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tion revived the martial spirit of Shelby, and he morning, and at about four in the afternoon the resolved to lead not to send his countrymen to army debarked on Hartley's Point, three or four the war, at the same time refusing Harrison's miles below Fort Malden, without opposition. generous offer of command. He issued a proc- It immediately moved forward, and as it aplamation to the Kentuckians, saying, “I will proached Amherstburg, where Fort Malden was lead you to the field of battle, and share with situated, instead of being confronted by armed you the dangers and the honors of the cam- foes, Shelby and his staff, who were in the adpaigu.” His words were electrical. Kentucky vance, met a deputation of modest, well-dressed immediately blazed with enthusiasm : “Come,” women, who came to implore mercy and prosaid the young men and veterans, “let us rally tection. Proctor, who was in command at Malround the eagle of our country, for Old King's den, taking counsel of prudence and fear, and Mountain will certainly lead us to victory and acting contrary to the solemn advice, earnest conquest." Twice the required number flocked entreaties, and indignant remonstrances of his to his standard, and with General John Adair, more courageous brother officer, Tecumtha, had and the now venerable John J. Crittenden as fed northward, with his army, leaving Fort his aids, and wearing upon his thigh a sword Malden, the navy buildings, and the public just presented to him by Henry Clay in behalf store-houses smoking ruins. The Americans of the State of North Carolina, in testimony of occupied the deserted village that night. Th his gallantry at King's Mountain in the old War entered it with the bands playing Yankee Doofor Independence, he led thirty-five hundred dle. The loyal portion of the inhabitants had mounted men, including Colonel Richard M. fled. Johnson's troop, in the direction of Lake Erie. When Harrison's army entered AmherstPressing forward with his staff, he heard, at burg, the rear-guard of the enemy had not Fort Ball (now Tiffin, Ohio), of Perry's victory. been gone an hour ; Colonel Ball immediately Thrilled with joy, he sent couriers to his com- sent an officer and twenty of his cavalry after manders with orders for them to hasten forward. them, to prevent their destroying the bridge over Hope and promise every where prevailed. En- the Aux Canards or Ta-ron-tee River. They ergy marked every movement; and on the 16th had just fired it when the pursuers approached. of September, the whole army of the Northwest, A single volley scattered the incendiaries, and excepting the troops at Fort Meigs and minor the bridge was saved. posts, were on the borders of Erie, camped on Early on the following morning Harrison's the pleasant peninsula between Sandusky Bay army moved up the river to Sandwich. At the and the lake below the mouth of the Portage same time the American flotilla went up the River, now Port Clinton.

river to Detroit, and Colonel Johnson and his The embarkation of the troops commenced on mounted men, who had kept abreast the vessels, the 20th. There were not vessels enough to on the west side of the Detroit, also arrived convey the horses and forage; so the Ken- there. The British had fled. Detroit was taken tuckians were all dismounted excepting John- possession of by the Americans without a batson's corps, which was sent by land toward De- tle; martial law was succeeded by civil law; troit. The peninsula was inclosed by a fence and the splendid territory lost the year before across its neck, and there the horses were left was recovered. while the army invaded Canada.

On the morning of the 2d of October the purOn a lovely autumnal day, a gentle breeze suit of Proctor was renewed. It was known rippling the bosom of the lake, and filling the that he had fled along the borders of Lake St. sails, the invading army moved northward in Clair toward the River La Tranche or Thames, sixteen armed vessels and almost one hundred with the evident intention, if hard pushed, to boats. It was a sublime and beautiful spectacle. make his way to Burlington Heights, at the They left their anchorage at nine o'clock in the head of Lake Ontario, where the British had a

considerable force. Leaving M‘Arthur and his brigade to hold Detroit, and Cass's brigade and Ball's corps at Sandwich, the rest of the army, including Johnson's regiment, pressed forward, the armed vessels at the same time making their way to the River Thames. They frequently heard of the fugitive enemy, but could not overtake him. They came near doing so at Dolsen's, a little above the great prairie that skirts the lower Thames, and a short distance below Chatham, on that river, to which point a part of the American flotilla penetrated. But he eluded their grasp and pushed into the interior. At Dolsen's Perry left his vessels, mounted a horse, and joined Harrison as his volunteer aid.

