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resenting the sentiments of the people. They affirm there shall be no evidence to show the duplicity of that the course of Governor Gamble is directly dis- the transaction. The vessels then, though evidentloyal, and that in organizing the militia of the State ly unsuited to individual purposes, and clearly dehe gives every possible countenance to disloyal men. signed for war, must, according to the established They affirm also that General Schofield, the com- precedent, be permitted to leave the British port. manding General of the Department, acts wholly They can then go to some appointed rendezvous, be in accordance with the Governor; and declare that transferred to the Confederate officers, take on board " from the day of his accession to the command their armament, and be ready to prey upon us. The of the Department matters have grown worse and position of the British Government is thus one of worse in Missouri, till now they are in a more terri- great embarrassment.—It is reported that the Conble condition than they have been at any time since federate Government, displeased at the cool recepthe outbreak of the rebellion. This could not be tion which Mr. Mason has met with from the Britif General Schofield had administered the affairs of ish Cabinet, have recalled him from his mission to that Department with proper vigor, and with a res- England. olute purpose to sustain loyalty and suppress dis- The position of the French Emperor in regard to loyalty.” They therefore ask that General Scho- American affairs still remains wholly dubious. There field be removed, and General Butler be appointed are continual reports that he is upon the point not in his place; and also that the State militia, enroll- only of recognizing the Confederate States, but of ed by the Governor, be discharged from service, and entering into an armed alliance with them for the the military control of the State be restored to the purpose of breaking our blockade. And as the national officers and troops.—On the 2d of October French press wholly under Government surveila public meeting was held at New York, at which lance, these unofficial statements are not without speeches were made by various members of the Mis- plausibility. The Florida also has been permitted souri Committee to the same general purport as their to enter the port of Brest, and remain there for readdress to the President.—We are not yet in a posi- pairs. The true explanation we presume to be, that tion to pronounce absolutely how far the statements the Emperor has not yet decided upon his course, of this body are borne out by the actual facts of the and is simply waiting to see the issue of events.

The Polish question presents no new aspects. Five Russian vessels of war are now lying in the Diplomatic correspondence between the various powharbor of New York, the first which have ever vis- ers is still carried on. The essential points being ited our ports. They have been received with a that the Russian Emperor, while resolved to do all cordial greeting. On the 1st of October the officers in his power for the pacification of Poland, refuses were publicly welcomed by the authorities of the to recognize the right of the Western Powers to incity. In the present position of European politics terfere in the internal affairs of the Empire. In the presence of these vessels in our ports has a spe- the mean time the Russian Government is evidentcial significance. During the late Crimean war the ly making arrangements which look to the probaRussian fleet was closely shut up at Cronstadt and bility of a war. Iron-clad vessels with turrets, not in the Black Sea, and was unable to render any ef- unlike our Monitors, are building at St. Petersburg. fective service. The Russians have now quite an These, as our experience has shown, would be amply effective naval force in the open seas. The expe- sufficient to keep the Baltic clear of any naval force rience of the Alabama and Florida shows how much which could be employed in that sea by France and damage may be effected by one or two armed vessels England; and there are reports of extensive miliupon the commerce of an enemy. Should a war tary and naval preparations going on in the region break out, as still seems most probable, between of the Amoor. A few swift steamers in this quarRussia and France and England, the example set by ter could embarrass, if not destroy, the great Enthe English Government will afford a precedent for glish commerce with China, India, and Australia. our dealings with the belligerents. The Russian The report is confirmed that the Archduke Maxvessels now at large, with such aid as we can give, imilian of Austria has finally decided to accept the in precise accordance with the course of the English Imperial crown of Mexico, renouncing his rights Government toward us, could render the commerce and prerogatives as the nearest collateral prince to of England insecure.

the throne of Austria. If such a step is taken, it EUROPE.

implies a positive assurance that all the great EuroIn Great Britain the leading topic of the month pean Powers will recognize the new empire. has been the course to be pursued in regard to the

