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Tell your invaders this, and tell them too, we seek no change ; and, least of all, such change as they would bring us.'

We remember that Tom Davies, in one of his lucubrations on the Drama, attributes our naval successes in 1759 to Garrick's popular song of“ Hearts of Oak:" May we have yet greater reason to celebrate the benefits resulting from the Tyrtean strains of Mr. Sheridan!

Other translations of this play have appeared, but we have not yet had time to perưse them.

Art. 24. Substance of the Speech of the Right Hon. Lord Sheffield,

April 22, 1799, on the Subject of Union with Ireland. 8vo.
18. 6d. Debrett.

Lord Sheffield has considered the great and most highly interesting question, which is the subject of this senatorial oration, with becoming temper, candour, and well-grounded information. He is de. cidedly in favour of the proposed measure ; arguing chiefly in sup. port of an union between the Sister Islands, from its absolute NECESSITY. To evince that necessity is the important object of his Lordship’s well-digested, well-expressed, and very comprehensive investigation.

The political and commercial welfare of Ireland has long been the subject of Lord Sheffield's inquiries: see our Rev. for Feb. 1785, p. 142. ; and for April, in the same year, p. 304. vol. lxxii. of our Old Series. Art. 25. Observations on the Speech of the Right Hon. John FOSTER,

Speaker of the House of Commons of Ireland, delivered there
April 11, 1799. By a Gentleman at the Bar. Svo.
This acute controversialist seems to think, as he certainly writes,
with some degree of contempt both of Mr. F.'s motives and argu-
ments respecting the proposed union of the two kingdoms : exulting
over his Right Hon. opponent, as a victor does over a vanquisheri
enemy. Indeed the contest appears to be at an end ; and there re-
mains no doubt that this great national measure will be carried into
effect.—May it be happily attended with all the advantages to both
countries, which may reasonably be expected from it!-- Mr.
Foster's celebrated oration was respectfully mentioned in the Review
for June, p. 215.

Art. 26. Observations on Insanity : with practical Remarks on the

Disease, and an Account of the morbid Appearances on Dissec-
tion. By John Haslam, Apothecary to Bethlem-Hospital. 8vo.
pp. 147. 35. Rivingtons, &c. 1798.

Practitioners in general have such scanty opportunities of acquiring a knowlege of the symptoms of insanity, that a work of this nature, from a person who has many instances of the disease always before his eyes, must be highly acceptable to the profession.

Mr. Haslam begins with an attempt to define insanity ; in which, we think, he has not been happy, because it does not include some

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of the most striking phænomena of the disease. He explains it to
be an incorrect association of familiar illeas, independent of the prejudices
of education, accompanied with implicit belief, and generally with violent
or depressing passions. Surely, when the madman mistakes a wreath
of straw for a royal crown, or a stick for a golden sceptre, there is
something more than incorrect association of ideas; there must be
vitiated perception.

The collection of cases, and the account of dissections, which
seem to be accurately drawn up, form the most valuable part of this
work. On the method of cure, we meet with no satisfactory in-
formation. Mr. H. thinks that vomiting is useless, and that pur-
gatives are the remedies best adapted to the cure of insanity. We
believe that the experience of other practitioners has led them to
different conclusions. We were, indeed, much surprised by an ob-
servation of Mr. Haslam (p. 13), that the treatment which he
had observed as most successful, in Melancholy, was not different
from that which is employed in Mania.' If tonic and stimulant
remedies have not proved beneficial in melancholy, and medicines of
an opposite nature have not been successful in mania, the public has
been greatly deceived by very respectable writers; if otherwise,
Mr. Haslam has made an unguarded assertion.

Fes? Art. 27. The Effect of the Nitrous Vapour, in preventing and destroy. ing Contagion ; ascertained, from a variety of Trials, made chieny by Surgeons of his Majesty's Navy, in Prisons, Hospitals, and on board of Ships : with an Introduction respecting the Nature of the Contagion, which gives Rise to the Jail or Hospital Fever; and the various Methods formerly employed to prevent or destroy this. By James Carmichael Smyth, M. D. F. R. S. pp. 234. 45. Boards. Johnson. 1799.

The researches into the nature of contagion, and into the means of preventing its effects, are highly honourable to the present age. They have been excited, indeed, by alarming and extraordinary occurrences, but they have been prosecuted with unexpected success. In the publication before us, we are presented with a collection of facts, demonstrative of the efficacy of a very simple process, in diminishing, at least, perhaps in destroying, the virulence of febrile contagion as it arises from the human body. The introductory part is a re-publication of Dr. Smyth's pamphlet which appeared in 1796 *; and it is unnecessary here to repeat our commendation of it.

