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We have, in this play, many attempts at the sublime, in which
Kotzebue has not succeeded, Such is the following speech of
Rolla, when he is informed that Cora is condemned to die:

“ Tremble then, O earth, and let thy whole surface become de-
solate! Groan! groan! ye hills! Thou fire, burst forth in the val.
leys [vallies] and consume the fruits of the soil, that the fertile spots
may no longer be crowned with verdure, but the whole earth appear
as one vast scene of conflagration ! Rise, ye terrors of Nature, ye
storms and whirlwinds, that I may breathe more freely amid your
mighty conflicts,-that the voice of my agony may contend with
your roarings! that my arm may slay more rapidly than the light-
ning itself.

We remember a similar passage in a burlesque tragedy, which had somę celebrity in the days of our youth, and which was considered as the successor of Hurlothrumbo:

“ A blow! shall Bombardinian take a blow?

Blush, blush, thou Sun! start back, thou rapid Ocean!
Hills, Vales, and Mountains, all commixing crumble,
And into chaos pulverize the world!
For Bombardinian has receiv'd a blow,

And Chrononhotonthologos shall die!"-
Even this tirade of Rolla, however, is out-done in a succeeding
speech, where he threatens to kill his enemies after he is dead :

• Sooner shall he be stretched upon the earth, senseless, motion-
less, a breathless corpse! Yet let him not even then be trusted liastily!
examine carefully that every spark of life be really extinguished, since
if only one be left smothering, it will assuredly burst forth into a
fame, and consume the persecutors of Cora !”

This stroke seems rather calculated for the meridian of Tipperary, than that of Vienna or London. We can, however, assure the numerous admirers of this poet, that this is by no means the worst of his performances.

Fer.... Art. 40. The Reconciliation : a Comedy, in Five Acts. Translated from the German of Augustus Von Kotzebue. 8vo.

3 5.
Ridgway.

In this comedy, more attention is paid to the discrimination of
character, than in some of the preceding drainas: but it is unfor-
tunately over-run with an exuberance of sentiment; a fault which
the Germans seem to have contracted, just as we have been getting
rid of it. Here are a sentimental shoemaker and house-maid, who
open the piece, and give a view of the characters, in the following
delectable dialogue :
Will

. Good morrow to you, Miss Ann.
Ann. Thank you, honest William.
Will. How are all the family? how does the old gentleman come

Ann. He has had a tolerable good night; he is getting better
every day.

Will Upon my soul I am glad of it, for the sake of your good mistress, and for your own sake too, Miss Ann.

Ann.

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Ann. You are right there ; for such a good place I shall never have again. Be our pittance ever so scanty, my master has no better fare than myself; and when love and affection distribute the bread, no matter whether the slices be large or small. There is many a lady's maid, indeed, that has greater wages than mine, and that dresses in silk and muslin : but then the mistresses are sometimes so queer and ill-tempered-never pleased—no pin will do unless pinned ten times over-and every fold in a handkerchief is to be twisted into a thousand different shapes, before it will suit their fancy. But my young mistiess, up she gets in a minute, dressed she is in another, and wants no assistance whatever.

Will. And carries always the smile of a Madonna on her countenance. Ann. I never yet heard her utter an angry word in my life.

Will. Her lips seem not to be formed for that neither. · Ann. Ah, she is a good child, indeed! she will never be so much as out of temper. She has borne the long illness of her father with uncommon constancy and resolution. The old man might mutter and grumble ever so much, she would be courteous and resigned. She has not slept a wink these many weeks, and would not suffer me to sit up by the old gentleman ; as soon as the clock struck ten she would bid me go and lie down. In the beginning I was very uneasy about it. Miss is young, thinks I; she may be well-disposed for aught I know, but she may fall asleep; and when young people have once shut their eyes, not even a thunderclap will rouse them. But I was in the wrong box there: Miss Charlotte would nod by her fas ther's bed-side, but at the least cough she would be at his service.'

This, it may be said, is Nature : but it is certainly not la belle Nature. In the description of Village-Manners, the blacksmiths' or barbers' shops would furnish scenes perfectly natural, but very disgusting. The rustics introduced here are distinguished by nothing that can apologize for their production on the stage ; while they talk, the reader yawns, and the plot stands still.

In the character of Frank Bertram and his Servant, we perceive an attempt to copy Uncle Toby and Trim : but the recollection is rather unfavourable to Kotzebue ; for Sterne possessed the art of blotting too well, to permit insipidity to constitute any part of their qualities.