JAPAN armored vessels notoriously fitting out for the Con- The Japanese appear to have drifted into a war federate service. The Government and the press with the European Powers, in which we have also have at length begun to appreciate the danger to unfortunately become involved. As to the general Great Britain arising from the policy which has been causes, it is sufficient to say that the great Daimios, pursued toward us. If it is persisted in it is seen or hereditary princes, exercise in their own dominthat war is hardly to be avoided ; and even should ions an authority not unlike that claimed by the there be no actual war with us, but one with any separate States of the Southern Confederacy. In other power, say Russia, we could, and would, do the General Government, whether represented by for Great Britain precisely what she has done for the Mikado or his administrator the Tycoon, they us. Consequently the British Government is en- recognize only an agent, for a specified purpose. deavoring to find some reason for reconsidering its They have from the first been bitterly opposed to course. It is announced, at least semi-officially, that the treaties by which foreigners have gained access the Government had decided not to allow the new to the empire. Their armed retainers have at rarams to put to sea without ample satisfaction that rious times attacked members of the legations and they were not designed for the service of the Con- other foreigners. Among others, a few months since, federates. But it will be easy for the builders to Mr. Richardson, a British subject, was assassinated. ostensibly dispose of these vessels to a private in- For this act reparation was demanded. The Gendividual of a neutral nation, in such a way that I eral Government agreed to pay nearly half a million of dollars; but coincident with the payment it was town of Simosak, a steamer, sloop of war, and bark, compelled by the Daimios to order that all foreign- under Japanese colors, were discovered.

Fire was ers should leave the country, and the ports which opened upon these and upon the shore batteries. had been opened by treaty should be closed. Some The steamer attempted to get off, but two shells of these princes, acting apparently upon their own striking her passed through her boilers, explodauthority, proceeded still further in their hostility. ing them; the brig was sunk, the bark damaged, The initiative was taken by the Prince of Nagato, and serious injuries inflicted upon shore. During whose territory is situated on the southwest of the action the Wyoming was hit eleven times, Niphon, the main island of the Japanese empire. and sustained some damage, besides losing five From his batteries upon the shore and from ves- men killed and six wounded. - Similar outrages sels he fired upon several ships of various nations had been about the same time perpetrated upon who were passing through the straits. Among Dutch and French merchantmen by the Prince of these was the American merchant steamer Pem- Nagato, and a French vessel was dispatched to chasbroke. The American steam sloop Wyoming, Cap- tise the perpetrators: this seems to have accomtain M‘Dougal, then lying at Yokohama, near Yed- plished but little. Still further accounts state somedo, at once set out for the scene of the outrage, what indefinitely that the British had also underreaching it on the 13th of July. Approaching the taken offensive operations against the Japanese.

Literary utices.

