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This is not the bowdlerized Vizetelly the lady whom the father has selected version, but one made by Havelock for his second wife. In the modern Ellis, who has written a special preface German manner, corpses rise from the for this reprint of what was originally a grave and symbolic figures haunt the work issued only to subscribers. After guilty, but Kellermann is just putting the lapse of more than twenty years some cheap expressionistic touches à la Ellis looks again at his work and finds Toller to his conventional wartime it good, and he is proud to have been melodrama whose best parts are the the means of making this great epic of descriptions of the horrors of trench industrialism available for readers of life and the pictures of the gradual fall English. “Germinal” is one of the of Berlin from a fine, clean, orderly “Big Six” in the Rougon-Macquart city to a sink of vice, debauchery, povseries which survive the deadly method erty, and despair. Bernhard Kellerof Zola. It is so elemental in mood and mann will not, I fancy, put Messrs. so elementary in the details that once Barbusse and Wassermann out of busishocked our grandfathers, that I doubt ness, for they have surpassed him in if any healthy minded reader today will those qualities which give any value to notice any perceptible outrage to his or “The Ninth of November”. her pruderies. It has none of that syn- The two volumes of translations thetic bawdiness out of which a new from the Russian are supplementary to generation gets a "kick" comparable each other, for in his introduction to to that of synthetic gin.

Tales of the Wilderness Prince Bernhard Kellermann is already rep- Mirsky is not so enthusiastic about resented in English by “The Sea" Boris Pilniak, the author of that work, which, outside Germany, has been un- as about Aleksei Remizov, the author accountably regarded as a work of of "The Clock". Pilniak, Remizov, literature. Now comes “The Ninth and the as yet untranslated Andrey of November”, a German best seller, Bely are the three outstanding figures which did more than anything else to in Russian literature since Chekhov, put this author on the map. The title and it is these we should read, he says, has little significance, for it is not until rather than Andreyev and Artzybashev. toward the end of the book that “the Prince Mirsky is a sound and interestsun of the 9th of November rose spar- ing critic of Russian, and his very lack kling over Berlin", and the story is es- of excessive praise for Pilniak is a sentially a study of the German mili- proof of his good sense. Remizov emtary type and of Berlin life during the bodies nearly all the characteristically year preceding the armistice. General Russian traditions, Gogol, Dostoyevvon Hecht-Babenberg is the personifi- sky, and the folk tale, and in Mr. cation of all the vices of Prussian mili- Cournos's versions he provokes the tarism, and his own household crashes demand for more and better Remizov. into ruin symbolically and conveniently just as the German Empire is over

Annette and Sylvie. By Romain Rolland. thrown. His daughter Ruth emerges Henry Holt and Company. into the wicked world as a result of

Blind Man's Buff. By Louis Hémon.

Macmillan Company. women's wartime activities and is

Germinal. By Emile Zola. Alfred A. converted to Socialism. His son muti- Knopf. lates himself to avoid going back to the

The Ninth of November. By Bernhard

Kellermann. Robert M. McBride and front, and carries on a love affair with Company.

The Wilderness. By Boris Pilniak. Al- ideal for those who plan to design a gar

fred A. Knopf. The Clock. By Aleksei Remizov. Alfred

den, whether large or small, and for A. Knopf.

those who study landscape architecture, since each detail is so beautifully and helpfully explained. The gardens, of course, bear the heritage of La Notre

in the geometrical formalism of their THE LOVESOME SPOT

design. In the main the plant mateBy Richardson Wright

rial suggested by M. Forestier is used in

this country or equally good substitu"ORMAL design is axiomatic wher- tions can be found; certainly the type

ever gardens played a part in do- of design he suggests fits our suburban mestic and artistic evolutions. From problems exactly. It is adaptable to the beginning gardens were made not many kinds of houses in practically all to imitate nature but to challenge her. sections of the country. This type of design goes far back into Miss Nichols's "Spanish and Portuthe race roots. The formalism of guese Gardens" is another inspiring aid Italian gardens carried on the heritage to garden design. Of late there has of Greece; French gardens learned for- been a revival in California and in Flormalism from Italy; and English gar- ida of what is termed Mediterranean dens, in turn, from France. In Spain architecture

In Spain architecture – Spanish and Italian formalism came through the Moors, types of houses. For such houses the who transplanted the idea from the gardens of the Iberian Peninsula are a Persians, those same Persians who, natural concomitant. They are Moorgoing eastward, took formal garden de- ish gardens, enclosed, formal, precise, sign into India. And the Persians, for dependent upon water, color, architectheir formal designs, were indebted to ture, and a studied design for their the Egyptians! In America garden effects. Heretofore this style of garden design, like its sister art, architecture, has been practically unknown to Ameris a synthesis of all the experiments and ican gardeners. The oriental word for achievements of the past.

