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1551. Existimo in summo imperatore quatuor has res inesse

oportere; scientiam rei militaris, virtutem, auctoritatem, felicitatem. (L.) Cic. Leg. Man. 10, 28.

Qualifications of a General. I consider that a Commander-in-chief ought to possess these four qualities : a knowledge of warfare, courage, authority, and a lucky

star.

1552. Exitio est avidum mare nautis. (L.) Hor. C. 1, 28, 18. —

Sailors meet their fate from the voracious sea. 1553. Exitus acta probat. (L.) Ov. H. 2, 85.The event

justifies the deed. 1554. Exitus in dubio est: audebimus ultima, dixit;

Viderit audentes forsne Deusne juvet. (L.) Ov. F. 2,781.

Doubt shrouds th' event; but we'll dare all, he said,

And see if chance or God the daring aid. -Ed. 1555. Ex magna cæna stomacho fit maxima pæna, Ut sis nocte levis, sit tibi cæna brevis.

(L.) Who sups too well pays vengeance fell ;

From suppers light comes quiet night. -Ed. 1556. Ex malis moribus bonæ leges natæ sunt. (L.) Coke ?

Good laws arise out of bad morals. 1557. Ex mero motu. (L.)From mere motion. Of one's own

free will. 1558. Ex necessitate rei. (L.)From the necessity of the case. 1559. Ex nihilo nihil fit. (L.)-From nothing nothing can come. 1560. Ex noto fictum carmen sequar, ut sibi quivis

Speret idem, sudet multum frustraque laboret
Ausus idein.

(L.) Hor. A. P. 240.
A hackneyed subject I would take and treat
So deftly, all should hope to do the feat.
Then, having strained and struggled, should concede

To do the feat were difficult indeed.-Conington.
Cf. Pascal, Pensées, 1, 3.-Les meilleurs livres sont ceux que
chaque lecteur croit qu'il aurait pu faire. (Fr.)- The best books

are those which each reader thinks he could have written himself. 1561. Ex officio. (L.)By virtue of his office. Officially. 1562. Exoriare aliquis nostris ex ossibus ultor.

(L.) Virg. A. 4, 625. Rise from my ashes, some avenger, rise !- Ed. Dying imprecation of Dido upon the false Æneas, and said to have been written with the point of his sword on the walls of his dungeon by Philip Strozzi before killing himself, when imprisoned by Cosmo I., Grand Duke of Tuscany.

1563. Ex otio plus negotii quam ex negotio habemus. (L.) Vet.

Schol. ad Ennium in Iphigen.-Idleness gives us more to

do than business. 1564. Ex parte. (L.)Of the one part. Ex parte evidence

only is heard by grand juries on the side of the
prosecution.
Statements, evidence, commissions, are called ex parte where one
side only speaks or acts, the other party not having been heard or
refusing to join. Hence, any argument or statement which takes
only one view of the case is called ex parte, in the sense of being
one-sided and particular instead of general, and as expressing,

more or less, an interested and biassed opinion. 1565. Ex pede Hèrculem. (L.)—You can judge of Hercules's

stature by his foot. Judge of the whole of anything from the part. Cf. Ex ungue leonem.-- You may tell the lion from his claw. The master's touch may be recognised

from the smallest part of his work.
1566. Expedit esse deos, et ut expedit, esse putemus :

Dentur in antiquos thura merumque focos.
Nec secura quies illos similisque sopori
Detinet : innocui vivite, numen adest.

(L.) Ov. A. A. 1, 637.
'Tis right there should be gods, therefore let's so believe,
And wine and incense on time-honoured altars give :
Nor do they rock themselves in heedless ease, or sleep:

The Deity is here ! watch o'er your actions keep !-Ed. 1567. Expende Hannibalem : quot libros in duce summo Invenies.

(L.) Juv. 10, 147. Weigh out Hannibal : see how many

Pounds there'll be in that great Captain !-Shaw. 1568. Experiar quid concedatur in illos

Quorum Flamminia tegitur cinis atque Latina. (L.)
Juv. I will try what I may against those whose dust
lies buried in the Flamminian or the Latian ways. I
will satirize the vices of the living under the names of
the dead who cannot harm me.

Since none the living dare implead,
Arraign them in the

persons of the dead. (?) 1569. Experientia docet. (L.) Prov.--Experience teaches. We

learn by experience. Cf. Usus, magister egregius. Plin.

Ep. 1, 20, 12.-That excellent master, Experience. 1570. Experimentum crucis. (L.)The ordeal of the cross. A

crucial experiment; a severe test.

1571. Experto credite. (L.) Virg. 11, 283.-Believe one who

speaks from experience.
“Experto crede” would mean I know what I am saying. Cf. the
mediæval line, Quim subito, quam certo, experto crede Roberto.—
How suddenly and how certainly (it will come) you may learn from
Robert, who speaks from experience. Also see Antonius de Arena
(+ 1544) Poemat. (ad compagnones, vers. 3), Hier. Ep. 51, and
Büchmann, Geflügelte Wörte, p. 305, where the saying is traced

to other sources.
1572. Expliquera morbleu ! les femmes qui pourra.

(Fr.) Barthe, Fausses Infidélités. Explain the women? Zounds ! let him who can !- Ed. 1573. Exploranda est veritas. (L.) Phædr. 3, 10, 5.The truth

must be investigated. 1574. Explorant adversa viros, perque aspera duro

Nititur ad laudem virtus interrita clivo. (L.) Sil. 4, 605.

