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and to strike safely with edge, or point; this will keep them healthy, nimble, ftrong, and well in breath, is also the likelieft means to make them grow large and tall, and to inspire them with a gallant and fearless courage, which being temper'd with seasonable Lectures and Precepts to them of true Fortitude and Patience, will turn into a native and heroick valour, and make them hate the cowardise of doing wrong. They must be also practiz'd in all the Locks and Gripes of Wrastling, wherein English men were wont to excell, as need may often be in fight to tugg or grapple, and to close. And this perhaps will be enough, wherein to prove and heat their fingle ftrength. The interim of unfweating themselves regularly, and convenient rest before meat may both with profit and delight be taken up in recreating and compofing their travail'd spirits with the folemn and divine harmonies of Mufick heard or learnt; either while the skilful Organist plies his grave and fancied defcant, in lofty fugues, or the whole Symphony with artful and unimaginable touches adorn and grace the well studied chords of fome choice Compofer; fometimes the Lute, or foft Organ ftop waiting on elegant Voices either to Religious, martial, or civil Ditties; which if wife men and Prophets be not extreamly out, have a great power over difpofitions and manners, to smooth and make them gentle from rustick harshness and distemper'd paffions. The like also would not be unexpedient after Meat to affist and cherish Nature in her first concoction, and fend their minds back to study in good tune and satisfaction. Where having follow'd it close under vigilant eyes till about two hours before fupper, they are by a fudden alarum or watch word, to be call'd out to their military motions, under skie or covert, according to the season, as was the Roman wont; first on foot, then as their age permits, on Horseback, to all

the Art of Cavalry; That having in sport, but with much exactness, and daily mufter, ferv'd out the rudiments of their Souldiership in all the skill of Embattelling, Marching, Encamping, Fortifying, Befieging and Battering, with all the helps of ancient and modern ftratagems, Tacticks and warlike maxims, they may as it were out of a long War come forth renowned and perfect Commanders in the service of their Country. They would not then, if they were trusted with fair and hopeful armies, fuffer them for want of just and wife discipline to shed away from about them like fick feathers, though they be never fo oft fuppli'd: they would not fuffer their empty and unrecrutible Colonels of twenty men in a Company to quaff out, or convey into fecret hoards, the wages of a delufive lift, and a miserable remnant : yet in the mean while to be over-master'd with a score or two of drunkards, the only fouldery left about them, or else to comply with all rapines and violences. No certainly, if they knew ought of that knowledge that belongs to good men or good Governours, they would not fuffer these things. But to return to our own inftitute, befides these constant exercises at home, there is another opportunity of gaining experience to be won from pleasure it self abroad; In those vernal seasons of the year, when the air is calm and pleasant, it were an injury and fullenness against nature not to go out, and fee her riches, and partake in her rejoycing with Heaven and Earth. I should not therefore be a perfwader to them of studying much then, after two or three year that they have well laid their grounds, but to ride out in Companies with prudent and ftaid Guides, to all the quarters of the Land: learning and observing all places of ftrength, all commodities of building and of foil, for Towns and Tillage, Harbours and Ports for Trade. Sometimes taking Sea as far as to

our Navy, to learn there also what they can in the practical knowledge of failing and of Sea-fight. These ways would try all their peculiar gifts of Nature, and if there were any fecret excellence among them, would fetch it out, and give it fair opportunities to advance it felf by, which could not but mightily redound to the good of this Nation, and bring into fashion again those old admired Vertues and Excellencies, with far more advantage now in this purity of Chriftian knowledge. Nor fhall we then need the Monfieurs of Paris to take our hopefull Youth into their flight and prodigal cuftodies and fend them over back again transform'd into Mimicks, Apes and Kicfhoes. But if they defire to see other Countries at three or four and twenty years of age, not to learn Principles but to enlarge Experience, and make wife obfervation, they will by that time be fuch as fhall deferve the regard and honour of all men where they pafs, and the fociety and friendship of those in all places who are best and most eminent. And perhaps then other Nations will be glad to vifit us for their Breeding, or else to imitate us in their own Country.

Now laftly for their Diet there cannot be much to fay, fave only that it would be beft in the fame Houfe; for much time elfe would be loft abroad, and many ill habits got; and that it should be plain, healthful, and moderate I fuppofe is out of controverfie. Thus Mr. Hartlib, you have a general view in writing, as your defire was, of that which at feveral times I had difcourft with you concerning the best and Nobleft way of Education; not beginning as fome have done from the Cradle, which yet might be worth many confiderations, if brevity had not been my scope, many other circumstances alfo I could have mention'd, but this to fuch as have the worth in them to make trial, for light and direc

tion may be enough. Only I believe that this is not a Bow for every man to fhoot in that counts himself a Teacher; but will require finews almost equal to those which Homer gave Ulysses; yet I am withall perfwaded that it may prove much more eafie in the affay, then it now feems at distance, and much more illuftrious: howbeit not more difficult then I imagine, and that imagination prefents me with nothing but very happy and very poffible according to beft wishes; if God have fo decreed, and this age have spirit and capacity enough to appre




A Speech for the Liberty of UNLICENC'D

To the Parlament of England.

Τοὐλεύθερον δ ̓ ἐκεῖνο, εἴ τις θέλει πόλει


Χρηστόν τι βούλευμ ̓ εἰς μέσον Φέρειν, ἔχων.
Καὶ ταῦθ ̓ ὁ χρήζων, λαμπρὸς ἔσθ ̓, ὁ μὴ θέλων,
Σιγᾷ, τί τούτων ἐστιν ἰσαίτερον πόλει;

Euripid. Hicetid.

This is true Liberty, when free-born men
Having to advife the public may speak free,
Which he who can, and will, deferv's high praife,
Who neither can nor will, may hold his peace;
What can be jufter in a State then this?

Euripid. Hicetid.

Hey who to States and Governours of the Commonwealth direct their Speech, High Court of Parlament, or wanting fuch acceffe in a private condition, write that which they forefee may advance the publick good; I fuppofe them as at the beginning of no meane endeavour, not a little alter'd and mov'd inwardly in their mindes: Some with doubt of what will be the fucceffe, others with feare of what will be the cenfure; fome with hope, others with confidence of what they have to fpeake. And me perhaps each of thefe difpofitions, as the fubject was whereon I enter'd, may have at other times variously affected; and likely might in these formoft expreffions now

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