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those famous trees, -we, at least, endeavour to make it flourish by nourishing it on the wine of truth, philosophy, and wit ;-and we can assure our readers that, if the public patronage be extended to us as that of the Romans to the plane-trees of Hortensius, it shall be with our Magazine as with those lofty trees, the purchased leaves shall be succeeded by others “more beautiful still.” On these terms we confidently look for a renewed era of pleasant labour and prosperity ;-an union which forms that magic fountain whence is derived the unfading youth of the public's friend and servant,

SYLVANUS URBAN.

LIST OF EMBELLISHMENTS TO THE VOLUME.

(All of which are printed as Vignettes.)

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ib. 581 584 585 587

The Church at Goodmanham, Yorkshire .
Capital of an Arch in Goodmanbam Church
Sculptured Stone at Birstall Church, Yorkshire
Norman Capitals in New Shoreham Church, Sussex
Sompting Church, Sussex
St. Hilary Church, Cornwall
Seals of Muschamp and of Sir Robert Maners
Situation of Bignor, as seen from Bury Hill
Huts protecting the Bignor Pavements
Pavement of the principal Room at Bignor
Inscription on the Church Tower at West Bridgford, co. Nottingham
Interior of Stonehenge, from the East
Stonehenge, from the North
Old Chestnut Tree at Cotele, in Cornwall
Ruberslaw, and the birthplace of Thomson
Ancient Cruciform Mound in St. Margaret's Park, Herefordshire
Old Sarum, from the Devizes Road
Outer Entrenchments of Old Sarum
Eastern Entrance to Old Sarum
Bird's-eye View of Old Sarum, shewing its present state
Fragment of the Town Wall of Old Sarum
Old Sarum, from Little Durnford Hill

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GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE

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CONTENTS.

PAGE

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.-Habingdon's History of Worcestershire Memorials of the Poet

Cowper at Weston Underwood-Effigies of Knights Templars. The Female Descendants of

Charles I.-LeadhillsMr. L. W. Wyatt.....
Memoirs, Journal, and Correspondence of Thomas Moore

3
Wanderings of an Antiquary : by Thomas Wright, F.S.A.-No. X. From York
to Godmanham (with Engravings)

11

The Lady Novelists of Great Britain

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A Political Caricature temp. Charles I.

25

A Midland Town in the reign of George the Third

28

Mr. Gardiner's Anecdotes of Thomas Moore ......

33

Historical Notes on the Retaining of Legal Counsel.....

36

Discovery of Roman Remains at Kingsholm, near Gloucester ..

39

Sculptured Stone at Birstall Church, Yorkshire (with an Engraving)

41

The Bourne, or Intermitting Stream, of Croydon. By Cuthbert W. Johnson, Esq. 42

The Etymology of Stonehenge. By Edwin Guest, Esq. D.C.L..........

45

CORRESPONDENCE OF SYLVANUS URBAN.- The Repairs of Lambeth Church-The

Roches, and Viscounty of Fermoy-Richard of Cirencester-Postmen in the reign of

Charles I.--Historical Notes on the Culture of Beet Root- Early State of St. James's Park

-“ Heydon with One Hand," and Elizabethan Duels-Sir Bevis Bulmer and the Mines of

Mendip--Concealors, or Informers of Land concealed from the Crown

46

NOTES OF THE MONTH. - The proposed New Statutes of the Society of Antiquaries - Anni-

versary of the Asiatic Society, and the recent Discoveries in Assyria-Anniversary of the

Linnean Society- Prizes at the Society of Arts--Conversazione at the Architectural

Museum--Installation of the Earl of Derby as Chancellor of Oxford University-Prizes at

Cambridge--Sale of Louis Philippe's Spanish Pictures and of the Standish Gallery-Pic-

tures by J. M. W. Turner-Baron Marochetti's Statue of Richard Cour de Lion-Pro-

posed Statue to Sir Isaac Newton at Grantham-John Knox's House at Edinburgh-Gift to

Trinity College, Toronto-- Elections in the Royal Society-Queen's College, Cork-Mr.

Alex. Somerville-Mr. Britton's Wiltshire Collections-Mr. James Underwood..

