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This patriotic writer sets out with telling us that all evil arises" from moral or physical disease ;' an observation which reminds us of the shrewd rernark attributed to one of our govenors in Anierica, in days of yorë, who heard at the came time of the damage done to the plantations, and of the loss of several vessels, by a tempest
. “ Ah," said he, “there more mischief done by sea and land, thaa “ in all the world besides."-Proceeding on such sure ground, our author professes to indicate the causes of all the horrors which have agitated Europe, during some years : but we confess that we are totally unable to keep pace with his imaginations. We therefore hastened forwards to the promised remedy; and this, we find, con. sists in a certain degree of reform, and a MORAL UNION of the people; fine words ! it it were possible to make all parties of one mind about their signification. Happily for us, however, the terror of invasion is now completely dissipated ; and, as that crisis is past, we may hope (10 adopt our author's medico-political dialect) that our convalesence, though it may be protracted by accessary synıptoms, is highly pro: bable. We fear that his faith in medicine, for the cure of state-evils is rather over-stretched;
Could he but cast
That should applaud again.
What rhubarb, senna, or what purgatiye drug,
Would scour these Frenchmen hence? It is very fortunate that our navy doctors, Howe, Bridport, St. Vincent, Duncan, and Nelson, have discovered this great desidera. tum; and we trust that their successful practice will be effectually followed up: : Art. 68. Aralian Nights Entertainments ; consisting of One Thou.
sandard One Stories, told by the Sultaness of the Indies, to divert the Sultan from the Execution of a Vow he had made to marry a Lady every Day, and have her cut off next Morning, to avenge himself for the Disloyalty of his first Sultaness : contajning a better Account of the Customs, Manners, and Religion of the Eastern Nations, the Tartars, Persians, and Indians, than is to be met with in any Author hitherto published. Translated into French from the Arabian MSS., by M. Galland, of the Rosal Acadeniy; and now rendered into English from the last Paris Edition. A new Edition, corrected. izmo. 4 Vols.
sewed. Longman. 1798.
This work is a new translation, from the Paris edition of 1786, of ihat portion of the Thousand and One Nights wlrich M. Galland had rendered into French. As the original has not been consulted, no addition to the number of these pleasñig fictions has been derived from that source; a more copious and correct translation of M.Gal. Jand's version being all that is here attempted, and that merit the Editor may claim.
. We conceive that few literary undertakings would contribute more universally to general amusement, than a complete translation, from the Arabic, of the whole series of adventures. The curiosity and interest which they so powerfully excite; the laxuriant descriptions with which they abound ; and the accurate delineations of eastern manners, or (to speak more correctly) of the manners of the Moslems, which they exhibit ; will always attract more attention than is usually allotted to the extravagant incidents of fabulous narrative. Colonel Capper (who considers the whole series as the production of one author) fiequently remarked the attention and pleasure with which the Arabs, in the desert, sat round a fire listening to these stories ; and forgetting, in imaginary scenes of delight, the fatigues and hardships with which, an instant before, they were entirely overcome. Such, indisputably, is the force of imagination'; and such is the ardour with which the natives of the East enter into fabulous recitals. We are by no means so clear that the tales; to which the Colonel saw them listen, were the identical tales contained in the One Thousand and One Nights. There is an infinite variety of similar productions current in the East; and we know from un. doubted authority that this work is scarce, and procured with much difficulty, even at Mecca. We are still more doubtful of his sup'position that all these tales are the productions of one author'; their great number, and unequal merit, afford at least a presumption of the contrary. We think it not improbable that, towards the end of the Calisat, a collection of national stories was made by some Arabian ; certainly, not a learned one ; wlio connected and disfigured them by a gross anachronism. The adventures are mostly placed in the reign of Harun, surnamed al Reshid, or the Just; some of them much later: but our collector has caused them to be related to a prince of the Sassanian dynasty of Persian monarchs. Is it possible that the author of these tales, come of v:hich possess very superior merit, should be ignorant that, long before the time of al Reshid, the race of Sassan was extinct? Is it not much more probable that the introductory tale, in which this anachronism is found, and which is manifestly meant to connect the rest, is the work of some illiterate person, of a later period? We do not advance this opinion as a dogma, bit the Oriental scholar will decide to 'which supposition the scale of probability preponderates.
It only remains that we point out an error which occurs in a note to the preface, where the Genii or Jin of Arabia. mythology is said to be the same with the Div of Persian romance, and with the Devatas of the Hindu Puranas. , Whether the cditor owes this mistaké to M. D’Herbelot, or to Mr. Hole, we have not leisure to examine ; and we must content ourselves with remarking that the actions and attributes ascribed to each bear no similarity to justify the assertion. The Persian Div is an evil spirit ; the Derata, so far from being malignant, are superior emanations of the creative power, destined to preside over the operations of nature, and to perform. the same functions which were allotted to the subordinate deities of Greece and of Rome. There is room for an interesting discussion
KE i vino y
on these aerial forms of Oriental creation : but the result would got, in our opinion, establish the hypothesis to which we object. Har Art. 69. The Good Sthoolmaster, exemplified in the Charaeter of the
Rev.John Clarke, M. A. formerly Fellow of Trinity College, Cam. bridge, and successively Master of the Schools of Shipton, Beverley, and Wakefield, in the County of York. By Thomas Zouch, M.A. & F.L. S. 460.18 Robson, &c. 5798.
