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freedom, but licence; which never hath more scope or more indulgence then under Tyrants. Hence is it that Tyrants are not oft offended, nor ftand much in doubt of bad men, as being all naturally fervile; but in whom vertue and true worth most is eminent, them they feare in earnest, as by right thir Maifters, against them lies all thir hatred and suspicion. Confequentlie neither doe bad men hate Tyrants, but have been alwayes readieft with the falfifi'd names of Loyalty, and Obedience, to colour over thir base compliances. And although fomtimes for shame, and when it comes to thir owne grievances, of purfe efpecially, they would feeme good Patriots, and fide with the better cause, yet when others for the deliverance of thir Countrie, endu'd with fortitude and Heroick vertue to feare nothing but the curse writt'n against those That doe the worke of the Lord negligently,* would goe on to remove, not only the calamities and thraldoms of a People, but the roots and causes whence they fpring, ftreight these men, and fure helpers at need, as if they hated only the miseries but not the mischiefs, after they have juggl'd and palter'd with the world, bandied and born armes against thir King, devested him, difannointed him, nay curs'd him all over in thir Pulpits and thir Pamphlets, to the ingaging of fincere and real men, beyond what is poffible or honeft to retreat from, not only turne revolters from those principles, which only could at first move them, but lay the staine of difloyaltie, and worse, on those proceedings, which are the neceffary confequences of thir own former actions; nor diflik'd by themselves, were they manag'd to the intire advantages of thir own Faction; not confidering the while that he toward whom they boafted thir new fidelitie, counted them acceffory; and by thofe Sta

* Jer. 48. 19.

tutes and Lawes which they fo impotently brandish against others, would have doom'd them to a Traytors death, for what they have don alreadie. 'Tis true, that most men are apt anough to civil Wars and commotions as a noveltie, and for a flash hot and active; but through floth or inconftancie, and weakness of spirit either fainting, ere thir own pretences, though never so just, be half attain'd, or through an inbred falfhood and wickednes, betray oft times to deftruction with themselves, men of nobleft temper joyn'd with them for causes, whereof they in their rafh undertakings were not capable.

If God and a good caufe give them Victory, the profecution wherof for the most part, inevitably draws after it the alteration of Lawes, change of Goverment, downfal of Princes with thir families; then comes the task to those Worthies which are the foule of that enterprize, to be swett and labour'd out amidst the throng and noises of Vulgar and irrational men. Some contefting for privileges, customs, forms, and that old entanglement of Iniquity, thir gibrish Lawes, though the badge of thir ancient slavery. Others who have beene fierceft against thir Prince, under the notion of a Tyrant, and no mean incendiaries of the Warr against him, when God out of his providence and high difpofal hath deliver'd him into the hand of thir brethren, on a suddain and in a new garbe of Allegiance, which thir doings have long fince cancell'd; they plead for him, pity him, extoll him, protest against those that talk of bringing him to the tryall of Juftice, which is the Sword of God, fuperior to all mortal things, in whose hand foever by apparent fignes his teftified will is to put it. But certainly if we confider who and what they are, on a fuddain grown fo pitifull, wee may conclude, thir pitty can be no true, and Christian commiferation, but either levitie and fhallowness of minde, or else

a carnal admiring of that worldly pomp and greatnefs, from whence they fee him fall'n; or rather lastly a diffembl'd and feditious pity, fain'd of induftry to begett new difcord. As for mercy, if it be to a Tyrant, under which Name they themselves have cited him fo oft in the hearing of God, of Angels, and the holy Church affembl'd, and there charg'd him with the spilling of more innocent blood by farr, then ever Nero did, undoubtedly the mercy which they pretend, is the mercy of wicked men ; and their mercies, wee read* are cruelties; hazarding the welfare of a whole Nation, to have fav'd one, whom fo oft they have tearm'd Agag; and vilifying the blood of many Jonathans, that have fav'd Ifrael; infifting with much niceness on the unneceffarieft clause of thir Covnant wrefted, wherein the feare of change, and the abfurd contradiction of a flattering hostilitie had hamperd them, but not fcrupling to give away for complements, to an implacable revenge, the heads of many thousand Chriftians more.

