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In short, this artful essay on the art of painting is extremely well calculated for.tyros of the pencil, novices possessed of more money than genius, who, dazzled by the radiance of a splendid apparatus, close their eyes against the conviction which results from the use of a few simple colours in the hands of a professor of decided merit.
Men, whose coi ceptions are warmed by a real sense of the beauties of nature and the attainments of art, delight in chastity of style. Red, blue, and yellow, are the three primitive colours; no more are wanted; judgment to compound, contrast, and harmonize, will
en. large the scale; and combinations ad infinitum will be produced by true science, whose ohject has been uniformly to create the most interest ing effects by the most simple means. This doctrine is exemplified if the best specimens of both antient and modern masters, and is the practice invariably pursued from the infancy of colouring in the essays of Cimabue, to its maturity in the works of Sir Joshua Reynolds.
But lo! and behold! gallantry and finesse are laid aside, the chemist and the scholar are dismissed, and the colour-grinder appears and makes his best bow! M. de Massouls manufactory introduces to the notice of the public several French artists of eminence, and several French artists of eminence introduce M. de Massoul's manufactory to their friends. This reminds us of what was said in con. sequence of the mutual praises alternately bestowed on each other, by a couple of indifferent poets:
“ So two poor Rogues, when both their credits fail,
To cheat the world, become each other's bail." We are always grieved when the names of men of talents are prosa tituted to the sordid views of dealers in any
S.R. Art. 61. A Plan, preceded by a short Reviety of the Fine Arts, !
preserve among us, and transmit to Posterily, the Portraits of the most distinguished Characters of England, Scotland, and Ireland, since his Majesty's Accession to the Throne. Also to give Encouragement to British Artists, and to enrich and adorn London with some Galleries of Pictures, Statues, Antiques, Medals, and other valuable Curiosities, without any Expence to Government. By Noel Desenfans, Esq. 8vo. pp. 60. is. 6d. Law. 1799.
The object of Mr. Desenfans is sufficiently expressed in his titlepage. The mode in which he proposes to accomplish it is by appropriating the British Museum to the purpose, -among others, not cxcluding that to which it is at present confined, -of receiving portraits of eminent men and specimens of antient art. The expence of the institution, he suggests, should be defrayed by the curiosity of the public, in the same manner as the wealth of the Royal Academy is annually increased by an exhibition. In the review of the Fine Arts, we observe several ingenious and judicious remarks, expressed in language which it would be ungenerous to criticise, were it sufficiently defective to require animadversion : but this is not the case. It is to be remembered that the writer is not a native of this country: bu', by having lived nearly thirty years' among us, he writes English as well as the generality of our pamphleteers.
EDUCATION, DICTIONARIES, &C.
ginal, for the Improvement of the Young in Virtue and Piety;
2s. bound. Longman. 1798. As this little selection has already received our approbation *, we have only now to announce to the public, on its re-publication, that it has received a small alteration by the omission of a few pieces, the leading thoughts of which were contained in others, in order to introduce some which had not before appeared. The benevolent editor expresses much satisfaction in this call for a second edition, as she hopes that it may contribute some farther assistance to the Shakspeare's-walk female charity-school; to the benefit of which this publication had a particular regard.
Hi, Art. 63. Geiriadur Cymraeg a Saesoneg.-Welsh-English Diction. ary. By William Owen. Part iv, large 8vo. 75. Boards. — 4to.
6d. Williams. 1799. A character and specimens of this work having, on mentioning the former parts, been already given in our Review t, we have now only to announce the appearance of this 4th part; in which Mr. Owen's undertaking is carried on, and successfully conducted to the end of the letter I. -The 3d part concluded the first volume. Art. 64. The New Universal Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary :
containing a Description of all the Empires, Kingdoms, States, Provinces, Cities, Towns, Forts, Scas, Harbours, Rivers, Lakes, Mountains, and Capes, in the known World; with the Governo ment, Customs, Manners, and Religion of the Inhabitants; the Extent, Boundaries, and Natural Productions of each Country; the Trade, Manufactures, and Curiosities of the Cities and Towns, collected from the best Authors; their Longitude, Latitude, Bearings, and Distances, ascertained by actual Measurenient, on the most authentic Charts ; with Twenty-six Whole Sheet Maps, by the Rev. Clement Cruiwell. 3 Vols. 4to. 21. 35. Boards. Robinsons. 1798.
