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denly upon his brother, who was contemplating about that girl? Come abroad with me. I the pencil sketch.

should like of all things to return to England at “Well, I went to see how they got on, and least." Mrs. Stone wanted me to settle up the old man's “That girl!" ejaculated Mark, with his reaffairs, which were terribly confused, and so, turning breath. “Will you come with me and naturally, you see, Millard"

see her?" “Are you absolutely pledged to marry her?" “Not I! And yet,” continued the young interrupted his brother, upon whose mind re- cynic, after a moment's consideration, “ I have flection seemed to produce no mollifying influ- no doubt that if I could see her off her guard,

and unrestrained by your presence, I could in a “In words, No; in manner, Yes. And I very short time open your eyes to the probable mean to say in words what I have already said fact of her being Jacob Stone's worthy descendin other ways. I have only waited to speak ant." with you, my only brother.

What do you

“I will pledge my life upon her truth !" asthink?"

serted Mark, stoutly. “I think she would marry you, or any other “Come, then; I will, for your sake, give man in your position."

up a week to this experiment," sighed Millard, Why should you so insult both me, and the wearily. woman of whom you know nothing, except that "A week, no; you would then say your exshe is my chosen wife ?" demanded Mark, rising periment failed for want of time. You shall indignantly.

have three weeks in which to study her; and "Insult? I don't desire to insult cither of you shall at the end of the first week give me you, my dear boy, but you must remember that, your opinion in writing of her exterior manners besides being five years your senior, I have seen and appearance, that will answer to the Greek and studied at least five hundred times as many inscription on your own Rosetta Stone, which he men and women as you, and am not so easily who runs may read. At the end of the second led away by romantic feeling. You say I know week you shall translate to me her mind, comnothing of this young woman. I know that she paring and collating it with your first impresis the grand-daughter of a crafty, vulgar old sion, as you pretend to decipher the enchorial miser; that in all probability her father and mo- sentence here by aid of the Greek. You see I ther were of the same stamp; and that if human know somewhat of your jargon. Finally, at the nature is the same in this case as in most others, end of the third week, you shall give me a clear she would marry gladly and eagerly any man reading of the heart and soul of this young girl who could make her mistress of the Eyrie.” whom you have studied; and this translation of

“You do her injustice, bitter injustice; indeed her inmost nature will, if I know her and you, you do," expostulated Mark, half eagerly, half give more pleasure and satisfaction to your own angrily.

heart, as well as mine, than if you could read Millard, without reply save a significant smile, off these ridiculous hieroglyphics like so much took from his pocket a microscope, opened and Oxford print." adjusted it, and bent over the precious engrav- “Agreed, then !" cried Millard, joyously, ing, with its triple yet unique inscription. jumping up to seize his brother's hand. "I

“Yes," half grumbled Mark, after watching will take the three weeks, and I will read your him for a moment, "you can pore over that Rosetta Stone. I only wish I could hope as stupid old stone, with its inscription that never easily to decipher my own.” meant any thing in its best days, and now is past finding out altogether, year after year, and The next afternoon a gentleman carrying a think your time well bestowed; but fancy your- huge port-folio beneath his arm, and dressed in self capable of reading the character of this the careless style affected by artists, stopped at young girl, whose only crime is being Jacob the door of the old farm-house known as the Stone's grand-daughter, without ever having seen "Widder Stone's,” and paused a moment-his her."

walking-staff raised to knock-to glance at the “My dear Mark, if I could only find as sim- scene within : at the white-haired dame seated ple and universal a rule to apply to my inscrip- in the wooden rocking-chair gravely knitting; tion as to your lady-love's mind, I should have at the child who sat at her feet. no need to study longer over the one than the Child ? No; petite and agile, blue-eyed, other."

fair-haired, and rosy-tinted though she was, a “And by what rule do you measure Rosetta's second look showed that she was past childhood, mind ?" asked Mark, still angrily.

while yet the idea of womanhood seemed ab“By the rule of self-interest. A rule that surdly ponderous and formal as applied to her will gauge all the uneducated human nature airy motions and careless mirth. with which I ever came in contact,” returned the “Rosetta, can it be? Not much Stone of philosopher, coolly, and still scanning his hiero- any sort," flashed through the mind of the artglyphics.

