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« The sun above the mountain's head,
A freshening lustre mellow,
His first sweet evening yellow.
Come, hear the woodland linnet,
There's more of wisdom in it.
And he is no mean preacher ;
Let Nature be your teacher.
Our minds and hearts to bless-
Truth breathed by chearfulness.
May teach you more of man ;
Than all the sages can.
Our meddling intellect
-We murder to dissect.
Close up these barren leaves ;
That watches and receives.' The Old Man travelling, a Sketch, finely drawn : but the termination seems pointed against the war; from which, however, we are now no more able to separate ourselves, than Hercules was to free himself from the shirt of Nessus. The old tra. yeller's son might have died by disease.
Each ballad is a tale of woe. The style and versification are those of our antient ditties: but much polished, and constantly excellent. In old songs, we have only a fine line or stanza now and then ; here we meet with few that are feeble:- but it is poesie larmoiante. The author is more plaintive than Gray himself.
The Complaint of a forsaken Indian Woman: another tale of woe! of the most afflicting and harrowing kind. The want of humanity here falls not on wicked Europeans, but on the innocent Indian savages, who enjoy unlimited freedom and liberty, unbridled by kings, magistrates, or laws.
The Convict. What a description ! and what misplaced commiseration, on one condemned by the laws of his country, which he had confessedly violated ! We do not comprehend the drift of lavishing that tenderness and compassion on a criminal, which should be reserved for virtue in unmerited misery and distress, suffering untimely death from accident, injustice, or disease.
Lines written near Tintern Abbey.— The reflections of no conmon mind; poetical, beautiful, and philosophical : but somewhat tinctured with gloomy, narrow, and unsociable ideas of seclusion from the commerce of the world : as if men were born to live in woods and wilds, unconnected with each other! Is it not to education and the culture of the mind that we owe the raptures which the author so well describes, as arising from the view of beautiful scenery, and sublime objects of nature enjoyed in tranquillity, when contrasted with the artificial machinery and “busy hum of men” in a city? The savage sees none of the beauties which this author describes. The convenience of food and shelter, which vegetation affords him, is all his concern; he thinks not of its picturesque beauties, the course of rivers, the height of mountains, &c. He has no dizzy raptures in youth; nor does he listen in maturer age “ to the still sad music of humanity.”
So much genius and originality are discovered in this publication, that we wish to see another from the same hand, written on more elevated subjects and in a more cheerful disposition.
For JUNE, 1799. .
HISTORY, C. Art. 20. Historical View of the Rise, Progress, and Tendency of the
Principles of Jacobinism. By the Rev. Lewis Hughes, B. D. 8vo.
Is. 6d. Wright. 1798. This is a professed compilation from the work of the Abbé Bar.
ruel; undertaken, as we are informed, at the suggestion of the Bishop of Bristol. Here the Abbé's hypothesis of a regular and deeply.concerted conspiracy of infidels, against the Christian religion, is maintained: but the proofs, though they display the zeal and address with which philosophic and speculative unbelievers have attacked Christianity, do not establish the whole of the declaration respecting a conspiracy. Supposing this to have been the case, however, with some men of letters on the continent, and supposing the Abbé Barruel to have just cause of resentment against them, it is not greatly to the credit of our Protestant church, that we cannot defend our religion, without assuming ground occupied by a Papist, and palliating, though not defending, principles rejected in our establishment: (such, for instance, as those which relate to religious or15
ders and monastic institutions ;) and without speaking respectfully of the Inquisition itself *. Popery was the great source of infidelity on the continent. That and Christianity were considered as synonimous terms. Hence infidelity was more prevalent in France, even during the monarchy, than among us. Is it become necessary for us to make a common cause with Popery ? Surely it is not prudent to do it. Among us, our greatest philosophers have not only believed in, but have been advocates for, the Christian religion ; and what does this prove but that Protestantism is more propitious to faith among sensible men ; and that our arguments for the Gospel need not partake of the weakness which, alınost from necessity, adheres to those of Catholic apologists?
If Mr. Hughes had given a spirited review of our own Deistical writers, and exhibited an antidote against irreligion and infidelity, suited to the circumstances of Great Britain, he would have done more for Christianity than will probably be accomplished by this epitome of the Abbé Barruel.
Mo..y. AGRICULTURE, &c. Art. 21. The Practical Planter ; or, a Treatise on Forest Planting :
comprehending the Culture and Management of planted and natural Timber, in every Stage of its Growth : Also, on the Culture and Management of Hedge Fences, and the Construction of Stone Walls, &c. By Walter Nicol, Author of “ The Forcing and Kitchen Gardener,” &c. 8vo. Pp. 430. 83. Boards. Edinburgh.--Scatcherd, London. 1799.