From the ample testimonials now produced, it appears that the extrication of the nitrous vapour not only overcomes the offensive smell arising from patients in fevers, but that it renders the air more respirable t, and greatly lessens the danger of infection. As a work of this nature does not admit abridgment,

we must refer our readers to the original for farther information. The facts are certainly of 'I great public importance, and they seem to be fully established by the evidence brought before us.


* See M. R. vol. xxi. p. 90,

+ Page 92


Art. 28. An Essay on the Nature and Treatment of a Putrid Malig

nant Fever, which prevailed at Warwick, and in the neighbouring Villages, in the Year 1798. By George Lipscomb, Surgeon at Warwick. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Rivingtons. 1799.

Mr. Lipscomb's essay contains a very distinct account of this epidemic; the only uncommon circumstance attending which was the frequent occurrence of aphthæ in the mouth and fauces. The author's practice appears to have beeu judicious and successful: but it differs in no respect from the mode of treatment now generally adopted, by the best practitioners, in similar diseases.

Fes? Art. 29. Cautions to Women respecting the State of Pregnancy; the

Progress of Labour and Delivery, &c. By Seguin Henry Jackson, M. D.

12mo. Pp. 276. 45. 6d. Boards. Robinsons. 1799.

Dr. Jackson informs us, in his prefatory advertisement, that he was induced to publish these cautions by reading the Memoirs of Mrs. (Wollstonecraft) Godwin ; as the illness which terminated her life appeared to him to have originated in the neglect of some of the attentions necessary during the puerperal state. What the fatal omissions were, Dr. Jackson has not specified in the course of the work : but we think

that his cautions may be perused with advantage by the sex. They are expressed with suficient brevity and perspicuity to be read and remembered; which is the chief requisite of a performance of this nature.

D: Art. 30. Medical Admonitions addressed to Fimilies, respecting the

Practice of Domestic Medicine, and the Preservation of Health. With Directions for the Treatment of the Sick, on the first Appearance of Disease ; by which its Progress may be stopped, and a fatal Termination prevented from taking place through Neglect or improper Interference. By James Parkinson. 12mo.

2 vols. 9s. Boards. Dilly, &c.

This is a well-meant performance, and is executed with tolerable success. The author confines himself to descriptions of those symptoms which indicate the presence of absence of danger, in diseases ; and his directions relate entirely to regimen, and the duties of the nurse. Whether his account of symptoms will always be sufficiently clear and familiar, for the comprehension of those whom he means to instruct, must be ascertained by their voice; a decision much more interesting to the author than our opinion.

Since the first publication of these volumes, Mr. Parkinson has printed a considerable addition to them, which may be had by pur. chasers of the first impression. It consists of a Table of Symptoms, pointing out such as distinguish one disease from another; as well as those which shew the degree of danger in each disease :-followed by observations on the excessive inchilgence of children, particularly intended to shew its injurious effects on their health, and the difficulties it occasions in their treatment during sickness.?

Art. 31. Who'll change Old Lamps for New? or a Word or Two

concerning the Clergy and their Provision. Syo. 15. 6d. Ca.
dell, ius. and Davies. 1599.




The head title of this pamphlet alludes to the story of Aladdin's Lamp in the Arabian Nights; and the author introduces his subject by reprobating that inconsiderate eagerness which many discover to change old opinions, old principles, old habits, old manners, old rules of acting, old constitutions, old governments, old laws, for new ones.' A vindication of tythes, as a suitable provision for the clergy, and of the justice as well as policy of continuing to them their present provision, follows this exordium. Against the plan which the author mentions as having been suggested, for the future subsistence of the clergy in lieu of tythes, there may be substantial objections ; viz. o that the person who pays tythe is to be invited to advance to go. yernment a certain sum of money :-in return for this money ad. vanced, he is never again to be charged with any tythe :-the sum advanced is to be placed as a capital in the Stocks: and the interest of such capital is to be paid annually to the parson whose tythe is thus redeemed.'

Certain it is that it would be ungenerous to make the clergy depend on the voluntary contributions of their parishioners, and unjust to deprive the present incumbent of his revenue : but it does not follow that the payment of tythe in its present form must be perpetual, because it has continued co years.

