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By Howard Corbett

E has seen everything and

knows everybody”, said Disraeli of Albert Edward, Prince of authorized and approved by his father Wales, at thirty seven. And this or his governor, and such relaxations knowledge of men and of affairs which took place always in the company of he had so steadily assimilated was solemn people much older than himself. what enabled him to play the great Even smoking at this time was forpart he did play when at the mature bidden him. age of fifty nine years he commenced Before graduation from Oxford the his short span as ruler of Great Brit- Prince had visited the United States ain and the Dominions beyond the of America and also Canada, and on seas.

his return from these visits "even Never was a prince so rigidly edu- General Bruce his Governor pointed cated by his parents. From his nurs- out to the Prince Consort that the ery days he was doomed to submit to light of publicity in which the Prince a colossal educational regimen the had lived could not be suddenly study of which was for many years extinguished and that the continuance the chief concern of his father, the of the schoolboy discipline was out of Prince Consort.

keeping with the growth of circum

stance". Nevertheless the Prince Nothing was to be left to chance. Unceasing surveillance by carefully chosen

returned to Oxford, the Prince Contutors who should answer Stockmar's sort meanwhile planning for him definition of "persons morally good, intelli- further studies at the sister university gent, well informed and experienced, who fully enjoyed the parental confidence"

of Cambridge. It was from there that was to check undesirable tendencies of the Prince was called to the bedside of adolescence. He was to be kept_aloof

his dying father in December, 1861. from companions of his own age. Habits of mental concentration were to be fos

And all this time the Prince had one tered under fitting direction by unremitting idea for his own future - his one wish study of literature, science, history, archæology and art. Sport and amusement

was to be a soldier. of a sober kind were permitted but were

On his visit to this country he was to be strictly rationed and supervised. to figure only "in the character of a Freedom in any relation of life was to be sternly denied to the youth.

student”, was to adopt the incognito

title of Baron of Renfrew, was to study The year before he entered Oxford American life; and save at Washington, the Prince was sent by his father to where he might enjoy the President's Edinburgh, there to be crammed by hospitality, was to lodge in hotels and tutors in the varied subjects of applied not in private houses. But the Prince's science, ancient history, Italian, French, own simple letters to his mother, German, law, modern history, Greek, Queen Victoria, best give his impresand Roman history. His varsity life sions of the New World.

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The President's house is a very nice one, taneous enthusiasm of the public, and the rooms are really very fine and

rendered the Prince's journey through comfortably furnished. Washington is a fine looking town and contains some

America as triumphal a progress as striking buildings all the Public that of his grandson so many years offices are in the same building and we

after. might easily take some hints for our own buildings which are very bad.

Beyond his disappointment at the Mount Vernon is a much revered spot

denial of a military career, the Prince by the Americans, as the House in which General Washington lived and also died

was to suffer one even more bitter in stands there. The visit therefore was a the refusal of his mother to allow him, very interesting one; the house itself is unfortunately in very bad repair, and is

for many years after the death of her rapidly falling into decay: we saw all the husband,

husband, any part of her queenly different rooms and the one in which duties or obligations. Against the Washington died. We also visited his

advice of her chosen counselors and grave and by the wish of the President, I planted a chestnut near it.

the wishes of the heir to the throne,

she systematically kept him without On arrival at New York he wrote:

political influence. Even when he

had passed his fortieth year he was The people cheered and waved flags most enthusiastically. I think it was by pointing out to her that he was less far the greatest reception we have had, and trusted with official information than shows that the feeling between the two countries could not be better. I never

the private secretaries of ministers, dreamt that we should be received as we and that no official intelligence regardwere. I believe there were 300,000 ing the proceedings of the Cabinet had people in the streets, which was wonderful.

ever been placed at his disposal. But the famous ball given in his

Yet always he was asking "to be of honor was not, according to his de

use”, and to place at the service of scription, an unqualified success:

his country that intimate familiarity

with world affairs which had now The great ball took place, but it was not become generally recognized. successful. Three thousand people were invited and five thousand came, which of