HISTORICAL AND MISCELLANEOUS REVIEWS.-Selections from the Correspondence of

Thomas Chalmers, D.D.-Poems by Edward Quilinan, 69 ; Pulleyn's Etymological Com-

pendium, by Merton A. Thoms, 70; The Odes of Horace, translated by F. W. Newman,

71; The Politics and Economics of Aristotle, translated by E. Walford, M.A. 74 ; Aker-

man's Wiltshire Tales-Dod's Electoral Facts-The Days of Battle, 75; The City of

Rome-Hill's Manual of Godfathers and Godmothers--Parker's Ten Sermons of Religion.. 76

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES-Society of Antiquaries, 76 ; Archæological Institute, 78 ;

British Archäological Association-Numismatic Society, 80; Kilkenny and South-East of

Ireland Archäological Society

81

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.--Foreign News, 81 ; Domestic Occurrences

82

Promotions and Preferments, 83; Births, 84 ; Marriages

OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of the Earl of Ducie ; Lord Dacre ; Sir Charles Abraham Elton,

Bart. ; Sir Montagu Chapman, Bart. ; Sir Jonah D. Wheeler-Cuffe, Bart. ; Sir John Hope,

Bart.; Lient.-Gen. Sir R. Arbuthnot; Vice-Adm. Sir Francis Mason; Lieut.-Gen. Sir

Charles Macleod ; Major-General Whetham ; Sir Robert B. Comyn; A. F. Gregory, Esq. ;

Calling Charles Smith, Esq. ; Rev. Dr. Silver ; Rev. G. L. Cooke, B.D.; John Lucius

Dampier, Esq.; Henry Mitcalfe, Esq.; Charles Tawney, Esq.; Benjamin Tulloch, Esq. ;

Ludwig Tieck ; Mr. James Carter

87-97

DEATHS, arranged in Chronological Order

97

Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis--Markets, 103 ; Meteorological

Diary-Daily Price of Stocks....

104

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

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MR. URBAN,- I have somewhere read and precarious state; by wanton mis. a statement that Nash's “ History of Wor- chief and levity only, as I apprehend, its cestershire" does not give a correct idea position is so much out of the perpendiof the merits of Habingdon, on whose cular, that a hand or a walking-stick might manuscript it is founded. I should be glad push it from its pedestal. These classic to learn from some correspondent of yours memorials, in conjunction with a lion and whether this is the case, and to what ex- the aforesaid bust, constitute the only retent, and in what respect : in particular, miniscences of the Poet now remaining at whether Dr. Nash omitted much of Habing- Weston. Yours, &c. THOMAS WELTON. don's matter, and whether Habingdon's Olney. MS. contains any and what pedigrees not MR. JONATHAN HIndle remarks that in Nash's work, and where the MS. is to two effigies of Knights Templar (as supbe seen. -I am, &c.

A. L. posed) Sir Robert de Stiveton, of KildMR. URBAN, -As every memorial, how- wick in Craven, and Adam de Middleton, ever minute, of the admired Cowper pos- of Ilkley, are described and portrayed in sesses its interest, I submit to your readers Whitaker's History of Craven. They a Greek line which I discovered a few appear to have died nearly at the same days since at the base of the pedestal time, about the year 1306 or 1307; and which supports a bust of Homer in the our Correspondent inquires, In which exwilderness of Weston Underwood. The pedition to the Holy Land were they line has recently been so obscured and engaged? concealed by weeds and briars, that it has Our friend Dr. Doran fell into an escaped observation. A worthy clergy. erroneous expression at the close of his man in an adjoining parisb, to whom I article on " The Daughters of Charles I.” submitted it, with much promptitude and in our last number, which has called forth felicity, discovered it to be a line in the the remarks of more than one corres. Odyssey, the First Book, the 308th line, pondent. When he stated that on the admitting only a slight variation : in the death of Henrietta Duchess of Orleans original it stands thus