Fer...r. Art. 41. Feudal Times; or the Banquet Gallery; a Drama, in Two

Acts. Written by George Colman, the Younger. 8vo.
Cadell jun, and Davies. 1799.

This drama being, as the author humbly informs us, a mere vehicle for well-painted scenes, ingenious machinery, and music, rather than containing in itself poetry, plot, or character, no fame is to be expect. ed from its dramatic merit. Had Milton, when he wrote his Mask of Comus, been of this opinion, would he have thought it worth while to bestow so much pains and poetry on that exquisite production? Our lyric bards, at present, seem to think that any nonsense, if it be well-tuned, will do for music ; or, as Mr. Colman contemptuously calls it, Sing-Song; and, under this prejudice, they take it for granted shat neither genius nor pains can bc nccessary in arranging the fable,

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striking out new characters, enlivening the dialogue, or polishing the songs ; and thus they perpetuate the idea of nonsense being a fitter excuse for singing than good poetry would be. We will just remind our lyric scribes, that no musical piece ever fully succeeded on our stage without dramatic merit ; which is the more essential in our national theatres, because the dialogue is declaimed, and intelligible to all hearers, and not recited to musical sounds like the Italian recia tative. The French comic operas, performed in the same manner as ours, are all as well-written dramas, exclusively of the merit of the musical airs, as any pieces entirely intended for declamation ; and Me tastasio's Melo-dramas are not the less fit for music, because they are admirably constructed, and abound with beautiful sentiments in the dialogue, as well as exquisite poetry in the airs which terminate each

Though the first act of Feudal Times chiefly consists in noise (we beg Mr. Kelly's pardon) and show, the incidents of the second act are sufficiently interesting to excite fear for the success of the plot, and terror for the safety of the principal characters. We cannot help adding to the preceding reflections, that the words of the songs are uncommonly rough, and in want of lyrical selection.

However harsh and rude our Celtic dialect may be, compared with that of Italy, Mason, in his Elfrida and Caractacus, has manifested the possibility of giving such a variety and polish to the lyric measures, without enfeebling the sense, as clearly point out to the musical composer, the kind of melody, whether pathetic, graceful, or spirited, that will best suit the numbers, and embellish and fortify the ideas of the poet.

We are not told at what period of time we are to imagine that Fitzallan, the principal character of the piece, lived: but, as the incidents, scenery, and decorations, carry us up to Gothic periods and feudal contentions, we doubt whether the costume of those times will allow of such a knowlege of the use of gunpowder, as the discharge of cannon and the springing of mines imply.

D! B....y. The Peckham Frolic : or Nell Gwyn. A Comedy, in

Three Acts. 8vo. is. 6d. Hatchard. 1799. The scene of this little drama is laid at Peckham in Surry, where Charles the Second frequently resided with some select friends. The jokes and freaks of this witty and thoughtless monarch and his facetious companions have been so well preserved by tradition, and retailed from Joe Miller, that they are become too old and thread-bare for present wear. Yet we must own that the language of the dialogue is new, however antient may be the jokes. We believe that the following words and fashionable cant-phrases were not current during the last century: revolts, retrospective, felicitous, eventful, hebdomadal habit of intimacy, matrimonial contact, decided approbation, give you credit for that pun, buld to tell you, &c.—The title of Miss was not given to spinsters, however young ard beautiful, in the time of Nell Gwyn : it was Mrs. Eleanor Gwyn, Mrs. Ann Killigrew, Mrs. Arabella Hunt, and even Mrs. Anastasia Robinson, at the beginning of thč present century.

The bons mots of Voltaire and his friends have been lately drama sized at Paris, in a similar manner, in a piece entitled Une journée de

Fernay,

Art. 42.

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Fernay, written by a junto of four different authors: Piés, Barré,
Radet, and Desfontaines. We have not seen this drama : but the
French journalists say that, its object being to unite all the charac-
teristic features of Voltaire in one frame, the attempt has perfectly
succeeded. -We have heard that Mr. Jerningham is the author of
the drama before us.
Art. 43. The Discard:d Secretary ; or, the Mysterious Chorus. Ar

Historical Play, in Three Acts. By Edmund John Eyre, of the
Theatres Royal Bath and Bristol. Svo. 28. Longman.

Prefaces complaining of the ill-behaviour of managers, and of the plagiarisms of rival bards, are so frequently penned, by authors of rejected plays, that we can scarcely prevail on ourselves to read them : but to comment on them, or to enter into the merits of the cause for the information of our readers, is beyond our most industrious efforts. Many complainants are indeed unable, in telling their own story, to make either the hearer or the reader understand their grievances; and if they do, inquiry still remains to be made into the accuracy of their deposition. So much for the Preface.

