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When in retreat He laid his thunder by, For letter'd ease and calm Philosophy, Blest were his hours within the silent grove, Where still his godlike Spirit deigns to rove; Blest by the orphan's smile, the widow's prayer, For many a deed, long done in secret there. There shone his lamp on Homer's hallow'd page; There, listening, sate the hero and the sage ;

And they, by virtue and by blood allied,
Whom most He loved, and in whose arms He died

Friend of all human-kind! not here alone
(The voice that speaks, was not to thee unknown)
Wilt Thou be missed.-D'er every land and sea,
Long, long shall England be revered in Thee!
And, when the Storm is hush'd-in distant years
Foes on Thy grave shall meet, and mingle tears'

THE END OF ROGERS'S WORKS.

THE

POETIOAL WORKS

OF

THOMAS CAMPBELL.

Contents.

V

Page MEMOIR OF THOMAS CAMPBELL THE PLEASURES OF HOPE.

1 Notes

10 GERTRUDE OF WYOMING

12 Notes

20 THEODRIC; A DOMESTIC TALE

26 Notes

31 MISCELLANEOUS POEMS.

O'Connor's Child; or “ The Flower of Love
lies bleeding"

32 Lochiel's Warning

35 Battle of the Baltic

37 Ye Mariners of England, a Naval Ode. ib. Hohenlinden

38 Glenara

ib. Exile of Erin

ib. Lord Ullin's Daughter

39 Ode to the Memory of Burns

ib. The Soldier's Dream

40 Lines written on visiting a Scene in Argyleshire

ib. To the Rainbow

41 The Last Man

ib. Valedictory Stanzas to J. P. Kemble, Esq.com.

posed for a Public Meeting held June 1817 42 A Dream

43 Lines written at the request of the Highland

Society when met to commemorate the 21st

of March, the Day of Victory in Egypt. ib. Stanzas to the Memory of the Spanish Pa

triots latest killed in resisting the Regency

and the Duke of Angoulême . Song of the Greeks . .

ib Song of Hybrias the Cretan.

45 Fragment from the Greek of Alcman ib. Martial Elegy, from the Greek of Tyrtæus ib. Specimens of a New Translation of the Medea of Euripides

ib.
Speech of the Chorus, same Tragedy
Ode to Winter
Lines spoken on the first opening of Drury

Lane Theatre after the death of the Prin-
cess Charlotte, 1817.

47 Lines on the Grave of a Suicide

ib. Reullura . .

48 The Turkish Lady

49 The Wounded Hussar

50 Lines inscribed on the Monument erected by

the widow of Admiral Sir G. Campbell,
K. C. B. to the Memory of her Husband ib.

Para The Brave Roland

.. 50 The Spectre Boat.

51 The Lover to his Mistress on her Birth-day :3 Lines on receiving a Seal with the Campbell

Crest, from K. M—, before her marriage ? Gilderoy · Adelgitha Absence.

2 The Ritter Bann

甚 B The Harper

54 Song, To the Evening Star “ Men of England”.

ad The Maid's Remonstrance

55 • Drink ye to Her"

When Napoleon was flying
The Beech-tree's Petition.
Song, « Earl March".
Love and Madness, an Elegy

56 Song, "Oh, how hard it is to find" Stanzas on the Threatened Invasion, 1803. i Song, “ Withdraw not yet

57 Hallowed Ground Caroline.- Part I.

58 -Part II. To the Evening Star it Field Flowers Stanzas on the Battle of Navarino Lines on leaving a scene in Bavaria Stanzas to Painting. Drinking-song of Munich

61 Lines on revisiting a Scottish River Lines on revisiting Cathcart

" Name Unknown;" in imitation of
Klopstock
Trafalgar ...
Lines written in Sickness .
Lines on the State of Greece; occasioned by

being pressed to make it a subject of poet

ry, 1827 .. Lines on James IV. of Scotland, who fell at

the Battle of Flodden. To Jemima, Rose, and Eleanore; three cele

brated Scottish beauties. Song—“'T is now the hour Lines to Edward Lytton Bulwer, on the Birth

of his Child. Song, “ When Love came first to Earth". 後 Dirge of Wallace Song, “ My mind is my kingdom'

Oh cherub Content !” The Friars of Dijon

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The

108

Memoir of Thomas Campbell.