ist as the uplifted cane fell upon the half-open “Millard, you're a—"

door. “Come, come, Mark, don't say it. Are you The old woman raised her dim eyes. The and I to quarrel after ten years of separation girl bounded to her feet so suddenly that the spectator winked, but removing his hat stepped | a dozen invitations to one festivity and another inside the door in answer to the dame's invita- the following dispatch from his brother: tion, and seated himself in the chair shyly prof- “I can not deny, my dear Mark, that your own render. fered by the girl.

ing of the obvious or Greek inscription is perfectly correct. “Won't you have something to take, Sir?” It describes a creature full of beauty, grace, and winning inquired the old woman, with hospitable earnest- that to translate the Greek fluently is only to open the

ways; but remember, youthful student of this great art, ness. " 'Setta, you get a plate of them crullers door for a hundred confusing and contradictory readings and a mug of cider for the gentleman." of the more abstruse legend, and that after all the Demotic

“Nothing, nothing, thank you, madam; un- may contradict the Greek, and the hieroglyphic (when we less, indeed, this young lady, Miss—"

shall come to it) entirely upset both." “Rosetta's her name, Sir; 'Setta we call her “Have I been a fool, or is Millard becoming for short most generally.”

one?" was the mental query which accompanied “ If Miss Rosetta will give me a glass of wa- the note into the traveling-desk of Mr. Mark ter, then, I shall be much obliged to her."

Vane. “Certain, if you won't have nothing better, Another week, and another note: Sir. Have you walked a long way, Sir?” "The enchoric version of the fair inscription is as easily Some distance, ma'am. I am an artist, deciphered as the Greek; and though I expose myself to

your derision for having conceitedly assumed a theory and am making sketches of the magnificent only to abandon it, I will acknowledge that each freshly: scenery about here. I have seen so many dif- developing trait of mind and heart is fully in accord with ferent ones to-day which I had no time to sketch, the fair exterior. Should the more intimate and searching that I have resolved to spend some days in look- study of the next week, typified by the hidden and abstruse ing them up, if I can find a convenient lodging. conclusions, I will gladly, my dear Mark, acknowledge

hieroglyphics, verify, as I foresee that it will, my present Perhaps, madam, you may be induced to take you right and myself wrong, and prepare to be groomsme in. I assure you it would be quite a favor." man at the wedding which shall add to the old house of

“Well, I never! Lor', Sir, you couldn't put Vane an ornament so fitting as this fair Rosetta Stone." up with our homely doings—not a day, Sir. We And over this report, as over the other, Mark ain't nothing but farmers, and much-as-ever that pondered doubtfully and somewhat gloomily; we're that. My old man he's dead this couple and even while mounting his horse to ride with o' year, and Peter Schenk carries on my farm beautiful Gertrude Cortlandt, he muttered disat the halves."

contentedly, Never fear, ma'am, but that I shall be con- “Because I'm a fool, why need Millard be tented. My name is Vane-a cousin of Mr. one too ?” Mark Vane."

Another seven days, and the three weeks de“Our landlord, Sir! Have you been staying voted to the deciphering of the Rosetta Stone with him?"

was accomplished; and Mark Vane leaving di“Not yet. I wish before every thing else to rections that his letters should be sent after him complete the series of sketches that I have com- betook himself to the Eyrie, and the next day menced, and do not intend to allow myself to after his return rode down to Mrs. Stone's farm, think of any thing else, not even of visiting my and hitching his horse, as he had many a time cousin, until they are done.”

before, to the garden paling, walked directly in. “And don't Mr. Mark know you're here ?" The dame sat alone in the wide old kitchen

"I don't intend to tell him of it, and I must basking in the golden autumn sunshine which beg you will observe a like silence, Mrs. Stone. glanced merrily in at the latticed window transHe doesn't come here very often, does he ?” figuring the brilliant tin and copper upon the “Well

, Sir, he do come pretty often when dresser to burnished silver and gold, and tipping he's to home, but I expect he'll be going down the widow's busy knitting-needles with sparks to the city this week. Hc mostly spends some of scintillant flame. days there the first of every month."

