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5224. Vice. (L.)—In the stead of. (2.) Pro hac vice.-For this occasion. (3.) Vice versa.-Reversely. In reverse order. Cf. Versa vice. Dig. 43, 29, 3.

5225. Vicisti Galilæe! (L.)?-Thou hast conquered, O Galilæan ! Dying words of Julian the Apostate, addressed to the Christ he had denied.

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5226. Victoria concordia crescit.

(L.)—Victory is increased by concord. Motto of Earl Amherst. (2.) Victoriæ gloria merces.-Glory is the reward of victory. Motto of North Berwick.

5227. Victrix causa Diis placuit, sed victa Catoni.

(L.) Luc. 1, 128.

The conquering side gained Heaven's applause,

But Cato chose the losing cause.-Ed.

Said of Cato's espousing the side of Pompey against Cæsar, ending in the defeat of the former at Pharsalia (48 B.C.), and his death shortly after. Cato retired to Africa, where, on the news of Caesar's further successes, he destroyed himself at Útica, 46 B.C. The line is appropriate to any select spirits who champion a fallen cause in the face of influence from high quarters thrown into the opposite scale.

5228. Vide or V. (L.)—See. (2.) Vide ut supra.-See as above; see the passage above, or occurring before.

5229. Videant consules ne quid respublica detrimenti capiat. (L.) Cæs. B. C. 1, 5, 3 (or Dent magistratus operam ne quid, etc.).-Let the consuls (or magistrates) take care that the republic suffer no damage. Well-known formula by

which unlimited power was entrusted to the consuls, or dictator, in a time of great national emergency.

5230. Videte, quæso, quid potest pecunia.

you, what money can do!

5231. Vidit et erubuit lympha pudica Deum.

The miracle at Cana.

(L.)-See, I pray

(L.) ?

The conscious water saw its God, and blushed.-Dryden.

5232. Vi et armis. (L.)-By force of arms. By downright force, not by sanction of law. (2.) Vi et virtute.-By force and valour. M. of Farriers' Company and of Ld. Annaly. 5233. Vigilantibus. (L.)-To those that watch. Earl of Gosford. 5234. Vigilantibus non dormientibus jura subveniunt. (L.) Law Max. The laws assist those who are on their guard, not those who sleep over their rights. Each party to a contract

is expected to exercise proper vigilance in protecting his interests; and in the same way, claims to be made within a given time will be forfeited if made afterwards.

5235. Vigilate et orate. (L.) Vulg. S. Matt. 26, 41.-Watch and pray. Motto of Viscount Castlemaine.

5236. Vigiliis et virtute. (L.)-By vigilance and virtue. Motto of Cowbridge Granimar School.

5237. Vigueur de dessus.

of Lord Inchiquin.

(Fr.)-Strength from above. Motto

5238. Vilius argentum est auro, virtutibus aurum
O cives, cives, quærenda pecunia prima est,
Virtus post nummos.

(L.) Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 52.

Gold counts for more than silver, all men hold :

Why doubt that virtue counts for more than gold?

Seek money first, good friends, and virtue next.-Conington.

5239. Vincet amor patriæ, laudumque immensa cupido. (L.) Virg. A. 6, 824.-Love of his country, and an insatiate thirst for glory shall prevail. "Vincit a. p.," motto of the Earls of Chichester and Yarborough, Viscount Molesworth, and Lord Muncaster.

5240. Vincit omnia veritas. (L.)-Truth conquers all things. Motto of Lord Kingsale. (2.) Vincit veritas.-Truth conquers. Viscount Gort.

5241. Vindictam mandasse sat est: plus nominis horror

Quam tuus ensis aget: minuit præsentia famam. (L.)?— It is sufficient to have commanded punishment: the dread of your name will do more than the sharpness of your sword. Your presence would weaken your fame.

5242. Vingt siècles descendus dans l'éternelle nuit

Y sont sans mouvement, sans lumière et sans bruit.
(Fr.) Le P. Lemoine, S. Louis.

