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in the grave.' He therefore proposes in the sequel to speak of sleep, and of waking-of death, and of rising again.'
The other subjects, which we have not already recited, are " the Transfiguration'_ the State of the Departed' _' the Vanity of Human Wishes' _the just Judgments of God' the Foundation and Promise of Christian Hope,' &c. &c.
Art. XVI. The Equality of Mankind: a Poem, by Michael Wod.
hull, Esq. Revised and corrected, with Additivos. 8vo.
pp. 40. London. 1798. WHE
HEN this poem was first printed by its respectable author,
we paid due attention to it, in M. Rev. vol. xxxiv. p. 23. Having then treated the subject as a mere poetic fiction, and delivered our opinion of the impossibility of forming social systems ou so Utopian an idea, we shall here abstain from repeating it; choosing rather to refer to sentiments on such a topic which were given by us in a calm, unagitated period :- not need we repeat our idea of the 'merit of Mr. W.'s poem as a composition. We shall therefore content ourselves with pointing out the alterations and additions which distinguish this new impression.
Poets write more frequently from the head than from the heart, and are not so much bent on making converts as on gaining admirers. Mr. W.'s despair of producing any practical effect, by this effort of his muse, may be inferred from the new motto which he has chosen :
" Carmina tantum
Chaonias dicunt, aquila veniente, columbas." VIRGIL. Neither does he seem desirous of provoking controversy, for the short advertisement prefixed thus concludes :- Whether the opinions of those to whom the author takes the liberty of sending copies accord with or differ from his own, in regard to the auspicious or malignant influence of those signs which still continue to retain their ascendant in the political Zodiae, he flatters himself they will be received as marks of personal respect.'
The present poem commences with the 7th line of the original edition ; the first six being very properly expunged ;
Untaught to bend the pliant knee, and join'The passage exten:ling from line 36 to line 44 inclusive in the first edition is transposed, and now follows line 6.
The ten lines following line 26 in the original edition are omitted.
For “ War a needful trade" in l. 61. of the original edition, we now read War a licens'd trade.'
• The lines which followed, reflecting on Frederick of Prussia, are expunged. For (at line 109. original edit.)
“ Craft with prowess join'd Soon tam'd the generous fierceness of mankind," we now read (see l. 93. new edit.).
• Craft with prowess join'd Subdued the liberal spirit of mankind.' • Callid him a King," is altered to Call’d him a Monarch, Line i24 of original edition
“ Set up a little idol of their own" now stands
• Fashion'd these iduls to their Sires unknown.' For these two lines after line 130 in the first edition,
“ No; 'twas their baffled pride whose last resource
Dragg'd this perdition on their heads by force," we have these four,
• No ; 'twas their pride which knew not how to yield,
rage for conquest in the tented field,
And on their heads a just perdition drew.' The word “ bewaild" at l. 177 of the old edition is now judiciously exchanged forbehold.' “ Merit a sound" l. 182, is changed to
• Good works an empty sound.' Line 189, for “ ruthless joy” we now read matchless joy.' Line 258, for
“ Murders and sorceries, and men whose heart
Ne'er prompted one hunane, one generous part," we read at l. 245 of the present edition,
• Murders, and sorceries, and th' obdurate heart
Ne'er prompting one humane, one generous part.' Line 261, “ While some vain mortal, arbiter of ill,
Govern'd the rest,"-altered to • While some capricious arbiter of ill
Govern'd the pliant nations.'
Impelld to perish in some idle strife.'
Stoop then, ye sons of reason, stoop, and own
The veriest beast more worthy of a throne,” is happily exchanged for
• Stoop then, ye vain Philosophers, and own
Line 292, for “ Partaking of the soil which gave him birth," we now read • And venerates the soil which gave him birth,' l. 278, new edit.
“ Where Commerce never rears her impious head," is altered to
• Where Rapine never lifts her impious head.' After having gone through the several classes of society, and pointed out their dependence on each other, like the several links of what is called an endless chain, where extremities unite, the view in the original edition thus concludes, on describing the Eastern monarch:
6 Is not a wretch like this, to either side
Of Life's perverse extremities allied ?
Here close the points and here the circle ends."
• Stands not a wretch like this, on either side,
With Life's perverse extremities allied ?
A general good, a blessing unconfin'd,"
• In ancient days was Monarchy design'd
To guard the menac'd rights of Human Kind.' A line or two below, Kings were said, in the old edition, to « vindicate the laws :" the new edition makes themrectify the laws.' For “ Stung by a snake, the pious Priest expir’d,
While Folly gaz'd and ignorance admir’d,” we now read
• By venom'd serpents stang, the Priest expir'd,
While Folly gaz'd and awe-struck throngs admir'd.' Clarendon, in his account of Lord Brooke, as the first edition of this poem tells us, l. 376,
“ Shews half the Royalist and half the Saint ;" here he
Shews half the subtle Lawyer, half the Saint.' Then follow twelve additional lines, containing a spirited comparison between the Hero and the Historian, for which we must refer to the poem.
There are also some additions and alterations in the account of the exertions of Caledonia for her religion.
The following couplet (l. 433, 4)
- L. 335.
* At Truth's historic shrine shall victims smoke,
And a fresh Stuart bleed at every stroke,” in the present edition stands thus :
Then, boldly entering Truth's historic fane,
Will Britons ever loathe à Stuart's reign.' 1.435. The address to 'perfidious Albemarle,' which concludes with
“ Șhall meet the felon's undistinguish'd fate,
Sure of contempt, unworthy of our hate,' l. 442. is altered to
• Shall meet the Traitor's doom, borne down by Fate,
Sure of contempt, too abject for our hate,' 1.443. At l. 457 in the first edition we read,
“ Succeeding Kings extend the generous plan,
And Brunswick perfects what Nassau began;" now it stands,
· The Brunswick line improv'd each generous plan
Ordain'd to perfect what Nassau began.' The author's sentiments respecting the politics of the day are pointedly expressed by the alteration which the following lines have undergone :
6 But if in Faction's loud and empty strain, (1. 465.)
Yon frontless rabble vex a gentle reign,
Mere artless, unsuspecting British fools."
• But if thy Children, to themselves untrue,
With jaundic'd eye, through false perspectives, view
As Tyre and Carthage fell, to rise no more.'
“ Untaught to serve, unable to be free.” In the present edition, the poet is still more displeased with his countrymen ; for he tells them that they are
• Too proud to serve, too abject to be free.' The poet asks whether the peasant be to rise from his grave to slavery, and the monarch in a future state be to wield a mimic sceptre ?-but, not contented, as in the first edition, with proposing these queries, he now adds the two following lines:
• If on these terms, to thee, O Truth, we live,
What joys, what honors, what hast thou to give ?"
'Gainst banded Despots hurl'd th' unerring lance,
For Priests, or Peers, or Kings, to sacrifice Mankind.'
Quod Regum tumidas contuderit minas.”
Art. XVII. An Examination of the leading Principle of the New
System of Morals, as that Principle is stated and applied in Mr.
He fallacy of ingeniously constructed and seducing systems
generally conceals itself in their assumptions and most prominent principles. To allow the leading proposition, which