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Africa, West Indies, and continent of America, to the Southward of Florida, perform an effectual quarantine. Let the cargoes of suspicious vessels be unloaded, and, with the vessels, be purified at the island.
Let a resident physician, or health-officer, be appointed, who shall never be absent from the island during the above mentioned months, and a consulting physician, who shall reside at Philadelphia.
Let the punishment of a master of a vessel, who evades the law, by landing cargo, crew, or passengers, contrary to the intent and meaning of it, be the same as for murder of the second degree. Let no vessel of war ever be allowed to come above the fort.
Let co-operative laws be procured from the neighbouring legislatures, or from congress.
Let the Board of Health have power, with the concurrence of the governor, to cut off the intercourse with infected persons and places; let the long projected hospital be erected.
Let the most diligent and scrupulous attention be given to cleaning and watering the streets, gutters, and wharfs, throughout the city and liberties."
The hospital here mentioned, we presume, must be a fever-hospital; the best safeguard, undoubtedly, on such occasions.
Fer Art. 32. A few Facts and Observations on the Yellow Fever of the West Indies, by which is shewn, that there have existed two Species of Fever in the West India Islands for several Years past, indiscriminately called Yellow Fever, but which have proceeded from very different Causes; with the Success attending the Method of Cure. By James Anderson, late Surgeon of the 60th Regiment of Foot. 8vo. 1s. Robinsons. 1798.
It is Mr. Anderson's opinion that the proper yellow fever of the West Indies is not contagious, but that a highly infectious fever taged in the islands, which has been described under the same name, and which seems to have resembled the endemic in many of its symptoms. It broke out on board the ship in which Mr. Anderson was returning to England, with a detachment of troops under his care. His practice, which seems to have been very successful, consisted chiefly in giving large doses of calomel with James's powder, in the first days of the disease, so as to keep the bowels very open. Art. 33. Memoirs of Medicine; including a Sketch of Medical History, from the earliest Accounts to the Eighteenth Century. By Richard Walker, Esq. Apothecary to the Prince of Wales. 8vo. pp. 250. 5s. Boards. Johnson. 1799.
This book comprehends a sketch of the history of medicine, drawn p in a light and amusing manner, for the use of students; to whom it will be no disagreeable guide, in the early part of their reading. It is, indeed, exactly such a view of the subject as is generally presented by lectures on the theory and practice of medicine, at the commencement of their course; and it is not improbable that some resource of this kind may have furnished the canvas on which Mr. Walker has laboured.It is but just to repeat, that
this is certainly a performance well calculated for the notice of
We find little either to praise or to blame in this piece of patchwork it is made up of facts and opinions from different writers, fairly quoted by the compiler. Most of the passages have long beea before the public, and we have no right to try them afresh in our court. Many good hints may doubtless be collected from the vo
Art. 35. A Lecture on the Situation of the large Blood-Vessels of the Extremities; and the Method of making effectual Pressure on the Arteries, in Cases of dangerous Effusions of Blood from Wounds. Delivered to the Scholars of the late Maritime School at Chelsea; and first printed for their Use. Third Edition. To which is now added, a brief Explanation of the Nature of Wounds, more particularly those received from Fire-Arms. By William Blizard, F. R. S. 12mo. pp. 84. 35. Boards. Dilly. 1798.
Mr. Blizard has here been very meritoriously engaged in delivering instructions respecting the application of the tourniquet, in cases of wounds; a part of knowlege which ought to be rendered familiar, both in our navy and army, as it may frequently save valuable lives. A general acquaintance with subjects of this nature, as he has rightly judged, would be an useful part of the education of officers.
Art. 36. An Enquiry into the Nature and Causes of the great Mortality among the Troops at St. Domingo: with practical Remarks on the Fever of that Ísland; and Directions for the Conduct of Europeans on their first Arrival in warm Climates. By Hector M'Lean, M. D. Assistant Inspector of Hospitals for St. Domingo. 8vo. pp. 358. 6s. Boards. Cadell jun. and Davies. 1797.
Our review of this book has been so long delayed by unavoidable accidents, that it would now be out of season to enter into a par ticular analysis of it; a great part of the information which it contains having been superseded by recent events, and later publications.
