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sees clearly the inferiority of Ireland, a great deal of evidence on the numerthe inferiority of Russia, the inferiority ous points of controversy. Far more of Asia, and contemplates wordily interesting and less fatiguing is his the benevolent British imperialism discussion of Wagner's development as that would save these wretched peoples an artist, both in theory and in pracfrom themselves. Conservatism has tice (the two did not always agree), done all in this “Golden Legend" of for here Mr. Newman reveals again his Tory saints. To which one might extraordinary ability to expound the reply tritely but feelingly, "Interest- aims and reveal the achievements of ing, if true."

composers with whom he is in artistic

sympathy. More and more are publishers coming to realize the immense value of the William Le Queux unfortunately is illustration to the so called travel book. much concerned about the impression If art and literature go hand in hand, he has made on important people. it seems to be nowhere more apparent What he has done in “Things I Know than in this ever increasing library of About Kings, Celebrities and Crooks" volumes that take the fireside reader (Stokes) is to make a matter of record from Greenland's icy mountains to the number of more or less illustrious India's coral strand, by way of the men and women who have found, or Canadian Rockies, the Marquesas, who have said they found, great delight and Galápagos. Without overtaxing in meeting Le Queux. Perhaps Engthis vicarious traveler's imagination, land is curious about these things, for Ethel Hueston writes of our own state Le Queux must be better known there of Maine in “Coasting Down East" than here -- else, why the book? (Dodd, Mead), while Edward C. Cas- Strange characters he has met, and he well's deft pencil decorates her pages had a splendid chance to tell about with waterfronts, country churches, them, but Le Queux is so important sea gulls, sailing vessels, and native to Le Queux that he muffed. types. This is no sea voyage, however, but “coasting, you understand, Hilaire Belloc in “Economics for by motor, on the best state roads". Helen” (Putnam) enters the outline Mrs. Hueston is an adept story teller school and does a very creditable job. and has certainly put her summer His purpose is to make the accepted vacations to good use.

theory of what Carlyle called the

dismal science, by copious illustration, We have in Lawrence Gilman about intelligible to a sixteen year old girl. the only musical critic who combines It must have been a genial task, for genuine erudition with wisdom and Mr. Belloc puts into it not only a deal intelligence; but in England such a of lucidity but a great amount of combination of qualities is more com- enthusiasm. He first explains such mon; in Ernest Newman it occurs to an terms as “exchange", "wealth", and unusual degree. His "Wagner as Man “capital”, gives then the stock critiand Artist" (Knopf), which has been cisms of capitalistic and socialistic brought out for the first time in this states, and finally embarks on his own country, begins with a topical dis- as theorist with exposition of “usury” cussion of Wagner's life and character; and "economic imaginaries", which he Mr. Newman examines and evaluates believes to have been unfortunately

overlooked in the past. The first he been familiar with the background of defines as the taking of interest on this movement. The book is illusunproductive loans - such as the enor- trated with numerous carefully chosen mous borrowings at high rates when a reproductions of paintings and sculpnation goes to war. The accumulation ture, many of which have been taken of interest for a purely destructive from the famous collection of the late purpose, he believes, is bound to result John Quinn.

John Quinn. The frontispiece of the disastrously. Economic imaginaries book is an original etching by Walter are sums which appear on paper for Pach, whose reputation as an artist taxation but which have no actual equals his importance as one of our existence, when they appear twice or a best critics. score of times. The money paid for a bottle of champagne in a fashionable In “America's Interest in World restaurant appears when the manager Peace” (Funk, Wagnalls) Professor pays a tax on his gross income; it Irving Fisher is out to “sell” the appears again in his rental, because League of Nations, and the book in he must pay an exorbitant rent for the fact makes a sophisticated reader as privilege of charging big prices to his uncomfortable as would the line of customers; and it appears a third time talk of an insistent salesman making in his local taxes. Anybody who finds his points. It resembles a campaign economics difficult to take can swallow speech in its condensation, its resulting Mr. Belloc's instructions in a most superficiality and unfairness. Profesagreeable homeopathic dose.