A Practical Grammar of the French Language, text-books for teaching the classics, there were and A French Reading Book, by WILLIAM I. none of any value for modern languages. There KNAPP. (Published by Harper and Brothers.) were “Systems” enough-Manesca, Ollendorff, and These two volumes supply a want of the present the like, but no really scientific work by following time. Modifications must be introduced into our which an American teacher could guide his pupils system of academical and college education. In in the study of French or German. Yet there is no this the study of Greek and Latin has heretofore reason why, as a mere intellectual exercise, apart been the leading feature. This system was orig- from the absolute value of the acquisition, the study inated at a time when the accumulated treasures of a living lauguage should be less available than of the world's wisdom were enshrined in the two that of a dead one. The necessary apparatus for “classical” languages. If one could not read these, such a study only has been wanting. The two he could find nothing worth reading. There was no volumes of Professor Knapp fully supply that want. history except that of Herodotus and Thucydides, The “Grammar" presents the laws and usages of of Livy and Tacitus; no philosophy except that of the French language, clearly expressed and philoAristotle; no metaphysics except that of Plato and sophically arranged. The “Reader" embodies a wide Lucretius; no eloquence except that of Demosthenes selection from the best French writers, with abundand Cicero; no poetry except that of Homer and ant references to the Grammar in elucidation of all Virgil; no drama except that of Aschylus, Sopho- difficult points of construction or idiom. Copious cles, and Euripides; no satire except that of Horace, vocabularies are appended to each work, accompanied Juvenal, and Aristophanes; no science except the by a figured pronunciation, which will enable the pure mathematics of Euclid; no novels at all. All student, without the aid of a teacher, to master very that the genius of the world had produced was em- nearly the actual vocalization of the language. In bodied in two or three score of volumes in two lan- every respect these two volumes are the best textguages. A man who had mastered these was edu- books for the study of French that have been procated; one who had not was ignorant. The struc- duced, falling in no respect below the highest standture of the languages which contained the treas- ard which has been attained in similar works upon ures of the world became a matter of study, and the the ancient languages. The student who shall have Greek and Latin grammar was treated profoundly, mastered these needs nothing further than a good and its study grew to be the best-almost the sole lexicon to enable him to understand any work in means of intellectual training. Gradually, howey- the language. er, men ceased to think and write in Greek and Latin. The First Year of the War, by EDWARD A. PolEnglishmen, Frenchmen, Germans, wrote in their LARD. This work possesses some claims to attention own vernacular; and we may safely say that the as being the only formal attempt yet made to narrate literature and science contained in either of these the history of the war from a Southern point of view. languages exceeds in value that embodied in either The author is editor of the Richmond Examiner, the of the classical tongues. Every one acknowledges leading opposition journal of the South. His purthat for all real uses the acquisition of French or pose is quite as much to decry President Davis and German is, to one speaking English, of more value his Administration as to describe the events of the than that of Greek or Latin ; yet in our academies war. According to Mr. Pollard the President of the and colleges the study of the dead languages has al Confederate States is an imperious despot, "unforways taken precedence of that of the living ones. A tunately possessed with the idea that he is a great reason for this may be found in the training of teach- military genius,” who has seized upon every funcers.

They have been drilled in the classics ; why tion of the State; his Cabinet, with but one excepshould they attempt to drill their pupils in any thing tion, are “ intellectual pigmies;” Mr. Benjamin, else? It had cost them no small labor to learn the successively Attorney-General, Secretary of War, declension of a Greek article or a Latin pronoun. and Secretary of State, is at best only “a smart, Hic, hac, hoc, or ó, n, Tó, was their capital in trade, expeditious, and affable official," who has been from which they must get the largest interest. "guilty of doubtful official acts;" Mr. Mallory, the Then again, while there were scores of admirable Secretary of the Navy, is “the butt of every naval officer for his ignorance, his sang froid, his slow man physician, who is the assumed narrator of the and blundering manner, and the engrossment of story, meets with a certain Count and Countess, behis mind by provisions to provide gratification for tween whom he recognizes the existence of a strange his social habits.” In short, the Government has secret. He encounters the Count Edmund in varibeen" eaten up by servility, and has illustrated no- ous places, and always under the influence of the thing more than the imperious conceit of a single hallucination that he is accompanied by a spectral man." Mr. Pollard makes up for his censures of apparition of a hand wearing an amethyst ring. the Confederate Government by the most unsparing The doctor bas written a volume on apparitions, and virulent abuse of "the Yankees." As a work which comes into the hands of the Count, who at of history its merits are very slight, almost every length reveals the mystery of his life. While in page teeming with errors in fact; still it has some Egypt he had discovered the mummied body of value as furnishing materials for the history of the King Amasis, from whose hand he took an ametimes. It is republished in New York, from the thyst ring, to which he learns a secret power is atRichmond edition, by Mr. C. B. Richardson, who tached. He gives this to his betrothed bride, who also republishes the Southern Reports of Battles, as loses it, and vows to marry the man who restores it far as they have been officially published by the to her. This is done by a brother of Edmund, who Confederate Government. These, of course, have a is also attached to her. At length the two brothers special value for the historian of the war.

