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HONOUR EXAMINATIONS IN MEDICINE.
FIRST EXAMINATION IN MEDICINE.
1. How would you determine the surface tension of a liquid in contact with air?
2. Describe some method of showing (a) interference of sound-waves, (b) refraction of sound-waves.
3. What is meant by the dispersive power of a medium? How is it measured?
4. Explain fully any method of determining the velocity of light.
5. Describe an ophthalmoscope, and explain how to use
6. Describe fully how you would determine the relative humidity of the air. Why is it that the amount of vapour required to saturate a given space increases with the temperature?
7. Explain, as fully as you can, how heat is propagated from one point to another in the cases of conduction, convection, and radiation.
8. What is meant by the electric potential at a point, and by the capacity of a condenser? Show that the energy of a charged body is half the product of its capacity and the square of its potential.
9. How would you determine accurately the direction of the magnetic force of the Earth at any given place?
10. Explain the construction and action of a dynamo capable of giving a continuous current.
1. Find the volume of the given substance which is soluble in water.
2. Find the index of refraction of the glass of the given lens.
3. Compare the specific resistances of the two given metals.
1. Set up the two lenses so that a parallel beam entering the combination will emerge parallel.
2. Find the humidity of the air, from observation of the wet and dry bulb thermometer.
3. Find how the given cells should be arranged to send the greatest current through the galvanometer as arranged.
PROFESSOR LETTS; PROFESSOR RYAN.
[All Chemical changes must be expressed both in words and by equations. Candidates who neglect this instruction will not receive full credit for their answers.]
1. In what way are the following substances related to each other:-Formic aldehyde, grape sugar, cane sugar, starch, mannite.
Give the experimental proofs, and any structural formulæ you may think necessary to illustrate your answer.
2. Describe in outline the steps you would take in investigating a new hydrocarbon with a view to determining its empiric formula.
3. What occurs when a saturated aqueous solution of hydrochloric acid is distilled
(a) At ordinary pressure;
(b) At less than ordinary pressure;
(c) At more than ordinary pressure.
State also what occurs when a very dilute aqueous solution of the acid is distilled under these same conditions. 4. What is osmotic pressure, and how is it measured ? Calculate the osmotic pressure of a one per cent. cane sugar solution at 0° C.
[Density of a one per cent. sugar solution 1.003.]
5. Give three methods for the preparation of acetamide, and state how it reacts with (a) phosphorus pentoxide; (b) hydrochloric acid; (c) caustic potash; (d) bromine and caustic potash.
6. A sample of air is supposed to contain carbon monoxide. How would you detect it? Under what circumstances may this gas occur in the air?
PROFESSOR BLANEY; PROFESSOR CUNNINGHAM.
1. Describe the changes preparatory to fertilization in the embryo-sac of gymnosperms and angiosperms respectively.
2. Give an account of the processes which lead to the formation of the bark of trees.
3. Describe the structure of the stem and the arrangement of the reproductive organs of the sporophyte of Equisetum.
4. Explain what is meant by alternation of generations. Cite some examples from the vegetable kingdom.
5. Give an account of the irritability of the mature organs of plants.
6. Describe the general morphology and life-history of Selaginella.
1. Lay out in glycerine the parts of the flower provided. Sketch and describe your preparation, and refer plant to its natural order.
2. Mount a dorsiventral section of the blade of a leaf. Sketch and describe the structure.
3. Identify and briefly describe slides C and D.
PROFESSOR HARTOG; PROFESSOR SIGERSON.
1. Describe fully the buccal cavity and pharynx with their communications, and the dentition of the Rabbit.
2. Give a brief account of any one Entomostracan.
3. Describe the exo-skeleton (bony and horny) of a Chelonian.
4. Describe the origin, forms, and functions of the corpuscles of the blood in Vertebrates.
5. Give a description of a neuron, i.e. a nerve-cell and nerve-fibre (with sketch), and explain what is meant by a reflex act.
6. Compare the carpus of an Amphibian, with that of a Tortoise, and a Bird.
1. Lay open two arms and the disk of the starfish provided, from the aboral surface. Sketch, letter, and describe all structures in view.
2. Mount some pedicellariæ from among the spines of the ambulacral groove. Sketch and describe your pre
3. Identify and describe very briefly specimens A and B.
PASS EXAMINATIONS IN ARTS.
1. (a) Give the genitive case of each of the following words, and mark the quantity of the penult:-femur, ferrugo, locuples, palmes, temo.
(b) Each of the following nouns has two meanings; set them down, stating the corresponding gender and genitive singular-bidens, palus, pecus.
(c) Parse fully the italicised words in the following phrases-devinctam consuetudine domum: occulta furta: ad ipsam requiem animi: communi omnium nostrum laude : tumulus corpus eius contexerat: quae iacerent in tenebris omnia: emenso Olympo.
(d) What cases do the following verbs, respectively, govern-invideo, irrideo, misereor, obliviscor, recordor? (e) Give, with examples, the rules for the case of the agent after a passive verb.
2. Translate into Latin:—
(a) He learned Greek (litterae Graecae) at Athens, not at Lilybaeum: and Latin at Rome, not in Sicily.
(b) I do not ask what you are going to say: I shall advise you to leave this place and not say one word in reply.
(c) We do not know you: we never saw you before: allow us to defend our fortunes by means of (per) a man of whose integrity we are assured.