Of compilations which treat of a science daily advancing towards perfection, it may usually be affirmed that the last is the best. The mechanical labor of alphabetical arrangement being facilitated by the assistance derived from preceding publications, the modern compiler corrects at leisure the errors of his precursors, improves on their method, and incorporates the facts which recent discoveries have added to the mass of human knowlege. How widely the boundaries of geogra- . phical science have been extended by contemporary travellers and navigators, a retrospective view of our monthly labors will demonstrate. The names of Niebuhr, Bruce, and Forster; of Cook, Vancouver, and La Pérouse; will evince the necessity of correcting and enlarging our gazetteers, by means of their accurate and dearly. bought information. In other respects, the times are less propitious. The land-marks which have withstood the shock of ages are now
See Rev. vol. xxi. N. S.
levelled with the dust; and humanity inquires, with anxious cu. riosity, by what bloody sacrifices they must be replaced ? The forms of government sanctioned by the approbation, or by the long acquiescence, of populous and enlightened nations, have suddenly been overthrown, and the statesman scarcely dares to calculate on the chances of their restoration.
Amid such general convulsions, while each year beholds a republic annexed to a neighbouring kingdom, or a kingdom converted into a republic, a work like the present can only exhibit what Europe was: into what fair divisions the policy of former ages tioned this quarter of the globe ; and for what forms of government the ancestors of the present race fought and bled,- exclajming, with short-sighted gratulations, . Esto perpetua!"
To toil through a voluminous gazetteer exceeds the patience evenof a reviewer : but we have examined a variety of articles in the work now before us, and have found abundant reason to applaud Mr. Crut. well's diligence in the collection and judgment in the arrangement of his materials. His work is beyond comparison more copious than any preceding publication of the same nature, and we deem its comparative value at least commensurate with its bulk. The new and old divisions of France are both inserted. We think that it would have been an improvement, if the longitude had been invariably stated either from Greenwich or Ferrol; and if the French or Ger. man orthography had been uniformly preserved in the names of cera tain places. Ghent is to be found under its German name, while Brussels, Mechlin, and Basil, must be sought under their French appellations. Antient geography is not introduced, says Mr. Crutwell ; . it was intended to describe the world as it is. Yet this department we think, is more strictly within the province of a Geographical Dictionary, than a detail of sieges and battles, which certainly belongs to history. The wars of Italy and the Low Coun. tries in and since the reign of the Emperor Charles V. occupy no inconsiderable portion of such publications, which seem to us unnecessarily swelled by this circumstance. Geography is an indispensable companion of history: but it should neither encroach on the province of the latter, nor omit what is necessary to elucidate her more antient records ; which require, still more than the recent, the assistance that she is qualified to bestow,
Our cursory inspections have inspired us with a favorable impression of the general accuracy of this work, though many exceptions might be adduced; and we have to regret that Mr. Crutwell has not availed himself sufficiently of the county and parochial histories of England, and of the statistical accounts of Scotland, to render his statements of population so complete as they might have been.
Tour into France; curious and extraordinary Anecdotes ; critical
If summer be the most proper tiine for Tour-making, it seems also the fittest time for Tour reading. Foote, that pleasant observer, recommended the “ light summer kind” of literary maonfacture for warm weather, as most suitable to the listless season, when neither mind nor body is much disposed to fatigue.
Mr. Clubbe's little volume *, now before us, seems happily cal. culated in this view. It is “ light' enough, in all conscience, both in quantity and character; and it is so fortunately diversified, in re. spect to the subjects introduced, that the reader may pass, with little trouble or regret, from paper to paper,--from piece to piece-frona prose to verse, and from verse to prose-We need not enlarge on this publication, as we gave, it is apprehended, a sufficient estimate of this writer's abilities in our (not severe) remarks on his Horace: see Rev. for October, 1797, p. 216, &c. Art. 66. The Political and Moral Uses of an Evil Spirit. By George Hanmer Leycester, A. M. of Merton College, Oxford. 8vo. 28. Egerton.