“ Where's Rosetta, Mrs. Stone ?" “Oh, well, I don't believe we shall meet. “Rosetta ?" repeated the grandmother, flushI intend to live out of doors principally." ing rather uneasily as she scanned the troubled

The next day Mark Vane stopped his horse face of her young landlord, “Why, I believe at the farm-house door to say, without dismount- she went up the brookside after dinner to show ing, that he was off to the city, and probably Mr. Vane a tree or something." should not return under two or three weeks. "Up the brookside path, did you say? I'll Then, affecting great haste, he added a few go and meet them.” hurried words of general farewell, meeting And before Mrs. Stone could draw breath for guiltily, as he did so, Rosetta's great eyes of a reply the young man was beyond hearing. He wonder and dismay, and was gone.

trod hastily the familiar path, down the orchard, “Never mind, 'Setta, he'll be back before beside the meadow hedgerow, across the steplong," whispered the grandmother patting the ping-stones, and up the bowery brookside path. pretty flushed cheek.

And ever as he went the lowering brow and “I don't so much care whether he is or not,” gloomy eye, the pale cheek and restless lip, retorted 'Setta, hastily running out of the room showed that the sweet beauty of the hour and lest the tears in her blue eyes should run over scene found no answering sweetness in the young and betray her.

man's mood. A week afterward Mark Vane received among About half a mile had thus been hastily traversed when the sound of voices, apparently close notes with me upon the subject, as I am well aware, inat hand, caused Mark to pause and listen in- deed have had ocular demonstration, that you have made tently for a moment, then move quietly on, till yourself intimately acquainted with the subject.

“M, V." through the drooping branches of a silver birch he could, himself unseen, gain a view of the And if Mark Vane the aforesaid had a little speakers.

human longing for revenge, it was gratified as At the opposite side of the brook the high he contemplated in silence the crest-fallen, hubank, suddenly retreating, had left a small am- miliated, resolutely wretched look upon the face phitheatre--so small that now, in the golden of the somewhat domineering elder brother, who autumn time, its floor was carpeted all over sat opposite to him some hours later, stirring an with gorgeous leaves showered down by the trees untasted cup of tea, and waiting till the servant overarching its curved side, while in front the should have left the room before he spoke. murmurous brook brought tribute of scarlet ber- Perhaps, too, Mark was wickedly glad to prories and golden blossoms to fringe the margin tract the condition of nervous suspense so palpaof this woodland tapestry. In the centre lay a bly evident in the other's manner. At any rate, great flat rock, rooted in the earth which had he seemed in no hurry to dismiss either the tea been gathering at its foot ever since the great equipage or the solemn old butler who attended Noachian deluge had rolled it thither ; and upon it. Indeed, it seemed to Millard that the throned upon the rock, herself as bright as the most elaborate dinner might have been consumed foliage, as pure and sparkling as the water, as while his brother, trifling with his tea and toast, motionless as the granite, sat Rosetta, Mark's airily chatted upon the weather, the city, poliRosetta Stone, her blue eyes glittering with tics, the last gossip from Washington, and a hunhappy tears, her pretty head bent to receive the dred other trifles all equally impossible to the wreath of wild asters, whose pale bluc contrast- less facile listener. ed so well with the sunny hair, which, slipping At last, however, the brothers were alone; from its net, lay coiling itself upon the white and hardly was the door closed when Mark, neck like an amiable golden serpent, charmed turning his chair from the table and crossing beyond the power of mischief by the music of one leg over the other, suddenly remarked, in the time and place. Kneeling beside the girl, the coolest possible manner, his mind as earnestly bent upon the proper ad- “By-the-way, Mill, your three weeks are out. justment of the wreath as it had ever been upon Let's have the result of your studies of the Roelucidation of the wisdom of Rameses the Great, setta Stone." Millard Vane pursued, after his own peculiar "Mark, I thought you had more heart!" exfashion, the study to which he had pledged him- claimed the victim, hoarsely. “You have a self. The wreath at last was settled; and with right to exult and triumph, no doubt, over my a murmur of commendation at its effect, the miserable weakness and treachery, but I didn't artist, clasping in his own the little hands fold- think you would do it. I didn't think it would ed so nervously together, drew down the blush- give you so much satisfaction to see your only ing face until