It is not a little singular that the Tyrtæus of his translations were said to be superior to modern English poetry should at the same time any before offered for competition in the Uni. be one of the most tender as well as original of versity. Campbell thus furnishes an exception writers. Campbell owes less than any other Brit- to the majority of men of genius, who have ish poet to his predecessors or contemporaries. seldom been remarkable for diligence and proHe has lived to see his verses quoted like those ficiency in their early years, the lofty powers of earlier poets in the literature of his day, lisped they possessed not being exhibited until mature by children, and sung at public festivals. The life. Campbell while at the University made war-odes of Campbell have nothing to match poetical paraphrases of the most celebrated Greek them in the English language for energy and poets; of Eschylus, Sophocles, and Aristophanes, fire, while their condensation and the felicitous which were thought efforts of extraordinary selection of their versification are in remarkable promise. Dr. Millar at that time gave philoharmony. Campbell, in allusion to Cimon, has sophical lectures in Glasgow. He was a highly been said to have “conquered both on land and gifted teacher and a most excellent man. His sea," from his naval Odes and “Hohenlinden" | lectures attracted the attention of young Campembracing both scenes of warfare.

bell, who became his pupil, and studied with Scotland gave birth to Thomas Campbell. He eagerness the principles of sound philosophy; he was the son of a second marriage, and born at was favored with the confidence of his teacher, Glasgow in 1777. His father was born in 1710, and partook much of his society. To being thus and was consequently nearly 70 years of age early grounded in the fundamental truths of phi. when the poet his son was ushered into the world. losophy, and accustomed to analyze correctly, is He was sent early to school in his native city, to be attributed mainly the side in politics which and his instructor was Dr. David Alison, an indi. Campbell early embraced, and that love of freevidual of great celebrity in the practice of educa- dom and free thought which he has invariably tion. He had a method of instruction in the shown upon all questions in which the interests classics purely his own, by which he taught with of mankind are concerned. great facility, and at the same time rejected all Campbell quitted Glasgow to remove into harsh discipline, putting kindness in the place of Argyleshire, where the situation of tutor in a terror, and alluring rather than compelling the family of some note was offered and accepted by pupil to his duty. Campbell began to write verses him. It was in Argyleshire, among the romantic young. There are some attempts at poetry yet mountains of the North, that the poetical spirit extant among his friends in Scotland, written increased in energy, and the charms of verse took when he was but nine years old. They natural. entire possession of his mind. Many people now ly are childish, but still display that propensity alive remember him there wandering alone by for the muses by which at a remarkably early the torrent, or over the rugged steeps of that wild age he was so distinguished. For his place of country, reciting the strains of other poets aloud, education he had a great respect, as well as for or silently composing his own. Several of his the memory of his masters, of whom he always pieces which he has rejected in his collected spoke in terms of great affection. He was twelve works, are handed about in Scotland in manuyears old when he quitted school for the Uni. script. The “Dirge of Wallace” (given at page versity of Glasgow. There he was considered an 64), which will not be found in the London excellent Latin scholar, and gained high honor by Editions of his works, is one of these wild coma contest with a candidate twice as old as him. positions; and it is difficult to say why he should self, by which he obtained a bursary. He con- have rejected it, for the poetry is truly noble. stantly bore away the prizes, and every fresh It has hitherto appeared only in fugitive publi. success only seemed to stimulate him to more cations and newspapers. ambitious exertions. In Greek he was considered From Argyleshire, where his residence was the foremost student of his age; and some of not a protracted one, Campbell removed to Edin. burgh. There he was very quickly noticed for It was set to an old Irish air of the most touching his talents, and grew familiar with the cele pathos, and will perish only with the language. brated men who at that period ornamented the Campbell travelled over a great part of Ger. Scottish capital. The friendship and kindness many and Prussia, visiting the universities and of some of the first men of the age, could not acquiring a knowledge of German literature. fail to stimulate a mind like that of Campbell. From the walls of a convent he commanded a He became intimate with Dugald Stuart; and part of the field of Hohenlinden during that almost every leading professor of the Univer- sanguinary contest, and proceeded afterwards sity of Edinburgh was his friend. While in in the track of Moreau's army over the scene of Edinburgh, he brought out his celebrated “Pleas- combat. This impressive sight produced the ures of Hope" at the age of twenty-one. It is celebrated “Battle of Hohenlinden;" an ode not too much to say of this work, that no poet which is as original as it is spirited, and stands of this, or perhaps any other country, ever pro- by itself in British literature. The poet tells a duced, at so early an age, a more elaborate and story of the phlegm of a German postilion at finished performance. For this work, which for this time, who was driving him post by a place twenty years produced to the publishers between where a skirmish of cavalry had happened, and two and three hundred pounds a-year, the author who alighted and disappeared, leaving the car. received at first but 101., which was afterwards riage and the traveller alone in the cold (for increased by an additional sum, and the profits the ground was covered with snow) for a conaccruing from a 4to edition of his work. By a siderable space of time. At length he came subsequent act of the legislature, extending the back, and it was found that he had been emterm of copyright, it reverted again to the author; ploying himself in cutting off the long tails of but, as might be expected, with no proportional the slain horses, which he coolly placed on the increase of profit. To criticise here a work which vehicle and drove on his route. Campbell was has become a British classic, would be superfluous. also in Ratisbon when the French and Austrian Campbell's pecuniary circumstances were by no treaty saved it from bombardment-a most ans. means liberal at this time, and a pleasant anecdote ious moment. is recorded of him, in allusion to the hardships of In Germany, Campbell made the friendship of an author's case similarly situated with himself; the two Schlegels, of many of the most noted he was desired to give a toast at a festive moment literary and political characters, and was for. when the character of Napoleon was at its utmost tunate enough to pass an entire day with the point of disesteem in England. He gave “ Bo- venerable Klopstock, who died just two years naparte.” The company started with astonish- afterwards. The proficiency of Campbell in the ment. “Gentlemen,” said he, “here is Bonaparte German language was rendered very considerable in his character of executioner of the booksell. by this visit, and his own indefatigable perseers.” Palm the bookseller had just been executed verance in study. He eagerly read all the works in Germany by the orders of the French. he met with, some of them upon very abstruse