Twice times ten centuries sunk in endless night

Lie there unmoved, silent, and without light.-Ed.

Alluding to the Pyramids. Napoleon, however, was more correct when he told his army in Egypt that "forty centuries" looked down on them from the summit of the Pyramids.

5243. Vinum exhilarat animum. (L.) Wine maketh glad the heart. Vintners' Company motto.

5244. Violenta nemo imperia continuit diu:

Moderata durant.

(L.) Sen. Troad. 258.

No one has governed long by violence:
The firm but gentle rule it is that lasts.-Ed.

5245. Vipera Cappadocem nocitura momordit; at illa Gustato periit sanguine Cappadocis.

(L.) Epigr. Select. 1659.

A Cappadocian born was by a viper bit:

The serpent tasted the thick blood, and died of it.-Ed.

This is imitated in French as follows:

Un gros serpent mordit Aurelle.
Que croyez-vous qu'il arriva ?
Qu' Aurelle en mourût? Bagatelle !
Ce fût le serpent qui creva.
Aurelle was by a serpent bit;
What, think you, did betide?

That Aurelle suffered? not a whit!
The snake it was that died.-Ed.

5246. Vir bonus est quis?

Qui consulta patrum, qui leges juraque servat.

Whom call we good?

Each law, each right,

5247. Virescit vulnere virtus.

(L.) Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 40.

The man who keeps intact each statute and each act.-Conington.

(L.)-Virtue flourishes from a

wound. Motto of the Earl of Galloway.

5248. Viret in æternum. (L.)-It flourishes eternally. 13th Hussars.

5249. Vir fama ingens, ingentior armis. (L.) Virg. A. 11, 124.-A hero great in reputation, and greater still in deeds of arms. 5250. Virgilium vidi tantum. (L.) Ov. T. 4, 10, 51.-Virgil, I just saw. Ovid, in the passage, is recounting all the famous poets of his day.

5251. Virginitas et unitas nostra fraternitas. (L.)—Chastity and unity are the bonds of our confraternity. Pinmakers' Company.

5252. VIRTUS. (L.)-Virtue. Mottoes depending on:

(1.) Virtus ariete fortior.-Virtue is stronger than a battering-ram Motto of the Earl of Abingdon. (2.) V. basis vitæ.-Virtue is the basis of life. Lord Stafford. (3.) V. in actione consistit.-Virtue consists in action. Motto of Earl Craven. (4.) V. in arduis. — Virtue in difficulties. Motto of Lord Ashburton. (5.) V. invidiæ scopus. Virtue is envy's mark. Lord Methuen. (6.) V. mille scuta.-Virtue is as good as a thousand shields. Motto of the Earl of Howard and Effingham. (7.) V. nobilitat.-Virtue ennobles. Order of the Belgic Lion for Civil Merit. (8.) V. non stemma.Virtue, not ancestors. Duke of Westminster and Lord Ebury. (9.) V. probata florescit.-Approved virtue flourishes. Motto of Earl of Bandon. (10.) V. propter se.-Virtue for herself. Lord


(11.) V. semper viridis.—Virtue is always flourishing. Motto of the Earl of Belmore. (12.) V. sola nobilitat.- Virtue alone ennobles. Motto of Lord Wallscourt.

5253. Virtus est medium vitiorum, et utrinque reductum.
(L.) Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 9.

Between these faults 'tis virtue's place to stand
At distance from the extreme on either hand.-Conington.

5254. Virtus est vitium fugere, et sapientia prima

Stultitia caruisse.

(L.) Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 41.

To fly from vice is virtue to be free

From foolishness is wisdom's first degree.-Conington.

5255. Virtus, recludens immeritis mori

Cœlum, negata tentat iter via,

Cœtusque vulgares, et udam.

Spernit humum fugiente penna. (L.) Hor. C. 3, 2, 21.