are out in a boat. Felix falls overboard and, EdThe Social Condition of the People of England, by mund refusing to succor him, is drowned. Edmund JOSEPH Kay. Some fifteen years ago the author marries the lady, but at the marriage ceremony, was commissioned by the University of Cambridge, when he is about to present his hand, he sees its England, to travel throughout Western Europe and place taken by the hand of his dead brother, wearexamine into the social condition of the poorer class- ing the fatal ring. The Count reveals the secret es. His work, originally issued in 1850, consists of to his wife, who never forgives him. Hence their two volumes one relating to England, the other to strange deportment to each other, which had at first the Continent. The first of these is here republish-excited the wonder of the physician. Upon this ed, with an introduction by an American traveler, ghostly thread are strung disquisitions upon specwho declares, from minute personal examination, tres and apparitions, which form really the subthat the facts which it presents give a fair view of stance of the volume, which is certainly the work the present state of the poorer classes in England. of a poet and a man of genius. (Published by HarMr. Kay sums up by stating that in that country per and Brothers.) " the poor are more depressed, more pauperized, more Peter Carradine, by CAROLINE CHESEBRO. The numerous in proportion to the other classes, more ir- second title of this novel, The Martindale Pastoral, religious, and very much worse educated than the indicates its design and scope. The readers of this poor of any other European nation, solely excepting Magazine have not to learn that Miss Chesebro posRussia, Turkey, South Italy, Portugal, and Spain." sesses genius of a high order. We think that there He might, from the evidence which he produces, is no female writer in America, and not more than have made his exceptions still fewer. Indeed, ex- three in Great Britain, who equal her in the power cept in the single point of education, the physical of unfolding character; her figures grow under and moral condition of the four millions of American her hand, as those of a painter do under the careslaves is better than that of the same number who ful touches of his pencil

. That her novels have form the lower strata of the English population. It is been mainly drawn from her own imagination, rather well that such a work should have been written by than from observation of the moving world around an Englishman, an ardent lover of his country, and her, has doubtless prevented her from acquiring that devoted to efforts for the amelioration of the evils popular approbation which has been given to others which he describes. If it had been the work of a every way far below her in all higher qualities. In foreigner its statements and conclusions would have this work she has made a great advance upon any been set down as unfair. (Published by Harper and of her previous efforts. She has a story to tell Brothers.)

interesting, if not exciting to those who have been Shoulder - Straps, by HENRY MORFORD. (Pub-accustomed to the thrilling” plots of so many relished by T. B. Peterson, Philadelphia.) This pre-cent tales. Her characters are here persons who tends to be a story of the war, but it strikes the might really have lived in this world, and the phases reader at the first glance over its pages that this is of their development are wrought out with the cona false pretension. The tale, for the most part, is scientious care of a genuine artist. Without atthe development of a mystery connected with a sor- tempting to give an analysis of the story and charcaress, with a love-story sandwiched in between the acters, we must content ourselves by saying that wonderful revelations of the black art. The part the cultivated reader will consider Peter Carradine" relating to the war is not only a secondary consider the best American novel which has been written for ation, but one which is not satisfactorily in unison years. (Published by Sheldon and Company.) with the main part of the story. To make the vol- A Class-Book of Chemistry, by EDWARD L. Youume still more miscellaneous there are interspersed, MANS. No other science has within the last ten at convenient intervals, a number of dissertations on years made such positive advances as Chemistry. superstition and such like subjects of popular inter- Nowhere can this advance be better measured than est. On the whole the book is entertaining, in spite by comparing the present work with the previous of its many faults, the chief of which are its entire one by the same author. That presented, in a lack of method and the appeal which it continually moderate compass, the state of the science ten years makes to the vulgarly superstitious.

