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tholic emancipation might be coupled with a legislative union, (against which the arguments that we have seen do not appear so strong as those which have been offered in favour of such a measure,) the number of those who would be justly gratified would be out of all proportion greater, than of those who would thereby have reasonable cause of dissatisfaction..
The project of an Union, the Right Hon. Speaker shews, was countenanced by some of the most distinguished and able statesmen of the last century: Sir Matthew Decker, Sir William Petty, Mr. Molineux, and Sir Josiah Child. In speaking of the effect of the union with Scotland, it is remarked that
The animosity between the two nations, immediately previous to the Union, was such, as to have led them to the verge of hostilities; and that the grounds of distrust, and complaint, were thereby entirely done away. He also observed, that there were circumstances tending to facilitate an intimate connexion between this country and freland, and to incorporate the people of those kingdoms, which did not belong to the relation in which England and Scotland stood to each other. It would be recollected, amongst other illustrations of this observation, that here, and in Ireland, there was the same code of civil and criminal law; the same forms for the administration of justice, and for the purposes of legislation; the same succession to the crown; and the same established religion.'
. Other arguments are advanced to prove that, besides contributing to the general safety of the empire by leading to a co incidence of views and sentiments in the great body of the people, an Union would, in many more respects, be beneficial to the people of Ireland, both of the Protestant and of the Roman Catholic persuasion. The sentiments in the following part of this speech, nearly at its close, cannot fail of being ad mired for the just respect which they shew for the rights and the feelings of other men:
Some Gentlemen had entertained an opinion which, he acknow. ledged, was entitled to serious attention and consideration; that, as the proposed measure had been discountenanced by the House of Commons in Ireland, to persist in the discussion of it here, would be to add to the irritation which unhappily prevails in that country. Such an effect he should sincerely lament, and should be sorry to have any share in producing. There were other consequences, however, which it was of the utmost importance to avert. If the parlia ment of this country were to abstain from declaring the conditions upon which it would be disposed to incorporate itself with the parliament of Ireland, it was impossible not to be aware of the opportunity and scope which would be afforded for misconception, suspicion, and misrepresentation.
He trusted that we should adopt such résolutions as would rather tend to appease, than to inflame; such as would be a pledge of our
Liberality, and our justice: that we should manifest the earnestness and sincerity of our wishes to communicate to Ireland a full participation of all the advantages we enjoy; that we should prove our selves desirous of considering the inhabitants of the two countries as one people, connected together by the closest ties under the same Constitution, the same Parliament, and the same King.
He had understood that, if the Resolutions which had been opened should be agreed to, it would be proposed that they should. be carried to the foot of the Throne, accompanied by an Address to his Majesty. In that Address he hoped, and was persuaded, that no sentiments or expressions would be introduced which jealousy might misinterpret, or malice pervert: that there would be no indication of a wish on our part to press the consideration of the question upon the Legislature of Ireland; and that no impulse would be given to it, but what it might derive from the free and unbiassed opinions, and dispassionate judgment of the Parliament and People of that kingdom.'
We have never heard the character of Mr. Speaker Addington mentioned without respect; and we never contemplate his conduct without feeling that respect justified and strengthened.
For MAY, 1799.
Art. 17. Observations and Experiments on the Broad-leaved Willow
Vernor and Hood.
SINCE the introduction of this bark into practice at the Bath City Infirmary and Dispensary, as a substitute for the Peruvian bark, we are told, hot less than twenty pounds a-year have been saved to the Charity. If an equal degree of good can be effected by the willow-bark, its cheapness certainly renders it an object of attention to the governors of similar institutions. It has long been recommended in agues, instead of bark: but its use has never been generally adopted by the faculty.
The common dose, Mr. White tells us, is two table-spoons full of the decoction, three or four times in a day but, in intermittents, it is necessary to give one or two ounces every three hours. The form of the decoction consists of two ounces of broad-leaved willow bark, boiled in two pints of water to one pint, with the addition of a drachm of pimento.
Mr. W. conceives this remedy to be little inferior in efficacy to the Peruvian bark.-The willow bark he has hardly ever found to disagree with the stomach or bowels; a circumstance greatly in its faThe superior bitter quality of the Peruvian bark seems to be its chief claim to a preference before the willow bark.
The cases undoubtedly shew that this remedy possesses considerable power, and will probably excite the attention of practitioners in different parts of the country to a substance so easily procured. Art. 18. An Illustration of the Analogy between Vegetable and Animal Parturition. By A. Hunter, M. D. F. R. S. L. & E. 8vo. PP. 4. With a Plate. IS. Cadell jun. and Davies.
This is a very pleasing, though very short, comparison of the mode of the production of germs in animals and vegetables; it proves that the venerable author preserves that spirit of observation undiminished, by which he was honourably distinguished many years ago.
Art. 19. An Appendage to the Toilet: or, an Essay on the Management of the Teeth. Dedicated to the Ladies. By Hugh Moises, M.D. Small 8vo. pp. 42. 2s. 6d. Hookham and Carpenter.
This treatise has been effectually secured against the attacks of criticism, by the patronage under which it is placed by its courteous author. Our fair readers will find it, at least, a guide free from noxious practices.
We wish that Dr. M. had avoided breaking Priscian's head, in his motto: AMICUS veritas will not do, even for Lady's Latin.
Art. 20. One Hour's Advice, respecting their Health, to Persons going out to the Island of Jamaica. By R. Wise. 12mo. pp. 70. Is. 6d. Johnson.