True virtue opens heaven to worth,

She makes the way she does not find:

The vulgar crowd, the humid earth,

Her soaring pinion leaves behind.—Conington.

5256. Virtus repulsæ nescia sordida,

Intaminatis fulget honoribus:

Nec sumit aut ponit secures

Arbitrio popularis auræ. (L.) Hor. C. 3, 2, 17.

True virtue never knows defeat:

Her robes she keeps unsullied still,

Nor takes, nor quits, her curule seat

To please a people's veering will.—Conington.
Line 1 is the motto of the Earl of Desart.

5257. Virtute ambire oportet, non favitoribus.
Sat habet favitorum semper, qui recte facit.

(L.) Plaut. Am. Prol. 78.

By worth, not clapping, one should strive to please;
Who acts aright is always sure of praise.-Ed.

5258. Virtute duce, comite fortuna. (L.) Cic. Fam. 10, 3.With virtue for leader, and fortune for companion.

5259. Virtute et labore. (L.)-By virtue and toil. Motto of the Earl of Dundonald, Lord Headley, and Lord Rathdonnell.

(1.) V. et merito.-By valour and merit. Motto of the Order of Charles III. (Spain). (2.) V. et numine.-By virtue and by divine favour. Motto of Lord Cloncurry. (3.) V. et opera.-By virtue and industry. Motto of the Earl of Fife. (4.) V. fideque.-By virtue and faith. Motto of Lord Elibank. (5.) V. non armis fido. -I rely on virtue not arms. Earl of Wilton. (6.) V. non astutia. -By virtue not cunning. Motto of Earl of Limerick. (7.) V. non

verbis.—By virtue not words. Motto of Marquess of Lansdowne. (8.) V. quies.-In virtue there is tranquillity.` Motto of Marquess of Normanby. (9.) V. securus.-Secure in virtue. Motto of Lord Hawarden.

5260. Virtutem doctrina paret, naturane donet?

(L.) Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 100.

Is virtue raised by culture, or self-sown?-Conington.

A common problem amongst philosophers.

5261. Virtutem incolumen odimus,

Sublatam ex oculis quærimus, invidi.

(L.) Hor. C. 3, 24, 31.

Though living virtue we despise,

We follow her when dead with envious eyes.-Francis.

5262. Virtutem videant, intabescantque relicta. (L.) Pers. 3, 38. In all her charms set Virtue in their eye,

And let them see their loss, despair, and die.-Gifford.

5263. Virtutis amore. (L.)-Through the love of virtue. Motto of Earls Annesley, Mountmorres, and Viscount Valentia. (2.) V. avorum præmium.-The reward of the virtue of my forefathers. Motto of Viscount Templetown. (3.) V. comes invidia.-Envy is the attendant on virtue. Viscount Hereford. (4.) V. fortuna comes. - Fortune is the companion of valour. Motto of the Duke of Wellington, Earl of Clancarty, Viscount Harberton, Lord Ashtown, and Wellington College. (5.) V. Namurcensis præmium.-Prize of valour shown at Namur. 18th Foot. (6.) V. præmium honor.-Honour is the prize of virtue. Earl of Denbigh.

5264. Virtutis enim laus omnis in actione consistit. (L.) Cic. Off. 1, 6, 19.—The glory of virtue consists entirely in action.

5265. Vis. (L.)-Force, power, "go." (2.) In Mechanics the word is synonymous with Force. V. acceleratrix, accelerating force; v. inertiæ, resisting force; v. motrix, motive force; v. mortua, a dead force or pressure; v. viva, actual energy, the power residing in a moving body. (Dict. Sc. Lit. and Art. Brande and Cox, p. 954.) 5266. Vis comica. (L.)-Comic powers. Talent for comedy.

A phrase formed, by a misposition of commas, out of lines of Caius
Julius Cæsar (Suet. Cæs. vit. Ter. 5) on the writings of Terence.
He says:

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