ago; this represents it as it now is. To mention The Ring of Amasis, by Robert Bulwer LYT- the absolutely new theories and facts embodied in TON. The author, under the nom de plume of “Owen this volume would far exceed the space at our comMeredith,” has won reputation as a poet; this vol- mand. The author possesses, in addition to the ume, though not in verse, should be considered rath- technical knowledge required to set down the bare er as a prose poem than as a tale. A young Ger- isolated facts of science, the poetic faculty of conceiving and presenting them in their relations to more than the charm of a novel. We stand face to each other and the great scheme of the universe. face with the living realities of San Domingo, and In his view Chemistry is not only a branch, but a the personages introduced here and there in the story means of education; hence he strives every where seem like our own personal friends, we follow them to carry the thought upward from the mere facts of with such animation and interest. Every month in science to those larger views of truth which not only the year has its own separate story, its trials, its increase the amount of mere knowledge, but awaken duties, and its successes; and it is also marked by the best thoughts and emotions of our nature. As its characteristic features of climate and natural a text-book the value of the work is greatly en- scenery. We recommend the work to all who have hanced by the copiousness of its illustrations. These either a practical or speculative interest in tropical to a good degree supply the place of the costly ap- agriculture or tropical life. paratus which is beyond the means of most of our Eleanor's Victory, by M. E. BRADDON. The schools and seminaries. (Published by D. Appleton author of " Aurora Floyd,” as we have before had and Company.)

occasion to say, is a story-teller. She endeavors to The Sioux War and Massacre of 1862–63, by produce her effects rather by narrating incidents ISAAC V. D. HEARD (Published by Harpers). This than by depicting character. She chooses, therefore, is a faithful history of the terrible massacres of 1862, such as are striking and exciting. In this novel we of which merely an episode was given in the June have the story of an old spendthrift, who, after the number of this Magazine. The opportunities of the wreck of his fortunes, comes to Paris to take refuge author—as a resident in Minnesota from a time previ- with his daughter. Once having a good sum of ous to the occupation by the Sioux of their “ reserva- money at hand, he is enticed away by two fast tions” on the Minnesota River, as connected with young men who induce him to gamble it all away; the command of General Sibley during the summer whereupon he commits suicide. His daughter recampaign against the savages, and as a member of solves upon avenging the death of her father upon the Military Commission at which about 400 of the one of his tempters. How and in what degree she perpetrators were tried—have enabled him to pre- accomplishes this forms the plot of the story, which sent a strictly authentic narrative. And of such a no novel-reader will thank us for divulging. It is narrative, to say that it is authentic is to give it the quite sufficient to say that there is quite enough of highest commendation. In the recital of events at plot and incident to satisfy the most exacting reader. which the heart of man shudders—of murder inflict. This novel forms No. 236 of the “Library of Select ed upon unoffending men, upon helpless women and Novels," published by Harper and Brothers. — innocent children, of the burning of homes, and of Martin Pole, by John SAUNDERS, forms another outrage and rapine too deliberate to be believed, and Number of this popular series. It consists of a numtoo horrible almost to be told—in the recital of a ber of isolated stories, connected by a thread of narcalamity so terrible and so near at hand, no one will rative. The purport of this is, that, in order to divert trouble himself about the rhetoric or criticise the the mind of a young man who believes that he is turning of a sentence. The rhetorician finds little to die at a certain hour, some of his friends underplace for him here--for there is no need of invention take to keep him amused until he tides over the fatal or enlargement certainly in the particular incidents, moment. This they do by reading to him sundry nor is there any lack in the development of the plot stories and poems which they have composed. These which might furnish occasion for the most fastidi- are of every sort, some of the most tragic nature, ous of romancers to meddle with it. The Sioux others of a more quiet character. The connecting have settled those little matters themselves; they story is very cleverly managed, and the tales themhave seen to it that the plot was perfect and perfect- selves are of considerable though unequal merit. ly executed; nothing is left to Mr. Heard but to ar- Another recent addition to this same series, is Live range bis materials and tell us the straight story. it Down, by J. C. JEAFFRESON, whose former tale, This he has done, and satisfactorily. The more "Olive Blake's Good Work," gave abundant promstriking events of the story are soon told-the out- ise, which is here more than fulfilled. break--the series of startling and desolating mur- The Young Parson. (Published by Smith, English, ders the gathering together of the Indians of the and Company.) This is represented to be the work Upper and Lower Agency for the consummation of of a gifted young clergyman, the author's first book. their diabolical work—all this moves rapidly through Whatever may be said for the devout reverence of the first bloody week. Then follows, but more the writer, it is certainly true that we have in this sluggishly, the punishment—the conflict with the book an endless extravaganza of the ludicrous—a Indians, the pursuit, the capture, and the final exe- volume of facetiæ. This would not be expected cution of the principal malefactors. The author from the nature of the subject, or from the profession closes the book with some very sensible suggestions of the author. Yet it is true that about subjects as to the future conduct of the Indian Department, the most sacred the opportunities for waggish ridiwith a view to securing justice to the Indians, and cule are the most numerous. The work is decidedsafety to the white settlers in the vicinity of the ly an entertaining one; but the entertainment is "reservations."