On the morning of the 4th Proctor fled up the Thames from Dolsen's, cursed by Tecumtha for his cowardice; and at Chatham, where a




deep stream, called M'Gregor's Creek, flows into the river between high banks, he prepared to make a stand, according to a promise given to the Indian leader. But he again fled in mortal dread of the vengeance of Kentuckians in pursuit. Sixty dusky warriors, under Walk-in-the-Water, then deserted him. He destroyed the bridges over M‘Gregor's Creek, and thus somewhat checked pursuit. But the delay was temporary, and on the 5th, at noon, Harrison with his whole army forded the Thames, and was di- | along and just within the borders of the large rectly in the rear of Proctor, and only a few swamp, and so disposed as to easily flank Harmiles behind. As they approached the Mora- rison's left. Their left, commanded in person vian Town on the river, at about two o'clock in by Tecumtha, occupied the isthmus between the the afternoon, it was evident that the enemy two swamps. was almost overtaken. Colonel Johnson dash- In the disposition of his army Harrison made ed forward to obtain information. He captured arrangements for the horsemen, who were in a wagoner, and from him learned that the ene- front, to fall back, allow the infantry to make my, in battle-array, had halted across the path the attack, and then charge upon the British way of the pursuers only three hundred yards lines. For this purpose General Marquis further on, their position being masked by the Calmes's brigade, five hundred strong, under forest. A reconnoissance corroborated the state- Colonel Trotter, was placed in the front line, ment, and General Harrison arranged his army which extended from the road on the right toin battle order. It consisted of a part of the ward the greater marsh. Parallel with these, Twenty-seventh regiment of Regulars, five bri: one hundred and fifty yards in the rear, was gades of Kentucky Volunteers under Governor General John E. King's brigade; and in the Shelby, and Colonel Johnson's mounted militia rear of this was General David Chile's brigade, -a little more than three thousand in number. posted as a reserve. These three brigades were The number of the British and Indians did not under the command of Major-General King. exceed two thousand.

Two others (Allen's and Caldwell's) and SimIt is said that Tecumtha compelled Proctor rall's regiment, forming General Desha's divito make a stand by threatening to desert him sion, were formed upon the left of the front line, with his whole Indian force. The ground cho- so as to hold the Indians in check and prevent sen by the enemy was well selected. On his a serious flank movement by them. At the left was the River Thames, with a high and pre- crochet formed by Desha's and the front line of cipitous bank, and on his right a marsh running Henry's division the venerable Shelby, then sixalmost parallel with the river for about two ty-six years of age, took his position. In front miles. Between these, and two or three hun. of all these, between the road and the smaller dred yards from the river, was a small swamp, swamp, were Johnson's mounted men, in two colquite narrow, with a strip of solid ground be- umns, one commanded by himself and the other tween it and the large marsh. The whole space by his brother James, the lieutenant-colonel. between the river and the great swamp was A small corps of Regulars, one hundred and covered with timber, with very little under- twenty in number, under Colonel Paul, were growth.

posted between the road and the river, for the The British Regulars were formed in two lines purpose of advancing, in concert with some Inbetween the small swamp and the river, their dians under the wooded bank, to attempt the artillery being planted in the road near the bank capture of the enemy's cannon. of the stream. The Indians were posted be- Just as the Americans were about to make tween the two swamps, where the undergrowth the attack Harrison was informed of an unexwas thicker, their right extending some distance | pected disposition of the enemy's force. Conriage, left the road, and escaped by some by-path. So vigorous was his flight that, within twenty-four hours after the battle, he was sixty miles from the scene of conflict. The pursuers captured his carriage.



When the bugle sounded for the attack on the British left the notes of another on the American left rang out in the clear autumn air. Colonel Johnson and his bat. talion charged upon the Indians under Te. cumtha, and a desperate battle ensued, in which the gallant Kentucky leader was severely wounded, and the Shawnoese warrior was slain. This occurred early in the action. Tradition and history relate that he had just wounded Colonel Johnson with a rifle-bullet, and was springing forward with a tomahawk to dispatch him, when the latter drew a pistol from his belt and shot him dead. This scene is represented in bas relief on a marble monument erected to the

memory of Johnson in a beautiful cemetery trary to all precedent he incurred the peril of on the high bank of the Kentucky River, near changing his plan of attack at the last moment. Frankfort, Kentucky. He ordered Johnson to charge the British line The fall of Tecumtha, and the utter discomwith his mounted men. That gallant soldier fiture of the British columns, caused the Indians immediately prepared to do so, when he found to fly in terror. The battle was ended very soon the space between the smaller marsh and the after it was commenced. The loss on the part river too limited for his corps to act efficiently. of the Americans was about fifteen killed and In the exercise of discretion given him he led thirty wounded. The British lost about eighthis second column across the little marsh to at- een killed, twenty-six wounded, and six hundred tack the Indian left, leaving the first battalion, made prisoners, twenty-five of whom were ofunder his brother and Major Payne, to fall upon ficers. On the battle-ground and in the pursuit the British Regulars. The latter battalion was from Lake St. Clair Harrison had captured more immediately formed in four columns of double than five thousand small-arms, nearly all of files, with spies in front, while Colonel Johnson which had been taken from the Americans at formed his battalion in two columns in front of Detroit, Frenchtown, and Dudley's defeat. He Shelby, with a company of footmen before him. had also captured six brass cannon, three of Harrison, accompanied by acting Adjutant-General Butler, Commodore Perry, and General Cass, took position on the extreme right, near the bank of the river, where he could observe and direct the movements.