The writing of this piece appears, in some scenes, far from contemptible; yet the author is not always correct in his historical facts, nor in his delineation of the principal characters. The eulogium of Queen Elizabeth on Admiral Blake, previously to the year 1588, indeed surprized us: as that great scainan and supporter of Cromwell was not born till 1599! We do not very well understand how the son of the Earl of Leicester comes to be Lord Frederic; the title of Lord before the christian-name only belonging to the younger sons of Dukes and Marquisses. If Frederic was the eldest son of the then Earl of Leicester, his title must have been Frederic Lord Dudley, the first honour conferred by Elizabeth on her favourite. On the whole, we do not much wonder that this production was not received by a London manager : indeed it does not appear, as yct, to have been represented on any stage.

· D.O Art. 44. Laugh when you can : a Comerly, in Five Acts. As per

formed at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden. By Frederic Reynolds. 8vo. 25. Longman. 1799.

It ever seems inauspicious, when much mirth is promised previously to the relation of a story, or to the appearance of a new play or new character on the stage. Perhaps expectation may be raised to an insatiable degree ; or, from a perversity in human nature, there may be an unwillingness even to laugh by compulsion. There is a great dificulty in obtaining a laugh or a tear on the credit of an author's promissory notes. Traps for wit, and traps for mirtli, are alike uncertain of their object. We have never been present at the representation of this comedy, and are unable to judge of its effects on the stage : but we must own that, on perusal, our old and rigid muscles were seldom convulsed, or our dignity diminished by risibility.--Indeed the chief business of this jocular play being the seduction of a married woman, and the dishonour and distress of a worthy husband, it cannot possibly be rendered comical by the flippant jokes of profligate characters.

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The Prologue is a parody on Pope's celebrated Prologue to Addion's Cato. The first act begins with the developement of a fine-gentleman-inn-keeper, a modern Boniface ; who does not indeed associate with highwaymen, though he is extremely familiar with jockers and gan blers. The insolence of this gentleman's self.importance is sarcastically comic: but the subsequent scenes are serious villainy, mixed with the grave censure and moral reflections of an honest negro sera vant, and the mischievous calumny and plots of an envious old maid. This seems to be the business of la comédie larmoiante, not of contes à rire. Indeed, Miss Emily's wish to be married, and the hoaxing bet, are not unpleasant.

Act the second contains serious distress and determined liberti. nism throughout, except in the farcical determination of the hoax, ing bet.

In Act the third, the fable is but little advanced. Indeed we disa cover now, for the first time, who is Emily's guardian : but though the young lady is in close confinement, she offers her service to make inquiries after Mortimer.'

The fourth and fifth Acts are confused, and the denouement is
brought about in an aukward manner. We know not what turn
Mr. Lewis may have given to the part of Gossamer, the Momus of
the piece : but, in perusal, the jokes are fiat, and the humour is
neither natural nor pleasant.

POLITICS, FINANCE, &c.
Art. 45. Three Essays, on Taxation of Income. With Remarks on

the late Act of Parliament on that Subject. On the National
Debt; the Public Funds ; on the probable Consequences of the
Law for the Sale of the Land Tax; and on the present State of
Agriculture in Great Britain : with a Scheme for the Improve.
ment of every Branch of it, and Remarks on the Difference be.
tween National Produce and Consumption. 8vo. pp. 140. 35.
Cadell jun. and Davies. 1799.

The author of these essays recommends that all assessments should
be laid on income, and that articles of consumption should be
entirely relieved from taxation.

He argues respecting the inequality of taxation on consumpiion, that those who expend their full income must contribute in a greater proportion than those who live only on a small part ; and that such taxes are objectionable on acccunt of the great additional expence which the mode of collection throws on the consumer. It is obvious that taxes on consumption must greatly obstruct commerce : but, where the necessities of government are so great as at present they are in Great Britain, a branch of revenue so productive as the customs and excise could not be spared, nor indeed any other tax, without an equivalent.-It is likewise a principle in the author's plan of finance, to raise sufficient for the whole of the expenditure, and a surplus beyond, within each year. All this, he is of opinion, can with case be obtained by means of taxing income only.

In so short a time as that which has elapsed since the adoption of the income tax, it has become a fashion in financial speculations to regard it as a resource inexhaustible, and capable of effects far Rev. JUNE, 1799

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