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It is the statement of a creed, and as dreds of glassworkers were imported to such it is worthy of the respectful study this country in early Revolutionary of both friends and foes.
times. The story of the notorious
“Baron" Stiegel is a chronicle in itself, That the demise of “The Freeman" as are the quaint and often hideous was indeed a loss to the country is made flasks and bottles pressed in designs to evident from the array of wise and well commemorate the life and times of vawritten essays, sketches, editorials, and rious early American statesmen. We book reviews collected in "The Freeman have a notion that it is necessary for the Book” (Huebsch). While not every fastidious collector to cultivate a taste selection included attains a high stand- for the great range of whisky containers ard both as to style and content, and manufactured by our convivial forewhile (as Mr. Huebsch freely admits in bears. But it is not difficult to underan explanatory note) it was found nec- stand a passion for the delicately tinted, essary to omit many pieces as good as marvelously wrought glass that is the those included, yet the volume as a prize of the antiquary's heart. And it whole manifests a range of thought, an is gratifying to learn that American earnestness of presentation, a scholarly glassmakers have turned out some sureach, and an individuality of tone that perb pieces that, even in this day of inwould lend distinction to any periodi- genious duplicators, defy imitation. cal; and it says much for the quality of the book that the bulk of its contents, One finishes reading Rheta Childe while possibly not of permanent value, Dorr's autobiography, "A Woman of are as interesting and as timely today Fifty" (Funk, Wagnalls), with a conas when first made public in “The sciousness of having followed intimately Freeman”.
the career of a woman distinguished for
her courageous and practical idealism, Something of the usefulness of glass- her determination to become one of the ware must have departed with the com- "human race", and her valiant efforts ing of the Prohibition Amendment, yet to free the weaker sex of chains by the value of old glass rises steadily in means of the ballot. Her life seems to the eyes of collectors, and the story of have been an incessant struggle glassmaking from the days of the Egyp- broken now and then by equally ardutians up to modern times is an Arabian ous experiences as a press correspondNights' tale. “Old Glass: European ent in various unquiet regions of Euand American” (Stokes), by Mrs. N. rope - for the cause of bettering the Hudson Moore, treats exhaustively of social, commercial, moral, and intelthe rise and fall of glassmaking in va- lectual conditions of modern American rious countries and at various times in womanhood. In recounting it, she has the world's history. Even a cursory produced a book as thrilling as a roglance at the numerous beautiful illus- mance and infinitely more valuable betrations will show how characteristic of cause true. the national traits of their makers were the examples of Venetian, Flemish, Sheldon Cheney has admittedly rushed German, Spanish, and English glass. in where angels fear to tread - and When we come to American glass rushed in so finely, so intelligently, that we discover many European traits, the angels need fear no more. He has accounted for by the fact that hun- written such a sane, clear, comprehensive, and withal warmblooded treatise man psyche. Some are dogs of note, on modern art that the eyes and minds such as Luath the Newfoundland who of even the most wilfully ignorant and played the part of Nana in “Peter prejudiced would be opened by it. "I Pan". And there was Porthos, the have chosen", he says, "the primer St. Bernard who invaded the pulpit of method -and title— because it seemed a Scotch Presbyterian church to the to me that what we need most, to widen horror of the congregation. “Dogs in appreciation of contemporary creative Scotch churches”, says the author, art, is to escape for a while from High "seem liable to lose all control of themLearning and get back to a child's di- selves. A friend saw ... whilst she rectness of approach." Yes, a child's was waiting for the Holy Communion, a directness of approach, but a very ma- terrier, an Aberdeen, sit up on his ture individual's patience and grasp of haunches and beg before the Elements." the problem - the huge problem - set Altogether, a delectable collection of before him. Mr. Cheney devotes most amusing and illuminative dog stories. of his time and attention to the pure The physical nature of the dog is very arts of painting and sculpture, from fully considered in "Dr. Little's Dog their branching out from Impressionism Book" (McBride) by George Watson to the present; but adequately (for a Little, D. V. M., who writes both as a primer) includes architecture and the qualified scientist and as a veterinary theatre, showing their tremendous im- of the widest experience. It is a readportance in the creative current. He able as well as an authoritative manual explains and comments upon Cubism, on the care, training, and treatment of Futurism, Vorticism, and all the in- dogs both in sickness and in health: evitable schools, fads, and sensations liberally illustrated and well indexed. tagging on the main movement, the art of mobile color (which he seems to think Books on religious matters were forvitally important), and Expressionism, merly in the majority on second hand illustrating his points with a remark- bookstands. Not so long ago, writings ably comprehensive collection of con- on the Great War came into first place. temporary works, from the slightest And now that mournful leadership is sketch to the most massive marble, the being contested by literature on Russia. automobile to the skyscraper. Even “The Reforging of Russia" (Dutton) to the enlightened and initiated this deserves a better fate than many of its Primer is worthwhile, for its clarifying companions. Edwin Ware Hullinger, of fundamental artistic issues and its who wrote it, was the United Press outward beauty of printing and paper. correspondent in Moscow until he was
ejected. He does not pretend to write In spite of its triteness, one must re- an unbiased tale; but his prejudices peat the familiar comparison between are manifest, candid, and not at all randogs and humans upon reading “Dogs corous. His ideal of democracy is the and Men” (Scribner) by Mary Ansell, American one. The turn of event for the dog biographies she gives are well which wrought hardship on his friends calculated to show the psychic superior- of the upper classes is obnoxious to him. ity of the best of dogs over the general He dislikes the Tcheka which he blames run of two legged creatures. Yet hers for his expulsion. And with all this in are always consistently doggy dogs, mind, he writes a good newspaper man's never improperly endowed with a hu- story of the period of the new economic
policy and a plausible interpretation of Firkins's study, however, differs from its meaning. Too bad that Hullinger most of its predecessors in that it is could not have stayed to tell us of the more an interpretation, an illuminating fall of the Nep.