Dr. McLean considers the yellow fever of St. Domingo to be the endemic remittent of that island, not infectious, and acting with unusual violence, because applied to English constitutions; which are peculiarly susceptible of the morbid attack from their plethoric state, and from habits of free living. As every idea of conquering this island seems now to be abandoned, the author's plans for preserving the health of Europeans in it excite only regret for past fatality, and thanks for his well-meant endeavours.
In the cure of the disease, Dr. McLean seems to have met with much disappointment. He has related his failures with the sandour of a man of science, and we feel pleasure in acknowleging the merit of his frankness. He found, at length, that bleeding and cold
bathing afforded more relief than any other method of treatment. The practice certainly appears very singular; it is really
Miscere quadrata rotundis :
but from careful experience there is no appeal.
We cannot avoid observing that there is a strange mixture of matter and manner in this work. The practical part is simple and plain : but it is overwhelmed with a quantity of theoretical declamation, very little connected with the subject, which almost appears to be the production of a different author.-From the extent and duration of Dr. M'Lean's personal experience, however, this book will continue to be considered as authority on several questions relating to this epidemic. Fer Art. 37. Advice to the Commanders and Officers of his Majesty's Fleet serving in the West-Indies, on the Preservation of the Health of Seamen. By Leonard Gillespie, M. D. Surgeon to the Naval Hospital, Fort Royal, Martinico. 8vo. Cuthell. 1798.
This sensible tract contains many observations which merit the attention of our naval commanders. It is written with great brevity, and therefore does not admit any analysis: but we shall extract a note, which contains a new and important fact concerning the origin of fever.
There is great reason to suppose that the generation of a shipfever took place on board his Majesty's ship Avergavenny, on her passage to the West Indies, in the spring of 1796, which affected almost every person on board, in a greater or less degree, from the putrefaction of a large quantity of potatoes which had been put on board, for the use of a regiment embarked in that ship.'
The writer's general instructions seem to be the result of personal experience, and we recommend them to those who have it in their power to enforce them.
Art. 38. Hints on the Ventilation of Army Hospitals and Barrack Rooms; also on Regimental Practice: on Matrimony, (as it regards the private Soldier,) and on Regimental Education, (as proposed by ingenious Authors,) submitted with Deference to the Officers and Surgeons of the British Army. By W. H. Williams, Surgeon to the Eastern Regiment of Norfolk Militia. 12mo. 25. Longman.
This pamphlet offers a project for a new ventilator, which cannot be understood without the copper-plate print, and which does not appear to possess any great superiority over former contrivances of a similar kind. The other parts of the work contain some particulars that may be of use to regimental surgeons: but we do not perceive that any great accession of knowlege is likely to accrue from it, to ge
Art. 39. Medicine Praxeos Compendium; Symptomata, Causas, Diagnosin, Prognosin, et medendi rationem, exhibens. Auctore, Edvardo Goodman Clarke, M, D. 12mo. pp. 214. 55. sewed. Johnson, &c. 1799.
The arrangement of diseases, and the enumeration of symptoms, are here chiefly taken from Dr. Cullen's Nosology. The additions of
the Causes, Prognostics, Diagnosis, and method of cure, render this 457 pamphlet a complete Manual of Practice, which may prove instructive to students; and it may even be found a tolerable text-book for practitioners in general. We have often wished to see a work of this nature undertaken, on a larger scale, in imitation of Dr. Home's Principia Medicina; a production which only requires some revisal and enlargement, to resume the high station which it held, not many years ago, among medical productions.