Adversity's the test of men ; unterrified

Virtue fights up the rugged steep to fame.- Ed. 1575. Ex post facto. (L.) Law Max.-By something done after

wards. Laws enacted with retrospective effect intended to deal with a particular offence already committed,

would come under the head of ex post facto legislation. 1576. Expressa nocent, non expressa non nocent. (L.) Law

Max.—What is expressed may be prejudicial, what is not expressed cannot be so. With reference to the law of

contracts and interpretation of deeds. 1577. Expressio unius, est exclusio alterius. (L.) Law Max.

The express mention of one thing implies the exclusion of
another.
A first principle in the construction of deeds. Covenants with
express stipulations may not be extended by implication. The
conditions expressed are taken to express all the conditions affect-

ing the parties to the agreement. 1578. Ex quovis ligno non fit Mercurius. (L.) Prov.-A Mercury

is not to be made out of any piece of wood. 1579. Exsulis hæc vox est; præbet mihi litera linguam ; Et, si non liceat scribere, mutus ero. (L.) Ov. Ep. 2, 6, 3.

Foreign letters.
The voice of the exile, his pen is his word:

And were't not for letters, I should not be heard. -Ed. 1580. Ex tempore. (L.)-Off hand. Without deliberation or

preparation : applied to preachers or speakers who speak without a written discourse.

1581. Extra Ecclesiam nulla salus. (L.) V. S. Cyp. Ep. 4, 4,

and 73, 18.Outside the Church there is no salvation.
Cf. S. Aug. vol. ix. 422 D. (Bened. Ed.), Extra Ecclesiam
Catholicam totum potest præter salutem. Potest habere honorem,
potest habere sacramentum, potest cantare Halleluia, potest re-
spondere Amen, potest Evangelium tenere, potest in nomine Patris
et Filii et Spiritus Sancti fidem et habere et prædicare : sed nus.
quam nisi in Ecclesia Catholica salutem poterit invenire. -Outside
of the Catholick Church everything may be had except salvation.
You may have Orders and Sacraments, you may sing Alleluia and
answer Amen, you may hold the Gospel and have and preach the
faith in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost : but

nowhere except in the Catholick Church can salvation be found.
1582. Extra fortunam est, quidquid donatur amicis ;
Quas dederis, solas semper habebis opes.

(L.) Mart. 5, 42, 7. Who gives to friends so much from Fate secures,

That is the only wealth for ever yours.Hay.
Cf. the Epitaph of Edward, Earl of Devon (+ 1419), and of Mabel
his wife :

What we gave, we have,
What we spent, we had,

What we left, we lost. 1583. Extrema gaudii luctus occupat.

(L.)? And sorrow treads upon the heels of joy. 1584. Extremis malis, extrema remedia. (L.)- Extreme evils

demand extreme remedies. 1585. Exuerint sylvestrem animum, cultuque frequenti, In quascunque voces artes, haud tarda sequentur.

(L.) Virg. G. 2, 51. They change their savage mind, Their wildness lose, and quitting nature's part,

Obey the rules and discipline of art. -Dryden. 1586. Ex uno disce omnes. (L.)-From one example you may

form an opinion of all. 1587. Ex uno puteo similior nunquam potest aqua aquai sumi.

(L.) Plaut. Mil. 2, 6, 70.—You couldn't draw water liker to water out of the same well. As like as two peas.

F.

1588. Fabas indulcat fames. (L.) Prov.-Hunger sweetens

beans. A good appetite gives a relish to the most humble fare.

before you ;

1589. Fabrum esse suæ quemquam fortunæ. (L.) App. Claud.

ap. Sall. de Rep. ord. 1.- Each man is the architect of his own fortunes. You are young, and the world is

but all depends upon your own exertions, Faber est quisquam fortunæ suæ,

Each

man is the architect, etc. 1590. Fabula (nec sentis) tota jactaris in urbe. (L.) Ov. Am.

3, 1, 21.—You don't know it, but you are the talk of all

the town. 1591. Faciendi plures libros nullus est finis : frequensque meditatio, carnis afflictio est. (L.) Vulg. Eccles. xii

. 12.Of making many books there is no end; and much study

is a weariness of the flesh. 1592. Facies non omnibus una,

Nec diversa tamen ; qualem decet esse sororum. (L.) Ov. M. 2, 13.The features were not the same in all, nor yet the difference great : but such as is the case between sisters.

A family likeness. 1593. Facies tua computat annos. (L.) Juv. 6, 199.--Your

face tells your age. 1594. Facile est imperium in bonis. (L.) Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 17.

It is easy to rule over the good. 1595. Facile est inventis addere. (L.)It is easy to add to

things already invented. 1596. Facile largiri de alieno. (L.) See Just. 36, 3, 9.-It is

easy to be generous with other people's property.
1597. Facile omnes cum valemus recta consilia ægrotis damus.

Tu, si hic sis, aliter sentias. (L.) Ter. And. 2, 1, 9.
When we are well, we can all give good advice to the sick.

You, if you were in my place, would judge otherwise. 1598. Facile princeps. (L.)Easily the first.

A long way ahead of all the rest; by far the best. 1599. Facilis descensus Averno;

Noctes atque dies patet atri janua Ditis;
Sed revocare gradum superasque evadere ad auras,
Hoc opus, hic labor est. (L.) Virg. A. 6, 126.

The descent to the Lower World.
Smooth the descent and easy is the way;
(The Gates of Hell stand open night and day) :
But to return, and view the cheerful skies,
In this the task and mighty labour lies.-Dryden

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