Tythe is a species of property of a very singular kind. Men of the first reputation, and friends to the Establishment, have advised the Legislature to consider of some other provision for the clergy: but such objections are made to it, that there seems no prospect at present of any alteration,

The author has discussed the subject in a sprightly dialogue, and prefers, in case of an alteration, a corn-rent, to all other substitutions : but he would not have ys be too hasty in exchanging the old for the new lamp.

Moody Art. 32. A concise Selection of the divine Excellencies of Revelation :

with a Word of Advice for the Reformation of the Reformer
Thomas Paine. To which are added a Prescription for every
Evil ; and a Plan for the Reconciliation of all contending Powers.
8vo.' 6d. Longman.

This author conceives that Mr. Paine has unfortunately mistaken the method of reforming the world, of establishing peace, harmony, and good order in all nations, and of putting an end to bribery, corruption, and all kinds of wickedness. This is not at all extraordinary, as it has been the case with many persons in all ages :

but how the Countryınan (for so he subscribes himself at the end i of his pamphlet) came to know that circumstance is somewhat

surprising, since he says, p. 13, I have not read your writings,
either on politics or religion. Such being the state of the case,
we shall beg leave to stop here, and proceed to another article. Tooke.
Art. 33. Sormons on various Subjecis, by the Reverend Richard Mar.

shall, A; B. Fellow of Dulwich College, Surry. 8vo. Pp. 302.
6s. Boards. Richardson. 1798.

Of these twelve sermons, two were delivered on fast-days, two at funerals, and one before a friendly society. We cannot rank them in the first class of pulpit compositions ; yet we may allow them con




siderable merit. If they do not manifest great depth of learning or of genius, they discover good sense and candour, with a benevolent design in the author to render himself useful in that station allotted to him.

When he has occasion to speak of our national enemies, he does not run into that rant of declamation, which may lead his readers to suspect his sincerity: but, after the example of his great Master, he directs his hearers to an inquiry concerning theniselves. Political and party matters, however, are not his object. Some passages are well expressed, and with a degree of animation

sufficient to convince us that Mr. Marshall might have improved his compositions by farther attention.-Were the performance severely tried by the standard of creeds and articles, it is doubtful whether it would come forth under the full stamp of what would be termed sound doctrine : but, if to lead men to repentance, to improvement in real and rational piety, charity, and rectitude, be allowed as orthodox, it might safely assert its claim to the character.--Deficiencies, wanderings, and imperfections will certainly offer themselves to the notice of the critical reader, but candour will make due allowance, on observing the general aim and tendency of the dis

thi Art. 34. Additional Evidences of the Truth of Christianity, in Two

Visitation Sermons. By George Law, M. A. Prebendary of
Carlisle. 4to.

Pp: 40.

Faulder. 1798.
The first of these discourses exhibits a proof of the completion
of our Saviour's prophecy concerning the destruction of Jerusalem,'
from the reply which was made to Peter, John, xxi. 20, 21, 22, 23.
The words of Christ, “ 'till I come,” are the principal foundation
of the argument; which is pursued with ingenuity.—The second ser-

mon presents the reader with Additional Evidences of the Truth of
If Christianity,' from Acts, xxvi. part of verse 27.—These evidences
are also well worthy of attentive perusal.

In the course of these disquisitions, the author is led to some
remarks on the conduct of the French people, who are supposed to
have rejected the Christian doctrine. At the same time that he laments
their errors and their folly, he candidly suggests some kind of alle-
viation, which others have seemed willing to forget ; it is, the mon-
strous corruption with which this doctrine was, among them, over-
whelmed ; and they, regarding the whole as Christianity, rashly and
fpolishiy have endeavoured to demolish it.— The sermons are well
written. One of them was preached at Baldock, at the Visitation
of the Bishop of Lincoln, May 31, 1797 ; the second, at the same
place, May 17, 1798, before the Archdeacon of Huntingdon. DO
Art. 35. díorning and Evening Prayers for the Use of individuals ;

to which are added, Prayers on particular Subjects. 12mo.
Boards. Johnson. 1798.

These devotional forms are published at the expence of a 'society
of Unitarian Christians, established in the West of England for pro-
moting Cluistian knowlege, and the pract!ce of virtue, by the dis-
tribution of books.' Soide of the prayers, we are informed, are
Baked from the Dissertations of the late Mr. West of Exeter, on


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