brother condemned by his own folly to a life of As noiselessly as he had come, Mark Vane remorse and lonely misery.". retreated from the shelter of the silver birch, " What!” broke in the pitiless Mark, "you and, without seeking to see or hear more, re- don't mean you've come to that? “Lonely mistraced his steps to the farm-house. But al- ery' means because you can't marry Rosetta, I though, as he walked slowly on, his manner suppose, don't it? And the remorse is because showed even more absorption than before, it was you have proved once more the truth of the old singular enough to see that an air of relief, even proverb that, 'It's not safe to give the cat the of amusement, had replaced the troubled doubt cream-pot to keep.'” and apprehension so plainly stamped upon his “Do you think it kind or manly to take ad. face before encountering his recreant brother vantage of my position to taunt me thus?” came and faithless love.

sternly through white lips. Arrived at the house, Mark requested to be “Don't get mad, old fellow! It won't do a shown to Mr. Millard Vane's apartment; and bit of good. Come, I hold you to your comhaving written the following note, desired Mrs. pact. Tell me what is the result of your last Stone to deliver it as soon as her guest should week's study, your hieroglyphical study rememreturn to the house:

ber, of Rosetta Stone. You owe me that bit "'I had no idea, Millard, what a fascinating study this of information at least, especially since I've seen of hieroglyphics may become. I have been taking a les how the hieroglyphics are translated." son at it myself this afternoon, up by the brookside, at the “Very well. Since it enters into your sysgreat rock where you and I once dug for buried treasure. tem of revenge to force me into saying it, I will It's much pleasanter to find one's treasure above ground, confess that the keenest scrutiny has developed is it not?

“Well, as I was saying, it was just there, or rather from only virtuous instincts, charming docility, keen the opposite side of the brook, that I found, some half hour aptitude, and native refinement and tact, in this ago, that I too can read hieroglyphics, especially one very girl's heart and mind. The perfect beauty and significant one-80 potent, indeed, that after deciphering it I have no need of farther research to fully comprehend grace apparent upon the surface are but faint even this wonderful Rosetta Stone.

and poor translations of the wealth within. Are “Will you come up to the Eyrie to-night and compare you satisfied ?"

A protracted and irrepressible peal of laugh. COAL may be contemplated in some other

" That'll do, Mill. Please don't be poetical;

COAL AND PETROLEUM. it isn't your line, you know, and I don't think I can stand any more just now"


very suggestive aspects. We may regard ter closed the sentence, and completed the an- it as a consolidated form of the sunshine of a gry discomfiture of the elder brother, who sprang long-past day; as a portion of the generously from his seat and was about leaving the room expended solar force of one age, fixed in matewhen Mark, suddenly controlling himself, called rial shape; and by simple yet wondrous process him by name, at the same time extending a sealed up from all dispersion and loss, and transhand.

mitted to another age long later to assist to ful“There, I've had my turn, now it's yours. I fill in it the development of a state of life incom. Do you know, Mill, I came up here to-day as parably higher than that in which it originated. blue as indigo because I thought I was pledged It is evident that a given quantity of vegetable in honor if not in word to Rosetta Stone. I product represents, or is the equivalent of, a went down to New York fully persuaded that definite amount of the sun's action on the earth. Rosetta was the only woman worth mentioning A sheet or bed of coal of any especial thickness on this mundane sphere. But-I never had and area expresses—if we knew the relation or seen Gertrude Cortlandt. There's a woman for coefficient accurately we might convey it in you, my boy! Full of wit and verve, and cul- figures—the very quantum of time expended by tivated to that extent that there's not a weed to the coal-moss in growing, and the total of sunbe found either in mind or heart. Brilliant, shine tributary directly and indirectly to its enproud, full of honor and noble instincts. Ah, tire vital development. It is no mere sport of after worshiping the rose, one doesn't care so fancy, then, but an utterance of science, to say, much for the poor little anemone."

that all the while we are imbibing the warmth “But, Mark, are you sure? Isn't all this a of our coal-fire, we are actually basking in the ruse to make me think you don't care for the sun's rays which vivified the vegetation out of treasure of which I have robbed you? Are you which the coal was produced countless ages ago. not deceiving me or yourself ?"