This manual is compiled chicfly from Mr. Long's valuable history of Jamaica*, by a gentleman who resided for some time on the island; and who imputes his preservation from the common diseases of the country, and particularly from the yellow fever, to his strict adherence to the rules established in a chapter of Mr. Long's book. They certainly merit the attention of every European who visits Jamaica and we only fear that those, who are most liable to the bad effects of the climate, will be least attentive to the sagest monitor.
Art. 21. A Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Loughborough, Lord High 'Chancellor of England, &c. &c. from Richard Wilson, Esq. M. P. on the Subject of his Bill of Divorce from the Hon. Anne Wilson, late Townsend, presented in the last Session of Parliament to the House of Lords. 8vo. Is. Chapple. 1798.
An unseemly, and, as it appears to us, an unprovoked attack on the characters of the Lord Chancellor and of the Bishop of Rochester, because the House of Lords have thought it proper to dismiss Mr. Wilson's Bill of Divorce.
Art. 22. A Treatise on the Law of Homicide, and of Larceny at
*For our ample account of that work, see Rev. vol. li. p. 159.
tain the law upon all the offences usually tried at the Assises; and that the following pages were written as a part of that work.' Surely, such a publication must be considered as unnecessary, when the Profession possess the able and comprehensive treatises of Chief Justice Hale and Serjeant Hawkins on the Pleas of the Crown. The useless multiplication of law-books is an evil of which we have frequent cause to complain; and we shall persevere in expressing our disapprobation, till the nuisance be in some measure removed.
Art. 23. General Observations on the Power of Individuals to prescribe, by Testamentary Dispositions, the particular future Uses to be made of their Property, occasioned by the last Will of the late Mr. Peter Thellusson of London. By John Lewis de Lolme, LL. D. Author of the Book on the "Constitution of England." 4to. pp. 40. Is. Richardson. 1798.
The observations contained in this pamphlet are all drawn from the argument ab inconvenienti. If they prove any thing, they tend to prove too much, for they endeavour to shew that the acts of the legislature may render that illegal which executors have undertaken to perform. This objection applies, in a great measure, to alter wills under which executors are appointed.
Art. 24. An Address to the People of Great Britain, on the Doctrine
We have read this pamphlet with that pleasure which good writing is calculated to produce on the mind: but we cannot add that any material information on the subject of libels, or on the office of jurors, can be collected from it. It might have been entitled "A Defence of Mr. Wakefield's Answer to the Bishop of Landaff," for such it really is; and, in course, it condemns the late proceedings against that gentleman and the publishers of his book.
The author intimates that a jury should regulate their verdict not only by the evidence adduced in court, but by the evidence which they may have collected aliunde.-This doctrine is in direct opposition to the juryman's oath; by which he is bound, for the wisest and most obvious reasons, to find his verdict according to the evidence which shall be brought forwards at the trial.
Mr. D. selects, from the whole body of moralists, the names of Helvetius, Hume, and Rousseau, as the writers to whose exertions mankind have been the most indebted. Surely other characters might have suggested themselves to Mr. D. on such an occasion; for, with the exception of Hume, persons more objectionable could scarcely have been introduced, at this time, and in this country. Men of genius, however, can render every subject interesting and amusing as we have experienced in the perusal of this Address.
Art. 25. A digested Index to the Seven Volumes of Term Reports in the
sive. With Tables of Reference to the Names of Cases, Statutes
The great advantages resulting from the periodical publication of the Term Reports we have frequently experienced; and, on the appearance of the respective volumes, we have borne willing testimony to their merit.-As their contents, however, are so voluminous and of so various a nature, a clear and compendious manner of referring to them became desirable. This want is here supplied by Mr. Tomlins, whose accuracy and diligence are already known to the Profession; and who, to use his own words, has arranged, methodized, consolidated, and corrected the several indices which were published at the end of each volume, so that all analogous cases might be brought together in one view, the progress of opinion in contested or doubtful instances traced out, and seeming contradictions reconciled or explained; thus in fact affording a Repertorium to these Term Reports which should present a short history of the law laid down from the Bench in the course of the last thirteen years.'
A table of statutes cited, and on which any remarks have been ., made, or on which any points have been directly determined, together with a table of the names of the cases, referring both to the Term Reports and to the present work, are also given; and Mr. Tomlins appears to have spared no pains to render his publication as useful as the nature of the undertaking would admit.
Art. 26. A Charge delivered to the Grand Jury, at the Assizes holden
Art. 27. Letters written from Lausanne. Translated from the French 2 Vols. 12mo. 5s. sewed. Dilly. 1799.
Love and marriage, the usual themes of the novelist, occupy exclusively the pages of this narrative; and, worn as the subjects are, we have perused it with considerable interest ;-yet we cannot wish it an extensive circulation amongst our fair countrywomen, whose stricter morals can derive little improvement from the example of their Gallic neighbours, either before or since the revolution.-Perhaps, the sentiments are exceptionable? No, the sentiments are uniformly excellent.-The personages introduced, then, are unfit for imitation, and probably their vices are pourtrayed with delusive blandishments? Ah no! the characters are generally good, most of them amiable, and none of them bad.-What then, after all, is the tendency of the performance? To prove, that it is infinitely to be lamented that an accomplished young man, of high birth, and a member of the British senate, had not married the kept mistress of a deceased