At the sound of a bugle the cavalry on the right moved steadily to the charge, receiving the fire of the enemy, when, with a tremendous shout, they dashed forward, fell furiously upon the British line, broke it, and scattered it in all directions. The second British line, thirty paces in the rear, was likewise broken and confused. The horsemen then wheeled, poured in a destructive fire upon the rear, right, and left, and caused the terrified foe surrender as fast as they could throw down their arms. In less than five minutes after the first shot of the battle was fired the whole British force of white men, more than eight hundred strong, were totally vanquished, and most of them were made prisoners. Only a single officer and fifty men of the Fortyfirst regiment escaped. The cowardly Proctor fled in his carriage, with his personal staff, a few dragoons, and some mounted Indians, hotly pursued by a part of Johnson's corps under Major Payne. They chased him until dark, but could not overtake him. He was so hotly pressed, however, that he abandoned his car.



which were taken from the British in the War | A few dead and half-dead stems of the old trees, of the Revolution, and retaken from Hull at blackened by fire, remain. The large swamp Detroit.

is still there, but the smaller one, opened to the Harrison's success, and the annihilation of sun by clearing the trees and bushes from it, the allied armies of the foe westward of Lake has almost disappeared. When I visited the Ontario, following so quickly upon the victory spot, on a cold blustering day in October, 1860, on Lake Erie, produced unbounded joy through a corn-field, thickly dotted with ripe pumpkins, out the United States. The hopes of the Amer- covered a portion of the scene of conflict; and icans were revived, for they felt that a really near the place where, tradition says, Tecumtha able general was in the field. His praises were fell, I made the accompanying sketch. on every lip. In the chief cities, from Maine to General Harrison intended, on his return to Georgia, and all over the West, bonfires and Detroit, to proceed at once against Mackinack illuminations attested the public satisfaction; with a land-force, transported and convoyed by and in many places joint honors were paid to a part of Perry's flotilla under Captain Elliot. the heroes of Lake Erie and the Thames. They A heavy storm and the lateness of the season were every where toasted; and the American compelled him to relinquish the design. He Congress, in testimony of their appreciation of and Perry sailed down the lake to Erie, where Harrison's services, afterward gave him their they were received with public demonstrations cordial thanks, and voted him a gold medal. of joy; and on the 24th of October the General Proctor, who meanly attempted to lay the bur- arrived at Buffalo on his way to the mouth of den of the disgrace of defeat upon the shoulders the Niagara River, there to prepare for leading of his gallant soldiers, received his reward, when an expedition against the British at Burlington the truth became known, in the form of a pub- Heights. His arrangements were nearly comlic reprimand and suspension from rank and pay pleted when he and his troops were ordered to for six months—a punishment which the Prince Sackett's Harbor. An expedition was about to Regent virtually declared to be inadequate. move against Montreal from that point, and it

The victory in itself, and its subsequent effects, was important to have a force sufficient at the was complete. It broke up the Indian Confed- east end of Lake Ontario to protect that region eracy of the Northwest, and caused the dis- from British invasion. Chauncey's fleet conheartened warriors to forsake their white allies veyed the troops to Sackett's Harbor, and the and sue humbly for peace and pardon at the Secretary of War gave General Harrison unfeet of the Americans. Harrison returned to asked-for permission to visit his family near Detroit with his army, where he was welcomed Cincinnati. Harrison journeyed homeward by as Victor and Liberator ; and General Cass, way of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and duly installed civil and military Governor of Washington, and every where received the warm Michigan, remained there with his brigade. plaudits of his countrymen. There he still (May, 1863) resides at the age of The campaign of 1813, under the old Geneighty-one years.

