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The constituent parts of a gallon of the Saline Chalybeate Water are
THE MONTPELLIER CHELTENHAM SPRING) was discovered, some years ago, in the Gardens of the Crown Hotel. It was not, generally, used, for some time after ; but is now supplied from a pump, adjoining that of the sulphuretted spring, previously noticed. A gallon exhibits Solid Contents.
Gaseous Contents. C. In. Sulphate of Soda 19.9 Carbonic Acid
185 Muriate of Magnesia 34:3 Carburetted Hydrogen
3:5 Muriate of Lime 174.7 Azote
8 Muriate of Soda
645 6 Carbonate of Soda
64 Oxide of Iron
WALKER'S STRONG SALINE SPRING
was added to this unique assemblage of waters in 1783 ; when it was observed in the cellar of the Crescent Hotel, in the garden of which, a spring, called the Crescent old well, partaking of the nature of both chalybeate and sulphuretted waters, was found, about the same period. It is enclosed in a plain pump-room; and considered of importance in all cases when the Leamington waters are applicable.
The solid contents of a gallon are found to be
The gases are Oxygen, Azote, and Carbonic Acid, but we have not been able to ascertain their volume or proportions.
There are several other springs, both sulphuretted and chalybeate at Low Harrogate ; but none require particular observation here.
HARLOW CARR SPRINGS.
The recent introduction of these wells to public notice has not only afforded a valuable remedy by which the sufferings of a large class of the Visitors to Harrogate may be more effectually mitigated, than by the use of any of the numerous collection already to be found there ; but, at the same time, an agreeable place of resort will be gained when seclusion is also necessary, or exercise can be induced or enhanced by scenes of rural beauty.
Their situation is in Harlow Carr, one of those small but picturesque valleys that intersect this part of the country; upwards of a mile from the Brunswick Hotel, and beyond the tower, on the road from Harrogate to Otley. A small rivulet runs not far from the wells, and afterwards contributes, in a series of pools and bubbling falls, in its rocky passage through the wonds, to produce a pleasing and effective variety in this secluded sylvan retreat.
There are several springs, both of Sulphur and Chalybeate water, in the grounds ; but three only of the former, and one of the latter quality, are used at present. The Analysis of a gallon of each, made by Mr. West of Leeds, in May, 1844, is as follows:
Mr. West observes : The Sulphur “waters are extremely similar, and might for medicinal purposes be considered as the
The similarity is much greater than is represented by the figures, the total of the lime and magnesia being nearly the same in each, though in somewhat different combinations. I suggest for them the name of the Harlow Sulphuretted Alkaline Springs.”
It will be at once perceived that the peculiar value of these sulphuretted springs consists in the total absence of Muriate of Soda, or common salt; which, as it exists in the old sulphur water to the extent of 902 grains, and, in the Montpellier water, to 882 grains in a gallon, neutralises, by its irritating quality-particularly in cutaneous cases—the beneficial effect that might otherwise ensue from their application.
The Chalybeate water, of which the analysis is given above, is the strongest of that character at present discovered in the Carr. It rises from the hill side, a short distance from the sulphur springs, and is considered by Mr. West “to be of very desirable strength."
The proprietor of this fortunate place, Mr. Wright, of Pannal, has recently done it justice by the erection of a substantial and comfortable Inn, designed in good Elizabethan character, which commands an agreeable prospect, and forms a pleasing object from several points in the grounds. A suite of ten Baths, either for hot or cold water, with two shower baths, have also been provided in a detached building near the wells, each side having a waiting-room and every other requisite convenience.
The benefit of an external application of the waters was perceived, and the absence of the means lamented, by Dr. Dean, in his tract of 1626. Dr. Neale—the great patron of Harrogate-introduced warm sulphuretted baths, “and procured one such vessel for a pattern as are used, beyond sea, for that purpose.” To this primæval provision-whose purgatory Smollett records in Humphrey Clinker-the inhabitants were content to subject their patrons, until Mr. Williams had the spirit to construct the VICTORIA Public Baths; though, fettered by the terms on which he purchased the land for their site, he was obliged to place them within, instead of upon, the ground. The arrangement is nevertheless comfortable and commodious.
Two years afterwards, Mr. Thackwray fitted up the MONTPELLIER Public Baths; and, by their luxurious and varied accommodation and peculiar adaption for invalids, completed all that this “ useful branch of medical hygiene requires.”
The peculiarly mild quality of the STARBECK water has also been made available to those who are deterred from the Baths at Low Harrogate, by the erection there, in 1828, of suitable apartments, and the provision of respectable attendants.
There is also another suite of PUBLIC SULPHUR BATHS IN CHAPELSTREET, of still less expense, but proportionate accommodation. The chief inns, and even a majority of the lodging-houses, afford also this convenience, to those who are unable or indisposed to visit the public establishments.
A spring of the purest water, known by the name of St. Mungo's Well, but confounded, I apprehend, with the famous spring of old, supplies agreeable refreshment by swimming, shower, and other baths, at “ The Cold Wells,” by the road leading to Harlow Tower. It is supposed to be equivalent to the famed Ilkley well, and has been so much frequented that the proprietor found occasion, in 1817, to enlarge and improve the accommodation.
And lastly, it may not be irrelevant to remind those who have experienced the remedial effects of these waters, that their gratitude may not find a more appropriate or beneficial course than by alleviating, through the medium of the Harrogate Bath Hospital, the sufferings of those unfortunate fellow-creatures, for whom Providence has provided a remedy, which their circumstances has not enabled them to apply.
The accommodation afforded by the several Hotels—too well known to need enumeration here-is such as will cause no class of society to regret the appliances and comforts of their own homes. The “Queen ” was erected first, and as early as 1687. For those whose constitution or disposition forbids public association, there is the choice of two highly respectable boarding-houses, and above one hundred and twenty lodging-houses-offering every grade and class of comfort and convenience.
An abundance of recreation is afforded to those, who visit Harrogate, as a periodical relaxation from sedentary pursuits and engrossing avocations. The Race Course, laid out in 1793, favours equestrian exercise, and, occasionally, the amusement for which it was intended. There are Billiard Tables in all the principal Hotels, and two Public Rooms at Low Harrogate. I need remind none who remember Harrogate, of the attractive balls that are enjoyed at the Dragon, Granby, and Crown Hotels ; nor, of those excursions, by which many acquaintances that have been acquired there, are renewed and improved.
In unfavourable weather—and as a lounge while taking the adjacent sulphur water, or perusing the news and periodical literature of the day—“ The Victoria," better known as the “ PROMENADE Rooms,” a spacious apartment, 75 feet by 30 feet, offers an agreeable retirement. It was opened in 1805, and deserves patronage, especially from the elder visitors, if only from its pleasing associations of by-gone days, and the gratification it afforded when most of the existing agrémens of Harrogate were not.
And, lastly, there is an infinity of amusement at the Tower on Harlow Hill, which, though of the altitude of 596 feet above the level of the sea, is easy of ascent. The elevation of the tower to the height of 100 feet gained a bewildering and most imposing panoramic prospect, which can be viewed by the aid of seven mounted telescopes. I have understood from those, whose optical capacities are more fortunate than my own, that the Peak in Derbyshire, and the tower of a church in Hull, may be seen in a clear atmospherethough the latter is distant sixty miles !