Professional men, especially in the department of taste, find their account in authorship : for a book is a good advertisement, and it is an indication of the author's merit in the line of his profession. Mr. Nicol evidently publishes with a view of making himself more known as (what is called) a landscape-gardener, or as a surveyor and designer of pleasure grounds, plantations, &c. and, as his terms are so very moderate, (only one guinea per day, with travelling charges, on horseback, or by stage-coach,) we will not throw a damp on his endeavours. The rural ornamentalist is a favourite character with our nobility and country.gentlemen ; and from two to five guineas a day, and often more, with all travelling charges, not on horseback, nor by stage, but in a post-chaise, are paid for his attendance. With him an architect is sometimes associated, and then Sir l'isto is sure to pay for having a taste.
Mr. Nicol appears by this publication to have some knowlege of the art of planting; and if his taste in designing be equal to his practical experience, his assistance in planning parks and shrubberies, and in making walks and lines of approach to the mansion, may be cheaply obtained; of this, however, the volume before us presents no opportunity of forming a judgment. It is a work resulting rather from experience and practical observation, than from genius : but it
· The delusion has extended its fatal influence to the recesses even of the Inquisitorial Court, and disarmed that aweful power of its vigilance and its terror.' p. 77.
may be presumed that a man, who has made rural Nature his study, has been admitted to the knowlege of some of her beautiful secrets.
The book treats of the situations most advantageously suited to the cultivation of forest trees,—of the soils adapted to the different kinds of them ;-of the nursery ;-of hedge-rows and pollards ;-of thinning and pruning; of sub-dividing large tracts by belts and stripes ;-of the value of forest timber, and of various modes of fencing. In treating of these subjects, he shews himself to be no novice ; and his book on planting may be of considerable use to those gentlemen who amuse themselves with being their own designers and foremen.
Mr. N. might, however, have compressed his matter into a narrower compass; and he ought to have explained some provincial terms which will not be understood in the southern parts of Great · Britain. We particularly approve his recommending acorns to be
in young plantations ;- his mode of meliorating sterile and exposed districts by striping and belting; and his strong inculcation of the old maxim-If you want a large tree, plant a small one. Mo..y Art. 22. Hints or Inclosing, Agriculture, Stewardship, and Tythes.
By T. Pallett, Land and Timber Surveyor, Hatfield Woodside,
These remarks are cursory, but they are evidently the result of experience. All gentlemen of landed property, who are obliged to entrust the care of it to others, must wish their stewards to peruse Mr. Pallett's detail of what a steward ought to be.'-Mr. P. wishes for a general inclosure-bill, and for an alteration in the mode of pay. ing tythe, or rather for a substitute for tythes.
Do MATHEMATICS, ASTRONOMY, &c. Art. 23. The complete Practical Arithmetician, &c. By Thomas
Keith, Private Teacher of Mathematics. 2d Edit. 12mo. 3s. 6d. bound. Scatcherd, &c.
The first edition of this work was noticed in our Review for October 1789. The author has adopted the improvement suggested by us, which was to be effected by merely altering the arrangement; and the rules and examples are now placed together. Mr. K. has, however, not only differently disposed the parts of his publication, but has rescinded some old and inserted some new notes; a few pages are also added on proportion, square and cube numbers, &c. Wood. Art. 24. An Epitome of Astronomiy, with the new Discoveries : in
cluding an Account of the Eidouranion, or Transparent Orrery, invented by A. Walker, as lectured upon by his Son, W. Walker. 8vo. is. 6d. Robson, &c.
This small tract is well calculated to assist those persons who at. tend Mr. Walker's Lectures on Astronomy. It has indeed the common fault of books of this nature, in abounding in pompous phraseology ;-we continually meet with infinitude of worlds--mind lost in the immensity of contemplation- &c. expressions which fill the ear, but feed not the mind. Philosophy should produce a thirst for know
lege, not excite wonder ; and should induce the true and rational
Astronomical Observations, familiarly discussed in a Conversation
This book is intended for the instruction of youth, and certainly
one View the Interest of every Sum, from One Pound to 365
By Joseph King, Account-
The design of these tables is sufficiently set forth in the title-page;
and the Doctrines contained in them, being an Answer to Mr.
Mr. Scott thus speaks of this edition : · The author has corrected
better answer the purpose
of those benevolent friends of revelation, who desire to put such an answer into the hands of their sceptical aequaintance.'
In the cliapter on prophecy, he lias qualified what in the first edition stood as an universal proposition. He now says : confident that the sober student of the Bible will find very few pos
I 2 mo.