In this act of its combustion we behold, as it “Not a bit of it. I'm just honestly delight. were, the completion of a marvelous cycle, a sort ed, that's all. I never said a word to Gertrude, of respiration by the earth of the solar heat and of course, feeling half bound up here; but if I light; and attendant upon this breathing in and have half as much quickness in reading those out of the life-giving emanation or influence magnificent eyes as you have in reading hiero- we note also the play of another beautiful round glyphics, why I'll venture to speak at least. At of actions, the imbibition and assimilation into any rate, say she yea or say she nay, I nev- the globe's tissues of the carbon of the air, and er could love Rosetta as she deserves to be the restoration of it again, enacting a function loved.”

for the earth, curiously analogous, but on a far “ And I, you insufferable young coxcomb," grander scale, with that it discharges in the retorted Millard, who had suddenly recovered nourishment of an individual plant. How wonhis spirits and his equanimity, “love Rosetta a derful a succession of phases these of the world's thousand times better than I ever could one of carbon! In one age a part of the atmosphere, your grande dames, and I've seen plenty of them in another of living vegetation, again a compofrom Pharaonic princesses down to-a New York nent of the solid rocky crust, and finally, when belle.”

ministering to human wants, regaining once “But for all that, my dear boy, you sha'n't more its primal station in the all-encompassing see Gertrude Cortlandt till either she is my wife and life-sustaining air. In this inhaling, proor I have become persuaded that she never will longed retention, and ultimate re-exhaling of be. This time it has turned out very well, but the carbon, the earth, it may be said with a litI won't risk any more hieroglyphical studies of tle stretch of fancy, almost breathes. In so viewthe woman I expect to marry."

ing this course of the carbon, how stupendous is “We will be married at the same hour,” re- the duration of the one long-drawn breath we sponded Millard, reflectively. “Not in the same are describing ! place though, for the Cortlandts won't lose the It must be obvious from the fact, that while chance of making Manhattan ring again with all the sedimentary strata of lower position, or their magnificence, while the village church will older geological date than the coal-measures, satisfy all the aspirations of Rosetta and my- are comparatively destitute of coaly matter, or, self."

indeed, of any large amount of air-derived car“All right, Mill. Only aren't we, just a lit- bon, the so-called carboniferous formation emtle you know, counting our chickens before braces in a solid or condensed form so prodi. they're hatched ?"

gious a quantity of this element that there must ** May be so. But my faith is founded on a have arisen, during the growth of the coal-formstone, and can not be shaken."

ing marshes, a solidification or fixation from the

gaseous state of a store of carbon so immense as And with a very sheepish smile on both faces to influence materially the subsequent amount the interview closed, as does the story, some of it held in the enrth's general atmosphere. what abruptly.

No matter what the vast proportion already included in the vegetables and animals that clothed the coal. What is the power in this blazing and peopled the earth, this immense bulk of the fuel but that of the ancient carboniferous suncarbon stored away in the form of coal must shine which the coal embodies? This now, at originally have come altogether from the air. the will of men, stirs the artificial blasts that The animal organisms of the period would, no have a might under skillful guidance capable of doubt, as in the present day, resupply to the withstanding or defying the strongest storms atmosphere a large part of the carbon appropri- which the existing sunshine can arouse. The ated by them as food from the vegetable ones. engineer may well be termed the “master of It is of the surplus quantity of the carbon be- the winds,” for he generates his mechanical yond that perpetually interchanged between the ones precisely in such force and directions as he animal and vegetable kingdoms, and placed out- likes, while his source of power is still the side of this beautiful organic cycle and hoarded breeze-arousing sunshine of the old sun of the securely away for a far future age to appropri- earth's early days. ate, that we are here speaking.