Sir Sidney Lee tells us that it is at course was not an improvement, the ball the request of King George V that this room being the Academy of Music, which

biography has been written, and that did not even hold 3,000 people comfortably. We arrived at 10 o'clock and before much of the information it contains is the dancing had begun a great part of the based on documents in the royal floor gave way and it took two hours to

archives and on collections of personal set it right so that dancing did not begin until 12 o'clock and the crowd was so great letters never before made available. that it was very difficult to move, but in To these documents we are indebted spite of these disasters I must say it was a very pretty sight.

for new light on the relations between

the late King Edward VII and his It will be recalled that when the nephew, the ex-Kaiser William II. present Prince of Wales visited New Sir Sidney is emphatic in his stateYork in 1919, all survivors of the ments that jealousy of an uncle who, company which had assembled in the though not theatrical and less assertive, same place nearly sixty years before, usually received in foreign courts a in honor of the Prince's grandfather, warmer welcome than himself, was attended in the same building a similar the foundation of the antagonism ball.

between Kaiser and Prince. But the The same continual fêting, the same biographer goes further when he states popular acclamation, the same spon

that force tempered by cunning was the decisive controller of human affairs tated his famous telegram to President in the Kaiser's philosophy of life. It Kruger at the time of the Jameson was this cunning, this wish to deceive, Raid. The message was

never dethis anxiety to be tortuous in his livered, but word for word it was soon dealings with his fellow sovereigns, known throughout England and interthat called down upon the nephew the preted there and in the Chancelleries of wrath of the uncle. The most sinister Europe as an ultimatum threatening of the quotations refer to the period war.

Never did a sovereign apologize of the Boer War, when documentary more humbly, yet when the Boer War proof is given that it was the Emperor, three years later followed the Jameson and none other, who was responsible Raid we find, from these documents for the oft discussed attempt at the now published, definite proof of that encirclement of England by her Euro- duplicity which caused the Prince of pean neighbors. In those days he was Wales to appeal to Queen Victoria in one and the same hour sending "to rebuke her grandson sharply, to messages of sympathy and unasked for administer to him a 'good snubbing'". military advice to the aged Queen The first volume ends with the Victoria, and through the Russian death of Queen Victoria and the Ambassador in Berlin making sug- accession to the throne of King Edward gestions to the Tsar that if Russia VII. Sir Sidney Lee here gives us a should be moved to attack India, he, book of deep social, personal, and the Kaiser, “would guarantee that political interest, and none will dispute none should stir in Europe. He would his claim that he presents "a signally mount guard over Russia's European humane, human, and many sided frontiers". Then, as the suggestion personality, very rare among princes”. came to naught, the Kaiser plied his uncle with assurances of friendship King Edward VII, A Biography. By Sir and warnings against “sundry people”.

Sidney Lee. Volume I: From Birth to

Accession, 9th November 1841 to 22nd Before this the Emperor had dic- January 1901. Macmillan Company.

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The Author of "The Peterkins"

By Ellen Day Hale

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T must be over ninety years ago now cheerful spirit but of the faculty of find

that four Boston children, brothers ing interest in every phase of life, and and sisters, used to take walks together when you have also the power of living in the country. They were Nathan, in a world quite your own, into which Sarah, Lucretia, and Edward Everett you can introduce all sorts of reflections Hale. Though Boston was