After residing not quite three years in Edin. topics, and suffered no obstacle to intervene be burgh, Campbell quitted his native country for tween himself and his studies, wherever he might the continent. He sailed for Hamburgh, and chance to be. Though of a cheerful and lively there made many acquaintances among the more temper and disposition, and by no means averse enlightened of the society both in that city and from the pleasures which are so attractive in Altona. There were numerous Irish exiles in the morning of existence, they were rendered the neighborhood of Hamburgh at that time, and subservient to the higher views of the mind, and some of them fell in the way of the poet, who after. were pursued for recreation only, nor suffered wards related many curious anecdotes of them. to distract his attention a moment from the great There were sincere and honest men among them, business of his life. who with the energy of the national character, The travels of Campbell in Germany occupied and an enthusiasm for liberty, had plunged into about thirteen months; when he returned to the desperate cause of the rebellion two years England, and for the first time visited London. before, and did not despair of liberty and equality He soon afterwards composed those two noble in Ireland even then. Some of them were in marine odes, “The Battle of the Baltic," and " Ye private life most amiable persons, and their fate Mariners of England," which, with his “ Hohen. was every way entitled to sympathy. The poet, linden,” stand unrivalled in the English tongue; from that compassionate feeling which is an and though, as Byron lamented, Campbell has amiable characteristic of his nature, wrote the written so little, they are enough alone to place * Exile of Erin," from the impression their situ- him unforgotten in the shrine of the muses ation and circumstances made upon his mind. In 1803 the poet married Miss Sinclair, a lady of

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