“was extinguished the female line de

scended from Charles," he should rather « Ως τει πατηρ ώ παιδι, και

have said, “ such was the end of the last λησομαι αυτου;”

surviving daughter of Charles." Henrietta on the pedestal of the monument it ap

left, as is well known, two daughters,

... married to Charles II., King of Spain, pears—

and Anne-Mary married to Victor- Ama* Ως τε παις ω πατρι

deus II. of Savoy, King of Sardinia. The λησομαι αυτου.

latter only had issue, and her present Cowper thus translates the line very lite- representative is the hereditary Prince of rally

Modena, in right of his mother, the eldest "Who as a father teaches his own son

daughter and coheir of Victor-Emanuel, Has taught me, and I never will forget.” King of Sardinia. (See Mr. C. E. Long's

Royal Descents, 1845, p. 1.) With more elegance, hut with greater lati

Grotius, referring to last number of tude of interpretation, Pope renders it

Gent. Mag. p. 591, line 20th (in continua“ So fathers speak (persuasive speech and mild) tion of paper on “Leadhills '') begs to Their sage experience to the favourite child."

correct two erroneous words inadvertently Cowper's inability to forget his great inserted from a preceding sentence :master in song, he assimilates with that of delete “and buckets.'' Ladders have a dutiful child to a beloved father ; his been introduced at Leadhills, but never favourite recollections continually revert- buckets.

A. B. G. ing to his cherished author precluding June, p. 670. The late Mr. L. W. Wyatt forgetfulness. In concluding let me in- died on the 14th February. Besides the vite attention to the state of the three noblemen and gentlemen mentioned in commemorative Urns in Weston Grove. his memoir, he was employed by the Earl Two of these upon the borders of the of Denbigh, Viscount Curzon, Lord Sel. Wilderness are in very fair condition, sey, Lord Bolton, and General Wemyss, and the inscriptions, with a little aid of Among his property sold at Christie's the memory, fair and legible. The third, was a view of London Bridge, painted by standing in the heart of the Grove, I Clemendt de Joughe, ao 1650 : it was sold regret to say, is in a very dilapidated for 301. 98,

OUTTOTE

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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE

AND

HISTORICAL REVIEW.

THOMAS MOORE,

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Memoirs, Journal, and Correspondence of Thomas Moore. Edited by the Right Hon.

Lord John Russell, M.P. Vols. I. II. III. and IV. THE second portion of the Me. the muse during his creditable career moirs, Journal, and Correspondence of at school and his highly honourable Thomas Moore is now before the public. course at college; and finally brought In the first two volumes was detailed with him from the university his transas far as brief memoir, from two to three lation of “ Anacreon," as a proof that hundred letters, and a year of diary the young student, yet in his teens, could give it—the course of the poet's was both a poet and a scholar. life, from his birth on the 28th of May, With his “ Anacreon” in his port1779, to the year of his hegira from manteau, a few guineas that could ill England in 1819, under pressure of be spared, but which were joyfully the unfortunate “ attachment,” result- contributed by his self-denying parents, ing from the fraudulent conduct of his and a scapula duly fortified by saintly deputy in Bermuda.

blessing to protect its wearer from all The interval between those two dates harm, young Moore came up to London is marked by many an interesting in- to keep his terms at the Temple. His cident. Moore was born in Dublin, at talents had made friends for him in a humble hearth, and of honest Roman Dublin, and these friends loaded him Catholic parents. His father, the pro- with introductions to the great coteries prietor of a well-frequented wine-store, of the metropolis. The already accomwas helped to gentility by the great- plished minstrel was welcomed at every ness of his son, whose influence, when princely threshold whereat he prehe was the idol of drawing-rooms, pro- sented himself. When he surfeited of cured for his sire a barrack-mastership. royal and noble banquets and regally But the greatness of the son was, in no furnished bedchambers, he could with common degree, the work of his incom- the gay ease of Alcibiades adapt himparable mother. She discerned the self to other circumstances; and he qualities of her boy, and, eagerly and slept, as tired men sleep, in his little unweariedly moved by nothing but her apartment in George-street, Portmangreat affection, not only afforded him square, for which he paid six shillings all facilities for their development, but a-week; and he dined, as hungry men used even a loving constraint in order can dine, with poor French exiles, and that the facilities, which she could pro- after French fashion, at nine pence the cure but at sacrifices such as only repast. mothers can make, should be wisely A commoner led the poet to Lord and profitably employed.