Coal is not a substance of uniform elementaHow much of the primeval supply of carbon in ry constitution. It presents itself, indeed, in the air was thus ultimately solidified as coal, by many varieties, each adapted to especial applivital organic action, during the carboniferous cations and wants in the economy of human afages, must, in our present defective knowledge fairs, yet all of them so related as to bespeak, of the whole mass of coaly substance in the when compared with one another, a most intercarth, be a matter rather of conjecturc than of esting phasis in their history. The most curcomputation. Nevertheless, I can not but be- rently used classification recognizes but two lieve that the atmosphere at the beginning of the chief sorts—common bituminous coal and the carboniferous period on the great day of plant- non-bituminous or anthracitic: a nicer subdilife was many times richer in carbon than it was vision is founded on the relative abundance of at the close of it. An estimate carefully made the uncombined carbon or coke, and the volatile from the best data of the sum-totals of coal with or distillable and inflammable bituminous matin the principal coal-fields of the world, indicates, ters so called. These, in the phraseology of indeed, that the aggregate of carbon buried un- chemistry, are known as the hydrocarbons—a der the soil can not be less than some six times group of substances in liquid and gaseous conthe quantity still resident in the air. If we can ditions, according to the temperatures they exassume it to have approached at all to this pro- ist under, and all constituted of hydrogen and portion, we need no longer wonder at the colos-carbon united in definite proportions. A coal sal dimensions of the ancient coal-plants, nor at destitute altogether of the hydrocarbons is a their exuberant growth. Coupling this concep- true anthracite; if it contains some ten or twelve tion of so high a supply of carbon-the main per cent. of those volatile compounds, and burns pabulum of all vegetation-with that of a com- with a soon-exhausted flame, it should be called mensurate abundance of warmth and moisture a semi-anthracite; if it have as much of them indicated in the very structures of the fossils, as twenty or twenty-five per cent. it is best we clearly see that it was an age in which all termed a semi-bituminous coal; and in all cases the conditions, chemical, physical, and climatal, where it possesses as much as or more than were in an especial degree fitted and prearranged thirty per cent. it claims the title of a true bitufor a most fertile summer of plant-life all over minous coal. All these four classes may be dithe globe.

vided into sub-varieties founded, not on the Allusion has been made to the curious deduc- amount, but rather on the specific nature of tion that the heat engendered during the com- their hydrocarbons or flame-making elements, bustion of a mass of coal is in truth the equiva- and partially on the texture or physical structure lent of a given amount of the ancient sunshine of the coal as a rock. Such, for instance, is the originally operative in stimulating the growth distinction between the cannel and ordinary of the vegetable matter. Let us indulge a little coals. There is a general law in the geographfurther in this speculation upon the relationships ical relations of the above-named four classes of the sun's powers, as these are exerted through of coals-noticeable in crossing many of the this its potent offspring, its subservient repre- larger coal-fields, especially those of the United sentative. Consider what takes place, as far as States between the Alleghany Mountains and the sun is concerned, when a mass of the fossil the Missouri River-which will demand our atfuel, the coal, is used as the agent for propelling tention when we enter presently on a consideraa steamer against an opposing wind. The wind, tion of the physical conditions which have proevery natural movement of the atmosphere, is duced the rock-oil or petroleum, which so abounds primarily, as we all well know, a consequence in certain districts. To this and the other hyof the unequal warming by the sun of the differ- drocarbons, the associated inflammable gases ent latitudes and tracts of the globe's varied sur- found escaping naturally or extracted artificialface. But to what is due the speed of the ves- ly from the earth, let us now direct our attensel which defies the blast ? It is impelled by a tion. potent wind, or rather by most aptly balanced The chief of the chemical compounds of hyand well adjusted alternating winds of steam drogen and carbon (hydrocarbons) which issue of a tempest's strength, awakened from torpor spontaneously or are derivable from the strata by the heat engendered in the mere burning of I under the soil are the so-called bitumens and

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