that of broad caricature. Very few of the situations In the Tropics (Published by Carleton). This is are natural, and it is just their unnaturalness which the most sensible, straightforward book on the sub- makes us laugh. ject of which it treats that we have ever noticed. The Sunday-School, and how we Conduct it, by The writer, shrinking from the poor prospect afforded WALDO ABBOTT, will be welcomed by that large bim in the city goes to San Domingo, choosing a class of noble workers who are engaged in this great tropical soil in preference to the far West, as being lay-missionary enterprise. They will find it espequite as near, and more bountiful in its products. cially valuable for the account which it gives of the This volume, the record of the experiences of a single practical methods employed in some of our largest twelvemonth, is a simple story of the author's ca- and most successful Sunday-Schools. An Introducreer in his new home, carried through its various tion, by Rev. John S. C. ABBOTT, the father of the stages of success. It is, however, told so faithfully, author, gives in the space of a few pages not a few and the picture is so carefully finished, that it has admirable hints. (Published by Henry Hoyt.)

THAT Chair can be easy in times like these ? | sense, has meant always a truce, an armistice. For

,

mors.

tinent two years ago now disturbs the world. From it was called, after the treaty of Vienna, which Japan, from Russia, Poland, Germany, Spain,"

" settled" vexed questions. But that peace had exFrance, England, and Mexico come wars and ru- actly the same foundation that the previous state

Those of us who in tranquil youth read the of things had, namely, fatigue of arms. The fatal tremendous story of battles that shook Christendom debate continued, and after physical forces were rein the beginning of the century find ourselves part cuperated broke out again into battle in France, in of a struggle still more momentous. It is gradual- Belgium, in Italy, in Poland, and in Spain. In this ly assuming the aspect of a contest between conti-country, after the Missouri settlement of 1820, we nents, the Eastern representing ancient wrong, des- had what was pleasantly called an era of good feelpotism, and monarchy, with an alliance of the slave- ing. Was it the result of any real change of tendholding aristocracy upon this side of the sea, and ency among the opponents? Had the inevitable the Western standing for eternal liberty, popular forces ceased to work? Let the Boston mob that rights, and human equality. While all civilized sought the life of Garrison in 1835, and Gilmore's countries tremble with the shock of the collision, bombardment of Charleston in 1863 answer. how shall any Chair, however hitherto devoted to The final result of the universal contest is sure, mild meditations and calm observation of the social and why? Because of the equally evident and indetails of life, hope to maintain its tranquillity? evitable tendency of human nature, as recorded in