Mr. Satan, we are again + called by your able and ingenious advocate Mr. L. to make you our lowest bow, and to confess our manifold obligations. The clergy have long said that there is no living without you ;' and according to the logic of your friend, it would be a great pity that there should.
How ungratefully have you, Sir, been treated by the human race! How have they mistaken as well as reviled you! What they have considered as temptations and seductions, you have meant as wholesome and effectual lessons of morality! You are, to be sure, what on earth is called a flogging preceptor ; you make us feel the lash pretty smartly; but then you make us learn what we ought to know, when no other master can accomplish this good end. You, by your well-applied discipline, often bring us, sad dogs! to our senses.—So says Mr. L, and he proves it in the nicest college logic; which demonstrates things in the most methodical and convincing manner, and can show to the satisfaction of any audience, that two and two are to day more and to morrow less than four.
As this logic of Mr. L. is only intended for grave university-men, who may
have been what they call hoaxing the Devil most unmercifully ; the multitude are still permitted to say all the evil of the old gentleman that they can prove : but it is requested that no one henceforth will unload his own cart-full of sins into the Devil's stage waggon. Art. 67. The Baronage of Scotland; containing an Historical and
Genealogical Account of the Gentry of that Kingdom, collected from the public Records and Chartularies of this Country; the Records and private Writings of Families ; and the Works of our
; best Historians, illustrated with Engravings of the coats of Arins. Vol. I. Folio. Pp. 623. 11. 115. 6d. Boards. Cadell jun. and Davies. 1798.
* Printed by subscription.
+ This is a 2d part. Of the 1st, we gave an account, Rer. vol. xxiv. N. S. p. 472.
The late Sir Robert Douglas, in his Peerage of Scotland, pub. lished the family history of the greater barons, or nobility, of that kingdom. His future labors were dedicated to the stelle minores. In the present work, Sir Robert designed a delineation of the genealogies of the Baronets, and the lesser Barons, or landed gentry of Scotland, by tracing the line of their ancestry, by enumerating their pedigrees and intermarriages, by mentioning their employments whether civil or military, and by recording the remarkable atchieve. ments performed by them. Had he lived to finish it, say the editors and continuators of the work, he woulů have accomplished an inportant desideratum in the history of Scotland. For the information of those who may be disposed to concur in this opinion of the editors, we have only to mention that 562 pages of the present volume comprize that portion of the design, which Sir Robert lived to complete; and that the editors have thought it unnecessary to bring his history up to the present time, by adding to it such family events as have subsequently occurred, or the armorial bearings which he had omitted: but the latter are promised in a second volume. An addition of thirteen family histories, and a copious Index, constitute that portion of this work for which the public are indebted to the editors. Ham ....n. Art. 68. The Secrets of the English Bastile disclosed. To which is
added a Copy of the Rules and Orders by which the whole System is regulated. By a Middlesex Magistrate. 8vo. Is. Rivingtons. 1799
The proper regulations of prisons, both of those which are in, tended for safe custody before trial, and of those which are appropriated to the punishment of offenders after conviction, is an essential and important object in every well-constituted government; and where sufficient attention has been directed to this object, in which the interests and comforts of so many miserable creatures are deeply concerned, it is almost équally necessary that the public should receive accurate and authentic information, in order that the cause of truth may not suffer from ignorance or design. These remarks are suggested by some late inquiries into, and some violent misrepresentations of, the present state of the new house of correction for the county of Middlesex; which indced have produced the pamphlet before us, containing a history of the institution, and a copy of the rules by which the whole system is regulated. These regulations have received considerable assistance from the labours of Sir George Onesiphorus Paul; by whose laudable exertions the prisons in the county of Gloucester have been much benefited.
The pamphlet appears to be the production of a sensible, candid, and well informed mind.
It may not be improper to observe that the question was lately agitated in the Court of King's Bench, whether persons under a charge of treason could be sent for safe custody to this prison by virtue of the warrant of a Secretary of State; and the Court determined that there was nothing in such a proceeding, that was in opposition to the statutes by which houses of correction are instituted and rę, gulated.
S.R. Rev. May, 1799.