a garden is "a paradise"; it was a place This universal concept of garden de- to live in. The newer gardens of Spain sign is evident in the three sumptuous and the author assures us many are books under consideration. M. For- being made today — are recreating this estier, who has to his credit many fine Eden spirit. gardens in France and Spain, and who Apart from its architecture, the procreated the roseraie at the Bagatelle in nounced feature of the garden of the Paris, offers what he calls “a notebook Iberian Peninsula is water. The hot of plans and sketches". This work, climate made the water tank and the originally published in France some water channel as necessary in Spain as years back, has been capably trans- it did in India. Likewise the same lated by Helen Morgenthau Fox. brilliant arrangement of color that is Plot plans and perspective drawings found in the rugs of Persia and India is show variously sized garden problems found in the flowers and architecture of Details of garden architecture - steps, Spanish gardens. Miss Nichols sursummer houses, seats, fountains, pave- veys each of these features in her study ments are drawn in practical detail. of the oriental background and in exPlant lists are included. The book is plaining the Moorish transition of them


to Spain. She describes the pleasure become both necessary and popular grounds of the Renaissance, gardens of the garden shelves. They are authorMajorca, the eighteenth century devel- itative, inspiring, immensely helpful. opments in Spain, the smaller gardens and patios and the Portuguese pleasance. Her lists of the plant material used in these gardens constitute an

RESTORATION OF A SUPERespecially illuminating feature of the

MAN book. The illustrations have been se

By Charles R. Walker lected and reproduced with great care.

“Beautiful Gardens in America" is a "HOUGH not equaling the bulbous revised and enlarged edition of a pre- masses of proletarian literature, vious work by Miss Shelton. It is an there is a growing body of writing defindication of the amazing improvement initely devoted to what Nietzsche used both in gardens and in garden interest to call a “master morality". In all the that has taken place in this country democracies of recent times, not exin the past ten years. Introductory cepting our own, there have been inchapters speak of the problems of cli- tellects, of course, who worshiped the mate met in this country and give his- aristocratic ideal, preaching the sole toric data where necessary; otherwise and everlasting validity of strength, this is a picture book, a rich, inspiring, energy, and blood. But no one ever and helpful display of gardens from preached it with an intenser passion or every section of the country. The a wider erudition than Arthur Gobivariety of these gardens is impressive. neau, author of the “Essai sur l'InégaItalian types are here, Spanish, Eng- lité des Races Humaines” and citizen lish, Dutch, naturalistic, water gardens, of France during the deadly mediocrirock gardens; but in all design is evi- ties of the early French republic. The dent. In short, it seems that Ameri- Count's essay was translated as a slavcan garden owners are at last impressed ery tract in the middle of the last cenwith the necessity for laying out a gar- tury and printed in America. But den in a well defined design. The from then till now, when “The Golden variety of flowers, trees, and shrubs' is Flower” appears in a translation by also a commendable feature, for de- Ben Ray Redman, few Americans have spite a prohibitive embargo against acquainted themselves with the French plant importation, we manage to make superman. gardens in this country that compare “The Golden Flower" is a series of favorably with gardens in the Old five essays, each designed as a preface World.

to one of the five parts of Gobineau's These three volumes can be recom- extraordinary rhapsody in dramatic mended for that section of the library form, “The Renaissance". It was which, in country houses today, has omitted from the original edition of

The Renaissance" a unique work

of great energy - and was printed in Gardens. By J. C. N. Forestier. Charles

Germany for the first time in 1918, and Scribner's Sons. Spanish and Portuguese Gardens. By

in France in 1924. Though rather too Rose Standish Nichols. Houghton ecstatic in parts, there are segments of

Mifflin Company:
Beautiful Gardens in America. By Louise

thought of extraordinary power, like Shelton. Charles Scribner's Sons.

the famous and significant passage that

compares the dead wreckages of differ- any oversimplified sociology, a skeptient civilizations to the decayed flora cal and polyracial posterity has choked and fauna of the sea out of which in an it with scorn and evidence. ever recurring cycle new and vital But it is not so much Gobineau's growths arise.

dogmatic Aryanism, or even his PanIf “The Golden Flower" stirs the Germanism (much denied), that gives interest of readers to go on to “The him an interest today. It is his insistRenaissance" or to learn more of its ence, with the emphasis of religious author - diplomat, historian, Roman intensity, on the whole catalogue of the Catholic, pro-Aryan, Nietzschean — it aristocratic virtues and his abhorrence will have been printed to good purpose. of democracy and all her children. It In Europe, Gobineau's thirty odd years is chastening to any age to be talked of neglect have been turned into an al- about by a man who believes in none of most excess of eulogy. The Gobineau its virtues. cult in Germany has an able priesthood To the above should be added a word in the Gobineau Society, with Dr. of caution for any fellow Fascists and Ludwig Schemann as its editor-pope. members of the Ku Klux Klan who In England, Dr. Oscar Levy has popu- think they have uncovered a literary larized the "Essai", and "The Renais- Kleagle. They must not look too sance", and in France in recent years eagerly to the Count as a defender of all of Gobineau's principal books have the faith. They might find a flaming been reissued. The Count wrote nov- cross on one page which they could els, philosophy, history, and poetry; grasp, only to uncover a pitchfork on but however subtle and erudite, he will another in a compromising position. doubtless always be best remembered Others, it should be noticed, have tried for his racial and aristocratic gospel. to bend him to special uses. The It is a little odd that few Americans “Essai sur l'Inégalité" was published know more of the man than his name. many years ago under the direction of