commentary, than a critical estimate.
It is, of course, critical and analytic, To talk of little matters of everyday but its aim is more to portray the man life in a way that is humorous, practical, and his work than to appraise him. and pathetic seems to be the aim of The conclusion reached by Mr. Firkins Ian Hay in “The Shallow End" is that justice has not yet been done to (Houghton Mifflin). At the same Howells as critic or as poet, and that time he gives us, or tries to, an inter- “due recognition" has not yet been national viewpoint on a few selected given "to three great elements in his subjects. The first four sections, named fiction - its vitality, the surpassing disfor the seasons, deal with London. tinctness and variety of its characteriThe atmosphere of Piccadilly Circus, zation, and its firm grasp of some of the Haymarket, and the moods of the rarer and more elusive aspects of everycrowds in the parks, cinemas, and night day reality”. The book is handsomely clubs are cleverly depicted. In fact, printed and well indexed. we wonder just why Mr. Hay considered it necessary to wander from these in- "A great architecture is something teresting little studies to New York to be seen and felt and lived in. By and the national game there called this criterion most of our pretentious “Hunt the Hooch". Was it to give buildings are rather pathetic", writes English readers a taste of life abroad or Lewis Mumford in his “Sticks and to make New Yorkers feel at home? Stones: A Study of American ArchiTo recent visitors to London “The tecture and Civilization" (Boni, LiverShallow End" cannot fail to be of in- ight). This reviewer appreciates and terest; and even those who have never agrees with Mr. Mumford's statement. been to London may find a congenial You have but to observe the monotony topic in the theatre, boxing, cricket, of skyscrapers and the ugly similarity boating, animals, or human nature of the “robot” made apartment houses therein.
of this world we live in to realize its
truth. Until the coming of the maThere may be some foundation for a chine age, as the author illustrates, the feeling that Howells has been subjected steadily developing American archito the process which H. G. Wells (in his tecture had many beautiful achieveincomparable "Boon") has labeled, in ments to its credit, particularly in the ribald fashion, as "greatening". But New England villages. But archihis solidly enduring qualities no doubt tecture without personality is not art, are real enough to survive even inju- and the machine age does not encourage dicious praise. No American man of individuality. letters of our day, save Mark Twain, has been so fully discussed by the crit- Apparently there is a perennially ics and expositors: the incomplete eager audience for the conventional bibliography of books and articles travel book that appears ever so often about him appended to “William Dean from the pen of some painstaking travHowells" (Harvard) by Oscar W. eler. The formula is a simple one, and Firkins covers nearly two pages. Mr. consists of a cheery, narrative style loaded with facts, the ability to brighten formed; and honor is due Carl Van a page now and then with anecdote Vechten for being one of them. Neverand that is all. It does not matter theless, one cannot call him a liberal or whether the facts are old or new, sig- even a discriminating critic. If his nificant or trivial. The average reader mind is opened to sacres it is shut to of the travel book of this sort is hungry other things; in fact, his open mindedfor information, either to appease his ness to contemporary music is only one own unfulfilled desire to roam, or to of a number of eccentric attitudes that read at the next meeting of the local are quite irrational even when they can foreign missionary society. At least, be justified subsequently — as many that is the reader for whom Dorothy cannot. Mr. Van Vechten says some Dix was writing when she penned the very sensible things in “Red" (Knopf); story of “My Trip Around the World” one is grateful to him for showing up (Penn). It is the same reader she ad- Krehbiel (he demonstrates "how dull dresses in her advice to the lovelorn, as pedantry may exercise an ancillary funcsyndicated over this broad land. There is tion to blind obstinacy of opinion" by nothing in this book that cannot safely quoting Krehbiel's attack upon Mahler, be read at any club meeting, and there outrageous in tone, and caused by is even a sprinkling of her well known Mahler's reducing the strings and douhomely wit that should start a titilla, bling the flutes in a Mozart symphony to tion of amusement through the hearers. approximate the proportions in which But, also, there doesn't seem to be very they were used in Mozart's orchestra); much in the book that has not been but one must add that he says many done before, and done a great deal things which are quite silly, and rather better by writers who do not belong to perverse in their silliness. the Aunt Samantha school of literature.