Fer Art. 40. The Laws respecting Wills, Testaments and Codicils, and Executors, Administrators, and Guardians, laid down in a plain and easy manner; in which all technical Terms of Law are familiarly explained; and in which the Statute of Wills, and such Parts of the Statute of Frauds and Perjuries, as relate to the Subject of Divines, are particularly considered and expounded; with Remarks and Directions for the use of those who are desirous of making their own Wills. Also the methods of Descent and Distribution of Property, where no Will is made, as collected from the several Reports and other Books of Authority up to the present Time. Containing likewise a Complete Abstract of the Legacy Act, an Account of the Expence of proving a Will, and of obtaining Let-. ters of Administration: the Stamps on which Discharges for Legacies and distributive Shares are to be written, &c. &c. Appendix of Precedents, comprising a great Variety of the most With an approved Forms of Wills, Testaments, Codicils, &c. relative to every Description of Property. The Third Edition, corrected and much enlarged. By the Author of the Laws respecting Landlords and Tenants. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Clarke and Son. After having laboured through a title-page so comprehensive and 1799. full of promise, how will the reader smile at being informed that the entire work, with its full apparatus of Preface, Table of Contents, Appendix, and Index, does not consist of one hundred and forty pages? This circumstance will probably remind him, as it did us, of the adage which was so common in our school-boy days: "It is to promise, but it is hard to perform."-What Mr. Bird's abilities be for a due performance of so magnificent a promise, we cannot say, as he has confined himself to limits much too circumscribed for even a few of the many topics which he has introduced. This we hinted to him on a former occasion, in our article concerning his first edition, in our 18th volume, N. S. p. 222; and we are sorry at now being obliged to repeat the observation.
Art. 41. The Laws respecting Parish Matters, containing the several Offices and Duties of Church-Wardens, Overseers of the Poor, Constables, Watchmen, and other Parish Officers. The Laws concerning Rates and Assessments, Settlements and Removals of the Poor, and of the Poor in general. The Laws relating to Repairs of Highways, Weights and Measures, &c. The whole laid down in a plain and easy Manner, in which all technical Terms of Law are familiarly explained, as collected and digested from the several Reports and other Books of Authority up to the present REV. AUG. 1799. Time;
Time; also an Appendix of Precedents, comprising a great Variety of the most approved Forms of all such Instruments as most fre quently occur in the Management of Parish Affairs. The Second Edition, improved and much enlarged. By the Author of the Laws of Landlord and Tenant, Law of Wills, Laws of Masters and Servants, &c. 8vo. pp. 144. 2s. 6d. Clarke and Son. 1799. If Mr. Bird be not entitled to much praise as a book-maker, he should surely obtain a patent for title-pages; for that numerous class of readers, who never extend their inquiries farther, cannot fail of encouraging his labours.
Art. 42. The Security of Englishmen's Lives, or the Trust, Power, and Duty of the Grand Juries of England, explained according to the Fundamentals of the English Government, and the Declarations of the same made in Parliament by many Statutes. First published in the Year 1681. To which is prefixed a Sketch of the History of Juries, by a Barrister. 8vo. pp. 120. 2s. 6d. West. 1798. This tract was originally published in the year 1681 in 12mo., again in 1632 in 4to., and, besides having been re-printed in Lord Somers's Tracts, appeared in 8vo. in the years 1715 and 1766.—It was written in the reign of Charles II., and has been attributed to Lord Shaftesbury, Lord Essex, and, with greater probability, to Lord Somers, whose exertions were so uniformly beneficial to the Constitution. The present edition, the work having become scarce, is recommended not only by its own intrinsic merit, but by several. sensible and pertinent observations.
Art. 43. Term Reports in the Court of King's Bench, from Michaelmas Term 31st George III. to Trinity Term 32d George III. both inclusive. By Charles Durnford and Edward Hyde East of the Temple, Esqrs. Barristers at Law. Vol. IV. a new Edition, corrected, with additional References. Royal 8vo. 198. Boards. Butterworth.
We have only to announce to our readers the appearance of this work in its present commodious size, as we have on a former occasion discussed the merits of the performance.
Do Art. 44. Observations on the present State and Influence of the Peor Lares; founded on Experience; and a Plan proposed for the Consideration of Parliament; by which the Affairs of the Poor may in future be better regulated; their Morals and Habits of Industry greatly improved; and a considerable Reduction in the Poor Rates effected. By Robert Saunders, Esq. 8vo. pp. 190. 3s. 6d. Boards. Sewell. 1799.
The great attention, which has been paid of late years to the concerns of the Poor, reflects much credit on the humanity of the age; and many of the publications which we have noticed, on this inte resting and important topic, are as honourable to the character of their authors for the abilities which they shew, as for the benevolence of the rotives in which they originated. Mr. Saunders, having acted for the period of two years as overseer of a populous parish, possessed oppurtunities of knowlege and means of information which belong to few maniduals; and the good sense and practical remarks, to be found