The ideas which burst out with such one H. Hotz, an American slave holder. energy in the dramatic rhapsody, "The He dedicated the book to the “StatesRenaissance", and in “The Golden men of America", believing devotedly Flower”, were put down as hard scien- that he had found in it an apology for tific dogma much earlier in the essay on slavery. The Count is said to have reinequality. Gobineau sets out with marked: "Our friends, the Amerithe simple aristocratic thesis that nei- cans, think I am encouraging them to ther government nor environment nor lynch their Negroes, but they cannot religion nor reform nor any other social abide that part of my book which force matters in giving genius or vital- really concerns them.Care, cave! ity to a nation, but race alone. This In “The Renaissance", the Count simplified social theology he still fur- drops theory for drama, pageantry, ther limits by announcing that only one color, and enthusiasm. It is a rhaprace possesses the authentic blood, the sodic essay on that violent and masterAryan. Lothrop Stoddard, Madison ful period done in the form of a drama Grant, and the Society of Descendants of five acts, each built about an outof the Mayflower could go no further. standing Renaissance hero - SavonaA bulwark of erudition supports the rola, Cesare Borgia, Julius II, Leo X, thesis in the “Essai”, but it has been and Michael Angelo. The Renaisbattered by time and science. As with sance is of course a logical period wherein a Nietzschean may seek out region, to a different plane. : : . Now the his giants. The Count uses his ma

great law of this world is, not to do this or

that, to avoid one thing and run after anterial well without allowing history other: it is to enlarge and develop one's to nudge bis elbow. Characters and most active and lofty qualities, in such a events blaze and soar across the pages,

way that from any sphere we can always

hew ourselves out a way to one that is giving a violent, distorted, fascinating, wider, nobler, more elevated. Never forpassionate embodiment of the vitality

get that. ... Leave to the small minds,

the rabble of underlings, all slackness and of the time. Passages are sometimes

scruple. ... weakened by overemphasis and a too

Whether the Renaissance energy unbroken flood of eloquence, but an impression of churning energy, whip- glows in the fanatic eye of Savonarola ping back and forth between the bestial

who for a space governs luxurious and the divine, passes into the reader's

Florence by his power of Puritan ferimagination.

vor, or in the brutal vigor of Borgia The reader must make up his mind, rising through crime to the papacy, the however, to the convention of a dra

impression is one of the nobility of matic form that is not dramatic. Like

energy, the enduring and conquering

validity of genius. This is the pasHardy's “The Dynasts”, The Renaissance" could not be staged, and was

sionate “message” of “The Renais

sance" and “The Golden Flower” of not so designed. It is much less a play

Count Gobineau. Both books should even than “The Dynasts”. There being no chorus to drain off geographic

serve to stimulate if not scandalize any and spiritual settings from the speak- republican in good standing. ing characters, these must all be pressed

The Golden Flower. By Arthur, Count into an overcrowded dialogue. But Gobineau. G. P. Putnam's Sons. even with this burden, the form seems to justify itself. Each character is marked off strongly from the others (though they all, to a degree, speak A NEW LINCOLN BIOGRAPHY Gobineauiste), and there is a strong illu

By Luther E. Robinson sion of action and “progression d'effet.

Above all it is the release of passion, NE by one the energy, and genius in which Gobineau that have been incubating about is interested, and which he communi- the name and fame of Lincoln are being cates to his readers in both “The Ren- pricked and deflated and replaced by aissance" and “The Golden Flower". the positive or the negative facts of perLike Nietzsche he is thoroughly un- sistent investigation. Many a biogmoral, or rather the Jesuit of a "mas- rapher of the great emancipator, beter morality" which he preaches in the cause of the missing links in the chain words and violences of his heroes. As, of his ancestry, has been compelled to boldly in the words of Alexander VI, employ the warmed over surmises of defending Cesare Borgia (the latter has his perplexed predecessors and to apoljust murdered the husband of his sister, ogize for adding "another" to the Lucrezia):

roomful of books already to be had on He is not a monster ... for that kind of the seemingly unfailing theme. One person whom fate summons to dominate cannot help admiring, however, the others, the ordinary rules of life are reversed and duty becomes quite different. Good unflagging efforts of those relatively and evil are lifted to another, to a higher few researchers who have accepted the

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