a little

from this gaiety and interest, you are town then, it must have taken a long by no means to be pitied, whether you time to get into any sort of country at are sick or well. all from their home near the Common, Her parents' house was certainly no whether that joyous company crossed difficult place to find interest in. It Cambridge Bridge, or took the journey was not only a literary but a newspaper into Roxbury by Boston Neck. It is house, for her father, Nathan Hale, no wonder, then, that little Lucretia, was editor of the Boston “Daily Adthe younger sister, used to get terribly vertiser". Everybody in the family tired as the walks went on. She had might be called upon, at unexpected no idea, however, of going home, or of moments, to write a book review or letting the others go on without her. make a translation; and a modest reHer more strenuous method was to run fusal on Lucretia's part would have violently ahead until nature was ex- shocked her mother as an evidence of hausted and her little legs would go no disobliging affectation. She herself farther. Then followed a few minutes had been her husband's secretary while of delicious repose, while her well grown the elder of her eleven children were and hearty brothers and sister were young, and she was constantly at work catching up with her at a reasonable on one or another literary task during rate; and then the interesting, if fati- the long night hours when she was waitguing, search of adventures would con- ing for his return from the newspaper tinue.

office. Work with pen and ink must This method of traveling through the have appeared to Lucretia, as to the world has seemed to me characteristic rest of the family, as much a part of of my Aunt Lucretia. She was the woman's home life as washing up the delicate member of an extremely strong breakfast things or helping with the and vivacious family. Her life had its massive family sewing of those days. short intervals of intense action, and its I think this matter-of-course hack work longer periods when she was almost an had a good effect on her writing, as a invalid. But invalid or not, her main whole. It had the advantage of makinterests lay where health and illness do ing her feel that there is nothing very not count. When you are the posses- unusual in the power of writing for the sor not only of an invincibly gay and press.

She was sent to Miss Elizabeth Pea- was natural that these educational body's school, as a little girl, with her tours should be made in a canal boat. lifelong friend Margaret Harding, the Consequently, the dolls could get a daughter of Chester Harding the por- practical knowledge of washing clothes trait painter, and later the wife of the as they slowly advanced behind the Reverend William Orne White. After- horses along the visionary tow path. ward they went together to Mr. George Even as very little girls, Margaret B. Emerson's school. There they had another companion destined to be a friend for life, Susan Lyman of Northampton, who was to become Mrs. Peter Lesley, and whose kind and practical wisdom Lucretia was long after to commemorate in that good fairy of the Peterkins, the Lady from Philadelphia. I have been surprised, in looking over Margaret Harding's recollections of those days, and some of Lucretia's letters, to see how stiff the courses were in the two schools. They were both considered highly "advanced” in those days, and in fact they were so. From and Lucretia went to dancing school. these notes I get the picture, very like I think from the first it was that of Mr. Chester Harding's portrait of Lucretia Lorenzo Papanti, the revered and adHale, of a graceful girl, not handsome mired dancing master of Boston, in but distinguished, wearing well the whom his pupils gloried for two generadress of the later Thirties, highly im- tions at least. The deep respect with aginative, endlessly gay, and shivering which dancing, as an art, was considmerrily through the desperately cold ered by my grandparents is shown in winter weather to and from school. the fact that at a time even earlier they

In her childhood, she had made her sent their two eldest children to dancdolls the actors in many dramas, rather ing school, in what was then called a than the objects of parental care. As hack. The children were of such tender she grew older she still made dramas years that, on falling off the seats into about them for the younger children. the bottom of the carriage, they could My father, her brother Edward, used to not climb up upon them again. tell me about her accounts of Mrs. We had great pleasure”, writes Rideout's boarding school for dolls. It Margaret, “at Mr. Papanti's, where, to was a traveling school, so that the pu- our unspeakable pride and delight, we pils could learn both geography and the were taught the Gavotte.” This gamodern languages as they passed from votte, so called, contained much of the country to country. In those days of old minuet, and nobody ever was alenthusiasm for internal navigation, it lowed to learn it who did not dance

well. NOTE: The drawings accompanying this

Later, at seventeen, Lucretia article were made by Susan Hale during the

returned there as an old graduate for a trip with her sister Lucretia to Egypt and the special party at which, she writes to Holy Land. They are to be found in the volume of Letters of Susan Hale(Marshall Margaret, there was an orchestra. Jones).

Mr. Papanti's fiddle was laid aside,

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