Moira, and the peer conducted him to Moore, like Tasso, began his love the presence and patronage of a prince. for song on the very breast of the The hopes born of the familiar intermother who nursed him. He warbled course which followed kept Moore althrough his pleasant childhood ; ceased ternately happy and anxious for a long not either to sing, to play, or to court course of years. It was perfect felicity

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to him to sing to crowds of noble, North, and Jeffrey answered them by beautiful, perhaps weeping, women. draughts that were intinitely preferable These he loved to deeply move; but to those of Helicon. for he-hearers," as he calls them, he Awaiting office, the poet took in had undisguised contempt. He sang hand a lyre, which he swept to some on in hope that some guerdon in re- profit and to his undying glory. In turn would be flung to the minstrel; 1807 opened the series of " Irish Mebut when he found that peeresses cared lodies," which was continued at innot to influence their lords in behalf tervals until the year 1834. With of the singer, and that lords abounded these bis name will live for ever. In in promise but altogether lacked per- them he showed that erotic poetry formance, he wished all his proud but might be refined, and convivial poetry unprofitable patrons " at the devil,” be made decent, without a sacrifice of and spoke with justifiable bitterness of tenderness or vivacity. The Melodies the people who could " value the silk," will yet delight millions when the auwhile they neglected “ the poor worm thor's mistake in 1808, “Little's Poems," who wastes himself in spinning it out will be forgotten or forgiven. In 1811, to them."

however, he achieved the work of his At length, however, the laureateship youth of which he had most reason to was in 1803 offered to, and for a mo- be proud and grateful. He won the ment accepted by, him. It was ac- heart (and he must have been an irrecepted for the sake of enabling him to sistible wooer) of a fair girl, who was devote what trifle of salary was to be as good and gentle as she was fair; picked up, amid the leaves of the laurel portionless witbal in worldly goods, and the links of the chain, to the relief but richly endowed in all womanly of his parents. But, if he loved these virtues. When Moore made her his well, he loved not liberty less, and ac- wife he secured sunshine to his house cordingly he shook the court wreath for ever. from his brow almost as soon as he had Their first home was at Queen's assumed it. Lord Moira thought he Elm, Brompton, and a little "Barbara" had mistaken his vocation, and his in due season arrived to enliven their lordship admirably illustrated his sense hearth, there and elsewhere, during of appropriate patronage by offering five brief years—and then she died, the poet the office of registrar-half at an age when children are most remagistrate, half clerk—at Bermuda. luctantly parted from. All of her that Moore almost justified the appropri- Heaven could spare, to use a phrase ateness of the offer by accepting it. of Dryden's, lies in a modestly-indiBut he was influenced by thoughts of cated grave in the retired churchyard the narrowed circumstances of the at Hornsey. When we last saw, a few " dear ones of his heart” at home; evenings since, the resting-place of the and, hoping to find for them content poet's child, the buttercups were growand competence in the “still-vexed ing on it in serried clusters, and the Bermoothes," he set off to erect his lingering rays of the setting sun adbower and theirs beyond the Atlantic. dressed to it, as usual, their warm "good

This step was followed by momentous night.”. consequences. The poet, disgusted But, in the meantime, the Bard withwith the details of his official duties, drew to Kegworth in Leicestershire, left them to be performed by a deputy spurred to work by the hopelessness of quitted the island, travelled through a obtaining political preferment, and portion of the States, and in 1806 gave cheered too by the compact with Power, to the world the result of his expe- the music publisher, that for the next rience in his celebrated and popular seven years five hundred pounds ancollection of "Epistles and Odes." The nually should repay in gold all that work was furiously attacked by Jef- the minstrel could give in song under frey. The poet dragged his critic into the guise of Irish melody. It was altoa "duello ;" nobody was hurt; the gether a happy time. It had its clouds, adversaries became warm friends; the for political expectation was extin· Edinburgh" obtained a new contri- guished ; and Lord Moira, protesting butor; and, instead of exchanging against being “oblivious" of his proshots, Moore sent “articles” to the tegé, sent him a basket of game, and

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