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HONOUR EXAMINATIONS IN MEDICINE.
SECOND EXAMINATION IN MEDICINE.
PROF. BIRMINGHAM; PROF. PYE; PROF. SYMINGTON.
1. State what you know of the conditions of the following bones at birth: occipital, sphenoid, temporal, and superior maxilla.
2. Give the attachments of the stylo-glossus and geniohyo-glossus muscles.
3. Describe fully the course of the veins which return blood from the abdominal viscera.
PROF. CHARLES; PROF. COFFEY; PROF. THOMPSON.
1. (a) Mention the grounds for the belief in the existence of trypsinogen in the pancreas, and of rennet ferment in the stomach. (b). Give an account of what is known as to the origin and the fate of bile salts.
2. Show that all the phenomena of the transudation of lymph from the blood cannot be explained as merely the results of diffusion or filtration.
3. Give an account of the origin and of the chemical relationships of the xanthine bases.
4. Describe the structure, the mode of growth, and the development of the hairs. What are pilomotor nerves, and where are they found?
5. How would you prepare a solution of fibrin ferment? State also how you would proceed to show that fibrin ferment and a soluble lime salt are necessary for the transformation of fibrinogen into fibrin.
6. What are the uses of a vasomotor mechanism? Exemplify your statements by a reference to the effects which follow an alteration in the calibre of the bloodvessels of a large district such as the splanchnic area.
[Special stress will be laid upon the written record of your work, and your attention is directed to the following points:
(a) Give a concise account of all the steps of the processes you employ, and of all the tests you use in searching for the different substances.
(b) If you find a metal capable of forming two series of compounds, ascertain, if possible, to which of these series the metal present in the substance you are examining belongs.
(c) In testing a solid, dry way tests, in addition to wet way tests, must be employed.
(d) In testing a solution, dry way tests should be employed in all cases where it is advisable to do so-in addition to liquid tests.
(e) Use confirmatory tests where it is possible to do so. (f) At the end of your paper, give a statement of the constituents found in each solid or solution given you for examination.]
1. Detect three bases or metals in the solution marked 1. 2. Detect three acids or non-metals in the solution marked 2.
3. Detect one base or metal and one acid or non-metal in the solid marked 3.
THIRD EXAMINATION IN MEDICINE.
PROF. BIRMINGHAM; PROF. PYE; PROF. SYMINGTON.
1. Describe the blood-vessels of the spinal cord-arteries and veins and refer to any points of interest, which occur to you, in reference to the blood-supply of this portion of the central nervous system.
2. Describe the serous layer of the pericardium, including its microscopic anatomy.
3. Describe the situation and connections of the testicles about the middle of fœtal life. Give an account of the changes that occur in their position and relations during the later periods of fœtal life.
PROFESSOR CHARLES; PROFESSOR COFFEY; PROFESSOR
1. Describe the developmental history of the principal veins of the body, illustrating your description with diagrams.
2. If the digestion of fibrin by artificial pancreatic juice be conducted so as to allow some putrefaction to occur, what substances will be found in solution, and how can the presence of each of the more important of these be demonstrated?
3. (a) Give a short account of the ordinary pigments of the urine, mentioning the more important characteristics by which they may be severally recognised.
(b) Describe the nervous mechanisms by which the movements of the urinary bladder are regulated.
4. Write a concise description of the tracts of fibres in the central nervous system connected with (a), the nucleus of Deiters of the bulb, and with (b) the superior corpus quadrigeminum. Indicate the functions subserved in each case.
5. Describe fully the nervous arrangements by which the movements of the iris are controlled.
6. Give a short account of the chief modes in which nerves terminate peripherally.
PRACTICAL PHYSIOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY. [Time allowed for Viva Voce and Practical, THREE hours.] 1. Make a quantitative determination of the amount of dextrose in the solution I.
2. Make a quantitative determination of the chlorides in the urine provided.
3. Make preparations by different methods to demonstrate the structure of the medullated nerve fibres of the frog provided.
4. Make preparations to demonstrate the action of ciliated epithelium from the frog provided.
PROFESSOR DEMPSEY; PROFESSOR WHITLA.
1. Describe the processes by which scale' preparations and granular effervescing salts are made. Name an official example of each form, giving its dose.
2. Name the more important drugs having a diuretic action, and explain as far as you can their mode of action. Prescribe in full a diuretic pill, and a diuretic, mixture for an adult.
3. What preparations of the thyroid gland are official. Describe their mode of preparation, doses, actions, and uses.
4. Enumerate with their doses the B.P. preparations of hamamelis. Describe their actions and uses.
5. Describe the different ways in which expectorant remedies are believed to act, and classify the chief members of the group.
6. Write out a table, giving the strengths of the ointments of mercury.
7. Enumerate the B.P. representatives of the order Lauraceæ, giving the strengths of the named preparations of each.
8. Describe the pharmacological and therapeutical actions of free phosphorus, and describe the treatment of acute phosphorus poisoning.