Descartes on the Human Soul: Philosophy and the Demands of Christian Doctrine

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Springer Science & Business Media, 1999 - History - 438 pages
The author's aim of providing an understanding of the development, content and presentation of two aspects of Descartes' philosophy of the human soul - immortality and body-soul union - has been achieved and executed with rigour, scholarship and philosophical acuity. Fowler combines close textual analysis with a consideration of the philosophical arguments and the theological background against which these arguments were developed. This contextual approach enables him to provide new insights into the nature of Descartes' philosophy, and indeed of early modern philosophy more generally. Despite the massive scholarly documentation, this finely structured and clearly written study is eminently readable. The work is a significant contribution to the world of Cartesian scholarship which professors and graduate students of Descartes, as well as the world's libraries, must have.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Immortality and the Meditationes
7
Letter of Dedication
18
Title of 1641 Edition
35
Descartes on Immortality Prior to 1640
54
Scholasticism and Immortality
67
32 Aristotelianisms Difficulties in Proving Immortality
71
33 Solutions to the Major Difficulties
87
76 The Contribution of Faith
269
The Human Mind is a Pure Substance
273
82 Descartes Cryptic?
279
83 The Undisguised Meaning of Substantia Pura
298
84 A Controversial Legacy
301
Platonic Threat to MindBody Union
305
92 Regius Gaffe ens per accidens
312
93 Descartes Defence ens per se
321

332 The Priority of the Senses
93
Between Beast and Angel
114
42 Animal Automatism
119
422 Meditationes
126
423 Post Meditationes
144
43 Mind and Angels
153
From Soul to Mind Descartes Vocabulary
161
52 Objections and Replies
175
53 Texts Accompanying the Meditationes
181
What Constitutes a Demonstration of Immortality?
187
62 Scholastic Approaches
192
63 Physical Proofs
202
64 Moral Proofs
208
The Synopsis and the Demonstration of Immortality
220
72 Elements of Proof Found in the Medita tiones
224
73 Elements of Proof Found in the Whole of Physics
229
74 Incorruptibility of Substance
240
Responsio 1642
248
Magistrates and Theologians
329
Descartes Efforts to Secure MindBody Union
338
102 Excommunication of Regius 16471648
349
103 Regius Heresy Mind as Mode
355
104 In Defence of MindBody Union
372
1042 Discours and Meditationes
375
1043 Replies to Arnauld
378
1044 Replies to Gassendi
381
1045 Sixth Set of Replies
384
1046 Letter to Hyperaspistes
393
1047 Descartes contra Voetius
395
1048 Descartes and the Princess Elizabeth
397
105 Regius Unmoved
404
Conclusion
409
Bibliography
413
Index
429
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