sor Fisher does not answer the best

case against the League; his arguments At last we have a résumé of the are meant for politicians and those modern movement in art from which whom the politicians have misled. the average reader can grasp the con- Now it is true that mere hatred of necting link between the art of the Wilson and ordinary politics and special eighteenth century and that which interests played their parts; but none seems to him to be a sudden and un- of these will account for the opposition called for revolution in painting of a man like Senator Borah, or that of Walter Pach in his “Masters of Mod- thousands of others, based on an ern Art” (Huebsch) has taken two informed and reasoned conviction. epoch making events in history, the It is the reasoning of Senator Borah French Revolution and the Great that Professor Fisher should answer War, which mark to him the beginning and does not. and ending of what we call the modern period in art. Instead of commencing "Our Presidents", by James Morwith Courbet or Delacroix, as most gan (Macmillan), contains in tabloid contemporary writers on the subject form biographies of the nation's chief are doing, he begins with an eighteenth executives from Washington to Coolcentury artist, Louis David, a Classicist idge. Mr. Morgan has so skilfully painter of pre-Revolutionary France, concentrated the historical careers of and the master of Ingres. Pach traces his subjects that in each chapter a the numerous schools and “isms” complete, well balanced view is disdown to our present day with a clarity closed with nothing of apparent imand simplicity which ought to appeal portance lost by its brevity. The to a public which has heretofore not work should prove a useful one.

THE BOOKMAN'S MONTHLY SCORE

Compiled by Frank Parker Stockbridge, Life Member of the American Library Association, in

Cooperation with the Public Libraries of America

Nothing could better illustrate the catholicity of the public taste in literature than the diversified characters of the two newcomers in the fiction list for February. IfThe Thundering Herd" and "In a Shantung Gardenhave anything in common, it is that both possess in a high degree the elusive quality called atmosphere.

In the general list, the appearance of William Allen White's Woodrow Wilson" was to be expected. Whatever critical partizans may say, Mr. White has at least presented Mr. Wilson as a human being, a feat which none of his numerous previous biographers had achieved. Would that there had been a William Allen White in George Washington's day, ere the wooden icon of Parson Weems had set its ineradicable stamp upon the American mind. How we do relish gossip! Witness the appearance in the Score of Major Butt's Letters", with their backstairs impressions of another president or two. - F. P. S.

FICTION

1. The Little French Girl 2. The White Monkey 3. So Big 4. The Enchanted Hill 5. The Green Hat 6. Rugged Water 7. The Thundering Herd* 8. Rose of the World 9. The Old Ladies 10. A Passage to India 11. In a Shantung Garden* 12. Peacock Feathers

Anne Douglas Sedgwick
John Galsworthy
Edna Ferber
Peter B. Kyne
Michael Arlen
Joseph C. Lincoln
Zane Grey
Kathleen Norris
Hugh Walpole
E. M. Forster
Louise Jordan Miln
Temple Bailey

HOUGHTON

SCRIBNER DOUBLEDAY COSMOPOLITAN

DORAN SCRIBNER

HARPER DOUBLEDAY

DORAN HARCOURT STOKES

PENN

GENERAL

1. Mark Twain's Autobiography Samuel L. Clemens

HARPER 2. Ariel: The Life of Shelley

André Maurois

APPLETON 3. Saint Joan

George Bernard Shaw BRENTANO 4. Life and Letters of Walter H. Page Burton J. Hendrick DOUBLEDAY 5. My Garden of Memory

Kate Douglas Wiggin HOUGHTON 6. Woodrow Wilson*

William Allen White HOUGHTON 7. The New Decalogue of Science Albert Edward Wiggam

BOBBS 8. The Letters of Archie Butt*

Lawrence F. Abbott

DOUBLEDAY 9. Life of Christ

Giovanni Papini

HARCOURT 10. The Fruit of the Family Tree Albert Edward Wiggam

BOBBS 11. Etiquette

Emily Post FUNK & WAGNALLS 12. Galápagos: World's End

William Beebe

PUTNAM

* This title has not before appeared in the Monthly Score.

FOREIGN NOTES AND COMMENT

Mildly Pedagogical

Take Mr. Edman's own field. Let

him give a course on Spinoza. If he HREE months ago, the President

lectures about Spinoza, I am not at all

certain but that his students will park lege said to the President of West

around his desk at the end of the hour Virginia University that he would be

and ask for more, which looks most enwilling to come over and deliver the

couraging. But from my own point of convocation address at the opening of

view this species of encouragement the spring semester. He came. He

renders the case relatively hopeless. spoke. He raised this question: Are

For it makes but little difference what we living in an age of enchantment, or

even the brightest undergraduate in an age of disillusionment? He cited

thinks of or about Spinoza. The thing instances of tried dependability in

for the undergraduate to determine, which educators of the "left" contend

the objective for him to keep in mind is: ed that so far as graduate or specialized