There is but one way, and its indication shall be human history, to perfect liberty. The instinct of the Easy Chair's Thanksgiving discourse. It is by the human heart assures us that in the general strugclearly seeing that in the nature of man the struggle, as Jefferson said of it in one special form, God gle is inevitable, that it must continue under vari- has no attribute that can take sides for slavery. ous forms until it is finally determined, and that This is not a limited but a universal truth. It is that final determination must be the victory of man no less true of religious and political than it is of over men, or of the many over the few—of right over social life. And it is as easy to imagine the reversal privilege-of democracy over aristocracy. Looking of civilization in general, as it is to suppose that the before and after, men are naturally mingled of con- Romish Church of Gregory will again dominate the servatism and reform. The youth, wanting expe- religion of Christendom, or that the feudal system rience and flushed with enthusiasm, trails clouds of shall rise from its tomb to universal sway, or that glory as he comes, and sees the Future all cloud- men and women shall be every where rated and sold capped palaces and shining towers. The older man, as cattle. tried, troubled, and disappointed by experience, Every new year, therefore, brings reason for yearns for the soft security of his childhood's cradle, thanksgiving. Individual men mature and lose and would gladly stop the sun lest he should go far- heart, and fall hopeless, faithless, and dead. But ther, and wheel the world backward, rather than man sickens not nor tires. The race advances from tempt the unknown. So the ancient sailors hugged Athens, where more than four-fifths of the populathe shore and gazed fearfully beyond the Pillars of tion had no acknowledged rights, to New York and Hercules toward the vast vague sea. But the mar- New England, where, with the exception of one uniners of a newer day sailed into that sublime uncer- happy class whose wrongs convulse our society, tainty, and found half the world unknown before. equal rights are practically conceded and enjoyed. So every advance in science, every brave claim in We must not look, therefore, for any fairy peace, religion, has been sternly rebuked, excommunicated, nor suppose that we escape storms by shutting our exiled, and punished; but over the burning plow- eyes. Because we were born we are soldiers in the shares of hate and doubt and persecution the virgin holy war. Nature drafts the whole race, and there feet of hope and faith and experiment have pushed is no exemption. We were clad in butternut or in on, and all the fires of furious Conservatism have blue before we came upon the field; and by every never stayed the colossal heresy of human thought, thought, sympathy, emotion, hope, word, and deed, which is the primeval and immortal reformer. we fight upon our side until we are converted or con

Even now, when the great debate is, as periodic- quered. Whoever deprecates the struggle, by that ally it always has been, adjourned from the church very state of mind takes part in it. Whoever longs and the rostrum to the battle-field, there is no more for peace is but a half-hearted fighter, and gives to significant sign than that the leader of Roman Cath the enemy the blow he should have struck. olic politics in Europe, Montalembert, declares not Among ourselves the force of arms will be presonly for personal but for civil liberty, and not only ently exhausted as it always has been. But if the for civil liberty but religious also. He apparently victor does not understand the battle, the peace le sees, as every faithful man must, that whatever can makes will be but another truce, and the blow he not withstand the searching glance of human rea- wards from himself will fall upon his children. son will shrink and dwindle at last like the Lamia before the Philosopher; and that the effort to stul- IMMEDIATELY about the Chair the air is full of tify and defy that reason is but the struggle to be- rumors of foreign war; nor does any serious man lieve the Lamia, who is a snake, to be a beautiful doubt that the danger is grave and threatening. woman. The English excitement over Colenso, the We have before in these columns deprecated war, French over Renan, are but evidence of the contest especially with England. Yet the public mind of in its religious aspect, sharing the fervor which marks this country is so inflamed that it hardly seems posit in the political and social arena.

sible to escape some pretext for trouble; and should It is the dual spirit of man, as the philosophers the iron-clads now building in the Mersey sail, be would say, struggling to harmonize itself. And as fore these words are printed war will have really the struggle is implanted in human nature it is in- begun. evitable. The word peace, when used in a political In the last two years we have entirely outgrown

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