Another fort there is, who comming in the cours of these affaires, to have thir fhare in great actions, above the form of Law or Custom, at least to give thir voice and approbation, begin to fwerve, and almost shiver at the Majesty and grandeur of som noble deed, as if they were newly enter'd into a great fin; difputing presidents, forms, and circumstances, when the Common-wealth nigh perishes for want of deeds in substance, don with just and faithfull expedition. To these I wish better inftruction, and vertue equal to thir calling; the former of which, that is to fay Instruction, I shall indeavour, as my dutie is, to bestow on them; and exhort them not to startle from the just and pious refolution of adhering with all thir strength and affistance to the present Parlament and

*Prov. 12. 10.

Army, in the glorious way wherein Justice and Victory hath set them; the only warrants through all ages, next under immediat Revelation, to excercife fupream power, in those proceedings which hitherto appeare equal to what hath been don in any age or Nation heretofore, juftly or magnanimouflie. Nor let them be difcourag'd or deterr'd by any new Apoftate Scarcrowes, who under show of giving counsel, fend out their barking monitories and memento's, empty of ought elfe but the spleene of a frustrated Faction. For how can that pretended counsel bee either found or faithfull, when they that give it, see not for madness and vexation of thir ends loft, that thofe Statutes and Scriptures which both falfly and fcandaloufly, they wrest against thir Friends and Affociates, would by fentence of the common adverfarie, fall first and heaviest upon thir own heads. Neither let milde and tender difpofitions be foolishly fofin'd from thir duty and perfeverance, with the unmatkuline Rhetorick of any puling Priest or Chaplain, fent as a friendly Letter of advice, for fashion fake in privat, and forthwith publifht by the Sender himfelf, that wee may know how much of friend there was in it, to caft an odious envie upon them, to whom it was pretended to be fent in charitie. Nor let any man be deluded by either the ignorance or the notorious hypocrifie and self-repugnance of our dancing Divines, who have the confcience and the boldnefs, to come with Scripture in thir mouthes, glofs'd and fitted for thir turnes with a double contradictory fenfe, transforming the facred verity of God, to an Idol with two Faces, looking at once two feveral ways; and with the fame quotations to charge others, which in the fame cafe they made ferve to juftifie themselves. For while the hope to bee made Claffic and Provincial Lords led them on, while pluralities greas'd them thick and deep, to the fhame

and scandal of Religion, more then all the Sects and Herefies they exclaim against, then to fight against the Kings perfon, and no lefs a Party of his Lords and Commons, or to put force upon both the Houses, was good, was lawfull, was no refifting of Superior powers; they onely were powers not to be refifted, who countenanc'd the good, and punish't the evil. But now that thir cenforious domineering is not suffer'd to be univerfal, truth and confcience to be freed, Tithes and Pluralities to be no more, though competent allowance provided, and the warme experience of large gifts, and they so good at taking them; yet now to exclude and seize upon impeach't Members, to bring Delinquents without exemption to a faire Tribunal by the common National Law against murder, is now to be no lefs then Corah, Dathan, and Abiram. He who but erewhile in the Pulpits was a curfed Tyrant, an enemie to God and Saints, lad❜n with all the innocent blood fpilt in three Kingdoms, and fo to be fought againft, is now, though nothing penitent or alter'd from his first principles, a lawfull Magiftrate, a Sovran Lord, the Lords anointed, not to be touch'd, though by themselves imprison'd. As if this onely were obedience, to preserve the meere useless bulke of his person, and that onely in prifon, not in the field, and to disobey his commands, deny him his dignity and office, every where to refift his power but where they thinke it onely furviving in thir own faction.

But who in particular is a Tyrant cannot be determin'd in a general difcours, otherwife then by fuppofition; his particular charge, and the fufficient proof of it must determin that: which I leave to Magiftrates, at least to the uprighter fort of them, and of the people, though in number less by many, in whom faction least hath prevaild above the Law of nature and right reason, to judge as they find cause.

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