An effort to bring obscure merit of whatever kind into light, by Konferring on it just and' appropriate praise, however the execution may succeed, is highly laudable in its design. To the respectabla writer before us we were, not long ago *, indebted. for a valuable re. publicationof this kind; and the present biographical tract exhibits the same disposition to "embalin the memory' of a very useful member of society. We cannot think, however, that Mr. Zouch has been per
fectly faithful to his intention of a plain and artless delineation of character. For the justice of this remark, we refer our readers to che paragrapk relating to Mr. Clarke's litcrary attainments :
· With respect to his literary atrainments he was equal to most of his contemporaries. His knowledge was not merely
confined to those books which are usually introduced into our schools. He thoroughly understood the Poets, the Orators, the Historians, the Philosophers, the Critics of Greece and Rome. He had explored their writings with accuracy and precision. His phitological and grammatical aequiremerts were the result of painful and rigid Tescarches. The appellation of "Little Aristophanes," for he wa small of scature, was given to him from the encomium with which Dr. Bentley honoured him, after a close and severe examination of his proficiency in the works of that poet. The writer of this Me moir recollects with pleasure that facility of language, that happ! How of expression with which he interpreted the select Comedies of the Athenian Dramatist. When the divine Odes of Pindar were before him, he seemed to be full of that enthusiastic fervor, which enAamed t!be Theban Bard With Deindsthenes he was all energy and vehemence. He sweetly moralized with Plato, as if walking along the flowers banks of Flessus. With Isocrates he conversed mild and gentle as the dew on the tender grass. With Leginus be assumed the dignity of an enlightened master of criticism, breathing the sperit of sublimity and grandeur.'
In the character of a schoolmaster, we were surgrised at seeing the following stricture or Mr. Clarke's serupulous attention to his papils in their elementary studies >
• If any part of lvis professional character did not so justly entitle him to applause, it was the scrupulous exactness which he observed in she revising and correcting the exercises of his pupils
. A perfect gucige of fine writing, I had alınost saiel an hypercritic, he assigned to that employment a much larger allotment of time then seemed to be consistent with his other engagements. He serutinised every
word; he weiglied every syHable, with a diligence which was not, perhaps, always necessary.' Walton's Lives, see Rev, vol. xxiv. p. 136.
Surely a minute attention to young seholars, espeeially, cannot be considered as a fault in a tutor, when we reflect how much assiduity is requisite in learning the rudiments of any science.--In general, the sharacter of a good schoolmaster is aceurately drawn by Mr. Zouch; and we read with regret that so much merit as Mr. Clarke possesser in his professional pursuits was not better remunerated.
In this tribute to his friend's memory, Mr. Zouch has shewn an affectionate heart, and a cultivated understanding.
In the 1st page, · Exhibition to the University* seems an improper phrase.
Copper-plates, being a Representation of Dacier's Medals of the
A folio edition of Dacier's medals was published about two years
present elegant little publication. As the delicacy of the plates will not admit of numerous impressions, the experiment, we are informed, is here made on a small scale.
Many have been the abridgments of the History of England, but none similar to this; which is now submitted to the approbation of those who have the care or instruction of youth.'-The editor assures us, in his prefatury advertisement, that
the best authorities have been consulted,' in sketching the leading
We think that most juvenile readers will be pleased with the perasal
Mental Subordination. With Anecdotes. By Anne Frances
This advocate for the ladies, in the old cause of the equality of the
the publication of her pamphlet, are sufficient proofs. Our own opi. nion is indeed rather different from hers. Far from considering women as oppressed, we think that their influence is almost unlimited; and we feel grateful, if they relinquish to inen the empty advantage of cultivating the harsh ungenial soil of abstract science, instead of tak. ing to themselves all grounds of praise, as well as all admiration, and making us niere hewers of wood, and drawers of water.
Miss or Mrs. Randall's indignation against male tyranny has really led her into some hasty assertions. In speaking of the cruelties exer. cised on women accused of witchcraft, she says, “We do not read in history of any act of cruelty practised towards a male bewitcher; though we have authentic records to prove, that many a weak and defenceless woman has been tortured, and even murdered by a people professing Christianity, merely because a pampered priest, or a superstitious idiot, sanctioned such oppression. This is a mistake. Of many instances which might be produced, we shall mention only two, which immediately occur to us; Anne * Dubourg, a Counsellor of Paris, and Urban Grandier, a priest, who were both burnt on charges of witchcraft Possibly Mrs. R. might take the former for a woman, from his Christian name.
If we might presume to mention another observation which has occurred to us, we would confess that we were startled on finding, in the writer's catalogue of literary ladies of the eighteenth century, some distinguished as · Greek and Latin' or • Hebrew Classics,' who are not known to have written any thing in those languages.-On wiping our spectacles, we began to perceive that the author only : meant to inform us that those ladies were classical scholars. We ob serve, however, only four thus recorded ; which we consider as a proof of the imperfection of the list, not as evincing a deficiency of knowlege in the sex. : We forbear any farther remarks on this vigorous and impatient writer ; lest we should have occasion to exclaim, with the gentleman who was knocked down by an uncomplying mistress;
“ Those frowns are cruel, but that fisi is death'!!' Per? Art. 72. Thoughts on Means of allevicting the Miseries attendant upon common Prostitution. 8vo. Is. 6d. Cadell jun. and Davies. 1799.
The common prostitute may reply with the Countess, in the Trata gedy of the Mysterious Mother by the late Lord Orford, on being asked, " Is not virtue Happiness?"'“I know not that. I know that vice is torture."
This torture the author of the pamphlet before us very pathetically describes; and it is impossible to glance a thought towards this 'wretched class of females, without wishing that the wise and the 'virtuous would take their case into serious consideration. The motive
which dictated these pages, as well as the genius which shines in them, deserves praise yet we question whether the remedy for alleviating
Our readers will recollect that thie, female oame of Anne bias frequently been burne by men in France, and sometimes in this country.