bee, kept by itself, would not be "the busy bee," he would not build his cell skilfully, and spread his wax neatly-he would become miserable and idle, and he would soon die.

When a man lives far away from other menwhen he lives in prisons, or is left by ships alone on an island, he is not happy. He can do no good, he can feel no sympathy; he cannot converse or talk with any one; he cannot grow wiser or better.

If he is left alone when he is a little child, and can get food enongh to keep him alive, but has nobody to teach him any thing, he grows up like a brute.

Some children have been left in this manner; people have found them when they had grown up; they could not speak, nor could they ever be taught to speak; they lived like brutes all their days.

C. Children ought to be very thankful then who have parents and teachers to instruct them. F. Yes; for they are more helpless than young animals of any other species.

C. They must live a long time before they

can walk, or speak, or provide food and clothes for themselves. Brutes walk as soon as they live; they soon learn to find their own food, and they need no clothes. God has given them all the covering they want.



"PRAY, papa," said Sophia, after she had been a long while teased with the flies which buzzed about her ears, and settled on her nose and forehead as she sat at work-" Pray, what were flies made for ?" "For some good, I dare say," said her father.

S. But I think they do a great deal more harm than good, for I am sure they plague me sadly, and in the kitchen they are so troublesome that the maids can hardly do the work for them.

F. Flies eat up many things which would become very disagreeable, if they were not used, and carried off in some way or other. Flies themselves are eaten up by spiders, and many other animals. Did you never see the little kitten catch flies ?

S. No.-We could clean away every thing without the help of the flies; and the animals which eat flies, do not want them all, for I have seen heaps of dead flies lying in the window which did not seem to do good to any thing.

F. Suppose a fly should think; might he not say "What is this great two legged animal, called man, good for; he eats up every thing he

can find; he kills a great many animals, that he may have their flesh to eat; he beats and hurts a great many others which he cannot eat. And when he dies he is nailed up in a box, and put a great way under the ground." What would you tell this fly?

S. I would tell him he was very saucy, for talking so of his betters.-I should tell him that he, and all other creatures, were made for man -that man was not made for them.

F. But would you tell him true? You have just been saying, that you could not find out, of what use flies are to us ?-but when they suck our blood, we are of use to them. There are many animals, which are very troublesome to men, such as moschetos, and many more, which we always try to kill as soon as we see them. These are called noxious animals. Some animals kill men, by infusing poison into the blood. The rattle snake does this. When the rattle snake bites, it squeezes from its jaws a little drop of poison, which mixes with the blood, where he has bitten, and broken the skin. This little drop of poison makes a man very sick, and in a short time kills him. Animals, whose bite kills in this manner, are called venomous animals.

S. What can these animals be made for?

F. They are made to be happy.

S. Then we ought not to kill them?

F. Only a very few of these animals come in our way-these few we must kill, that we may be comfortable ourselves; but we should be careful not to hurt animals when we can help it. Some good-natured people will allow animals to

be troublesome rather than to kill them. I remember reading of an old gentleman, who had been plagued all the time he was eating his dinner, by a great fly buzzing in his face. Instead of crushing it to death, he took it carefully in his hand, and opening the window, said "Go, poor creature; I won't hurt thee; the world is wide enough for thee and me."

S. I should have loved that man not some animals eat others?

Papa, do

F. They do, indeed. God has made some animals so, that they require the flesh of others to keep them alive; they are forced to kill them. Man is forced to kill the ox, that he may have beef-he is also forced to kill the sheep, that he may have mutton; he is obliged to kill many other animals for his food.

The animals which we see, are only a small part of those which are alive. Some animals are so very small that we cannot see them without the assistance of glasses.

S. How can glass assist our sight?

F. Look through a pair of spectacles.-The things which you see look larger than they appear without the spectacles. There are some glasses which make things look much larger than they seem, when seen through spectacles. Some glasses make a fly look as large as a mouse. These glasses are called microscopes. Look at a drop of water through a microscope. You will see in it a great many living creatures. swallow many of these every time we drink. People in some countries think it wicked to kill animals.


There are some people in Asia, called the Hin

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