What did Spinoza himself think? And work was concerned, the colleges might regardless of the admitted improvejust as well close; their efforts were in

ment that has been made in the writing effectual, their results nil. He quoted

of books, textbooks, this query can be other educators of the "right" who

answered only by individual effort. asserted with much show of conviction

Moreover, it is one of the distressing that the American college was never in

facts of education that each student a more hopeful condition. He himself

has to begin at the beginning precisely said that the reason why so many stu

as if no man before him had come to see dents fail is to be traced not to their

what Spinoza was driving at. inability but to a wrong attitude to

Let Mr. Edman proceed on this ward studying. There is manifestly

basis, for if he does not, the students something wrong. In the February number of THE

are taking a course, not in Baruch

Spinoza but in Irwin Edman. On BOOKMAN, Professor Irwin Edman of

this basis, let the assigned reading be Columbia had an article which is so

Spinoza's own works the various well known by this time that its title

treatises on ethics and mathematics. need not be repeated. I personally

The assignments must of course be feel, however, that the opening para

from the translated Spinoza, for no graphs of this otherwise admirable

American student can read Spinoza in essay are based on an erroneous prin

the original. With this method in ciple.* Mr. Edman assumes that the

vogue, Mr. Edman's disciples will show student of today is more than ever

far less interest in "philosophy". interested in philosophy. That is exces

Indeed, the more vigorous of them, the sive optimism.

ones who are listed among the “big

men on the campus", will probably * The case is of unusual interest to me, assemble after the first lecture and say because I recall a similar enthusiasm that I myself had when I was as young as Mr.

to each other: “Say, he doesn't really Edman.

expect us to read that old bird! Why prove it.

what are we paying the University asked not long since how much time eight dollars a point for?"

the student had to put on his work Now, of this "something" that is outside of the classroom if he wished to wrong with American education, a pass the finals. And the Dean of great deal of it can be dismissed, sum- Harvard College said: “None at all, if marily and forever, because of the un- he pays attention in the classroom.” reasoned theory that numbers always We are not to hurt them; and we are to suggest inefficiency and sometimes make it interesting.

Find something that is big This is the whole gospel of “The and you can, without searching, find Decroly Class”. The little ones are the man who knows that it is bad. not to be hurt. They are to be taught West Virginia, with a mere million and to think through the medium of jeux a half population, supports 242 high educatifs. The great teacher is the schools and academies. Other states one who understands the child mind are even more densely schooled. Where and has the child do only what he likes the army is big the guardhouse is full. to do. The environment is to be so

The real trouble with our education organized as to afford perfect stimulamay be formulated as follows: The ob- tion for the tendencies favorable to jective is the interested audience; the development. The child is to prepare rarity is the thinking auditor. "Don't for life by living: Primum vivere, deinde be dull", may be bad slang but it is philosophari. When he reaches the regarded as good pedagogy. There is stage where he is to unravel the mysno doubt at all but that the student of teries of, say, a roll, whole wheat is to 1925 wants all the advantages the col- be laid before him; this is to be crushed; lege has to offer. He is wideawake. the resultant matter is to be mixed with But he majors in that subject which water and baked. Then the child is the professor of it makes interesting. to be taken straightway to a municipal If he goes to hear a public address, he kitchen and shown the difference, judges that address solely on the basis through the nibbling at professional of whether it was read or spoken. If bread, between perfect and imperfect the speaker, in student language, work. stands up, speaks up, shuts up, and sits Or how does Dr. Ovide Decroly of down, a favorable judgment is wafted Brussels explain to his youngsters the along the ivy covered halls. If he esoteric significance of "shelter"? reads a paper of unreserved merit the Upon one occasion they baked bricks, criticism is voluble and loud: I could do gathered some sod, built a house and that myself.

roofed it. Then home and to bed. It The situation might be illustrated as was the end of a perfect day but the follows: A really brave man goes to the prelude to a tempestuous night. For dentist's chair with a query: Will it on the heels of that architectural exhurt? If told that it will, a little, he perience followed a mighty storm. flinches at the mere sight of nickel The Belgian children went out the next plated steel. Inform even the most morning only to see that their house serious minded student that the course had been destroyed: “But when they will require a measure of work done turned their glances toward the school, each day by him himself, and he that was seen to have weathered the flinches; he signs up for something else. gale.” Now they know what “shelter" The Dean of Harvard College was means. But does not any child with

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