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to pass upon all supposed conditions ; yet hath he not decreed any thing because he foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions.
III. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of his glory, some men and angels are predestinated unto everlasting life, and others foreordained to everlasting death s.
IV. These angels and men, thus predestinated and foreordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed; and their number is so certain and definite, that it cannot be either increased or diminished".
V. Those of mankind that are predestinated unto life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, accord
cast into the lap; but the whole dis- Therefore hath he mercy on whom posing thereof is of the Lord. he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
II. d Acts xv. 18. Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world. 1 Sam. xxiii. 11. Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? Will Saul come down, as thy servant hath heard? O Lord God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant, And the Lord said, He will come down. Ver. 12. Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the Lord said, They will deliver thee up. Matt. xi. 21. Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. Ver. 23. And thou Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell for if the mighty works which have been done in thee had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.
e Rom. ix. 11. For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth, Ver. 13. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated, Ver. 16. So then, it is not of him that will, eth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. Ver. 18.
III. f1 Tim. v. 21. I charge thee before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thon observe these things, without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality. Matt. xxv. 41. Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.
g Rom. ix. 22. What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power Known, endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: Ver. 23. And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory? Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, Ver. 6. To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the Beloved. Prov. xvi. 4. The Lord hath made all things for himself; yea, even the wicked for the day of evil.
IV. b 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. John xiii. 18. I speak
ing to his eternal and immutable purpose, and the counsel and good pleasure of his will, hath chosen in unto everlasting glory i, out of his mere free grace an without any foresight of faith or good works, or pe rance in either of them, or any other thing in the cr as conditions, or causes moving him thereuntok; and the praise of his glorious grace!.
VI. As God hath appointed the elect unto glory, s he, by the eternal and most free purpose of his will. ordained all the means thereunto". Wherefore the are elected being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by C. are effectually called unto faith in Christ by his Spirit ing in due season; are justified, adopted, sanctified
not of you all; I know whom I have chosen but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.
V. Eph. i. 4. According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy, and without blame before him in love: Ver. 9. Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure, which he hath purposed in himself: Ver. 11. In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who work eth all things after the counsel of his own will. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he al. so called; and whom he called, them he also justified; and whom he justified, them he also glorified. 2 Tim i. 9. Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began. 1 Thess. v. 9. For God hath not appointed us to wrath; but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ.
Rom. ix. 11, 13, 16 [See letter e immediately foregoing] Eph. i. 4, 9. [See letter i immediately foregoing.]
/ Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the Beloved. Ver. 12. That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.
VI. m 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect a to the foreknowledge of God ther, through sanctification Spirit unto obedience, and sp of the blood of Jesus Christ. 4. According as he hath chos him before the foundation world, that we should be he without blame before him in Ver. 5. Having predestinated the adoption of children by Christ to himself, according good pleasure of his will. Eph For we are his workmanship, in Christ Jesus unto good which God hath before ordain we should walk in them. 2 I 14. But we are bound to give alway to God for you, brethre ved of the Lord, because Go from the beginning chosen you vation, through sanctification Spirit, and belief of the truth. n 1 Thess v. 9. For God ha appointed us to wrath, but to salvation by our Lord Jesus Ver. 10. Who died for us, tha ther we wake or sleep, we shou together with him. Tit. ii. 14. gave himself for us, that he mig deem us from all iniquity, and unto himself a peculiar people lous of good works.
o Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, he did predestinate, them he als ed; and whom he called, them h justified; and whom he justified,
kept by his power through faith unto salvation P. Neither are any other redeemed by Christ, effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the elect only 9.
VII. The rest of mankind, God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel of his own will, whereby he extendeth or withholdeth mercy as he pleaseth, for the glory of his sovereign power over his creatures, to pass by, and to ordain them to dishonour and wrath for their sin, to the praise of his glorious justice .
he also glorified. Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren, beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of the
p 1 Pet. i. 5. Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation, ready to be revealed in the last time.
4 John xvii. 9. I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me, for they are thine. Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose, &c [to the end of the Chapter ] John vi. 64. But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him. Ver. 65. And he said, Therefore said I unto you, That no man can come unto me except it were given unto him of my Father. John x. 26, But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. John viii 47. He that is of God, heareth God's words: ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God. 1 John ii 19. They went out from us, but they were not of as: for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us; but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.
VII. r Matth. xi. 25. At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. Ver. 26. Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in thy sight. Rom. ix. 17. For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. Ver. 18. Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. Ver. 21. Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? Ver. 22. What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction? 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. V. 20 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour. Jude, Ver. 4. For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Pet. ii. 8. And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of of fence, even to them which stumble at
VIII. The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and cares, that men attending the will of God revealed in his word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election. So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God ", and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation, to all that sincerely obey the Gospel ".
CHAP. IV. Of Creation.
IT T pleased God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, for the manifestation of the glory of his eternal power, wis dom, and goodness, in the beginning, to create, or make of
the word, being disobedient, whereunto also they were appointed.
VIII. s Rom. ix. 20. Nay, but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus? Rom. xi. 33. O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how insearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! Deut. xxix. 29. The secret things belong unto the Lord our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.
t 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the rather, brethren, give ali diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall. u Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the Beloved. Rom. xi. 33. [See letter s immediately foregoing]
w Rom. xi. 5. Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. Ver. 6. And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then it is no more grace: otherwise work is no more work. Ver. 20. Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not high-minded, but fear. 2 Pet.
i. 10. [See letter t immediately foregoing] Rom. viii. 33. Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth. Luke x. 20. Notwithstanding in this rejoice not that the spirits are subject unto you : but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven.
I. a Heb. i. 2. Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds. John i. 2. The same was in the beginwing with God. Ver. 3. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. Gen. i. 2. And the earth was without form and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. Job xxvi. 13. By his Spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the croo
nothing, the world, and all things therein, whether visible or invisible, in the space of six days, and all very good.
II. After God had made all other creatures, he created man, male and female d, with reasonable and immortal souls, endued with knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness, after his own image f, having the law of God written in their hearts, and power to fulfil it ; and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty of their own will, which was subject unto change. Beside this law
the heavens by his discretion. Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all the earth is full of thy riches. Psal. xxxiii. 5. He loveth righteousness and judgment: the earth is full of the goodness of the Lord. Ver. 6. By the word of the Lord were the heavens made, and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.
[The whole first Chapter of Gen.] Heb. xi. 3. Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. Col. i. 16. For by him were all things created that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by him, and for him. Acts xvii. 24. God, that made the world, and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands.
II. d Gen. i. 27. So God created man in his own image; in the image of God created he him: male and female created he them.
e Gen. ii. 7. And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. With Eccl. xii. 7. Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was; and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it. And Luke xxiii. 43. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise. And Mat. x. 28.
And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
f Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. Col. iii. 10. And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge, after the image of him that created him. Eph. iv. 24. And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
g Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these having not the law, are a law unto themselves: Ver. 15. Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another.
b Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.
i Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes,' and a tree to be desired to make one wise; she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat. Eccl. vii. 29. [See letter immediately h foregoing.]