erals Dearborn, Hampton, and Wilkinson, hav. The battle-ground of the Thames, then cov- ing been fruitless of much good to the American ered with the forest, is now a cultivated farm. cause, the eyes of the people were turned toward Harrison, the successful leader, as the future he was a gallant young soldier, stationed in acting commander-in-chief of the American command at Cincinnati, he wooed and won and army, or at least of the division of it on the wedded sweet Anna Symmes, the daughter of Northern frontier. Such was the expectation the proprietor of the “Great Miami Purchase,” of his companions in arms. “Yes, my dear who was then living in a spacious log-house at friend,” Perry wrote to him, “I expect to hail the North Bend of the Ohio, a dozen miles or you as the chief who is to redeem the honor of so by railway westward of the “Queen City of our arms in the north.” “You, Sir," wrote the West." The father frowned on their beM'Arthur to him from Albany in New York, trothal, for the young Virginian, though a scion “stand the highest with the militia of this State of an honored stock, was a soldier, and would of any general in the service, and I am confi- be likely to take his beloved Anna far away. dent that no man can fight them to so great ad- But love laughs at such obstacles. One fine vantage; and I think their extreme solicitude day, when Judge Symmes returned home after a may be the means of calling you to this front- brief absence, he found Captain Harrison there, ier.” But these expectations were not real- and was informed that the alchemy of legal pow. ized. The professed kindly feelings of the Secre- er, in the hands of Dr. Stephen Wood, a magistary of War toward General Harrison became trate, had made him his son-in-law. “Well, suddenly changed, and his permission to visit Sir,” he said, somewhat sternly, “I understand his family assumed the practical form of a re- you have married Anna.” “Yes, Sir," respondlief from command. He interfered with Har- ed the Captain. “How do you expect to suprison's prerogatives as the commander-in-chief port her?" the father inquired. “By my sword of the Eighth Military District; and the Gen- and my own right arm," quickly responded the eral became so well convinced, by circumstances young officer. The Judge was pleased with the not necessary to mention here, that the Secre- reply, and, like a sensible man, gave them his tary intended to virtually deprive him of all com- blessing. He lived to be proud of that son-inmand, that on the 11th of May, 1814, in a let- law as Governor of the Indiana Territory and ter to that functionary, and in another to Presi- the hero of Tippecanoe, Fort Meigs, and the dent Madison, he offered to resign his commis- Thames; and the devoted wife, after sharing sion. The President was absent from Wash- his joys and sorrows for five-and-forty years, ington when the letter arrived, and the Secre- laid him in the grave within sight of the place tary of War, assuming authority never exer- of their nuptials, while the nation mingled its cised before, accepted the resignation without tears with hers, for he was crowned with the consulting his superior. The latter expressed unsurpassable honor of being Chief Magistrate his sincere regret in a letter to Governor Shelby, of this Republic. He was elected President of who had written to him when he heard of Har- the United States by the voice of the people in rison's intention, saying, “Having served in a the autumn of 1840, and was inaugurated on campaign with General Harrison, by which I the 4th of March following. Precisely one have been enabled to form some opinion of his month afterward he expired at the Executive military talents and capacity to command, I Mansion in the National Capital at the age of feel no hesitation to declare to you that I be sixty-eight years; a few months older than lieve him to be one of the first military charac- Washington at his death, the first President of ters I ever knew; and in addition to this, he is the Republic. capable of making greater personal exertions The tonub of Harrison is upon a beautiful knoll than any officer with whom I have ever served." about two hundred feet above the Ohio River,

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Harrison was then forty years of age. His near the North Bend station. It is built of military services were lost to the country during brick; is ten by twelve feet in size, and is surthe remainder of the war. He left the army; rounded by trees, shrubbery, and green sward. and, during the ensuing summer, was appoint- At its foot is a noble mulberry-tree, and at its ed, in conjunction with Governors Shelby and head is an entrance door slightly inclined. The Cass, to treat with the Indians of the Northwest only tenants of the tomb when I was there in concerning all things in dispute between the 1860 were the remains of General Harrison and tribes and the United States.

his second daughter, Mrs. Doctor Thornton ; In this and the preceding paper, in which is for his widow still survives, and retains much given an outline of the principal events in the of the beauty of her middle life, although past campaigns of General Harrison in the North- eighty years of age. west, that officer is represented as one of the best At the foot of gentle hills, about three hunmilitary commanders then in the service of the dred yards from the Ohio, and in full view of United States. Truth declares this verdict from the North Bend station, is the site of the resithe testimony of contemporary history. He was dence of General Harrison, the half-fabled “Lognot a novice in the art of war when he took Cabin" of the politicians in 1840. It was set command of the little army that gained victory on fire, it is believed, by a dismissed servant-girl and renown at the Tippecanoe. He had been a few years ago, and entirely consumed. All an honored soldier under the impetuous Wayne, of General Harrison's military and other valu. and planned the march and the scheme of bat- able papers were burned ; also many presents tle which resulted in victory over the Indians that were sent to him olitical friends during at the Rapids of the Maumee in 1794. While the presidential canvass that resulted in his elec

Vol. XXVII.-No. 159,-U

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