Once again E. V. Lucas, the far Dr. Maximilian J. Rudwin has com- traveled, sympathetic, and sane, enterpiled a book of 286 long pages entitled
In "A Wanderer Among Pic"A Historical and Bibliographical Sur- tures" (Doran) he has produced a pervey of the German Religious Drama” fect book for those who enjoy paintings (University of Pittsburg). His work in a friendly, untechnical, literary way, is dedicated to Wilhelm Creizenach, and want a discriminating and informal the old master in this field, and was guide to the picture galleries of Europe. written because of the incompleteness He takes the reader enthusiastically of similar monographs that essayed the through the chief collections of London, task. It is characterized by intelligent Paris, Madrid, Milan, Florence, Rome, diligence and is indispensable to the Venice, Vienna, Munich, Dresden, student who would like to be guided Berlin, Amsterdam, The Hague, and through this immense mass of material Brussels, giving short histories of the in which convention and love of horse- various galleries and describing in a play applied to a sacred theme played a condensed, vivid, interesting way those greater rôle than spiritual originality or pictures which he thinks particularly æsthetic ability. The work, however, fine as well as the acknowledged masteris for reference only.
pieces. His charming style, his in
telligent and often original choices and There are not many who appreciate criticisms, together with the seventy a sacre du printemps when it is first per- two excellent reproductions and the
high quality of printing, make the book of a people is reflected in its home life, valuable and attractive.
such a comprehensive study as this one
is an important contribution to hisThe courtezan today must toy with torical literature; Mr. Eberlein has riches rather than royalty. A crown is spared no pains to make the record powerless, but a million crowns do many accurate and the format beautiful. things. So there is a departed romance (if such be the word) in the last of the Times do change and, with the cult which dug for diadems instead of times, morality. And when morality gold. “Lola Montez, an Adventuress which, it must be said, is none too defof the Forties” (Brentano) by Edmund inite an expression - seems to be B. d'Auvergne is the tale of one who taking a metamorphosic spurt, somewas, perhaps, the relic of a time gone body is bound to be concerned. Last by when her irresistible charms lured year it was"The Nation”, among others. monarchs. Because she was the last, The many persons who wrote of the this ordinarily written book has an in- new mores for that weekly are now beterest which the manner of preparation tween covers as “Our Changing Mowould not command were the subject rality, a Symposium"(A. and C. Boni), less exciting
edited by Freda Kirchwey. Each
writer has his own point of view, so a In its spaciousness, its easygoing hos- short paragraph about the book can pitality, its thrift and prevailing com- but say that here are answers of and mon sense, life in “The Manors and explanations for the great contempoHistoric Homes of the Hudson Valley” (Lippincott) assumes an almost idyllic aspect to dwellers on crowded Man- The Gentleman with a Duster must hattan Island today. Because the be happy, for the Sonntagskinder Dutchmen were within comparatively whom he weighs and finds not wanting close touch of the mother country, their in “The Windows of Westminster" existence, even in its primitive begin- (Putnam) are once more in power. . nings here, took on an orderly, business- Ramsay MacDonald, hater of humanlike appearance.
Their manor houses ity, and Sidney Webb, theoretical which ranged from the Dutch ram- pundit, who fill the people's minds bling family type, distinguished for its with unpleasant thoughts, are gone. picturesqueness rather than its beauty, The author would here describe for to the classic severity of the later Co- us the great Conservatives. He would lonial period have a richness and show us their moral and spiritual variety unequaled in any other section individualism as they fight the rebelof the country at that time. The author lious and mechanistic forces of Labor. of the volume describing them, Harold
To his mind Conservatism represents Donaldson Eberlein, is both historian imperial pride, loyalty, humanity, and and architect. His appreciation of the a God fulfilling Himself in many ways. various trends in exterior and interior Stanley Baldwin is a kind of Gregory decoration gives the book a significance the Great, longing for monastic secluto antiquarians and artists alike. And sion, but performing his duty with its effectiveness is increased by many devotion to a high cause. Sir Robert excellently reproduced photographs. Horne believes in helping the individSince the political and economic status ual. The Duke of Northumberland